Asep Nahrul Musadad, Asep Nahrul
UIN Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta

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MENYOAL FIKIH ISLAM DAN STUDI HADIS: Dari Relasi Historis-Organik ke Segregasi Epistemologis Musadad, Asep Nahrul
Episteme: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman Vol 10, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Episteme: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman

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Abstract

Sebagai sebuah diskursus, studi hadis dan fikih Islam beranjak dari titik yang sama yaitu “tradisi yang hidup” yang merupakan “hibrida” antara teladan Rasulullah, praktisi sahabat, dan opini publik (al-amr al-mujtama’ ‘alayh) yang berkembang sebelum masa kodifikasi. Secara historis, sebelum masa tersebut, keduanya berkaitan secara organik. Memasuki fase autentikasi isnad di awal abad ke-2 H yang berkulminasi dengan kodifikasi hadis, mulai terjadi pergeseran yang cukup signifikan. Tulisan ini membahas persinggungan awal antara sejarah kemunculan fikih Islam dan disiplin studi hadis. Diawali dengan penjelasan elementer terkait kontak awal antara pembentukan hukum yurisprudensi Islam dengan studi terhadap tradisi Rasulullah, mendiskusikan bagaimana keduanya terjalin secara organik dan kemudian mengalami pergeseran pascaabad kodifikasi. Setelah masa tersebut, relasi organik antara budaya ijtihad (penalaran independen) dan “tradisi yang hidup” secara otomatis menjadi terpisah secara stilistika epistemologis. Hal tersebut menjadi kian jelas ketika perkembangan selanjutnya yang menjadikan studi hadis dan fikih Islam dalam nomenklatur epistemologis yang berbeda. Hal ini tentunya semakin menegaskan polarisasi antara keduanya. As a discourse, Islamic jurisprudence (al-fiqh al-Isla>my) and the study of prophetic tradition (hadis) were historically emerged from such a basic source; the “living tradition” which is the hybrid segmentation consisted of the Prophet wagons, companion practices and public opinions (al-amr al-mujtama’ ‘alayh) before the time of codification. At that time, both are organically have a strong relation. In the occasion of the authentication of isnad in the first-half of second century, in which the culmination was the codification, there was a discourse shift. The central purpose of this article is to provide an elementary exploration on the early linkage between hadis studies and Islamic jurisprudence. Start on the preliminary explanation on the contact between the origins of Islamic jurisprudence and the study of prophetic traditions, it discusses How both organically linked each other before the shifts after the time of codification, in which the organic relation between ijtihad (independent reasoning) and the so-called “living tradition” epistemologically came to the segregation. The further development that disposed fiqh and hadis in the distinct epistemological nomenclature has shown this affirmation of the polarization.
PERSINGGUNGAN ISLAM DAN TRADISI MISTIK LOKAL: STUDI KASUS PANANYAAN DAN AHLI HIKMAH DI MASYARAKAT TASIKMALAYA Musadad, Asep Nahrul
Indonesian Journal of Islamic Literature and Muslim Society Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : IAIN Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (131.767 KB) | DOI: 10.22515/islimus.v1i1.77

Abstract

AbstrakOne of the determinant factors in the process of Islamization of the archipelago is the intersection between Islamic teachings and local wisdom. The encounter of the two has apparently brought an esoteric way. In this case, the Islamic esoteric teaching namely Sufism has become important. However, there was another esoteric element which also has a main role in the process, namely the mystical insight as to the result of the synthesis of the Islamic esoteric teaching and the indigenous mystical tradition. Using the ethnographic approach, this article aims to provide a preliminary remark on the intersection between Islam and local mystic tradition as represented by pananyaan and ahli hikmah in Sundanese people, especially in Tasikmalaya, as the reference. He is regarded as the learned man a place for someone to ask, especially related to the world of unseen.
THE ONGOING "MYSTIC SYNTHESIS" Musadad, Asep Nahrul
ALQALAM Vol 32 No 1 (2015): January - June 2015
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1884.601 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v32i1.554

