Siti Muslifah, Siti
Fakultas Sastra dan Seni Rupa, Universitas Sebelas Maret

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PEMIKIRAN PENGARANG PERANAKAN TIONGHOA DI SURABAYA DAN MALANG PERIODE 1870-1942 Susanto, Dwi; Muslifah, Siti
ATAVISME Vol 16, No 1 (2013): ATAVISME, Edisi Juni 2013
Publisher : Balai Bahasa Jawa Timur

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (201.321 KB) | DOI: 10.24257/atavisme.v16i1.78.15-25

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan menemukan pemikiran yang dominan dalam kesusastraan peranakan pada periode 1870-1942 di Surabaya dan Malang dan memberikan uraian mengenai sebab perubahan tersebut. Penelitian ini berjenis penelitian kualitatif dengan teknik analisis data sesuai dengan prosedur dalam ranah teori sejarah intelektual sebagaimana sastra adalah produk sosial. Pemikiran yang berkembang dalam periode tersebut terbagi dalam tiga bagian. Pemikiran pertama adalah pemikiran yang bersifat konservatif yang dicirikan dengan kembali pada ajaran Khonghucu (1870-1910). Pemikiran ini diwakili oleh Oei Soei Tiong, Ang Siong Tiauw, Tan Khing Tian, dan Tjap Goan Thay. Pemikiran kedua adalah pemikiran yang mempertanyakan gerakan ka um konservatif sehingga terjebak pada keraguan antara menuju moderat dan konservatif (1911-1920). Pemikiran ini diwakili oleh figur Liem Sim Djiwie. Pemikiran ketiga adalah pemikiran yang bersifat moderat dan adaptif, yakni menerima unsur lokalitas sebagai bagian dari identitas Tionghoa, tetapi menolak unsur Barat. Pemikiran ini diwakili Liem Khing Hoo dan Njoo Cheong Seng (1921-1935-­?an). Sementara itu, Ong Pik Lok menempati struktur eskapisme modern. Ke lompok ini tidak mempersoalkan pilihan identitas, melakukan pelarian dari dunia realitas, dan menjadi korban materialisme dan individualisme (1935-1942). Abstract: The paper aims to find the dominant thoughts in Indonesian Chinese literature and to describe the impact and cause of this changes in the 1870-1942 period. The paper uses qualita tive method research based on the sociological literature, collaborated especially with the intellectual history studies. The thoughts in 1870-1942 can be divided into three. The first is conservatism. As a mainstream in early periods, it characterized the movement of Chinese traditional culture or custom of Confucianism (1870-1910). The actors in this period were Oei Soei Tiong, Ang Siong Tiauw, Tan Khing Tian, and Tjap Goan Thay. Second, in the period of 1911-1920, the Indonesian Chinese literature was dominated by questions of values between conservatism and moderate. The dominant figures in this period was Liem Sim Djiwie. Third, in the Indonesian Chinese literature in the period of 1921-1935, the thought was moderate and adaptive, accepting the locality as the part of Indonesian Chinese identity but rejecting Western substances. The representatives of this pe riode were Liem Khing Hoo dan Njoo Cheong Seng (1921-1935s). Meanwhile, Ong Pik Lok was placed in the escapism modern structure. This community did not have any problem with the Indonesian Chinese identity or culture. It escaped from the reality and become victims of materialism and individualism (1935-1942). Key Words: Chinese peranakan literature; the dominant thinking
PEMIKIRAN KRITIS IBNU CHAZM AL-ANDALUSY TENTANG KONSEP CINTA DALAM TEKS THAUQUL-CHAMāMAH FIL-ILFAH WAL-ULLāF Farhah, Eva; Muslifah, Siti; Ahmadi, Rizqa
ATAVISME Vol 17, No 2 (2014): ATAVISME, Edisi Desember 2014
Publisher : Balai Bahasa Jawa Timur

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (181.511 KB) | DOI: 10.24257/atavisme.v17i2.10.206-216

