I Nyoman Bayu Pramartha
Program Studi Pendidikan Sejarah, FKIP Universitas PGRI Mahadewa Indonesia

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Journal : Widyadari : Jurnal Pendidikan

SEJARAH PURA HYANG API DI DESA KELUSA, KECAMATAN PAYANGAN, GIANYAR, BALI I Nyoman Bayu Pramartha
Widyadari : Jurnal Pendidikan Vol. 20 No. 2 (2019): Oktober 2019
Publisher : LP3M Universitas PGRI Mahadewa Indonesia

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memecahkan masalah terkait dengan tujuan penelitian: 1). Sejarah Pura Hyang Api 2). Struktur dan Fungsi Pura Hyang Api. Dan 3). Pelaksanan Tabuh Rah Bagian dari Sistem Ritual. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kedesaan Kelusa, Kecamatan Payangan, Gianyar, Bali. Pencarian informan ditentukan dengan cara purposive. Penentuan informan diawali dengan menentukan informan kunci, kemudian dikembangkan secara berantai dengan memakai teknik snow ball sampling. Prosedur penelitian antara lain: (1) teknik pengumpulan data; (2) teknik studi dokumen; (3) teknik penjaminan keabsahan data; (4) teknik analisis data. Dari hasil penelitian ini dapat diketahui bahwa Sejarah Pura Hyang Api yang diperkirakan telah ada sejak abad ke-8 M yaitu pada era Maharsi Markanhya mengembangkan konsep ajaran Agama Siwa (Tripaksashakti) di Bali. Yang mana Pura Hyang Api ini berlokasi dikawasan Munduk gunung Lebah yang merupakan ruto perjalan suci Dharmayatra dan tirtayatra Maharsi Markandhya dengan pengiring wong Aganya. Struktur Pura Hyang Api merupakan perwujudan dari struktur pemujaan Dewa Agni juga untuk memohon kewarasan, kelanusa, wewalungan (binatang ternak). Utama Mandala sebagai ruang dalam Pura Hyang Api terdapat beberapa pelinggih diantaranya Padmasana, Gedong Sineb linggih Bhatara Kawitan, Gedong Pelinggih Keris, Pelinggih ratu Penyarikan, Panggungan, Bale Pelik, Gedong Agung Penyimpenan, Pelinggih ratu Nglurah, Pelinggih Barong, Bale Peselang, Paruman Agung. Pura Hyang Api memiliki tiga fungsi utama yaitu: (1) pusat kegiatan keagamaan yang terkait dengan pemujaan terhadap Ida Sang Hyang Widhi, (2) alat pemersatu masyarakat yang tertanam pada rasa solidaritas dan persatuan yang terjalin, (3) pusat kegiatan budaya yang ditunjukkan dengan gong,gamelan.kidung,kekawin dan sekar agung. (4) pusat kegiatan pengobatan ditunjukkan dimana ada kepercayaan dengan nunas tamba yang berupa tirta yang selam ini selalu tersedia di pelinggihan Ida Bhatara Kawitan yang melinggih di pura hyang api baik bagi orang yang sakit ataupun untuk kepentingan lahan pertanian.
NILAI-NILAI PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER DALAM PANDANGAN POLITIK SOEKARNO I Nyoman Bayu Pramartha; Ni Putu Yuniarika Parwati
Widyadari : Jurnal Pendidikan Vol. 22 No. 2 (2021): Oktober 2021
Publisher : LP3M Universitas PGRI Mahadewa Indonesia

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Abstract

The research aims to examine 1) Sukarno's political views 2) the values ​​of character education in Bung Karno's political views. This study uses historical research methods by prioritizing written sources that are relevant to the values ​​of character education in Bung Karno's political view. In this study using historical research methods. This research is literary because it analyzes from several book sources related to Bungkarno's political views and is associated with character education
PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER DALAM PEMBELAJARAN SEJARAH I Nyoman Bayu Pramartha; Ni Putu Yuniarika Parwati
Widyadari : Jurnal Pendidikan Vol. 21 No. 2 (2020): Oktober
Publisher : LP3M Universitas PGRI Mahadewa Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (419.164 KB) | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4049459

Abstract

History is not a subject only taught at the school level. History is the path to a more realistic understanding. This historical reality indicates that history learning is very relevant to be taught and integrated to the nation's future generations. History is not just a useless past story, but history is evidence of events that are reality and very useful for shaping the generation of characters for the nation's future generations. This study aims to analyze the implementation of character education in the learning process of history subjects.
STRATEGI GURU SEJARAH DALAM MENGHADAPI TANTANGAN PENDIDIKAN INDONESIA DI ERA SOCIETY 5.0 Ni Putu Yuniarika Parwati; I Nyoman Bayu Pramartha
Widyadari : Jurnal Pendidikan Vol. 22 No. 1 (2021): April 2021
Publisher : LP3M Universitas PGRI Mahadewa Indonesia

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Abstract

The current history learning is currently faced with enormous challenges, not yet over with the rolling of the industrial era 4.0, we are again surprised by the emergence of society 5.0 which must be faced and become a separate challenge in the world of education. The formulation of the problem in this study is how the strategy of history teachers in facing the challenges of education in the era of society 5.0. This research uses literature study. In the data collection technique, the writer will explore the data according to the discussion about the challenges of history teachers in facing society 5.0. This study aims to make history teachers increase their competence in the era of society 5.0. The learning strategy of the Society 5.0 era directs teachers to develop their potential and skills with teaching materials, both using information from online media and from the real world. Teachers in teaching methods can keep up with the times with their learning media using technological smells. With these conditions, teachers are challenged to be able to develop their professional competences not only in the conventional learning level, but also in a technology-based learning environment.