Pingki Indrianti
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THE VISUAL ANALYSIS OF MUSLIMAH CLOTHING STYLE IN JAVA (15-20 th CENTURY) Indrianti, Pingki; Kurniawan, Oki; Hassan, Faridah Hj
El-HARAKAH (TERAKREDITASI) Vol 23, No 1 (2021): EL HARAKAH
Publisher : UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/eh.v23i1.11709

Abstract

Islam entered Indonesia in the 7th century and began to spread out in the 13th century with the establishment of Demak Sultanate. After the expansion of Islamic kingdoms or Sultanates, the spread of Islam in Java and Sumatra strengthened the application of Islamic law (Sharia). It was slowly replacing customary law yet still maintaining and even acculturating the local culture, with no exception concerning Muslimah clothing style (hijab or (jilbab). This non-interactive qualitative research analyzed the factual data related to the transformation of Muslimah clothing from the 15th to the 20th century focusing on Java island. The data were analyzed using the Fashion Design Components theory proposed by Stone (2006) and Seivewright (2012) to get detailed visualization of Muslimah clothing style in those eras. The result showed that Islamic values influenced the clothing style of Javanese Muslim women in terms of silhouettes, colors, details, and materials (textures) without neglecting the local culture.Islam masuk ke Indonesia pada abad ke-7 dan mulai menyebar pada abad ke-13 Masehi dengan berdirinya Kerajaan Islam Demak. Penerapan hukum Syariah Islam secara perlahan menggantikan hukum Adat namun demikian tetap mengakomodasi bahkan berkakulturasi dengan budaya setempat, termasuk dalam hal penerapan busana Muslimah (jilbab). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis visualisasi busana Muslimah di Indonesia khususnya di Jawa pada abad 15-20 Masehi. Penelitian kualitatif non-interaktif ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif yang menekankan pada data-data faktual terkait perkembangan busana wanita Muslim. Data dianalisis menggunakan teori elemen desain mode (the components of fashion) yang terdiri dari siluet, warna, detail, dan tekstur untuk mengetahui gambaran bentuk busana Muslimah pada masa tersebut. Hasil penelitian menunjukan ajaran Islam mempengaruhi gaya berpakaian wanita Muslim Jawa, baik dari segi elemen visual bentuk (siluet), warna, detail, dan material (tekstur), namun demikian tetap mempertahankan budaya lokal yang berlaku.
Eksperimen Material Pada Masker NonMedis dengan Memperhatikan Faktor Komunikasi Nonverbal dan Estetika Pingki Indrianti; Oki Kurniawan
JURNAL RUPA Vol 6 No 1 (2021): Open Issue
Publisher : Telkom University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25124/rupa.v6i1.3731

Abstract

Since the COVID-19 pandemic, the Indonesian government has implemented the 5M health protocol (washing hands, maintaining distance, wearing masks, avoiding crowds, maintaining body immunity). Along with the appeal for the use of masks for the general public, non-medical covers made of cloth (cloth masks) with various and unique designs have emerged, specifically to support a lifestyle. From the results of observations through several sources, there is another need for cloth masks, namely for nonverbal communication on facial expressions (facial kinesics). When using a mask, facial expressions are often invisible, especially in mouth movements (lips). This nonverbal communication will undoubtedly be needed for both the deaf and speech-impaired people and society in general. This study aims to determine the characteristics of non-medical cloth mask materials that can support the convenience of facial kinesic non-verbal communication. The material is also considered in terms of visual aesthetics so that the mask can still keep the appearance of everyday attire. This study uses a qualitative approach with experimental methods on several non-medical masks with various material variations. The results showed that masks with a combination of transparent materials such as synthetic organza dove fabric (polyamide) and PVC plastic were sufficient to help nonverbal communication on facial expressions while still having droplet and aerosol protection. This research needs to be improved by utilizing filtration technology to make the mask more comfortable.