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Penggunaan Serbuk Piper ornatum sebagai biopesticide larva lalat rumah Musca domestica Anita Dewi Moelyaningrum; Violita Pita Nugraheni; Prehatin Trirahayu Ningrum
BIOEDUSCIENCE Vol 4 No 1 (2020): BIOEDUSCIENCE
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. Dr. Hamka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (266.286 KB) | DOI: 10.22236/j.bes/414341

Abstract

Background: Red betel (Piper ornatum) contains several compounds including flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins, and essential oils that have the ability as bioinsecticides. The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences in the number of deaths of house fly larvae (Musca domestica) exposed to red betel in the control group (0%) and the treatment group with a concentration of 1%; 1.5% and 2% for 24 hours. Methods: used is true experimental method with only posttes control group design. There were 4 treatments with 6 replications per treatment. Each treatment was described on 8 larvae, so the number of larvae used in this study was 192 tails. Results: Research shows that red betel powder is indeed effective in killing Musca domestica larvae, but it still requires a long time, which is at least 24 hours. Concentration is needed at least 2% if used as a biopesticide to reduce the density of flies. Conclusion: There was no significant difference in the mortality of Musca domestica larvae in the administration of red betel powder (Piper ornatum.
TIMAH HITAM DAN KESEHATAN Moelyaningrum, Anita Dewi
IKESMA Vol 6, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : FKM - UNEJ

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Abstract

Lead (Pb) is a heavy metal which is still widely spread in our environment. The source of the lead are industries, fuel with lead, household equipment, cosmetic and also from food. Lead entering the human from inhalation, absorbtion, and skin. Lead compounds indicate that some of the toxic effects for our health. The toxic effects of lead are haemopoitic system, neuron system, urinaria system, gastrointestinal system, cardiofascular system, reproductive system, endocrine system, muskuloskeletal system. The toxicity of lead must be controlled by government to keep the public health.
PENGGUNAAN DOLOMIT (MgCa(CO3)2) SEBAGAI PENSTABIL PH PADA KOMPOSTING SAMPAH DAPUR BERBASIS DEKOMPOSISI ANAEROB DAN AEROB Moelyaningrum, Anita Dewi; Ellyke, Ellyke; Pujiati, Rahayu Sri
IKESMA Vol 9, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : FKM - UNEJ

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Abstract

Composting is one way to reduce waste and add something beneficial to the earth and health. It is very important to analyze the quality of compost before adding compost to the soil. pH value is one of the indicator of compost quality. The pH value is an indicator of the acidity or alkalinity of the maturity compost. The objective of this reseach is to analyzed pH value compost which added dolomit and whithout dolomit, compos quality and reduce waste. Anaerobic and aerobic composter modification from reuse plastic mineral drinking water 19 litter. The method of this research is experimental design.The row organic materials are 3 kg kithcen waste, fruits waste 1 kg (composter anaerobic 1 and aerobic 3) as control and added dolomit 0,3 kg (composter anaerobic 2 and aerobic 4 ) as treatment. The row material in the control and treatment showed that temperature at 20.2 °C and 25°C; pH value at 4.3 and 5.6; moisture at 86.3 and 88.9; carbon into nitrogen (C/N) ratios 23.4 and 14.05.  Maturity compost showed temperature and pH value are at 20°C and 6.0  (composter 3) and at 2.5 °C and 7 (composter 4). Compost Quality analyzed in NPK. The control showed NPK at 0,41; 0.1758; 0,125  (composter 1); 1.42; 0.208; 0.151 (composter 3). The treatment showed NPK at 0.97; 0,0502; 0.124 (composter 2); 1,04; 0.082; 0,222 (composter 4). Waste reduction at 93% (composter 1), 95% (composter 2), 60% (composter 3), 96,8%(composter 4). Dolomit is pH stabilitation on household waste and Effective to redue waste.   Keyword: Dolomit, composting, pH
HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK MASYARAKAT DAN STATUS KESEHATAN RUMAH PADA MASYARAKAT DESA ANDONGREJO DUSUN BANDEALIT KECAMATAN TEMPUREJO KABUPATEN JEMBER Moelyaningrum, Anita Dewi; Zulkarnain, Elfian; D.M., Nungki Yuliana
IKESMA Vol 3, No 1 (2007)
Publisher : FKM - UNEJ

