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Analisis Perubahan Tekanan Air Pori pada Tanah Lunak akibat Beban Trial Embankmentdengan menggunakan Plaxis Versi 7.2. Suhendro, Bambang; Suryolelono, Kabul Basah; Patria, Adhe Noor
Dinamika Rekayasa Vol 5, No 1 (2009): Dinamika Rekayasa - Februari 2009
Publisher : Jenderal Soedirman University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.dr.2009.5.1.16

Abstract

Soft soil could be found easily in Indonesia. Constructions that built on this soil; such as embankment; face some obstructions, for instance long period consolidation, difficult soil compaction, unstable slope of embankment and high settlement value for long period. Consolidation related to particle size of soil grains, soil permeability coefficient and pore size between soil particles. This research was carried out with numerical simulation and aimed to analyze the change in pore water pressures in soft soil due to embankment load.Numerical simulation was carried out by using Plaxis version 7.2. The time periods for construction and consolidation were the same with field measurement values. Total times for both stages were 102 days. Material model used were Mohr Coulomb Model and input material model that were used were the same with filed measurement values.The results showed that at the end of construction stage there always an increasement in pore water pressure (excess pore water pressure existed) and the decreasement of pore water pressure occurred in consolidation period. Excess pore water pressures of soil below embankment were at area A, depth 0,5 was -22,8093 kPa, at area B (depth 9 m) was -21,5576 kPa and at area C (depth 13 m) was -14,159 kPa.
BEHAVIOR OF NAILED-SLAB SYSTEM ON SOFT CLAY DUE TO REPETITIVE LOADINGS BY CONDUCTING FULL SCALE TEST Puri, Anas; Hardiyatmo, Hary Christady; Suhendro, Bambang; Rifa'i, Ahmad
Prosiding Forum Studi Transportasi Antar Perguruan Tinggi Vol 2 No 1 (2014): The 17th FSTPT of International Symposium
Publisher : FSTPT Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The Nailed-slab System is not a soil improvement method, but rather as an alternative method to improve the performance of rigid pavement on soft soils. The installed piles under the slab were functioned as slab stiffeners. This research is aimed to learn the behavior of Nailed-slab System under repetitive loadings and its consideration for practical application. The full scale Nailed-slab System was conducted on soft clay which consisted of 6.00 m x 3.54 m slab area with 0.15 m in slab thickness, 15 short micro piles (0.20 m in diameter, 1.50 m in length, and 1.20 m in pile spacing) as slab stiffeners which installed under slab. Piles and slab were connected monolithically, then in due with vertical concrete wall barrier on the two ends of slab. The system was loaded by vertical repetitive loadings. Results show that the installed piles under the slab which embedded into the soils were functioned as slab stiffeners and were able to response similarly in 3D. This system has higher resistance due to vibration. Thereby, the Nailed-slab system is promising for practical application.
NON-LINEAR ANALYSIS OF HOLLOW REINFORCED CONCRETE COLUMN QUARE CROSS-SECTION WITH VARIOUS LOAD ECCENTRICITY AND CONCRETE STRENGTH Nuryanti, Pingkan; Sulityo, Djoko; Suhendro, Bambang
LANGKAU BETANG: JURNAL ARSITEKTUR Vol 5, No 1 (2018): June
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (459.931 KB) | DOI: 10.26418/lantang.v5i1.24083

