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Disabilitas dan Bencana (Studi tentang Agenda Setting Kebijakan Pengurangan Risiko Bencana Inklusif Bagi Penyandang Disabilitas di Kabupaten Klaten, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia) Santoso, Anang Dwi
Jurnal Administrasi Publik Vol 3, No 12 (2015)
Publisher : Jurusan Administrasi Publik, Fakultas Ilmu Administrasi, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (271.049 KB)

Abstract

Abstract: Disability and Disaster (Study About Policy Agenda Setting of Disability Inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction in Kabupaten Klaten, Central Java, Indonesia). The Background of the research is problem which experienced by pepole with disabilities in accesing disaster management after 5.9 SR earthquake in Klaten Distric. The problem approved by BPBD Klaten then makes policy about disability inclusive disaster risk reduction. Reasons behind wilingness of BPBD Klaten can describe by agenda setting theory. The result show that problem stream began when the problems compete with the others to get government priorities and problem stream is end when DPRD of Klaten District willing to make policy alternatives to solve this problem. The policy alternatives represent that policy stream is began. The result of this process is policy of disability inclusive disaster risk reduction with two based, it consist of ‘right on’ policy and ‘charity based’ policy. Both of them will be select on the political stream process. The result of political stream process is ‘right on’ policy of disability inclusive disaster risk reduction. Keywords: Disability, Inclusive, Disaster Risk Reduction, Agenda Setting Abstrak: Disabilitas dan Bencana (Studi tentang Agenda Setting Kebijakan Pengurangan Risiko Bencana Inklusif Bagi Penyandang Disabilitas di Kabupaten Klaten, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia). Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh permasalahan yang dihadapi oleh penyandang disabilitas pasca gempa 5.9 SR di Kabupaten Klaten. Permasalahan ini diterima oleh BPBD Kabupaten Klaten yang kemudian membuat kebijakan pengurangan risiko bencana inklusif bagi penyandang disabilitas. Alasan dibalik kemauan BPBD Klaten dapat dijelaskan menggunakan teori agenda setting. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan problem stream dimulai dengan bersaingnya permasalahan ini dengan permasalahan lainnya untuk mendapatkan prioritas pemerintah dan diakhiri dengan kesedian DPRD Kabupaten Klaten untuk merekomendasikan kebijakan-kebijakan untuk mengatasi permasalahan penyadang disabilitas dalam manajemen bencana. Munculnya alternatif-alternatif kebijakan menjadi penanda mulainya policy stream. Hasil akhir dari policy stream adalah kebijakan pengurangan risiko bencana inklusif yang berbasis right on dan charity based. Kedua kebijakan tersebut kemudian masuk ke dalam political stream untuk memilih kebijakan yang tepat. Kebijakan yang dianggap tepat oleh aktor-aktor yang terlibat adalah kebijakan pengurangan risiko bencana inklusif yang berbasis right on.. Kata kunci: Disabilitas, Inklusif, Penguranfan Risiko Bencana, Agenda Setting
MEMETAKAN PESAN HOAKS BERITA COVID-19 DI INDONESIA LINTAS KATEGORI, SUMBER, DAN JENIS DISINFORMASI Oemar Madri Bafadhal; Anang Dwi Santoso
Bricolage : Jurnal Magister Ilmu Komunikasi Vol 6, No 02 (2020): Accredited by Kemenristekdikti RI SK No. 36/E/KPT/2019
Publisher : Universitas Bunda Mulia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30813/bricolage.v6i02.2148

