Claim Missing Document
Check
Articles

IMPACT OF NURSERY USING DIFFERENT PHYSICAL FILTRATION SYSTEM ON HEMOLYMPH GLUCOSE LEVEL AND SURVIVAL RATE OF SPINY LOBSTER JUVENILE Panulirus homarus Ega Aditya Prama; Eddy Supriyono; Kukuh Nirmala; Kukuh Adiyana
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 9 No. 2 (2017): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (271.072 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v9i2.19291

Abstract

The problems in culture of early juvenile phase of spiny lobster Panulirus homarus is low survival rate of the seed. One of strategies to improve production is using filtration system during nursery of spiny lobster. The aim of this study to evaluate differentation of physical filtration system on responsse stress and survival rate of juvenile P. homarus. Experimental design of this study consisted of four treatments and two replications. The treatments were using flow through system without protein skimmer and filter (K), filtration system with protein skimmer (SK), filtration system with top filter (F) and filtration system with combinations of protein skimmer and top filter (SKF). P. homarus with initial weight 0.18+0.01 g were cultured for 60 days with density 250 lobster/tank. During maintenance, P. homarus were fed trash fish with feeding rate 20% of body weight. Parameters of glucose hemolymph were evaluated to determine stress response. Stress response was determined at day 0, 6, 20 and 60. Parameters of survival rate were determined at the end of experiment. The result showed that the treatment of filtration system with combination of protein skimmer and top filter (SKF) decreased stress responsse by decreasing glucose hemolymph of juvenile P. homarus during maintenance. Survival rate also higher (P<0.05) in treatment SKF (33.2%) than other treatments. It is concluded that SKF was the best physical filtration system for juvenile period of spiny lobster P. homarus  Keywords: filtration system, glucose hemolymph, spiny lobster, survival rate
STUDI ANALISIS DESKRIPTIF TEKNIK SUNGGING PADA KRIYA BAMBU KARYA EFRIN KREASI DI DESA CIKOLE LEMBANG Dini Wulandari; Maman Tocharman; Yadi Rukmayadi
GRADASI Vol 1, No 3 (2013): ANTOLOGI SENI RUPA FPBS UPI EDISI
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17509/grd psr.v1i3.553

Abstract

ABSTRAKKriya bambu yang berada di rumah produksi Efrin Kreasi memiliki keunikan dalam pemberian hiasan motif. Maka dari itu penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Pada karya kriya bambu Efrin Kreasi dalam pemberian motif dilakukan dengan teknik sungging, atau solder yaitu menghias atau memberi gambar pada permukaan bambu dengan proses pemanasan. Penelitian ini lebih mengkhususkan membahas dan mengkaji bagaimana teknik sungging pada ballpoint karya Efrin Kreasi. Bentuk dan permukaan ballpoint yang silinder membuat Efrin Kreasi menciptakan alat sungging sendiri. Berbeda dengan karya kriya bambu yang memiliki bidang yang datar, pemberian motif dapat dilakukan dengan cara disolder. Dalam pemberian motif permukaan ballpoint diletakan di atas alat sungging yang diberi logam motif yang sudah dipanaskan kemudian akan memunculkan motif berwarna cokelat akibat pemanasan. Motif yang digunakan menggunakan gagang sendok dan rantai jam tangan yang sudah tidak terpakai. Dalam pemberian motif hias dengan menggunakan teknik sungging diharapkan bagi kriyawan untuk lebih mengeksplorasi logam motif yang digunakan.Kata kunci : Sungging; Ballpoint; Motif.ABSTRACTEfrin Kreasi’s Bamboo Craft has its own uniqueness in drawing pattern to decorate bamboo craft. This study uses qualitative research approaches to study the pattern in Efrin Kreasi’s Bamboo Craft. Sungging technique is applied by Efrin Kreasi Bamboo Craft in drawing the pattern, it use the hot tip of a solder to draw pattern in bamboo surface. This study limit its discussion specialized to the discussion and investigation of how sungging technique isapplied to the surface of ballpoints by Efrin Kreasi. The round cylindrical shape of ballpoints made Efrin Kreasi create its own sungging tool. Drawingpattern in a ballpoint is different from drawing it in a bamboo which has flat surface where a hot tip of a solder can easily be used to draw thepattern. To draw decoration pattern in a ballpoint, the ballpoint is put on the sungging tool which have metal pattern mold on it and then the mold is heated to bring out burnt pattern on the surface of the ballpoint. The metal mold is made from spoon handle and unused metal watchband. In the future, Craftsmenare expected to be more creative in exploring and creating the metal pattern that is used in Sungging technique.Keywords: Sungging; Ballpoint; Motif.
The use of zeolite, active carbon, and clove oil in closed transportation of giant freshwater prawn juvenile Rahma Vida Anandasari; Eddy Supriyono; Odang Carman; Kukuh Adiyana
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 14 No. 1 (2015): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society of Scientific Aquaculture (ISSA)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2948.478 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.14.42-49

