Risa Tiuria
Divisi Parasitologi Dan Entomologi Kesehatan, Departemen Ilmu Penyakit Hewan Dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Veteriner, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor

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PREVALENCE OF TREMATODES IN JAVAN RHINOCROS AND BANTENG IN UJUNG KULON NATIONAL PARK Risa Tiuria; Jimmy Pangihutan; Ripta Mustafa Nugraha; Bambang Pontjo Priosoeryanto; Adhi Rahmat Hariyadi
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 9 No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

Javan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus) and Javan bull (Bos javanicus) in National Park Ujung Kulon are protected wild animals. A study to examine the presence of trematode eggs in their fecal samples was carried out. The fecal samples were collected based on the transec route in National Park Ujung Kulon. The presence of eggs in fecal samples was examined by filtration method. Trematode eggs were found in 56% of Javan rhinoceros fecal samples and 73,91% of Javan bull fecal samples.. Base on the size of the eggs it was determined that Javan bulls in National Park of Ujung Kulon were infected by Fasciola spp (17,39%) and Paramphistomum spp (56,52%). Javan rhinoceros in National Park of Ujung Kulon was infected with Fasciola spp (44%) and Schistosoma spp (12%). This study clearly showed that tramatode infection is commom among wild ruminants in Ujung Kulon National Park and attention should be taken to improve the health status of the animals especially Javanese rhinoceros and Javanese bull
Parasitic Worm in Tiger (Panthera tigris) at Serulingmas Zoological Garden Banjarnegara, Bandung Zoological Garden, and Indonesia Safari Park Bogor Risa Tiuria; Unita Pratiwi; Ligaya ITA Tumbelaka
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 18 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (172.4 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2017.18.1.1

Abstract

This research was done to infestigate the existence and the type of parasitic worms from feces of tiger (Panthera tigris) at Serulingmas Zoological Garden (TRMS) at Banjarnegara, Central Java , Bandung Zoological Garden (KBB), and Indonesia Safari Park Bogor (TSI). Total of 35 tigers feces samples were examined. They are taken from 4 Bengal tigers at Serulingmas Zoological Garden, 12 tigers (8 Bengal tigers and 4 Sumatran tigers) at Bandung Zoological Garden, and 19 tigers (4 Bengal tigers and 15 Sumatran tigers) at Indonesia Safari Park Bogor. All of the feces samples were examined with qualitative (flotation and sedimentation) and quantitative (McMaster slide) method to know the existence of parasitic worm eggs. Moreover, a tiger feces that contain eggs of strongylid were cultured. Parasitic worms that were found in tigers from the research were ascarid (Toxocara sp, Toxascaris sp), strongylid (Trichostrongylus sp, Ancylostoma sp, Cooperia sp), ), oxyurid (Oxyuris sp) and Strongyloides sp. The result showed that prevalence index of parasitic worms in tigers at TRMS, KBB, and TSI were 100%, 50%, and 47,4%, respectively. Parasitic worms at TRMS were ascarid (Toxocara sp), strongylid (Ancylostoma sp, Trichostrongylus sp, Cooperia sp) and Strongyloides sp. Parasitic worms at KBB were ascarid (Toxocara sp, Toxascaris sp), strongylid (Ancylostoma sp, Trichostrongylus sp), dan oxyurid (Oxyuris sp). Parasitic worms at TSI were ascarid (Toxocara sp, Toxascaris sp), strongylid (Ancylostoma sp), and oxyurid (Oxyuris sp). ABSTRAK Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui jenis cacing parasitik pada harimau (Panthera tigris) di Taman Rekreasi Margasatwa Serulingmas (TRMS) Banjarnegara Jawa Tengah, Kebun Binatang Bandung (KBB), dan Taman Safari Indonesia (TSI) Bogor. Sebanyak 35 sampel tinja harimau dari tiga lembaga konservasi eks-situ, yaitu 4 ekor harimau Benggala dari TRMS, 12 ekor (4 ekor harimau Benggala dan 8 ekor harimau Sumatera) dari KBB, dan 19 ekor (4 ekor harimau Benggala dan 15 ekor harimau Sumatera) dari TSI Bogor. Semua sampel tinja diperiksa dengan metoda kualitatif (pengapungan dan sedimentasi) dan kuantitatif (metoda McMaster). Selain itu juga dilakukan pemupukan pada tinja yang positif telur strongylid. Cacing parasitik yang ditemukan dari penelitian ini adalah cacing ascarid (Toxocara sp, Toxascaris sp), cacing strongylid (Trichostrongylus sp, Ancylostoma sp, Cooperia sp), cacing oxyurid (Oxyuris sp) dan Strongyloides sp. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, dapat disimpulkan bahwa prevalensi kecacingan pada harimau di TRMS 100%, di KBB 50%, dan di TSI Bogor 47,4%. Cacing parasitik yang ditemukan pada harimau di TRMS adalah cacing ascarid (Toxocara sp), cacing strongylid (Ancylostoma sp, Trichostrongylus sp, Cooperia sp) and Strongyloides sp. Cacing parasitik yang terdapat pada harimau di KBB adalah cacing ascarid (Toxocara sp, Toxascaris sp), cacing strongylid (Ancylostoma sp, Trichostrongylus sp), dan cacing oxyurid (Oxyuris sp). Cacing parasitik yang terdapat di TSI Bogor adalah cacing ascarid (Toxocara sp, Toxascaris sp), strongylid (Ancylostoma sp), dan cacing oxyurid (Oxyuris sp).
Deteksi Parasit Darah pada Sapi Perah Berdasarkan Analisis Pcr Duplex Rizal Arifin Akbari; Risa Tiuria; April Hari Wardhana; Dyah Haryuningtyas Savitri
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana Vol. 6 No. 2 (2018): Juli 2018
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (639.708 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.6.2.48-55