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Abstract

House have a lot of functions such as phisic and social and mental growth.  The purpose of this research is to study the association between society characteristic (level of education, knowledge, income, and amount of family member) and health status of house. Cross sectional study design was conducted in Bandealit, Jember. Data collected by interviewed to 79 samples and observation to their house by using health house card. The samples were selected by proportional random sampling. The research was to be analyzed with chi square test. Result of research indicate that is relationship between level education  and health status of house (significantly, p=0.037), mount family income and health status of house (significanty, p=0.0001), but there no relationship between level of knowledge and health status of house (p=0.587), amount of family member and health status of house (p=1.00) Conclusion ,the research show that  there is association between society characteristic and health status of house from education factor and income, but there is no association  with knowledge factor and amount of family member. Government should rebuild a healthy house for village community. Keywords : society characteristic ,health  house card, health status of house
MEDICAL WASTE ANALYSIS IN PUBLIC HEALTH CENTER Moelyaningrum, Anita Dewi
STOMATOGNATIC- Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Vol 7, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Public Health Center is one of the institution which produce medical waste. Medical waste must heve good management system because it can effect in public health. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the existing medical waste condition at this Public Health Center, and to evaluate the medical waste system management. That is needed to design a good medical waste management system. The type of research is descriptive research, which used primary and secondary data. Results of this study showed that the main medical waste source was emergency unit (UGD) with a generation rate of 76,06 gr/ day; where as smallest waste source was planning family unit and laboratorium unit with a generation rate of 12,5 gr/ day. The medical waste management system was not properly implemented. Medical waste management system based on the characteristic must be implementated to keep the public health.
HIGIENE SANITASI dan KEBERADAAN MIKROBA PADA LULUR TRADISIONAL Study pada industry kosmetik tradisional X, Kabupaten Jember Anita Dewi Moelyaningrum
Buletin Keslingmas Vol 40, No 2 (2021): BULETIN KESLINGMAS VOL.40 NO.2 TAHUN 2021
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (203.929 KB) | DOI: 10.31983/keslingmas.v40i2.6645