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ABSTRACT It is projected that the spread of disinformation infodemic among the COVID-19 pandemic will be as quickly or even more rapidly than the virus itself. The absence of the government in quickly and accurately providing information is suspected of being the basis of this phenomenon. Several studies have attempted to examine how the disinformation is shared, absorbed and driven to other behaviors. Meanwhile, no preliminary study maps the features of disinformation to be used practically for prevention and for overcoming disinformation itself. This study aims to fill this gap by examining 174 disinformation during the pandemic of COVID-19. There are five types of COVID-19 disinformation in Indonesia, namely governance, health, foreign relations, business and crime. We argue that if these five categories are not taken seriously, they will create a public distrust of government and science. Another result that arises is the apathy towards the virus which will endanger the wider community. On the basis of these results, we propose a strict government intervention in the provision of knowledge and clarification of disinformation in different forms of social media.Keywords:  hoax news, COVID-19, disinformation, misinformation  ABSTRAK Infodemi disinformasi di tengah pandemi COVID-19 diproyeksi sama cepat atau bahkan lebih cepat dari virus itu sendiri. Fenomena ini ditengarai terjadi karena absennya negara dalam menyediakan informasi yang cepat dan tepat. Berbagai macam studi telah mencoba menguji bagaimana disinformasi dibagikan, dikonsumsi dan mengarahkan masyarakat untuk melakukan aktivitas tertentu. Sementara itu belum ada studi pendahuluan yang memetakan karakteristik disinformasi secara praktis untuk dimanfaatkan bagi tindakan preventif dan penanggulangan disinformasi itu sendiri. Studi ini bertujuan untuk mengisi celah tersebut dengan menganalisis 174 disinformasi selama pandemi COVID-19. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat lima kategori disinformasi tentang COVID-19 di Indonesia yaitu politik, kesehatan, luar negeri, bisnis, dan kriminalitas. Kami berargumen bahwa kelima kategori tersebut jika tidak ditangani secara serius akan memunculkan sikap ketidakpercayaan publik terhadap otoritas pemerintah dan ilmu pengetahuan. Akibat lain yang muncul adalah sikap apatis terhadap virus tersebut yang akan membahayakan masyarakat luas. Berdasarkan temuan tersebut, kami merekomendasikan kehadiran pemerintah yang tegas dalam memberikan informasi serta mengklarifikasi disinformasi yang muncul di berbagai macam media sosial.Kata Kunci: berita hoaks, COVID-19, diinformasi, misinformasi
Tweeting in Disaster Area: An Analysis of Tweets during 2016 Major Floods in Indonesia Anang Dwi Santoso
Policy & Governance Review Vol 1 No 3 (2017): September
Publisher : Indonesian Association for Public Administration

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (294.327 KB) | DOI: 10.30589/pgr.v1i3.55

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Social media allows people in the disaster area to communicate disaster information, to the people outside the disaster area, more quickly and accurately. Unfortunately, there are limited researches that examine the use of Twitter by people in the disaster sites. This study aims to explore the use of Twitter by users in the disaster-affected areas. We use the feature of twitter geolocation, to separate information from inside and outside the disaster site. This research gives depiction about communication behavior of people in the affected disaster area, through social media. The result showed that people in disaster location use twitter to give first-hand report, coordinate rescue effort, provide help and express grief. In addition, by focusing on the affected area, Twitter used by lay people is usually found rather than other users. From the segment of time, the researcher finds a number of tweets that will increase each day. Users will share more information the days after rather, than the day of disaster. In practical term, this research explores the used of social media by the victims of disaster, which can encourage effective communication to people or group outside the location; theoretically, this research gives more detail understanding about shared information from the people in the disaster place.
Tweets Flooded in Bandung 2016 Floods: Connecting Individuals and Organizations to Disaster Information Anang Dwi Santoso
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 51, No 3 (2019): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (475.029 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.34767

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In a natural disaster, social media has been widely used as one of the primary communication channels to supplement the traditional ones. However, there is a lack of empirical research analyzing this evidence, therefore the purpose of this study is to identify the information shared by Twitter users during the Bandung Flood of 2016 based on period, location, and account ownership. A dataset of 754 tweets was acquired using the NCapture feature in NVivo for content analysis. The study found that social media has significant benefits primarily when sharing information from affected areas to communities outside the region. In more detail, Twitter is used by 28.4%, primarily by those not impacted by the flood, to express good wishes and memorializing. It is because people in the affected area shared firsthand information (23.8%) to them. Then, in addition to citizens, media, NGOs, government, and community leaders who have been found in earlier studies, actors such as civil service organizations (2.9%) and political parties (0.5%) have also participated in disaster relief.
Integrasi Penggunaan Media Sosial dalam Pelayanan Publik untuk Merespon Pandemi COVID-19 Anang Dwi Santoso; Annada Nasyaya; Nengyanti Nengyanti; Junaidi Junaidi
CARADDE: Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Vol. 4 No. 1 (2021): Agustus
Publisher : Ilin Institute