Abstract

ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to determine the effect of zeolite, active carbon, and clove oil on water quality (dissolved oxygen/DO, total ammonia nitrogen/TAN, temperature) and biological quality (glucose concentration, total protein, survival/SR) of giant freshwater prawn juvenile Macrobrachium rosenbergii in closed transportation system. The study was conducted in laboratory scale with a completely randomized design. The biota used was juvenile giant prawn with an average weight 0.407 ± 0.005 g/ind. The type and dose of additive used were A (20 g/L zeolite + 10 g/L active carbon + 14 µL/L clove oil), B (20 g/L zeolite + 10 g/L active carbon + 9.33 µL/L clove oil), C (20 g/L zeolite + 10 g/L active carbon + 4.67 µL/L clove oil), D (20 g/L zeolite + 10 g/L active carbon + 1.87 µL/L clove oil), K+ (20 g/L zeolite + 10 g/L active carbon), and K- (without material addition). The glucose concentration of treatment B and C significantly different with treatment A, D, K+, K-. Total protein of treatment A, B, C and K+ significantly different with treatment K-. DO, TAN, and temperature of the transportation media were still in the suitable concentration for living of giant prawn. The highest survival of the prawn was observed in group C. The result showed the combination of 20 g/L zeolite + 10 g/L active carbon + 4.67 µL/L clove oil in the water is suitable for closed transportation system for juvenile giant freshwater prawn. Keywords: glucose concentration, total protein, DO, TAN, temperature  ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan pengaruh pemberian zeolit, karbon aktif, dan minyak cengkeh terhadap kualitas air (dissolved oxygen/DO, total ammonia nitrogen/TAN, suhu) dan kualitas biologi (konsentrasi glukosa, total protein, tingkat kelangsungan hidup/TKH) benih udang galah Macrobrachium rosenbergii pada sistem transportasi tertutup. Penelitian dilakukan pada skala laboratorium dengan rancangan acak lengkap. Biota yang digunakan yaitu benih udang galah dengan bobot rata-rata 0,407±0,005 g/ekor. Dosis bahan tambahan yang digunakan adalah: A (20 g/L zeolit + 10 g/L karbon aktif + 14 µL/L minyak cengkeh), B (20 g/L zeolit + 10 g/L karbon aktif + 9,33 µL/L minyak cengkeh), C (20 g/L zeolit + 10 g/L karbon aktif + 4,67 µL/L minyak cengkeh), D (20 g/L zeolit + 10 g/L karbon aktif + 1,87 µL/L minyak cengkeh), K+ (20 g/L zeolit + 10 g/L karbon aktif), dan K- (tanpa bahan tambahan). Konsentrasi glukosa perlakuan B dan C berbeda nyata dengan perlakuan A, D, K+, K-. Total protein perlakuan A, B, C, D, dan K+ berbeda nyata dengan perlakuan K-. DO, TAN dan suhu media transportasi masih sesuai dengan kehidupan udang galah. Tingkat kelangsungan hidup transportasi tertinggi yaitu pada perlakuan C. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa kombinasi 20 g/L zeolit + 10 g/L karbon aktif + 4,67 µL/L minyak cengkeh adalah perlakuan yang sesuai untuk transportasi tertutup benih udang galah. Kata kunci: konsentrasi glukosa, total protein, DO, TAN, suhu
Peningkatan kualitas karagenan rumput laut Kappaphycus alvarezii dengan metode budidaya keranjang jaring Ismail Failu; Eddy Supriyono; Sugeng Hari Suseno
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 15 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesian Society of Scientific Aquaculture (ISSA)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3286.786 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.15.2.124-131