Abstract

Abstrak Kosmetik aman digunakan jika memenuhi persyaratan yaitu bebas dari cemaran mikroba seperti bakteri dan jamur. Tingkat kerawanan pencemaran mikroba pada kosmetik tradisional sangat tinggi karena teknologi yang digunakan sederhana. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis higiene sanitasi pembuatan lulur tradisional serta kandungan cemaran mikroba dalam produk lulur tradisional pada industri rumah tangga kosmetik tradisional X di Kabupaten Jember. Jenis penelitian ini adalah menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan metode deskriptif. Teknik pengambilan sampel lulur dilakukan  dengan metode simple random sampling sebanyak 3 buah dan 9 orang konsumen diwawancara. Teknik pengumpulan data yaitu observasi, wawancara, uji laboratorium (Angka Lempeng Total dan patogen) serta dokumentasi. Penyajian data menggunakan statistik deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukan konsumen menggunakan lulur rata-rata dengan lama pemakaian ±3 bulan dan tidak ditemukan keluhan. Industri Rumah Tangga pembuatan lulur tradisional “X” belum sepenuhnya menerapkan peraturan BPOM Nomor 11 Tahun 2016 tentang Pedoman Penerapan Higiene Sanitasi dan Dokumentasi pada Industri Kosmetika Golongan B. Hasil Uji Laboratorium diketahui terdapat 1 sampel dari 4 sampel  uji tidak memenuhi syarat karena mengandung Angka Lempeng Total, Angka Kapang, dan Angka Khamir sebanyak 13.400 koloni/g. Saran bagi konsumen adalah meningkatkan pengetahuan tentang kosmetik yang aman untuk digunakan serta cara penyimpanan kosmetik yang baik dan benar. Saran bagi industri pembuatan kosmetik adalah meningkatkan pengetahuan dan menerapkan cara pembuatan kosmetik yang baik dan benar sesuai dengan peraturan yang ditetapkan.Kata kunci: kosmetik tradisional, lulur, Angka Lempeng Total, Angka Khamir, mikroba Abstract One of the safety levels of cosmetics is free from microbial contamination. The level of vulnerability to microbial contamination in traditional cosmetics is very high because the technology used is a simple technique. This study aims to analyze the sanitary hygiene of traditional scrub making and the content of microbial contamination in the traditional cosmetic household industry X in Jember Regency. It used a quantitative approach with a descriptive method. It used simple random sampling techniques for 3 pieces of scrubs and accidental sampling techniques for 9 people of consumer. The data collection was from observation, interviews, laboratory tests (Total Plate Count and pathogens), and documentation. Data presentation used descriptive statistics. The result showed that consumers used the scrub with a length of ±3 months and no complaints were found. The industry making of traditional body scrub "X" has not fully implemented the Indonesian national Food and Drug agency Number 11 of 2016 concerning Guidelines for the Application of  Sanitary Hygiene and Documentation in the Cosmetics Industry for Category B. Laboratory test results showed that one of four samples was not in accordance with the regulation of microbial contamination in cosmetics requirements because it contained a Total Plate Count, Fungi and Yeast Count of 13,400 colonies / g. The suggestions for consumers are able to increase knowledge about safe cosmetics, the correct way to store and use cosmetics. Then the cosmetics makers have to comply with regulations. Keywords: Cosmetic traditional, Total Plate Count (TPC), mold (yeast) number, microbe
The pH and Total Suspended Solid with Poly Alumunium Chloride (PAC) and Alumunium Sulfate in Leachate Pujiati, Rahayu Sri; Kholifah, Zainul; Moelyaningrum, Anita Dewi
Journal of Global Research in Public Health Vol 3 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Stikes Surya mitra Husada Kediri

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30994/jgrph.v3i1.49

Abstract

Leachate water is a liquid containing waste degradation results from polluters. PAC and Aluminum Sulfate coagulant is a big molecular weight that are able to form larger clumps form flok. The purpose of the study to see the difference a lower pH and TSS using PAC and Aluminum Sulfate in water leachate. This research is a true experiment and method using Random Design complete (RAL) with six repetitions. The sample consists of the control group (C) and treatment group (T1, T2, T3). Coagulation-Flocculation is carried out using a PAC and Aluminum Sulfate with dose 1600 mg/L (T1), 2600 mg/L (T2), and 3600 mg/L (T3) for 76 minutes. Each sample is mixed with leachate is one liter and stirred by jar test with a speed of 400 rpm for one minute (stirring quickly) and 150 rpm for 15 minutes (stirring slowly), then it only 60 minutes. After that, the results were compared with a control group. The data were analyzed using kruskal-wallis test. The results showed that Aluminum Sulfate is more effective than PAC in lowering the pH and TSS
Penggunaan Serbuk Buah Pare (Momordicha charantia L) Terhadap Kematian Larva Aedes aegypti Anita Dewi Moelyaningrum; Anis Yulianti Shafarini; Ellyke Ellyke
HIGIENE: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 4 No 1 (2018): Kesehatan Lingkungan
Publisher : Public Health Department, Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

