Eko Baroto Walujo
Division of Botany, The Indonesian Institute of Science, Cibinong, Bogor, 16911, Indonesia

Published : 16 Documents Claim Missing Document
Claim Missing Document
Check
Articles

Found 16 Documents
Search

Ethnobotany of MandailingTribe in Batang Gadis National Park Nasution, Aswarina; Chikmawati, Tatik; Walujo, Eko Baroto; Zuhud, Ervizal Amir Muhammad
Journal of Tropical Life Science Vol 8, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Life Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (997.207 KB) | DOI: 10.11594/jtls.08.01.09

Abstract

 Batang Gadis National Park (BGNP) located in Bukit Barisan Mountains, Sumatera Utara. A Mandailing tribe  who lives around the BGNP, has the unique local knowledge, such as processing young stem of rattan (Calamus manan) into pakkat (traditional food) and use rimbang (Solanum torvum) to neutralize toxins. These local knowledge could be lost because it only inherited orally from generation to generation. This study was aimed to reveal ethnobotany knowledge of Mandailing Tribe. The study was conducted in November 2015 in four villages around the BGNP, Sibanggor Jae, Hutabaringin Julu, Pastap Jae, and Botung Villages. Data were collected by interviewing informants in each village as well as the field survey through two approaches, emic and etic. A total of 262 plant species is used by Mandailing Tribe for subsistence and commercial needs. The highest utilization is for food  (106 species), followed by traditional medicines (81 species), firewood (29 species), building materials (35 species), and animal feed (25 species). People also used plant for household appliances, agricultural equipment, art materials, ropes and wrap, and pest control materials. Eme/rice (Oryza sativa) have the highest Index of Cultural Significance (ICS) values. The existence of this species is maintained for its local wisdom. Thus, involvement of  local  community will give great contribution to manage and conserve the BGNP area. 
PERSPEKTIF GENDER SUKU OSING DI BANYUWANGI DALAM PENILAIAN KEMANFAATAN TANAMAN Prasetyo, Budi; Chikmawati, Tatik; Walujo, Eko Baroto; Zuhud, Ervizal A.M
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 18, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v18i2.3689