Abstract

ABSTRACT This study aimed to analyze the quality of Kappaphycus alvarezii seaweed carrageenan cultured using methods basket nets in waters of Baruta, Sangia, Wambulu, District of Buton, Southeast Sulawesi. The study consisted of three treatments in triplicates. Seaweed culture used different cultivation net-basket forms i.e. net-basket box, net-basket lantern, and longline without net-basket (control). Quality of K. alvarezii seaweed obtained in this study varied from each treatments. Daily growth rate in each treatment were not significantly different. Production of seaweed with a net-basket box (201.61 g/m2) was higher than the net-basket lanterns (183.22 g/m2), but not significantly different from control (196.98 g/m2). Carageenan yield value of control (46.74%) was the highest of all treatments. The water content of carrageenan in each treatment was not significantly different and it ranged from 17.20–17.39%. The viscosity of carrageenan in net-basket lantern (179.40 cPs) was the highest of all treatments. Carrageenan gel strength was the best treatment (702.53 g/cm²). As conclusion, using the net-basket lantern  as cultivation method provided quality improvement of carrageenan in K. alvarezii seaweed. Keywords: Kappaphycus alvarezii, cultivation methods, carrageenan quality  ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kualitas karagenan rumput laut Kappaphycus alvarezii yang dibudidaya menggunakan metode keranjang jaring di perairan Baruta, Kecamatan Sangia, Wambulu, Kabupaten Buton Sulawesi Tenggara. Penelitian terdiri atas tiga pelakuan dan tiga ulangan. Pemeliharaan rumput laut dilakukan dengan metode keranjang jaring berbeda yaitu metode keranjang jaring kotak, keranjang jaring lampion, dan longline tanpa menggunakan keranjang jaring (kontrol). Hasil pengamatan kualitas rumput laut K. alvarezii dalam penelitian ini bervariasi dari setiap perlakuan yang diberikan. Laju pertumbuhan harian pada setiap perlakuan tidak berbeda nyata. Produksi rumput laut dengan metode keranjang jaring kotak (201,61 g/m2) lebih tinggi dibandingkan jaring lampion (183,22 g/m2), namun tidak berbeda nyata dengan kontrol (196,98 g/m2). Nilai rendemen karagenan kontrol (46,74%) lebih tinggi dari perlakuan lainnya. Kadar air karagenan pada setiap perlakuan tidak berbeda nyata yaitu berkisar 17,20–17,39%. Viskositas karagenan perlakuan metode keranjang jaring lampion (179,40 cPs) lebih tinggi dibandigkan perlakuan lainnya. Kekuatan gel karagenan perlakuan metode keranjang jaring lampion (702,53 g/cm²) lebih tinggi dibandingkan perlakuan lainnya. Berdasarkan hasil tersebut, maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa metode keranjang jaring lampion memberikan peningkatkan kualitas karagenan rumput laut K. alvarezii yang dibudidayakan. Kata kunci: Kappaphycus alvarezii, metode budidaya,  kualitas karagenan
TOTAL HEMOCYTE COUNT AND HEMOLYMPH GLUCOSE CONCENRATION RESPONSE OF SPINY LOBSTER Panulirus homarus ON RATIO OF SHELTER Suhaiba Djai; Eddy Supriyono; Kukuh Nirmala; Kukuh Adiyana
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 9 No. 1 (2017): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (264.756 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v9i1.17923

