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Critiques on the Ideologies of Contemporary Bedhayan Dances Sawitri, Sawitri; Sudardi, Bani; Abdullah, Wakit; Chaya, Nyoman
KOMUNITAS: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture Vol 9, No 1 (2017): Komunitas, March 2017
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v9i1.7497

Abstract

This present paper provides a descriptive analysis toward a traditional court dance called Bedhaya, one of the cultural products of the Javanese community in Surakarta which evolved into its modern version Bedhayan due to the flow of global culture. By applying the theories of hermeneutics, ideology, aesthetics and Semiotics, the data are inferred according to the purposed questions. The inquiry is directed to infer the factors encompassing Bedhaya dance such as its emergence and the development, relationship with the existence and its role in the society, the relationship with systems within the society or with various interests. The results as inferred from the data obtained views in looking at the development on the classical dance of Bedhaya into Bedhayan left worthy of critical assessments. The reality of Bedhayan dance in the view of art as an ideology, from the outside, appears that the choreograhers/artists can freely express their creative ideas in the context of the fight agains the classical culture which is strongly enacted by the myths and power of the rulling king. However, it should be noted that Bedhayan dance artists which have managed to bring the classical bedhaya dance out of the walls of the Kraton also in essence always work in the confines of the iron curtain of a creativity called ‘ideology’. Whether consciously or not, being forced or sincere in living it, these choreographers actually fall into the life orientation which solely  concerns the fulfillment of material needs.
Eosinophil and Eosinophil Cationic Protein Level Raising in Dermatitis Due to Food Patients Umborowati, Menul Ayu; Sawitri, Sawitri; Hoetomo, Marsoedi
Berkala Ilmu Kesehatan Kulit dan Kelamin Vol 27, No 2 (2015): BIKKK AGUSTUS 2015
Publisher : Faculty Of Medicine Airlangga University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (115.225 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/bikkk.V27.2.2015.90-96

Abstract

Background: Food allergy prevalence worldwide has been increase. Skin is secondary most often target organ in food allergy reaction. Food allergy affects 35% atopic dermatitis (AD) patients. Diagnosis of food allergy  is still challenge because signs are not specific. Previous researches showed eosinophil and eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) role in food allergy reaction on gastrointestinal tract, but none on dermatitis due to food. Purpose: To evaluate eosinophil and serum ECP in dermatitis due to food. Method: This is a descriptive observational cross sectional study, with dermatitis due to food patients in Dermatovenereology Outpatient Clinic Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya as subjects. Subjects has been collected trough consecutive sampling during 3 months, then data were analysized descriptively Results: Serum ECP level of dermatitis due to food patients were above normal range in all subjects, with mean level 108.5 µg/L, lowest level 33.011 µg/L and higher level 284.849 µg/L. Mean eosinophil of dermatitis due to food patients just arise above normal limit (0.413µg/L). AD patients were 48.4% among all subjects. Mean serum ECP level of AD patients was higher (121.703 µg/L) than non-AD (96.123 µg/L). Conclusions: Eosinophil and ECP seems have role in dermatitis due to food pathogenesis. Serum ECP examination can be benefits to monitor dermatitis due to food severity.Key words: dermatitis due to food, eosinophil, serum eosinophil cationic protein.
The Profile of Erysipelas and Cellulitis Patients Novarina, Ryski Meilia; Sawitri, Sawitri
Berkala Ilmu Kesehatan Kulit dan Kelamin Vol 27, No 1 (2015): BIKKK APRIL 2015
Publisher : Faculty Of Medicine Airlangga University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (149.74 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/bikkk.V27.1.2015.32-40