Dengue Fever is a disease that has the higher patients in Indonesia. The disease caused by the dengue virus that transmitted by one of Aedes aegypti mosquito which usually sucks human blood. The aim of the research is to analyze the average difference of Aedes aegypti larvae death without treatment (0 g/L) and give the treatment (1.3 g/L, 1.5 g/L, 1.7 g/L). This is the True experimental research with Posttest only control design. The sample is 10 Aedes aegypti larvae instar III for each treatment so total totals 240 tail of larvae. The sampling technique is using simple random sampling because the populations are homogenous. Data were collected through by observation of larvae that died for 24 hours then analyzed using Kruskal Wallis test and continued with Post Hoc test with 5% significance level. The results showed that in the control group, the mortality of larvae at concentration 0 g/L and 1.3 g/L was not significant because p> 0,05 so statistically there was no difference of average death of Aedes aegypti larvae with the concentration. It is because of the low supply of Momordica charantia L  powder. While the concentration of 1.5 g/L and 1.7 g/L based on statistic are significant because the value of p<0.05 so that there are differences in the average death of Aedes aegypti larvae. The factor that significant be the predictors of larvae mortality is a high of the powder and duration of observation. More pare powder are given and the length of the observation so the mortality rate of the larvae is higher. So the pare powder is statistically effective start on a concentration of 1.5 g/L and 1.7 g/L with an observation time of 12 hours and 24 hours. Keywords: Concentration, time, Momordica charantia L.
ES KRIM KELOR: PRODUK INOVASI SEBAGAI UPAYA PENCEGAHAN STUNTING DALAM 1000 HARI PERTAMA KEHIDUPAN (HPK) Rohmawati, Ninna; Moelyaningrum, Anita Dewi; Witcahyo, Eri
RANDANG TANA - Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Vol 2 No 1 (2019): Randang Tana - Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat
Publisher : STKIP Santu Paulus Ruteng

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Abstract

Tepung daun kelor yang diolah menjadi es krim kelor mengandung zat gizi yang tinggi, terutama protein dan kalsium. Es krim kelor merupakam salah satu inovasi produk pangan lokal dalam upaya penanggulangan stunting. Mitra adalah Usaha Kecil Menengah (UKM) “Kesilir Marongghi Center Community (KM-2C)” yang mengalami masalah dalam pengembangan produk dan penjualan tepung daun kelor. Hasil penelitian ketua tim pengusul, menyatakan bahwa tepung daun kelor dapat diolah menjadi es krim kelor dengan penambahan tepung kelor 25 gram. Solusi pengolahan produk inovasi es krim kelor dilaksanakan melalui beberapa metode, yaitu: (1) pelatihan produksi; (2) pendampingan pengurusan P-IRT/SP; (3) pelatihan manajemen pembiayaan usaha dan pemasaran; (4) pendampingan produksi hingga pemasaran. Kegiatan ini dapat membantu permasalahan yang dihadapi mitra. Target dan luaran yang diharapkan telah tercapai, yaitu: (1) produk es krim kelor yang telah memiliki izin edar berupa SP; (2) metode manajemen pembiayaan usaha dan manajemen pemasaran yang tepat telah tercapai, yaitu melalui penjualan langsung, jejaring sosial, reseller, dan pameran produk. Mitra mengalami penambahan omzet dan peningkatan jumlah pembeli; (3) penguasaan ketrampilan berupa skill membuat es krim kelor. Kegiatan ini memberi dampak up-dating Iptek di UKM KM-2C
KADAR KADMIUM PADA AIR SUMUR GALI DISEKITAR TEMPAT PEMROSESAN AKHIR SAMPAH (STUDI DI TEMPAT PEMROSESAN AKHIR SAMPAH X KABUPATEN JEMBER, INDONESIA) Qadriyah, Lailatul; Moelyaningrum, Anita Dewi; Ningrum, Prehatin Trirahayu
BIOLINK : Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri dan Kesehatan Vol 6, No 1 (2019): Agustus
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Biologi Universitas Medan Area

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31289/biolink.v6i1.2400

Abstract

The controlled landfill method can produce leachate water. Leachate water has high potential to contaminate ground water. The cadmium (Cd) can spread into the soil through a process of impregnation that follows the movement of groundwater flow. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between the distance and well construction with cadmium content in the well water dug around the landfill. This research was an observational analytic research with cross sectional research design. The data collection method used in this research were observation, measurement, documentation and laboratory test. The result of laboratory test showed 80% of the wells exceed the quality standard (0,005 ppm). The result of bivariate analysis using chi square test showed that there was no correlation between the distance with cadmium content in dug well water around landfill (sig = 0.173) and there was a relation between well construction with cadmium content in dug well water around landfill (sig = 0.035). The good standart construction of dug well can inhibit the cadmium in the dug well water.