Abstract

This research was conducted to assess the physiological response of the lobster Panulirus homarus for the ratio of the shelters. The method used completely randomized design with two replicates of each treatments with shelter ratio (A) 1 : 5, (B) 3 : 5, (C) 4 : 5, (D) 5 : 5. Weight average for 184 lobsters with the stocking density of 23 lobsters for each treatment was 32.64 ± 0.58 g. The experiment was conducted for 60 days. The lobster was fed with trash fish and acclimatized for 7 days before the experiment. Observations on the physiologycal of every 10 days. The physiological responses that observed were total hemocyte count (THC) and hemolymph glucose concentration. The results showed that 4:5 was the best lobster shelter ratio because it could reduce stress levels. This is indicated by the stable values of THC and hemolymph glucose level during the experiment and supported by the growth of 57.28 ± 0.15 g and survival rate of 91.31 ± 2.60%. Keywords: lobster, Panulirus homarus, ratio, shelter, THC, glucose
THE ADDITION OF ZEOLITE, ACTIVATED CARBON, CLOVE OIL, AND DIFFERENT SALINITY FOR GLUCOSE RESPONSE AND OSMOTIC PRESSURE ON JUVENILE GIANT PRAWN IN CLOSED TRANSPORT SIMULATION SYSTEM WITH HIGH DENSITY . Humairani; Eddy Supriyono; Kukuh Nirmala
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 8 No. 1 (2016): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (348.896 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v8i1.12749

Abstract

Long distance transportation of prawn juvenile usually use a closed system. Indonesian farmers often face  problem in this juvenile transportation such as a low survival rate due to shrimp stress and changes in water quality during transportation. This study was aimed to determine the effect of salt, cloves oil, zeolite, and activated carbon for maintaining water quality in 24 hours juvenile giant prawn simulation transportation at high density. The study was conducted at laboratory scale with a complete randomized design with 4 treatments and 3 replicates. For each treatments, it was added 4.67 µl/L clove oil, 20 g of zeolite, 10 g of activated carbon within 4 (four) different salt concentration i.e., 0 g/L (A), 4.7 g/L (B), 9.4 g/L(C), 14.1 g/L(D) and K (without salt, clove oil, zeolites and activated carbon). The results showed that the addition of 9.4 g/L of salt, 4.67 µl/L clove oil, 20 g of zeolite, and 10 g of activated carbon produced the best results with the highest survival rate by 88±2% at the end of simulation transportation and 82±2.83% after rearing, water quality and physiological respons of shrimp remains in good condition at the simulation transportation and at rearing. Keywords: juvenile giant prawn, salt, high density, physiological responses
TOTAL HEMOCYTES, GLUCOSE HEMOLYMPH, AND PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE OF SPINY LOBSTER Panulirus homarus CULTURED IN THE INDIVIDUAL COMPARTMENTS SYSTEM Rifqah Pratiwi; Eddy Supriyono; . Widanarni
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 8 No. 1 (2016): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (317.338 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v8i1.13768