Abstract

Background: Erysipelas and cellulitis are acute infectious serious skin diseases, due to the entry of bacteria through the unintact skin barrier and can be fatal. Purpose: To determine the clinical manifestation and management of hospitalized erysipelas and cellulitis patients at the dermatolovenerology inpatient Dr. Soetomo General Hospital in period of 2008-2011. Methods: The study was conducted retrospectively based on the medical records of the hospitalized patients include case number, gender, age, main complaint and duration, trigger factors, concomitant factors that can be as the underlying disease, lesion site, laboratory examinations, treatments, length of treatment associated with Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) and the prognosis. Results: The erysipelas and cellulitis cases were 65 cases (1.9%) of the total hospitalized cases of skin diseases, with the number of men and women were 36 and 29 patient, respectively. The highest age group were 45-65 years (35.4%). Main complaint was swelling, redness and pain (66,2%) and the duration of complaints 1-7 days (81.5%), Most triggering factors due to scratching (34%). Anemia (30,8%) is the most underlying disease. The majority of lesion sites are in the lower extremities in 56 patients (86.1%). Laboratory tests showed anemic (30.8%), leukocytosis (44.6%) and (76.9%) ESR > 20mm/h (76.9%). The specimen of the lesion of 18 cases were cultured, there were found majority bacterial were Staphylococcus aureus (37.5%). The managements of treatment of 25 cases (38.5%) were consisted: immobilization, intravenous injection of Ampicillin and wet dressing with normal saline, 15 cases with ESR>50mm/h were treated for 8 -14days. The complications (gangrenosum cellulitis) were found in 1 case (1,5%), and 40 patients (61.5%) discharge from hospital in a recovery state. Conclusion: The management of patients with erysipelas and cellulitis had been appropriate based on the diagnosis and treatment guidelines. Staphylococcus aureus is the most frequent bacteria found in culture.Key words: erysipelas, cellulitis, Staphylococcus aureus.
Profile of Scabies in Children Paramita, Kartika; Sawitri, Sawitri
Berkala Ilmu Kesehatan Kulit dan Kelamin Vol 27, No 1 (2015): BIKKK APRIL 2015
Publisher : Faculty Of Medicine Airlangga University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (122.621 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/bikkk.V27.1.2015.41-47

Abstract

Background: Scabies is a common parasitic infestation of the skin caused by Sarcoptes scabiei. Scabies is a common public health problem that occurs throughout the world with an estimated prevalence of 300 million individuals. Factors that lead to the high prevalence of scabies include high humidity, lack of sanitation, overcrowding, malnutrition, poor personal hygiene, knowledge, attitude, and behaviour of less supportive healthy lifestyle. Although scabies is not fatal or life-threatening, but the disease can be severe and persistent, which may lead to weakness and secondary skin infections. Purpose: To evaluate the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of scabies in children at Dermatovenereology outpatient clinic of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya. Methods: A retrospective study within 2009 to 2011 using medical record of new patients, aged < 14 years old. Results: The total patients of scabies were 282 patients (5,9% of all pediatric patients in outpatient clinic). Most common group of age was 5-14 years old with the total 180 patients (63,8%), the majority of complaint was itching at night (90,1%), the most frequent location of the lesions was in the web of the fingers and the most common source of transmission is the patients family  (51,4%). The most given topical scabisid was Permethrin cream 5% (97,3%). Conclusions: The diagnosis of scabies could be established by anamnesis and physical examination. Patients education is needed to reduce the reinfection and cut the source of transmission.Key words: scabies, children, Sarcoptes scabiei, retrospective study.
Oral Corticosteroid Therapy in Leprosys new patients with Type 2 Reaction Listiyawati, Irma Tarida; Sawitri, Sawitri; Agusni, Indropo; Prakoeswa, Cita Rosita Sigit
Berkala Ilmu Kesehatan Kulit dan Kelamin Vol 27, No 1 (2015): BIKKK APRIL 2015
Publisher : Faculty Of Medicine Airlangga University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (134.721 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/bikkk.V27.1.2015.48-54

Abstract

Background: Leprosy type 2 reactions is an acute inflammatory episode in lepromatous leprosy patient that ascociated with deposition of immune complexes. Standard regiment for severe reaction is corticosteroid. Almost Leprosy type 2 reactions patients become chronic and recurrent so it implicates to more complications if it was not managed well. Purpose: To determine the distribution of type 2 reactions patients which treated with oral corticosteroid in leprosy division of dermatovenereology outpatient clinic of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital. Methods: Retrospective study using new patients medical record during the period of January 1 2009 until December 31 2013 and the observation continued until December 31 2013. Results: The total type 2 reactions patients with oral corticosteroid was 112 patients, mostly were male aged between 25-64 years and has the Lepromatous Leprosy (LL) type (33%), the reactions happened after RFT  (43.8%), 65.2% had metil prednisolon medication, the initial equivalent dose was 30 mg in 32.1% patient. 21.4% patient had more than one cycle  of corticosteroid therapy and 8.9% patient had the steroid side effect. Conclusion: Leprosys type 2 reactions tend to be chronic and recurrent and the impact were patients got longterm continuously corticosteroid medication, so the patients need to be monitored including side effects.Key words: leprosys type 2 reaction, oral corticosteroid, side effects.
Perbedaan Dermatitis Seboroik dan Psoriasis Vulgaris Berdasarkan Manifestasi Klinis dan Histopatologi Astindari, Astindari; Sawitri, Sawitri; Sandhika, Willy
Berkala Ilmu Kesehatan Kulit dan Kelamin Vol 26, No 1 (2014): BIKKK APRIL 2014
Publisher : Faculty Of Medicine Airlangga University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (501.04 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/bikkk.V26.1.2014.1-7