Abstract

The different roles and responsibilities of male and female of the Osing tribe influence the knowledge of the use of plants. The aims of research is to analyze the values of the benefits of plants based on gender perception. The research used a qualitative and quantitative methods. Data collection for the value of plant species utilization were carried out  using Pebble Distribution Method (PDM) and analysis used Index of Cultural Significance (ICS). The Osing community recognised 86 plant species that were grouped in to eight beneficial groups. The male in three villages have a better understanding of ethnobotanical knowledge and practice than female on crops as staple foods, medicines, fruits, and firewood, while understanding of ornamental plants are relatively the same for both male and female. Female have a broader and more detailed understanding on vegetables, plant species used as building construction, and traditional rituals. The high PDM value in eight beneficial groups was supported by the high value of each ICS.  
HUMAN INVOLVEMENT AND BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION IN INDONESIA Walujo, Eko Baroto
Buletin Kebun Raya Vol 14, No 1 (2011): Buletin Kebun Raya Vol. 14 (1) Januari 2011
Publisher : Center for Plant Conservation Bogor Botanic Garden, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Sejarah kehidupan menunjukkan bahwa mikroba memprakarsai munculnya kehidupan, yang kemudian diikuti oleh tanaman berhijau daun, hewan dan manusia. Meskipun manusia sebenarnya muncul setelah bentuk­bentuk kehidupan lainnya, namun pada kenyataannya, manusia telah mengalami evolusi sebagai makluk yang paling sempurna. Karena evolusi seperti itu, manusia dapat mengembangkan peradaban sehingga mampu mengubah gaya hidupnya. Dalam hal ini, teori adaptasi dan integrasi menjadi penting dalam menjaga stabilitas hubungan antara organisme satu dengan lainnya dalam sebuah ekosistem. Dengan demikian, ekosistem dengan segala relung dan isinya adalah realitas yang dinamis dan terus menerus berubah. Dalam artikel ini akan diuraikan dan dijelaskan hubungan keterkaitan antara kebudayaan di Indonesia dalam konteks konservasi sumberdaya alam dalam studi ekologi manusia (human ecology).
HUMAN INVOLVEMENT AND BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION IN INDONESIA Walujo, Eko Baroto
Buletin Kebun Raya Vol 14, No 1 (2011): Buletin Kebun Raya Vol. 14 (1) January 2011
Publisher : Center for Plant Conservation Bogor Botanic Garden, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Sejarah kehidupan menunjukkan bahwa mikroba memprakarsai munculnya kehidupan, yang kemudian diikuti oleh tanaman berhijau daun, hewan dan manusia. Meskipun manusia sebenarnya muncul setelah bentuk­bentuk kehidupan lainnya, namun pada kenyataannya, manusia telah mengalami evolusi sebagai makluk yang paling sempurna. Karena evolusi seperti itu, manusia dapat mengembangkan peradaban sehingga mampu mengubah gaya hidupnya. Dalam hal ini, teori adaptasi dan integrasi menjadi penting dalam menjaga stabilitas hubungan antara organisme satu dengan lainnya dalam sebuah ekosistem. Dengan demikian, ekosistem dengan segala relung dan isinya adalah realitas yang dinamis dan terus menerus berubah. Dalam artikel ini akan diuraikan dan dijelaskan hubungan keterkaitan antara kebudayaan di Indonesia dalam konteks konservasi sumberdaya alam dalam studi ekologi manusia (human ecology).
MEDICINAL PLANT DIVERSITY IN THE TESSO NILO NATIONAL PARK, RIAU, SUMATRA, INDONESIA* Susiarti, Siti; Purwanto, Yohanes; Walujo, Eko Baroto
REINWARDTIA Vol 12, No 5 (2009): Vol. 12, No. 5
Publisher : Research Center for Biology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (510.041 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/reinwardtia.v12i5.86

Abstract

SUSIARTI, S., PURWANTO, Y. & WALUJO, E.B. 2009. Medicinal plant diversity in the Tesso Nilo National Park, Riau, Sumatra, Indonesia. Reinwardtia  12(5): 383–390- A study of traditional knowledge on plant uses especially medicinal plants of the local community, was conducted in 2003 at the Situgal Village and its surrounding area in the Tesso Nilo National Park at the Logas Tanah Darat District, Riau Province, Sumatra, Indonesia. Research methods included open-ended discussion and direct observation. To better assess the extractive activities and the utilization of the plant diversity by the local people, an index of cultural significance (ICS) analysis was employed. Research results showed that local people in Situgal still use a large number of plants for medicinal purposes and rely on ethnobotanical knowledge in their daily life. We recorded 86 species belonging to 78 genera and 46 families of plants having ethnobotanical values. Eighty-two species are used for medicinal purposes and the remaining 4 species for fish poisons. Those species can be used to cure approximately 38 types of illness. The ICS analysis for the potential value of each species showed that  ‘patalo bumi’  (Eurycoma longifolia) is the most important species and well utilized by local community in the Tesso Nilo NP area.
DIVERSITY OF PLANTS USED FOR PLAITED CRAFTS BY THE DAYAK IBAN-DÉSA IN KABUPATEN SINTANG, KALIMANTAN BARAT, INDONESIA DEWI, ASIH PERWITA; ARIYANTI, NUNIK SRI; WALUJO, EKO BAROTO
REINWARDTIA Vol 15, No 2 (2016): Vol.15 No.2
Publisher : Research Center for Biology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1213.117 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/reinwardtia.v15i2.2941