Abstract

Cannibalism can cause high mortality in a lobster culture. To prevent cannibalism, an artificial shel-ter is needed like the individual compartments system (ICS) to ensure that there is no contact bet-ween lobsters. This study aimed to evaluate the application of ICS on total hemocytes glucose hemo-lymph, production performance, and determine the shape of more effective ICS to minimize stress level of lobster. The treatments used for various application shape of ICS was tubular ICS, triangle ICS, square ICS, and shelter PVC pipes as control. Lobster maintenance was conducted in outdoor for 60 days. The results indicated that physiological responses with square ICS treatment were more effective to reduce stress level compared with other treatments (p<0.05). Application of ICS was more optimal to improved SR (p<0.05) and growth of lobster (p>0.05). Overall, treatment of square ICS was opti-mal related to production performance i.e. SR 88.89±5.24%, SGR 0.61±0.49%/day, with harvest size of total length 137.31±8.11 mm/ind, weight 58.83±4.78 g/ind, and FCR 22.71±1.72. Application of ICS in lobster culture was effective to reduce stress level as indicated from total hemocytes and gluco-se hemolymph, and support optimal production performance. Lobster culture using a square ICS sha-pe was effective to minimize stress level, compared with tubular ICS and triangle ICS.Keywords:   cannibalism, glucose, hemocytes, individual compartments system, lobster, production
TOKSISITAS SUBLETAL MOLUSKISIDA NIKLOSAMIDA TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN KONDISI HEMATOLOGI YUWANA IKAN MAS (Cyprinus carpio) Yosmaniar Yosmaniar; Eddy Supriyono; Kukuh Nirmala; Sukenda Sukenda
Jurnal Riset Akuakultur Vol 4, No 3 (2009): (Desember 2009)
Publisher : Pusat Riset Perikanan, Badan Riset dan Sumber Daya Manusia Kelautan dan Perikanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (100.688 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/jra.4.3.2009.385-393

Abstract

Niklosamida digunakan secara intensif sebagai pestisida di sawah untuk membunuh keong mas (Pomacea sp.). Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan pengaruh toksisitas subletal moluskisida niklosamida terhadap pertumbuhan dan kondisi hematologi yuwana ikan mas (Cyprinus carpio). Penelitian dilakukan di Instalasi Riset Lingkungan Perikanan Budidaya dan Toksikologi Cibalagung Balai Riset Perikanan Budidaya Air Tawar Bogor. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan 4 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan. Waktu penelitian 12 minggu. Perlakuan adalah konsentrasi moluskisida niklosamida, yaitu: 0,00 (kontrol); 0,01; 0,03; dan 0,05 mg/L. Menggunakan 16 akuarium ukuran 70 cm x 50 cm x 60 cm. Benih ikan mas yang digunakan berkisar 2,5-3,0 gram dipelihara dengan kepadatan 20 ekor dalam volume air 40 L. Selama pemaparan ikan uji diberi pakan secara at satiation serta dilakukan pergantian air setiap 48 jam dengan konsentrasi bahan uji yang sama. Peubah yang diukur adalah laju pertumbuhan dan kondisi hematologi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa konsentrasi subletal moluskisida niklosamida berpengaruh nyata terhadap penurunan pertumbuhan terjadi mulai pada konsentrasi 0,03 mg/L sedangkan terhadap kondisi hematologi, yaitu peningkatan hematokrit dan hemoglobin pada konsentrasi 0,01 mg/L dan peningkatan jumlah eritrosit pada konsentrasi 0,03 mg/L, dan penurunan leukosit pada konsentrasi 0,03 mg/L.Niklosamida digunakan secara intensif sebagai pestisida di sawah untuk membunuh keong mas (Pomacea sp.). Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan pengaruh toksisitas subletal moluskisida niklosamida terhadap pertumbuhan dan kondisi hematologi yuwana ikan mas (Cyprinus carpio). Penelitian dilakukan di Instalasi Riset Lingkungan Perikanan Budidaya dan Toksikologi Cibalagung Balai Riset Perikanan Budidaya Air Tawar Bogor. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan 4 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan. Waktu penelitian 12 minggu. Perlakuan adalah konsentrasi moluskisida niklosamida, yaitu: 0,00 (kontrol); 0,01; 0,03; dan 0,05 mg/L. Menggunakan 16 akuarium ukuran 70 cm x 50 cm x 60 cm. Benih ikan mas yang digunakan berkisar 2,5-3,0 gram dipelihara dengan kepadatan 20 ekor dalam volume air 40 L. Selama pemaparan ikan uji diberi pakan secara at satiation serta dilakukan pergantian air setiap 48 jam dengan konsentrasi bahan uji yang sama. Peubah yang diukur adalah laju pertumbuhan dan kondisi hematologi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa konsentrasi subletal moluskisida niklosamida berpengaruh nyata terhadap penurunan pertumbuhan terjadi mulai pada konsentrasi 0,03 mg/L sedangkan terhadap kondisi hematologi, yaitu peningkatan hematokrit dan hemoglobin pada konsentrasi 0,01 mg/L dan peningkatan jumlah eritrosit pada konsentrasi 0,03 mg/L, dan penurunan leukosit pada konsentrasi 0,03 mg/L. four treatments containing four replications of different nilosamide concentrations: 0.00; 0.01; 0.03; 0.05 mg/L for 12 weeks were applied. Specific growth rate and hematology condition were measured. Blood samples were collected at the first, fourth, eighth, and twelfth weeks of exposure time. Result of the research indicated that  concentration of 0.03 mg/L niclosamide was significantly effective (P< 0.05) in decreasing specific growth rate (0.62%). The sublethal concentration of 0.01mg/L increased hematocrit and hemoglobin levels while concentration of niclosamide of 0.03 mg/L increased erythrocyte cells and decreasing leucocyte cells.
Organic carbon source and C/N ratio affect inorganic nitrogen profile in the biofloc-based culture media of Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) Muhammad Hanif Azhar; Eddy Supriyono; Kukuh Nirmala; Julie Ekasari
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 21, No 1 (2016): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (320.736 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.21.1.23-28