Abstract

The research adopts the genetic structuralism theory with its emphasis on literary text (intrinsic analysis), socio-cultural background (historic social reality observation), and the writer. The method is the dialectic method, mutual relations between structures of a literary work (the intrinsic features of ?Thauqul-Cham?mah fil-Ilfah wal-Ull?f?), historic materialism (socio-cultural background of Andalusia at the time the work was written), and the writer of ?Thauqul-Cham?mah fil-Ilfah wal-Ull?f?. The conclusion of the research is that according to Ibnu Chazm Al-Andalusia, the concept of love (Al-chubbun-nazhary) must be based on syari?ah. In another word, the theory of love, the cause of love, expressing love, maintaining love, meeting and ?leaving? the one, must be based on syari?ah. Key Words: genetic structuralism; Thauqul-Cham?mah fil-Ilfah wal-Ull?f; dialectic method;, vision (intellectual thought); concept of love Abstrak: Penelitian ini memanfaatkan teori strukturalisme genetik untuk mengungkapkan unsur intrinsik (struktur teks) berdasarkan yang terdapat dalam teks, latar belakang sosial (sosial kultural), dan penulisnya. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode dialektik yang bekerja dengan bermula dari teks dan berakhir kepada teks ?Thauqul-Cham?mah fil­?Ilfah wal-Ull?f?. Hasil analisis penelitian terkait konsep cinta (Al-chubbun-­nazhary) yang berupa pemikiran kritis Ibnu Chazm Al-­Andalusy adalah konsep cinta yang sesuai syariat. Dengan kata lain, konsep cinta, penyebab orang jatuh cinta, perilaku atau ekspresi orang yang jatuh cinta, menjaga kesucian cinta, pertemuan dan perpisahan, kesemuanya berdasarkan syariat.
HIKAYAT SITI MARIAH: ESTETIKA PERSELINGKUHAN PRAMOEDYA ANANTA TOER Muslifah, Siti
ATAVISME Vol 13, No 1 (2010): ATAVISME, Edisi Juni 2010
Publisher : Balai Bahasa Jawa Timur

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24257/atavisme.v13i1.150.131-132

Abstract

Judul buku : Hikayat Siti Mariah: Estetika Perselingkuhan Pramudya Ananta Toer Penulis : Dwi Susanto Penerbit : INSIST PRESS Jumlah halaman : xii + 219 Ukuran : 15 x 21 cm Cetakan Pertama : Mei 2009
Penentuan Awal Bulan Kamariah Untuk Ibadah Rahman, Fathor; Pujiono, Pujiono; Muslifah, Siti
FENOMENA FENOMENA VOL 12 NO. 2, 2020
Publisher : LP2M IAIN Samarinda

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21093/fj.v12i2.2264

Abstract

This paper presents data regarding the formula for determining the start of the month for worship at the time of the Prophet. This is important because the determination of the beginning of the month among Muslims has always been a polemic, even Muslims until now still do not have a definite and unique calendar to serve as a common guideline. The method usedin this research is the method introducedby Louay Safi "Unified Aproach to Shari'ah Inference"; namely textual normative inference, empirical-historical-contextualist inference, and integrated inference. The results were as follows: d natural inference stualis te k-normative-legis, fast orders clearly to be given information about ordinances that rukyatul hilal; and if it is cloudy or covered in fog, then it is ordered to calculate, estimate, or fulfill the month into 30 days and the rule of law in matters of mahdah worship such as fasting cannot be changed, sentences that are already text and sharih do not have the character of ijtihadi; and anything that creates controversy in society can be eliminated by the government or the authorities; whereas in the contextualist historical-empirical inference it can be said that worship which includes the obligation of rukyat has encouraged Muslims to study and deepen the science of astronomy ; and in unified inference, the computation of the reckoning at the time of the prophet with the fulfillment becomes thirty days because at that time the Madinans did not have zij or astronomical tables showing the positions of the moon, earth and sun. From this perspective, rukyat often called taabbudiy be part of the entity taaquliy for a silver lining can be found in the annals of the Muslims, and Reckoning ser ing said taaqquliy also part of ta'abbudiy entity because it is part and result of activity namely rukyat taabbudiy .