Abstract

DEWI, A. P., ARIYANTI N. S. & WALUJO, E. B. 2016. Diversity of plants used for plaited crafts by the Dayak Iban-Désa in Kabupaten Sintang, Kalimantan Barat. Reinwardtia 15(2): 67 – 79. — Many plants are used for making plaited crafts such as basketry and woven mats by the Dayak Iban-Désa, a sub-tribe of the Dayak in Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia. The Dayak Iban-Désa gather the craft materials mostly from the plants in the forest. However, the habitats of these plants are being threatened by deforestation. The diversity of plants used for crafts is here documented. This study recorded the scientific names of plant species used for the craft plaiting, and observed abundance of plants used for craft. Information about the plants used were gathered using non-structural interview and focus group discussion (FGD) with the informants and participants. The abundance of plaited plants was observed in 46 plots of 10 × 10 m2 plots by participative ecological method. Nineteen plants species were used as plaited material, belonging to four families: Arecaceae, Poaceae, Pandanaceae and Zingiberaceae. Two species of rattan (Calamus sp. and Plectocomiopsis wrayi Becc.) have the highest Index Cultural Significance (ICS) value. Those species were considered as the most valuable plant materials because of the quality of fiber, intensity on harvesting, and the resulting quality of plaited craft products. However, the demand for high quality products is not always supported by the availability of plant materials in the forest. Therefore, the cultural significance of plants (the ICS values) and their availability should be considered when determining the conservation strategy for each of these species.
LES ECOSYSTEMES DOMESTIQUES PAR LHOMME DANS LANCIEN ROYAUME INSANA - TIMOR WALUJO, EKO BAROTO
REINWARDTIA Vol 11, No 5 (2000): Vol. 11 No. 5
Publisher : Research Center for Biology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/reinwardtia.v11i5.938

Abstract

Based on ethnobotanical data, agricultural practice and floristic analysis (simple and transect analysis), the author tries to evaluate human impact on vegetation cover. He attempts also to show that originally this environment consisted of two different types i.e. dry and humid, each of which corresponded to a certain floristic composition. There is a tendency for this difference in composition to decrease there where human interference is strongest,i.e. on land under cultivation. It is difficult to verify that there is any part of Insana that is not influenced directly or indirectly by human intervention. It is evident that the practice of slash and burn has had the strongest influence on the transformation of the vegetation cover.However, we have to consider also that the introduction of Bah cattle to this territory has had a great impact on the modification of the environment. Meanwhile there is a tendency to increase the number of species or varieties of economic plants, in particular food plants.
Sumbangan Ilmu Etnobotani dalam Memfasilitasi Hubungan Manusia dengan Tumbuhan dan Lingkungannya Walujo, Eko Baroto
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 7, No 2 (2011): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (70.996 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v7i2.3122

Abstract

Ethnobotany Contributes to The Understanding Human Relationship with Plant and TheirEnvironment. The scope of ethnobotanical research has been developed to a broader scopefrom the originated word of ethnobotany was coined.. This discipline attempts to explainreciprocal relationships which occur between local societies and its natural world, in extant,between local societies and their cultures that reflected in the archeological records.Ethnobotany is also very closely related to the domestication of plants such as the speciesdomesticated, where these species domesticated, the purpose of domestication, the manner,and the status of the domesticated plants today. Etnobothany also concerns to the role ofplants in ecology, environment and phytogeography as conceived by tradition or by the localcommunities. In addition to its traditional role in economic botany and the exploration ofhuman cognition, ethnobotanical research has been applied to the practical areas such asbiodiversity prospecting and vegetation management. Thus ideally, ethnobotany shouldincludes rules and categorization acknowledged by local communities. Rules and categorizationare use to appropriately facing daily social situations in recognizing, interpreting and utilizingplant resources in their environment. In summary, the scope of research in ethnobotany isinterdisciplinary and ethnoscience as mentioned earlier and these scopes will be the mainfocus of discussion in this article. In particular, in its relation to the strategic position ofIndonesia based on wealth, diversity of plants, species and ecosystems and socio-culturallife.Key Words: Ethnobotany, Localknowledge, Wisdom
Pelestarian Lingkungan Berbasis Kepercayaan Lokal dan Upacara Tradisi: Studi Kasus Masyarakat di Sekitar Gunung Salak Royyani, Mohammad Fathi; Walujo, Eko Baroto
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 8, No 1 (2012): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (73.318 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v8i1.3067