Abstract

Organic carbon source and C/N ratio play an important role in aquaculture system with biofloc technology application. Nitrogen control by adding carbohydrates to the water to stimulate heterotrophic bacterial growth by converting nitrogen into bacterial biomass. The study investigated the effect molasses, tapioca, tapioca by product and rice bran as carbon sources in a biofloc media at three different C/N ratios i.e. 10, 15, and 20 on total ammonia reduction in biofloc media. Five liters of biofloc media in a conical tank was prepared for each replicate, which consisted of 500 mL of biofloc suspension collected from a shrimp culture unit with biofloc technology application and 4.5 L seawater. Pacific white shrimp culture was performed in 40L glass aquaria at a shrimp density of 30/aquarium. There was a significant interaction between carbon source and the C/N ratio applied (P<0.05). The use of molasses resulted in the highest reduction rate irrespective to the C/N ratio. Keywords: molasses, tapioca, tapioca by product, rice bran, biofloc, total ammonia nitrogen
STRATEGI BUDIDAYA IKAN KOKI BASTER (Carasius Auratus) RAMAH LINGKUNGAN DALAM UPAYAMENINGKATAN PRODUKSI Mariam, Susanti; Supriyono, Eddy; Warlina, Lina
Jurnal Matematika Sains dan Teknologi Vol 19 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Terbuka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Koki baster fish (Carasius auratus) or goldfish, besides as ornamental fish are also used as fish feed and fishing bait which demand tends to increase from year to year. However, from 2012 to 2015, the production of koki baster fish has decreased. This study aims to analyze the application of the management of koki baster fish in Cisaat Subdistrict, Sukabumi Regency, so that a management strategy can be formulated in developing environmentally friendly koki baster in Sukabumi Regency. Data collection was conducted through interviews, observations, questionnaires and documentation. The questionnaires were distributed to 100 respondents who were conducting hatchery for koki baster that scattered in 13 villages in Cisaat Subdistrict. As comparative data, the hatchery of koki baster fish was conducted in the research pond. The variables used are the aquaculture stage (x) consisting of lime dosage, organic fertilizer, anorganic fertilizer, water height, female parent, parent feed, comparison of male and female parent, parent age, larvae feed and duration to number of larvae (y). The variables were analyzed by validity, reliability, multiple regression analysis and principal component analysis using SPSS and Minitab application. Based on the results of multiple regression analysis obtained the relationship between variables in the seeding stage with the number of larvae. Correlation test showed that the variable use of fertilizers had a positive correlation of 69,5% to the number of larvae. Conversely, the variable water height has a negative value on the number of larvae, which is -3.5%. The principal component analysis showed that the variable use of organic fertilizer, anorganic fertilizer and larvae