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31960/caradde.v4i1.817

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Pengabdian masyarakat ini bertujuan untuk mendorong pemerintah beradaptasi dengan situasi pandemi COVID-19 yang mengurangi atau bahkan tidak memungkinkan pelayan publik secara tatap muka di Kelurahan Bukit Sangkal Kota Palembang. Dalam pengabdian masyarakat ini kami memberikan pemahaman tentang pengintegrasian media sosial dalam pelayanan publik yaitu Aplikasi Whatsapp. Secara umum, metode yang kami gunakan adalah sosialisasi dan focus group discussion (FGD) dimana sosialisasi dimaksudkan untuk memberikan pemahaman mengenai cara-cara dna kemungkinan penggunaan media sosial dalam pelayanan publik sedangkan FGD dimaksudkan untuk membentuk kesepakatan antara pemerintah kelurahan dengan masyarakat tentang bagaimana pelayanan publik harus diberikan. Hasil pengabdian masyarakat adalah suatu prosedur baru dimana setiap dokumen yang diberikan berubah dri fisik ke elektronik. Yang lain adalah revitalisasi fungsi Ketua RT sebagai verifikator dari semua dokumen yang dikirimkan oleh masyarakat. Tantangan yang kami temui antara lain keraguan akan kebenaran dokumen, keraguan akan waktu pelayanan dan yang terakhir adalah literasi digital dari masyarakat.
Performer, Reporter, and Marketer: Three Different Local Parliament Faces on Social Media Zailani Surya Marpaung; Anang Dwi Santoso
Policy & Governance Review Vol 3 No 3 (2019): September
Publisher : Indonesian Association for Public Administration

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (732.88 KB) | DOI: 10.30589/pgr.v3i3.154

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Indonesian local parliaments have an image as a corrupt, closed, outdated, and unreachable institution in the public’s eyes. However, the parliaments have never tried to more actively developing policies which encourage active community participation. The recent adoption of social media by local parliaments seems to be a sign of the parliament’s willingness to encourage greater community contributions. However, little can be understood about the implications of these activities. Moreover, whether social media contributes significantly to community participation in local parliaments. The purpose of this study is to explore the use of social media by local parliaments. This study employed qualitative multiple case studies by conducting a content analysis on Facebook and Twitter in four local parliaments. This study found three faces of local parliaments on social media which are performers, reporters, and marketers. In general, there has been a willingness of local parliaments to become more transparent and participatory institutions. Nevertheless, the massive adoption of social media to promote more participatory democratic practices was conducted half-heartedly by the local parliaments. Practically, if local parliaments want to use social media to enchance their image, they must publish content that promotes openness such as online assembly and educative information.
Managing the COVID-19 Pandemic in a Fragmented Local Government Setting: a Study from Ogan Ilir Regency, Indonesia Nomaini, Faisal; Nisyak, Hoirun; Santoso, Anang Dwi
Journal of Governance and Public Policy Vol 9, No 1 (2022): February 2022
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/jgpp.v9i1.12301

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The COVID-19 pandemic marks the importance of coordination, cooperation, and collaboration to reduce the virus’ spread and its impacts. Although a lot of literature has explored how the government works during the COVID-19 pandemic, only a few studies have examined it at the local government level. Therefore, this study aims to fill this gap by exploring the local government’s workings and the agencies. This study used narrative qualitative research with the main data source from interviews with the Ogan Ilir Regency COVID-19 Task Force for the Acceleration of Response. This study found that government agencies have not accomplished at the action level despite having a common goal as a condition of coordination. The findings of this study reaffirmed that the silo mentality still exists in the bureaucracy of local government in Indonesia.
Community Livelihood Diversification as a Result of Mining Industry Activities: A Case Study of Soligi Village, South Halmahera Izzudin, Muhammad; Santoso, Anang Dwi; Baiquni, Muhammad; Nugroho, Agung Satriyo
Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Humaniora Vol 11, No 1 (2022)
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23887/jish.v11i1.41106

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Indonesia is one of the world's largest archipelagic countries. Diversification is the process of increasing household economic income in various sectors to improve welfare and survival opportunities. This study demonstrates that the people of Obi Island's livelihoods are diversifying due to mining and pressure from the immigrant population. This study is necessary to determine how mining depletes natural resources affects the livelihood strategies of the Indonesian archipelagic community, particularly in Maluku. On the other hand, they must contend with dwindling natural resources. This study employed a semi-structured questionnaire to conduct a home survey with 153 respondents in Soligi Village. In-depth interviews were also conducted to delve deeper into the research findings. This study demonstrates that physical capital and natural capital are the essential livelihood assets for the inhabitants of Soligi Village, and mining has resulted in the diversification of people's occupations into non-permanent mining employees. 
Does COVID-19 Pandemic Transform the Performance Management of North Indralaya Sub-district Government? Faisal Nomaini; Sofyan Effendi; Oemar Madri Bafadhal; Anang Dwi Santoso
Journal of Government and Civil Society Vol 6, No 1 (2022): Journal of Government and Civil Society (April)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Tangerang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31000/jgcs.v6i1.5384