Abstract

Mount Salak in West Java has important position as water catcment area of water, rain forest, and bank of biodiversity. To protect and conserve this area, Indonesian goverment through the Forest Department develop has Mount Salak to be National Park. Local people who live surrounding Mount Salak have local wisdoms about the benefit of plant and local perspective to manage biodiversity. For local people, Mount Salak is not only to their daily needs but also to save their history and legend about their ancestor. To collect data, we conducted indepth interview with local peple, observed and involved with their ritual local people of Mount Salak have ritual tradition and local belief about Mount Salak, that keep Mount Salak area protected and conserved sustainability.Keywords: Biodiversity, Gunung Salak, Kepercayaan Lokal, Konservasi, Upacara tradisi,
PEMANFAATAN TUMBUHAN OBAT SECARA EMPIRIS PADA SUKU MANDAILING DI TAMAN NASIONAL BATANG GADIS SUMATERA UTARA Nasution, Aswarina; Chikmawati, Tatik; Walujo, Eko Baroto; Zuhud, Ervizal A.M.
Jurnal Bioteknologi & Biosains Indonesia (JBBI) Vol 5, No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi (BPPT)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (504.816 KB) | DOI: 10.29122/jbbi.v5i1.2772

Abstract

Empirical Utilization of Medicinal Plant on Mandailing Tribe in Batang Gadis National Park North SumatraABSTRACTMandailing tribe is an indigenous tribe that inhabits the area around Batang Gadis National Park (BGNP), North Sumatra. They have knowledge related to the use of plants for traditional medicine. Nevertheless, the information about this local knowledge is not uncover yet. This study aims to reveal the knowledge of the Mandailing tribe in utilizing plants as a traditional medicine. The research location was in 4 villages around BGNP. Data were collected through interviews with respondents and direct survey in the field. Data were analyzed descriptively qualitative. The results showed that there were about 81 plant species used for treatment covered in 38 families to treat 41 types of diseases. The most widely used medicinal plant species are from the Compositae family. Herbs dominant used by the community as a medicinal plant comprised 50 species of plants. The high diversity of medicinal plants indicated that utilization of plants for health is the main priorities of a Mandailing tribe.Keywords: Biodiversity, disease, local knowledge, Mandailing tribe, traditional medicine  ABSTRAKSuku Mandailing merupakan suku asli yang mendiami kawasan di sekitar Taman Nasional Batang Gadis (TNBG), Sumatra Utara. Mereka memiliki pengetahuan terkait pemanfaatan tumbuhan untuk obat tradisional. Namun informasi terkait pengetahuan lokal tersebut belum diungkapkan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap pengetahuan Suku Mandailing dalam memanfaatkan tumbuhan sebagai obat tradisional. Lokasi penelitian berada di 4 desa di sekitar TNBG. Pengumpulan data melalui wawancara dengan respoden serta survey langsung di lapangan. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada sekitar 81 spesies tumbuhan yang digunakan untuk pengobatan yang tercakup dalam 38 famili untuk mengobati 41 jenis penyakit. Spesies tumbuhan obat yang paling banyak digunakan berasal dari Famili Compositae. Habitus herba dominan digunakan masyarakat sebagai tumbuhan obat yang meliputi 50 spesies tumbuhan. Tingginya keanekaragaman tumbuhan obat menunjukkan bahwa pemanfaatan tumbuhan untuk kesehatan adalah prioritas utama Suku Mandailing. Kata Kunci: Biodiversitas, suku Mandailing, obat tradisional, pengetahuan lokal, penyakit