Abstract

The rural Sundanese commonly recognize what so-called “pananyaan”, (literary means "who is asked or the place/someone to ask") as someone who has ability to reveal the world of unseen and give advices on all problem brought to him. In the more Islamic sense, he is also called “Ahli Hikmah”. The existence of “Pananyaan” has shown rhe presence of an acculturation. In which the mystic synthesis appeared between Islamic spearum and Sundanese local genius. The case of “pananyaan” within its depelovement is one of the keyword to trace that synthesis phase of mystic intersection. Start on preiminary sketch on “pananyaan” in Sundanese local custom, this paper aims to explore the acculturation domains in “pananyaan” after the emergence of lately established “ahli hikmah”. To do so, i examine three “pananyaan” from different generation, those who represented the different fashion in the ongoing depelovement. In this case, some of “pananyaan” rituals and their magical spells used by these elderly people had, in turn, reflected the traces of that mystic synthesis. Recently, the continuation of what had going on before. is still taking place until recent times in more puritanical direction. Keywords:  pananyaan, ahli hikmah, acculturation, mysticsynthesis
TAFSIR FILOSOFIS MULLĀ ṢADRĀ Analisis Materi Filosofis Kitab Tafsīr Āyat al-Kursī Musadad, Asep Nahrul
SUHUF Vol 10 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Lajnah Pentashihan Mushaf Al-Qur'an

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22548/shf.v10i1.157

Abstract

The main purpose of this paper is to describe an intersection between Qur’anic exegetical tradition and Islamic philosophy, with special reference to the Tafsīr Āyat al-Kursī, one of the Mullā Ṣadrā’s works on Qur’anic commentary. Ṣadrā is one of the representative exponents of a philosophical school called ḥikmah (theosophy), which developed after Ibn Rusyd period in the eastern part of the Islamic world. In order to know the unique form of interaction between Al-Qur’an and Islamic philosophy, Tafsīr Āyat al-Kursī is a representative work to be explored, particularly by studying philosophical materials in it. This research shows that the book was written when Mullā Ṣadrā had just completed the ascetic phase in Kahak, along with the tension happened between exoteric and esoteric groups. Tafsīr Āyat al-Kursī is also one of two earliest Ṣadrā’s works on Qur’anic commentary. In addition to previous commentaries, the material sources of this book consist of sufism, kalam (dialectics), and philosophy. In the philosophical frame, this book encompasses metaphysical, cosmological and eschatological issues, as well as some of the Qur’anic sciences issues discussed in an onto-epistemological way.
KONTEKS “LATE ANTIQUITY” DAN ANALISIS STRUKTUR MIKRO SEBAGAI COUNTER ATAS SKEPTISISME ORISINALITAS TEKS AL-QUR’AN Refleksi atas Pemikiran Angelika Neuwirth Aini, Adrika Fitrotul; Musadad, Asep Nahrul
SUHUF Vol 10 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Lajnah Pentashihan Mushaf Al-Qur'an

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22548/shf.v10i1.249

Abstract

This article tries to discuss the reading of Angelika Neuwirth to the holy Qur’an by using critical historical approach through the focus of Qur’anic study before canonical phase. The reading by involving “late antiquity”document is considered to be a comprehensive approach to look at the originality of the text of the Qur’an historically. The Western scholars before Neuwirth were very sceptical to the study of the Qur'an. The method of Angelika Neuwirth to see the position of the Qur’an with other previous texts—“late antique”—and to place it in the historical complexity as a communication process is worth taking into account. This study examines the relationship of the Qur'an to the late antiquity tradition and Neuwirth's offer to the approach model of intertextuality and the microstructure of the Qur'an. The approaches being used in this study are historic-philosophical approach and and descriptive-interpretative one. Eventually, Neuwirth comes to conclusion that the text of the Qur'an has a strong historical roots in its position as a post-Biblical texts. Neuwirth shows the accommodation to the significance and importance of the context of late antiquity to see the Qur'an as a post-Biblical literature. Neuwirth idea has a great contribution to to the development of the study of the Qur’an in the West in dialogical-academical athmosphere. Keyword: Angelika Neuwirth, late antiquity, microstructure, intertextual