feed was in the first component area. It means that the variable has a large correlation to the number of larvae. The conclusion of there search is the community does not yet have standard in managing fish hatching of koki baster fish, they only rely on experience and habits so that the obtained production is still low. Strategies to increase the production of koki baster fish are need to be standardized on how to farm koki baster fish, standarized koki baster fish and community coaching on the need to carry out the stages of koki baster fish breeding in accordance with the good and environmentally friendly method of fish hatchery. Ikan koki baster (Carasius auratus) selain sebagai ikan hias juga digunakan sebagai pakan ikan dan umpan pancing yang permintaannnya cenderung meningkat dari tahun ke tahun. Namun demikian dari tahun 2012 hingga 2015, produksi ikan baster mengalami penurunan. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisa penerapan manajemen usaha budidaya ikan koki baster di Kecamatan Cisaat Kabupaten Sukabumi sehingga dapat dirumuskan strategi pengelolaan dalam pengembangan budidaya ikan koki baster di Kabupaten Sukabumi yang ramah lingkungan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara, pengamatan, kuesioner dan dokumentasi. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah kuesioner yang dibagikan kepada 100 orang responden yang melakukan kegiatan pembenihan ikan koki baster di 13 desa yang tersebar di Kecamatan Cisaat. Sebagai data pembanding dilakukan kegiatan pembenihan ikan koki baster di kolam penelitian. Variabel yang digunakan dalam analisis keterkaitan produksi adalah tahapan budidaya (x) yang terdiri atas dosis kapur, pupuk organik, pupuk anorganik, tinggi air, induk betina, pakan induk, perbandingan induk jantan dan betina, umur induk, pakan larva, dan lama pemeliharaan terhadap jumlah larva (y). Variabel-variabel tersebut dianalisis dengan regresi berganda dan analisa komponen utama menggunakan aplikasi SPSS dan Minitab yang sebelumnya dilakukan uji validitas dan reliabilitas.&nbsp; Berdasarkan hasil analisa regresi berganda diperoleh keterkaitan antara varibael-variabel dalam tahapan pembenihan dengan jumlah larva. Uji korelasi menunjukan variabel penggunaan pupuk berkorelasi positif sebesar 69,5% terhadap jumlah larva.&nbsp; Sebaliknya variabel tinggi air memiliki nilai korelasi negatif terhadap jumlah larva yaitu sebesar -3,5%.&nbsp; Analisa komponen utama menunjukan bahwa variabel penggunaan pupuk organik, pupuk anorganik dan pakan larva&nbsp; berada pada wilayah first component artinya variabel tersebut memiliki korelasi yang besar terhadap jumlah larva. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah masyarakat belum memiliki standar dalam melaksanakan pengelolaan pembenihan ikan koki baster, hanya mengandalkan pengalaman dan kebiasaan saja sehingga produksi yang diperoleh masih rendah. Strategi untuk meningkatkan produksi ikan koki baster di masyarakat, perlu adanya standar tentang cara budidaya ikan koki baster, standardisasi ikan koki baster dan pembinaan kepada masyarakat tentang perlunya melaksanakan tahapan-tahapan budidaya ikan koki baster sesuai dengan cara pembenihan ikan yang baik dan ramah lingkungan.
