Endang Setia Muliawati, Endang Setia
Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University

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Aklimatisasi Planlet Pisang Varietas Raja Bulu Kuning Berbasis Sistem Hidroponik Substrat Muliawati, Endang Setia; Arniputri, Retna Bandriyati; Nandariyah, Nandariyah; Utomo, Sidik Nur Cahyo
Agrotechnology Research Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2017): AGROTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH JOURNAL
Publisher : Perhimpunan Agroteknologi/Agroekoteknologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/agrotechresj.v1i2.18876


Banana is one of the favorite tropical fruit. Banana business development begins with the provision of quality seeds. Tissue culture is a seed propagation technology that can produce large amounts of seed and a relatively short time by utilizing limited plant material. The planlets result of tissue culture needs to be acclimatization before planted in the field. Hydroponic substrate-based acclimatization is expected to produce seeds that are free from soil pathogens. Adjustment of the concentration of nutrients is important in order to produce a growth response that significantly affects and does not cause poisoning or plasmolysis. This study aims to determine whether hydroponic substrate types and nutrient concentrations affect the growth of Raja Bulu Kuning Banana plantlets. The experiment was carried out at net house, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta in October 2016 - January 2017. The treatment factors were substrate types (bagasse, arenga peat, steamed husk) and concentration of the nutrient solution (equivalent to EC 1.8,  EC 2.0, and EC 2.5 mScm-1). The result showed that steamed husk is the best as the hydroponic substrate, while nutrient solution concentration equivalent to EC 1.8 mScm-1 is sufficient for acclimatization of Banana plantlets cv.Raja Bulu Kuning.
Komposisi N-NO3-:P dan Pengaturan Kepekatan Larutan Nutrisi Untuk Pembungaan Waluh Berbasis Hidroponik Substrat Marhaeni, Ariwati Trisiwi; Muliawati, Endang Setia; Arniputri, Retna Bandriyati
Agrotechnology Research Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2018): AGROTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH JOURNAL
Publisher : Perhimpunan Agroteknologi/Agroekoteknologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/agrotechresj.v2i2.22888


Pumpkin is a promising commodity to be developed as food substitute for flour-based flour. Pumpkin cultivation is currently cultivated by farmers on dry land as secondary crop. Pumpkin cultivation constraints are require a large area and long time. Pumpkin cultivation can be done by hydroponic substrates that has advantages including to accelerate the plant growth, quality of plant yields, and can be cultivated on limited area. The hydroponic substrate cultivation depends on the quality of nutrients as well as the availability of the nutrients. The aim of this research is to study the response of plant flowering to the composition of nutrients (modification of the ratio of Nitrogen and Phosphor) and concentration of hydroponic substrate nutrition solution and interaction between treatments. This research used Completely Randomized Design which consisted of 2 factors, nutritional composition and concentration of solution. Observation variables included flower age, flower position, and number of flowers. The results showed that there were interactions between nutrient composition and concentration of nutrition solution on flower age and flower position. Nutritional composition ratio N-NO3-:P=234:175 ppm tend to give faster period flowering and more pumpkin flowering number. Concentration adjustment of the A-B Mix solutions 20 mL concentrated in 1 L solution gives a better response to accelerate flowering pumpkin.
Budidaya Selada pada Vertikultur Hidroponik Sistem Karpet Pamungkas, Hanggoro Sabdo; Putri, Retno Bandriyati Arni; Muliawati, Endang Setia
Agrosains : Jurnal Penelitian Agronomi Vol 15, No 2 (2013): Agrosains: Jurnal Penelitian Agronomi
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (325.142 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/agsjpa.v15i2.18998


The limitation of land area that for fulfillment of food savety needs to be resolved immediately. One of the things that can be done, is the use technology of verticulture system without soil media. Pouch system use the carpet is one verticulture system that can be applied. Basically, carpet is capable of holding water and has a high capillarity, so it can be used as a media pit as conductor of nutrients to the substrat medium. This study aimed to evaluate the hydroponic verticulture of carpet system on lettuce cultivation. This study was conducted in August 2013 to October 2013 at the Greenhouse B, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sebelas Maret Surakarta. The treatments was arranged based on the completely randomized design (CRD) used factorial with 2 factor consists of 4 level and one control. Each treatment was repeated 3 times. Based on the efficiency use of nutrients and electric cost, the result showed that vertical cross pattern and 15 minutes fertigation treatments gave best results.
Aplikasi Pasir dan Serat Batang Aren sebagai Substrat pada Budidaya Cabai Keriting secara Hidroponik Pambudi, Rhian; Hardjoko, Dwi; Muliawati, Endang Setia
Agrosains : Jurnal Penelitian Agronomi Vol 18, No 1 (2016): Agrosains: Jurnal Penelitian Agronomi
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (274.011 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/agsjpa.v18i1.18674


This research aims for finding out the response of chili to type of sound and composition of substrate in hydroponic systems and obtain the optimal composition of substrate in chili planting hydroponically. This research started from August 2014 until February 2015 at Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University Surakarta using Completely Randomized Design that consists of two factors. First factor was sand type with 3 levels and the second one the composition of substrate with 4 levels. Data of observation result have been analyzed based on F test at 5% grade and average comparison test using Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) at 5% grade. The Pearson Correlation test is used for analyzing to observe the relation of inter variable. The type of sand is not interacting with the composition of substrate except at observation of green leaves. The best growing and development of chili is at pure sand beach has the highest value it can be seen from fresh weight of root, root dry weight, plant height and canopy fresh weight, and the composition of the substrate (sand: palm wood fiber) 3:1 indicated by the root dry weight, plant height, canopy fresh weight, shoot dry weight, the weight of fruit per plant and the sum of fruits per plant.
Kajian Konsentrasi Iaa dan Bap pada Multiplikasi Pisang Raja Bulu In Vitro dan Aklimatisasinya Haryanto, Eddy Tri; Arniputri, Retno Bandriyati; Muliawati, Endang Setia; Trisnawati, Ellyvia
Agrotechnology Research Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Agrotechnology Research Journal
Publisher : Perhimpunan Agroteknologi/Agroekoteknologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/agrotechresj.v2i1.17542


Banana is a tropical fruit plant that popular in people. The availability of Raja Bulu banana seedling insufficient to cover the needs. Problems in commercial banana cultivation is the least availability of clonal superior seeds. Multiplication in tissue culture technique can potentially overcome all limitations of Raja Bulu conventional seedling. So that, the objective of this research was to multiplicate an amount of Raja Bulu banana shoot using plant growth regulator in MS medium to initially produce shoot organs. The multiplication was done by Completely Randomized Design with 2 factor of IAA (0; 0,5; 1 ppm) and BAP (0, 2, 4 ppm). The data were analyzed by ANOVA and the mean compared using Duncan?s pairwise comparisons at p = 0,05. The acclimatization was design by Completely Randomized Block Design with 3 different media of palm fiber, bagasse, and banana pseudo stem then analyzed by ANCOV. The results showed there was interaction of IAA and BAP on variables at the appearance of shoots and the leaf appearance in multiplication. The medium without IAA and contained BAP 2 ppm showed the highest mean number of shoot but it was not cost effective with other treatment in this multiplication. Giving IAA 0,5 ppm with BAP 4 ppm accelerated when the shoots appear and when the leaves appear on multiplication Raja Bulu banana. There was no significant interaction or influence of IAA and BAP on plant height, leaf number, and pseudo stem diameter as acclimatization variable with 3 medium used. The percentage of acclimatization success is 76,5%.