M. Khusna Amal, M. Khusna
Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri (STAIN) Jember

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PERJUANGAN CIVIL SOCIETY DALAM MEMPERLUAS RUANG DEMOKRASI DI ASIA Amal, M. Khusna
JURNAL REVIEW POLITIK Vol 3 No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Program Studi Politik Islam Fakultas Ushuluddin, UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Abstract

Even civil society was one requirement for the process of democrati­zation, but it does not mean the existence of civil society automatically have a constructive impact to the democratization process. The assumpt­ion will be verifiable through qualitative analysis with descriptive analytic method. Experience of Indonesia, Philippines and South Korea showed that the changes of social-democratic politics, were determined by the role of civil society. However, the findings of this study indicate that proliferation of civil society in these countries has led to disagreement among the elements of civil society that have a negative impact for democratization. Thus, civil society can be a trouble maker for the process of democratization.
Konflik Sunni-Syi’ah di Indonesia Kontemporer: Polarisasi, Diskriminasi dan Kekerasan Agama Amal, M. Khusna; Shodiq, Ahmad Fajar
Islamika Inside: Jurnal Keislaman dan Humaniora Vol 5 No 2 (2019): DESEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin, Adab dan Humaniora Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35719/islamikainside.v5i2.107

Abstract

Abstract: This study examines the conflict between Sunni groups and Syi'ah groups in post-New Order Indonesia. Many studies have revealed the problem of religious sectarianism conflict between the two. Some argue that conflict is triggered by differences in religious identity and theology. Others see economic and political aspects as the main factors triggering religious conflict and violence. Starting from the case of the Sunni-Syi'ah conflict in Jambesari Village (Bondowoso), this study finds an interesting finding that the conflict occurred due to sharpening religious polarization and contestation. At the same time, the infiltration of intolerant religious elites from outside the village also contributed to sharpening polarization, escalating tensions, and even triggering mass acts of violence that were suspected to have originated from Sunni groups over the Syi'ah minority group. Alienation, discrimination, dissolution of recitation, vandalism, and burning of houses belonging to Syi’ah elites are forms of violence both physically and psychologically due to the occurrence of this religious conflict.