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeteksi parasit darah pada sapi (Babesia spp., Theileria spp., dan Trypanosoma spp.) secara molekular berdasarkan analisis duplex PCR. Seratus sampel darah sapi perah Friesian Holstein diambil secara acak untuk deteksi parasit darah dengan pemeriksaan ulas darah. Sebanyak tiga puluh dari seratus sampel diseleksi untuk analisis PCR single berdasarkan jenis parasit dan tingkat parasitemia yang terdiri dari 5 sampel positif Babesia spp, 15 sampel positif Theileria spp., dan 10 sampel negatif parasit darah untuk dilanjutkan pada tahap PCR single. Optimasi PCR single dilakukan menggunakan tiga primer spesifik untuk B. bovis (Bover2A), T. annulata (Cytob 1) dan T. evansi (ITS 1). Hasil optimasi PCR single menunjukan bahwa suhu anneling 56 °C merupakan suhu optimal untuk deteksi Babesia bovis dan T. evansi sedangkan T. annulata tidak menunjukan hasil positif pada kondisi tersebut. Hasil analisis PCR single menunjukan 28 sampel positif B. bovis, 1 sampel positif T. evansi, 1 sampel negatif semua parasit darah dan 0 sampel positif T. annulata sehingga hanya B. bovis dan T. evansi yang dilanjutkan ke tahap analisis duplex PCR duplex. Teknik duplex PCR berhasil dioptimasi dengan dilakukannya modifikasi penambahan MgCl2 (25 μM) sebanyak 0.5 L/tube sehingga dapat diaplikasikan untuk mendeteksi parasit darah B. bovis dan T. evansi pada sampel di lapang
IDENTIFICATION OF HELMINTH AND ZOONOSIS POTENTIAL IN EEL (Anguilla spp.) FROM LINDU LAKE, SIGI DISTRICT ARIF RAHMAN JABAL; UMI CAHYANINGSIH; RISA TIURIA; ARINI RATNASARI
BIOMA : JURNAL BIOLOGI MAKASSAR Vol. 5 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/bioma.v5i2.11183

Abstract

Parasitic helminth infection in eel (Anguilla spp.) From the Lindu Lake affects fish health and fish weight. The purpose of this study identified parasitic helminth and zoonosis potential in eels From Lake Lindu. The helminth parasitic examinations were collection of eels, observation, measurement, identification of helminth, and staining nematode and trematode used clove oil and Semichon Acetocarmine. The species of helminth found were Anisakis sp. 44%, Anguillicola sp. 2%, and digenean 23%. The potential zoonotic is Anisakis sp., among other Helminth on eels. Eel consumption must cook because there are Anisakis sp. that have the potential for zoonosis.Keywords: Identification, Helminth Parasitic, Eel
The effect of excretory/secretory product released by L3 of A. galli on villous compact in intestine of laying hens Ummu Balqis; . Darmawi; Risa Tiuria; Bambang P. Priosoeryanto
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 2, No 1 (2012): Life Sciences
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