Co-Authors . Humairani . Sukenda . Sulistiono Adang Saputra Adang Saputra Agustinus Ngaddi Ahmad Ghufron Mustofa Aisyah Lukmini Alexander Burhani Marda Ali Djamhuri Amin Pamungkas Anang Hari Kristanto Ani Widiyati Ani Widiyati Ardyen Saputra Arif Faisal Siburian Aris Darmansah Aris Darmansah Aris Sando Hamzah Bambang Gunadi Bambang Gunadi Bambang Gunadi Bambang Gunadi Bambang Priyo Utomo Berlianti . Budiyanti Budiyanti Cecep Kusmana Dadang Shaffruddin Dadang Shafruddin Dadang Shafruddin Dadang Shafrudin Daniel Djokosetianto Daniel Djokosetianto Daniel Djokosetiyanto Daniel Djokosetiyanto Debora Victoria Liubana DEDI JUSADI Dedi Pardiansyah Dewi Puspaningsih Diana Sriwisuda Putri Diana Sriwisuda Putri Dinamella Wahjuningrum Dinar Tri Soelistyowati Dini Wulandari Dody Sihono Donny Prariska Ega Aditya Prama Eka Rosyida Eko Harianto Enang H. Surawidjaja Enang Haris Enang Harris Enang Harris Enang Harris Enang Harris Enang Harris Enang Harris Enang Harris Enang Harris Enang Harris Enang Harris Surawidjaja Ernik Yuliana Fauziah Azmi Fendjalang, Sophia N.M. Ferdinand Hukama Taqwa Fina Lestari Guttifera Hanif Azhara, Muhammad Harton Arfah Henry Kasmanhadi Saputra I Wayan Nurjaya Idil Ardi Iman Rusmana Imron Imron Ing Mokoginta Intan Wulandari Irzal Effendi Ismail Failu Izhar Amirul Haq Julie Ekasari Kukuh Adiyana Kukuh Adiyana Kukuh Adiyana Kukuh Adiyana Kukuh Adiyana Kukuh Adiyana Kukuh Nirmala Kukuh Nirmala Lies Setijaningsih Lina Warlina Lolita Thesiana Lolita Thesiana M. Faisol Riza Ghozali M. Toelihere M. Yusuf Arifin M. Zairin Junior Maman Tocharman Mariam, Susanti Mariska Putri Nur Hidayah Mas Tri Djoko Sunarno Mia Setiawati Muh Saleh Nurdin Muhamad Dzikri Muhamad Yamin Muhamad Yamin MUHAMMAD AGUS SUPRAYUDI Muhammad Fauzan Isma Muhammad Nabil Muhammad Zairin Jr. Muhammad Zairin Jr. Mulyasari Mulyasari Munti Yuhana MURIE DWIYANITI1 N. Potalangi Neltje Nobertine Palinggi Neltje Nobertine Palinggi Nur Fauziyah Nur Hasanah Nurul Taufiqu Rochman Nurul Taufiqu Taufiqu Rochman O.D. Subakti Hasan Obed Lepa Saba Kulla Odang Carman Petrus Rani Pong-Masak Rahma Vida Anandasari Raudhatus Sa'adah Revfvi Al Ghaney Rizal Riandini Riandini Riani Rahmawati Richard Latuny Ridwan Affandi Ridwan Affandi Rifqah Pratiwi Rio Yusufi Subhan Ris Dewi Novita Rizki Eka Puteri Ruspindo Syahputra S. Hastuti Santi Febrianti Santosa Koesoemadinata Selly Ratna Sari Setijaningsih, Lies Siska Mellisa Sri listyarini Sri Nuryati Sri Wahyuni Firman Sugeng Budiharsono Sugeng H. Suseno Sugeng Hari Suseno Suhaiba Djai Sukenda Sukenda Sukenda Sukenda Sukenda Sukenda Sukenda Sukenda Sulistiono Suri Purnama Febri Susanti Mariam Sutrisno Sutrisno Tatag Budiardi Teuku Fadlon Haser Thomas Nugroho Titin Kurniasih Tri Heru Prihadi Usman Usman Usman Usman Usman Usman Wahyu Pamungkas Wahyu Wahyu Wasjan Wasjan Widanarni . Widanarni Widanarni Wijianto Wijianto Wildan Nurussalam, Wildan Wisriati Lasima Y. Hadiroseyani Yosmaniar Yosmaniar Yosmaniar Yosmaniar Yosmaniar Yosmaniar Yoyo Wiramiharja Yuni Puji Hastuti