Abstract

Latar belakang: Dermatitis seboroik (DS) dan psoriasis sering sulit dibedakan baik secara klinis maupun secara histopatologi. Anamnesis yang tepat dengan memperhatikan usia, riwayat keluarga, dan pemeriksaan klinis yang teliti serta ditunjang dengan pemeriksaan histopatologi, dapat menentukan diagnosis yang tepat. Tujuan: Mengevaluasi perbedaan DS dan psoriasis supaya klinisi dan patolog bisa membuat diagnosis yang benar.Telaah kepustakaan: Secara epidemiologi, terdapat berbagai perbedaan antara DS dan psoriasis. Hal itu bisa dilihat dari usia saat timbulnya lesi, jenis kelamin, ras, maupun genetik. Lokasi lesi dan manifestasi klinis juga mempunyai ciri yang berbeda. Biopsi kulit dibutuhkan untuk membantu menegakkan diagnosis yang tepat.Gambaran histopatologi DS bervariasi sesuai dengan perjalanan penyakitnya: akut, sub-akut, dan kronis, sedangkan psoriasis mempunyai ciri khas berupa pemanjangan rete ridges, abses Munro atau adanya abses Kojog. Simpulan: Terdapat beberapa perbedaan antara DS dan psoriasis dari usia pertama kali muncul lesi, lokasi lesi, manifestasi klinis dan gambaran histopatologi.Kata kunci: dermatitis seboroik, psoriasis, manifestasi klinis, gambaran histopatologi.
Towards the Ideologies on the Developments of Bedhaya Dances in the Contemporary Age Sawitri, Sawitri; Sudardi, Bani; Abdullah, Wakit; Chaya, Nyoman
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 9, No 1 (2017): Komunitas, March 2017
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v9i1.7497

Abstract

This present paper provides a descriptive analysis toward a traditional court dance called Bedhaya, one of the cultural products of the Javanese community in Surakarta which evolved into its modern version Bedhayan due to the flow of global culture. By applying the theories of Hermeneutics, Ideology, Aesthetics and Semiotics, the data are inferred according to the purposed questions. The inquiry is directed to infer the factors encompassing Bedhaya dance such as its emergence and the development, relationship with the existence and its role in the society, the relationship with systems within the society or with various interests. The results showed that the Bedhayan dance as developed by the local artists or choreographers in Surakarta as a realization of the local community’s thought, norm and principle (ideology) which covers both the economic and freedom interests. The ideologies reflected from the attitudes of the supporting community (of dancers and choreographers) toward Bedhayan dance are identified to imply the self-existence, freedom, political, economic, and market interests. The emergence Bedhayan dance was motivated by thoughts of the artists in constructing the dance movements to fit the purpose and function of current art creation. All the changes are deemed to be able to increase the economic welfare of performers, choreographers and the government on the tourism potentiality of the nation. However, there is the dangerous aspects in the development of a cultural dance to view it as a mere commodity, which at the end would give impressions of profanity, commercialization, even the shifts on the traditional values of the dance.
BEDHAYA BENGAWAN KARYA DJAROT BUDIDARSONO MENGANDUNG PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER BAGI MASYARAKAT JAWA Sawitri, Sawitri; Sudardi, Bani; Abdullah, Wakid; Chaya, Nyoman
Jurnal Pendidikan Ilmu Sosial Vol 27, No 2 (2017): JURNAL PENDIDIKAN ILMU SOSIAL
Publisher : Department of Accounting Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education Universitas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.2317/jpis.v27i2.5722