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ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study is to illustrate how sub-district governments manage performance during a time of crisis, specifically the COVID-19 pandemic. When the pandemic struck, the government, which had been criticized for its excessive concentration on routine and administrative affairs, was at a loss for how to respond. COVID-19 requires the government to perform double duty since it must continue to deliver ordinary public services while also working harder to contain the spread of COVID-19 at all levels. Thus, performance management is critical for assuring organizational performance and managing the performance of its personnel in the face of increasing work stress and work-related weariness. This study employed a qualitative method and a case study approach in the North Indralaya sub-district government. The study’s findings indicate that, aside from implementing work- from-home policies and increasing the use of information and communication technologies in public services, the sub-district government has made few modifications to performance management. As a practical consequence, adaptive and evidence-based performance management must be implemented to enable a more rapid response to the dynamics of society as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Due to the qualitative nature of the current study, a future study may examine the same issue using quantitative research, assessing the influence of current performance management on employee satisfaction, performance, and motivation. Keywords: Performance management, sub-districts, Covid-19 ABSTRAKTujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengkaji bagaimana pemerintah kecamatan mengelola kinerja pada masa krisis, khususnya pandemi COVID-19. Ketika pandemi melanda, pemerintah yang dikritik karena konsentrasinya yang berlebihan pada urusan rutin dan administrasi, memiliki sedikitpengetahuan tentang bagaimana meresponsnya. COVID-19 menuntut pemerintah untuk melakukan tugas ganda, karena harus terus memberikan pelayanan publik biasa sambil juga bekerja lebih keras untuk menahan penyebaran COVID-19 di semua tingkatan. Dengan demikian, manajemen kinerja sangat penting untuk memastikan kinerja organisasi dan mengelola kinerja personelnya dalam menghadapi peningkatan stres kerja dan kelelahan terkait pekerjaan. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dan pendekatan studi kasus di Pemerintah Kecamatan Indralaya Utara. Temuan studi menunjukkan bahwa, selain menerapkan kebijakan bekerja dari rumah dan meningkatkan penggunaan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi dalam layanan publik, pemerintah kecamatan hanya melakukan sedikit modifikasi pada manajemen kinerja. Sebagai konsekuensi praktis, manajemen kinerja yang adaptif dan berbasis bukti harus diterapkan untuk memungkinkan respons yang lebih cepat terhadap dinamika masyarakat akibat epidemi COVID-19. Karena sifat kualitatif dari studi saat ini, studi masa depan dapat memeriksa masalah yang sama menggunakan penelitian kuantitatif, menilai pengaruh manajemen kinerja saat ini terhadap kepuasan, kinerja, dan motivasi karyawan.Kata Kunci: Manajemen kinerja, kecamatan, Covid-19
Community Livelihood Diversification as a Result of Mining Industry Activities: A Case Study of Soligi Village, South Halmahera Muhammad Izzudin; Anang Dwi Santoso; Muhammad Baiquni; Agung Satriyo Nugroho
Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Humaniora Vol. 11 No. 1 (2022)
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23887/jish.v11i1.41106

Abstract

Indonesia is one of the world's largest archipelagic countries. Diversification is the process of increasing household economic income in various sectors to improve welfare and survival opportunities. This study demonstrates that the people of Obi Island's livelihoods are diversifying due to mining and pressure from the immigrant population. This study is necessary to determine how mining depletes natural resources affects the livelihood strategies of the Indonesian archipelagic community, particularly in Maluku. On the other hand, they must contend with dwindling natural resources. This study employed a semi-structured questionnaire to conduct a home survey with 153 respondents in Soligi Village. In-depth interviews were also conducted to delve deeper into the research findings. This study demonstrates that physical capital and natural capital are the essential livelihood assets for the inhabitants of Soligi Village, and mining has resulted in the diversification of people's occupations into non-permanent mining employees.