The nematode, Ascaridia galli, caused pathological changes in the gut, while the larval development takes place in the intestine epithelium. The aim of this research was to examine the effect of excretory/secretory product released by L3 of A. galli to prevent intestine destructions based on villous compact in duodenum, jejunum, and ileum of laying hens. Excretory/secretory was prepared from metabolic of L3 released in culture médium in flasks containingrosswell park memorial institute (RPMI) 1640 media, pH 6.8, without phenol red. Excretory/secretory product was concentrated with vivaspin 30.000 MWCO. The chickens vaccinated with 80 g protein excretory/secretory in crudemixed with Fruend Adjuvant Complete and repeated three times with dose of each 60 g mixed with Freund Adjuvant Incomplete with an interval of one week intra muscularly. The chickens were challenged with 1000 infective larvae A. galli one week later. After two weeks the chickens were operated. Villous compact in duodenum, jejunum, and ileum of laying hens were analyzed. The result showed that immunization was able to sustained significantly intestinevillus compact, particularly in duodenum. This research concluded that the excretory/secretory product could protect villus in duodenum against parasitic diseases caused by A. galli.
PENYEBARAN CACING PARASITIK PADA IKAN KEMBUNG PEREMPUAN (Rastrelliger brachysoma) DI PULAU JAWA Forcep Rio Indaryanto; Yusli Wardiatno; Risa Tiuria
Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan Vol 4, No 4 (2014)
Publisher : JURNAL PERIKANAN DAN KELAUTAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33512/jpk.v4i4.168

Abstract

Helminth is one of the many parasitic groups found on the body of the fish. The helminth parasitic can inflict harm ecologically, biologically and economically. Monitoring of the distribution of disease in fish is crucial especially when the fish has a pattern of migration from one place to another. Fish sampling was carried out in September – October 2012 from the place of landing of Fishes (TPI), i.e. TPI's Pelabuhan Ratu (West Java province), TPI Karangantu (Banten Province), TPI Bandar Lampungprovince of Bandar Lampung), TPI Muara Angke (DKI Jakarta), and TPI BanyuwangiEast Java province). As many as 160 of 218 R. brachysoma (a prevalence 73.38 %), and number of intencity is 1.378 ± 11.96. The helmint parasitic is a Lechitocladium angustiovum (Digenea: Hemiuridae), Lecitochirium sp. (Digenea: Hemiuridae), Prodistomum orientalis (Digenea: Lepocreadiidae) and Anisakis typica (Nematodes: Anisakidae). Differences in characteristics of R. brachysoma habitat will cause differences in the amount, intensity and prevalence of the helminth parasitic species investment in an area. This is related to the behavior of eating and food availability of R. brachysoma. The distribution of the helminth parasitic in the digestive organs is on intestine (13.72%) and stomach (86.28%), utilizing the existing nutrients as food. In very small amounts, the relationship between the parasite and its host is a mutually beneficial symbiotic relationship but in great numbers, the helminth parasitic infection can lead to secondary infections on the infected organs and can lead to decreased metabolism.Keyword: distribution, helminth parasites, short body mackerel, Jawa Sea, Rastrelliger brachysoma
Kecacingan pada saluran pencernaan monyet ekor panjang (Macaca fascicularis) Rizky Diyu Purnama; Risa Tiuria; Huda Salahudin Darusman
ARSHI Veterinary Letters Vol. 5 No. 2 (2021): ARSHI Veterinary Letters - Mei 2021
Publisher : School of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/avl.5.2.37-38

Abstract

Monyet ekor panjang (Macaca fascicularis) merupakan satwa primata yang sering ditangkarkan dan digunakan sebagai hewan coba terutama dalam pengujian vaksin dan obat. Salah satu gangguan kesehatan yang perlu diantisipasi dalam upaya penangkaran adalah kecacingan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui jenis telur cacing dan derajat infeksi kecacingan pada monyet ekor panjang. Sampel feses dari 26 monyet ekor panjang diambil dan dianalisa meggunakan metode McMaster dan metode Kato-Katz. Hasil pemeriksaan menunjukkan 4 sampel feses ditemukan telur cacing Trichuris Sp. dan Strongylid dengan kategori derajat infeksi ringan
Prevalensi Kecacingan pada Usus Ayam Kampung di Pasar Tradisional Jakarta dan Kota Bogor Suryaningtyas Kusumadewi; Risa Tiuria; Ridi Arif
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana Vol. 8 No. 1 (2020): Januari 2020
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (908.392 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.8.1.1-7