Abstract

Bedhaya Bengawan is a dance work performed by nine dancers created by a choreographer named Djarot Budidarsono. Bedhaya Bengawan was created in 2010 performed in Wisma Seni Surakarta, Taman Budaya Surakarta Jawa Tengah (Surakarta Cultural Park of Central Java). The dance work was used as a means of delivering message to the spectators, art observers and community. The theme was adjusted with the artist/choreographer’s idea and creativity. Bedhaya Bengawan is a product inspired by the choreographer living around Bengawan Solo River. River water flows into the river for irrigation purpose; adequate water will yield abundant crops. The farmers express their gratitude to Dewi Sri for the abundant crop. In addition, in this nature, there should be integration between water, soil, wind and sun. The values delivered through Bedhaya Bengawan contain character education for the students including: gratitude to the Only One God, belief in the power of Dewi Sri with any rites as the reward to the abundant rice production, reminder that there should be balance between macrocosm and microcosm. Other character educations include: Manunggaling Kawula Gusti (uniting with God), Sangkan Paraning Dumadi (the origin of human beings and to which [Sang Yang Widi] they will return later). The character education above leads the students to have religious ritual awareness to appreciate nature, to believe in God and to be aware that there is a supreme power creating and nullifying human beings. The secular short life should be filled in with good things. Gratitude should always be expressed to God in order to be blessed. The students are expected to imitate what is included into bedhaya bengawan dance work and to apply it in their daily life.
Pengaruh Penyuluhan Kanker Serviks terhadap Motivasi Keikutsertaan Wanita Melakukan Pemeriksaan Inspeksi Visual Asam Asetat (IVA) Sawitri, Sawitri; Sunarsih, Sunarsih
Jurnal Kesehatan Vol 9, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Tanjungkarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (284.554 KB) | DOI: 10.26630/jk.v9i1.758

Abstract

The Data obtained at Panca Jaya of Mesuji Regency on January-June of 2016, out of 430 women of childbearing  age who did pap smear and IVA, as many 2 people (0,46%) was detected of having cervical cancer stage 1b, 57 people (13,4%) experiencing pre-cervical cancer lesions which were marked by inflammation, vaginal discharge, redness in the cervix, there was a lump in the cervix and the rest with the normal condition. This study was to be known the influence of cervix cancer socialization toward the motivation of women’s participation in doing Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid (IVA). This research was quantitative research, with Quasi-Experiment research. The population in this research was the women who were at working area of Adi Luhur Community Health Centre, Pancajaya sub-District of Mesuji Regency, on January of 2017 as many 2361 people. Total samples were 96 respondents. Sample taking was proportional random sampling method. Data were collected using questionnaire. The research was done on the date of Mei 1st-20th July 2017. The data was analyzed by univariate (mean) and bivariate (t-test). The result showed that the average score of motivation before the socialization was 42,79 with deviation standard of 7,367. The average score of motivation after the socialization was 62,00 with deviation standard of 6,059. There was the influence of socialization about cervix cancer with the motivation of participating on examination of IVA on women to do Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid (IVA) (t-test> t-table 21,125>1.714, p-value<0,05). It was suggested that Community Health Centre to improve the skill for the staff in the field about socialization technique, also give the facility for sufficient socialization so that they can improve the motivation for the women.
KESALAHAN BERBAHASA TATARAN MORFOLOGI DALAM PENULISAN TAKRIR MEDIA SOSIAL GUBERNUR DI INDONESIA Ardian, Metah Aprilia; Ghufron, Wildan; Sawitri, Sawitri
Lingua Rima: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Tangerang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31000/lgrm.v9i2.2897

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan data dan informasi tentang kesalahan berbahasa gubernur di Indonesia dalam bidang morfologi. Metode penelitian yaitu menggunakan metode kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan teknik simak catat. Teknik analisis data menggunakan teknik reduksi data, penyajian data dan penarikan simpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya kesalahan berbahasa dalam bidang morfologi yakni 7 kesalahan diksi, 6 kesalahan penulisan imbuhan, 3 kesalahan singkatan kata, 2 kesalahan istilah asing, dan 2 kesalahan penulisan huruf kapital. Kesalahan yang sering ditemui adalah penulisan diksi dan imbuhan. Kesalahan penyingkatan kata terjadi karena pejabat ingin memberi informasi sesingkat mungkin kepada masyarakat. Tetapi kesalahan diksi dan imbuhan adalah murni kurangnya pengetahuan akan berbahasa Indonesia yang baik dan benar. Hal tersebut bisa menimbulkan makna yang berbeda dalam penulisan takrir. Solusi dan sarannya adalah pejabat memiliki tim humas khusus yang berpengalaman dalam bidang bahasa untuk menangani kesalahan penulisan sehingga dapat diminimalkan. Kata kunci: media sosial, takrir, morfologi