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi dan mengukur prevalensi kecacingan di usus ayam kampung yang ada di pasar tradisional Jakarta dan Kota Bogor. Usus ayam kampung diambil dari 5 pasar yang ada di Jakarta (Bendungan Hilir, Palmerah, Pasar Minggu, Pluit, dan Jatinegara) dan di 4 pasar yang ada di Kota Bogor (Anyar, Bogor, Jambu Dua, Gunung Batu). Sampel yang diambil sebanyak 5 sampel di setiap pasar dengan total 45 sampel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 28 dari 45 sampel usus ayam kampung (Gallus domesticus) yang diperiksa di pasar tradisional Jakarta dan Bogor positif mengalami kecacingan. Hasil prevalensi menunjukkan pasar Jakarta sebesar 56% dan pasar Bogor sebesar 70%. Prevalensi berdasarkan jenis-jenis cacing di Pasar Jakarta adalah; Railletina echinobothrida (52%), Heterakis gallinnarum (32%), Railletina tetragona (24%), Hymenolepis carioca (16%), Ascaridia galli (16%), dan Hymenolepis cantaniana (4%). Prevalensi berdasarkan jenis-jenis cacing yang ditemukan di Pasar Bogor adalah Railletina echinobothrida (70%), Railletina tetragona (55%), Heterakis gallinarum (10%), Hymenolepis carioca (30%), Hymenolepis cantaniana (20%), dan Railletina cesticillus (20%).
Infeksi Anisakid pada lumba-lumba hidung botol indo-pasifik (Tursiops aduncus) di situs konservasi lumba-lumba, Indonesia Ismah Atika Salmah; Risa Tiuria; Agus Setiyono; Tri Isyani Tungga Dewi
ARSHI Veterinary Letters Vol. 2 No. 4 (2018): ARSHI Veterinary Letters - November 2018
Publisher : School of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (444.82 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avl.2.4.67-68

Abstract

Penyakit parasit dapat mempengaruhi kesehatan lumba-lumba yang dipelihara di konservasi. Informasi berkaitan dengan jenis parasit yang menginfeksi lumba-lumba di konservasi masih sangat terbatas. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi parasit lumba-lumba hidung botol indo-pasifik (Tursiops aduncus) di situs konservasi lumba-lumba, Indonesia. Sampel feses diambil secara langsung dari rektum menggunakan rubber catheter. Sampel feses dilakukan pemeriksaan dengan metode pengapungan sederhana, filtrasi dan sedimentasi, serta metode Baermann. Hasil dari pemeriksaan sampel feses menunjukkan satu dari tiga lumba-lumba hidung botol indo-pasifik (Tursiops aduncus) terinfeksi Anisakid. Hasil tersebut menunjukkan perlunya dilakukan pengendalian parasit di situs konservasi lumba-lumba.
An estimate of meat production loss in native chicken in Bogor and its surrounding districts due to gasterointestinal helminthiasis Simon He; Vici E.H.S. Susilowati; Endang Purwati; Risa Tiuria
Hemera Zoa Vol. 74 No. 3 (1991): Jurnal Hemera Zoa
Publisher : Hemera Zoa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (749.264 KB)

Abstract

Among 78 native chicken from Bogor and its surrounding districts, only  4 (5.1%) with mean dressing weights of 1250 ± 29 g were free from parasiric worms. The other 74 chicken found infected with nematodes [mean nematode numbers (mn) = 24]. Cestodes (mc = 45) and trematodes (mt = 7). Single parasite class infections of nematode (mn = 18) and of trematode (mt = 96) were each one sample (1.3% with mws 1250 and 1180 g, respectively); single parasite class infections of cestode (mc = 47) were 15 (19.2% wit mw = 1145 g). Total single parasite class infections were 17 (21.8%). Mixed nermatode (mn = 29) + castode (mc = 50) were 41 (52,6%; mw = 1056 g), nematode (mn = 4) + trematode (mt = 28) were 2 (2.6% mw = 1225 g) and cestode (mc = 44) + trematode (mt = 6 - were 2 (2,6%; ws = 975 g). Total two parasite class infections were 45 (57.7%). Mixed infections of nematode (mn - 45) + cestode (mc = 44) + trematode (mt = 27) were 12 (15,4%; mw = 1034 g).