Abstract

Hollow due to plumbing system has an effect to the building's visual and the aesthetic quality in terms of architecture. To overcome this, the pipe is planted in a construction structure such as a column. However, this will affect on the strength degradation and modes of failure of structural elements such as a column. The objective of this research is to study the strength, stiffness, ductility, cracking patterns, and modes of failure of hollow RC columns with square cross-section with various load eccentricity and concrete strength. In this research, 13 reinforced concrete columns with square cross section were made. Two of them were massive columns (C1E1, C1E2) with cross-sectional dimension of 150 x 150 mm2 and 800 mm long, six of them were hollow with the same size (C2E1, C3E1, C4E1, C2E2, C3E2, C4E2). Concrete strength fc'=34.52 MPa with eccentricity=60mm  and fc'=35.72 MPa with eccentricity 100 mm. Models were analyzed by nonlinear finite element method using ATENA v.2.1.10 software. The FE model is calibrated against recent experimental results from Zacoeb (2003). Once validated, the model is used to examine stiffness, ductility, cracking patterns, and modes of failure of hollow RC columns with a square cross-section with various load eccentricity. The numerical results show that the different ultimate load strength of C1E1, C2E1, C3E1, C4E1, C1E2, C2E2, C3E2, C4E2 are  0,32%, 2,22%, 1,61%, 7,74%, 1,25%, 0,65%, 2,63%, 1,94%, while the differents stiffnes are 18,30%, 21,30%, 23,79%, 31,57%, 15,22%, 22,67%, 21,39%, 14,41%, and the differents ductility are 48,71%, 33,64%, 3,39%, 41,04%, 52,30%, 22,99%, 18,11%, 7,76%. Crack pattern occurred in C1E1, C2E1, C3E1, C4E1, C1E2, C2E2, C3E2, C4E2 are flexural crack and shear cracks. Exhibit modes of failure of C1E1, C2E1, C3E1, C4E1 are compression failure and C1E2, C2E2, C3E2, C4E2 are tension failure.Keywords: ATENA, columns, eccentricity, failure, hollow, nonlinearANALISIS NON-LINEAR KOLOM BETON BERTULANG PENAMPANG SEGIEMPAT BERONGGA DENGAN VARIASI EKSENTRISITAS BEBAN DAN MUTU BETONLubang akibat pemasangan pipa pada konstruksi untuk keperluan instalasi (air hujan, sanitasi, listrik dan lain-lain) dapat berpengaruh pada visualitas bangunan dan akan mempengaruhi kualitas estetika dari segi arsitektur. Untuk mengatasi hal tersebut pipa ditanam didalam struktur konstruksi seperti kolom. Akan tetapi hal ini akan  menyebabkan  degradasi kekuatan beton dan  pola keruntuhan struktur pada kolom. Selain secara eksperimental, penelitian  ini dapat juga dilakukan secara numeris menggunakan  metode elemen hingga nonlinier. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kekuatan, kekakuan, daktilitas, pola retak dan model keruntuhan kolom beton bertulang penampang persegi berongga dengan variasi eksentrisitas beban dan variasi mutu beton. Dalam penelitian ini dimodelkan 8 jenis kolom beton bertulang penampang segiempat yang terdiri dari 2 kolom masif (C1E1 dan C1E2) dan 6 kolom berongga (C2E1, C3E1, C4E1, C2E2, C3E2, C4E2) dengan ukuran 150 x 150 mm2, panjang 800 mm. Mutu beton fc'=34.52 MPa dengan eksentrisitas =60mm dan mtu beton fc'=35.72 MPa dengan eksentrisitas =100mm. Kolom dianalisis menggunakan software elemen hingga nonlinier ATENA V.2.1.10 dan hasilnya dibandingkan dengan hasil eksperimen sebelumnya  dari Zacoeb (2003). Setelah  model divalidasi, dilakukan perhitungan kekakuan, daktilitas, pengamatan pola retak dan jenis keruntuhan yang terjadi pada kolom penampang segiempat berongga dengan variasi eksentrisitas beban . Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kolom beton bertulang  berongga yang dimodelkan dengan ATENA yaitu untuk model kolom validasi C1E1, C2E1, C3E1, C4E1, C1E2, C2E2, C3E2, C4E2 mempunyai perbedaan beban maksimum dengan hasil eksperimen secara berturut-turut sebesar 0,32%, 2,22%, 1,61%, 7,74%, 1,25%, 0,65%, 2,63% dan 1,94%, dengan perbedaan kekakuan secara berturut-turut sebesar 18,30%, 21,30%, 23,79%, 31,57%, 15,22%, 22,67%, 21,39% dan 14,41%, dan perbedaan daktilitas  secara berturut-turut sebesar 48,71%, 33,64%, 3,39%, 41,04%, 52,30%, 22,99%, 18,11% dan 7,76%. Pola retak yang terjadi adalah pola retak lentur dan retak geser.  Pola keruntuhan pada C1E1, C2E1, C3E1, C4E1 merupakan keruntuhan tekan, sedangkan C1E2, C2E2, C3E2, C4E2  merupakan keruntuhan tarik.Kata-Kata kunci: ATENA, berlubang, eksentrisitas, keruntuhan, kolom, nonlinear.REFERENCESCervenka et al. (2007). Superior Material Models for Numerical Simulation of Concrete Cracking under Severe Conditions. Cervenka Consulting. Czech Republic.Public Work Ministry. (2007). SNI 03-2847-2007, Tata Cara Perhitungan Struktur Beton Bertulang untuk Bangunan Gedung. Bandung.Poston et al. (1985). Numerical Models for Non-prismatic Solid Cross-Section Behavior and Rectangular Cross-Section on Biaxially-Bred ColumnsSuprabowo, S. (1996). Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Column Capacity Perforated. Thesis. Department of Civil Engineering, Gadjah Mada University. Yogyakarta.Supriyadi. (1997). The Effect of Holes on Strongly Reinforced Concrete Column Boundaries. Thesis. Graduate Program. Gadjah Mada University. Yogyakarta.Zacoeb. A. (2003). Flexural Capacity of Reinforced Concrete Short Column with Variations Hole, Thesis. Graduate Program. Gadjah Mada University. Yogyakarta.
Perilaku Rangka Open Web Truss Joist LVL Sengon Basuki, Achmad; Awaludin, Ali; Suhendro, Bambang; Siswosukarto, Suprapto
MEDIA KOMUNIKASI TEKNIK SIPIL Volume 27, Nomor 1, JULI 2021
Publisher : Department of Civil Engineering, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/mkts.v27i1.31916

Abstract

Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL) Sengon is classified as one of the engineering products having a significant increase of both physical and mechanical properties compared with Sengon solid wood. Considering its short planting years and sustainable production, Sengon wood is very potential to be used as construction materials of low-rise houses to support the housing needs in Indonesia. Creep behaviour of LVL Sengon material is one of the mechanical properties that needs to be considered. This article evaluated value of creep factor of the open web truss joist (OWTJ) LVL Sengon test and compared this experimental creep factor with the numerical results developed by FE model taking into account the viscoelastic parameters of authors' previous study. The viscoelastic parameters were based on a 217-day creep test of compression and tension parallel to the grain of LVL Sengon at 20 % of stress level that were further modeled using Prony series creep model having n equals to 3. The reduction in the modulus of elasticity over time resulted in creep deflection and creep factor values at 217 days of testing results and FE numerical analysis of the OWTJ LVL Sengon ranging from 1.50–1.54; while the predicted creep factor at 25 years of service life is 1.57 or greater than the creep factor value provided in SNI 7973: 2013 of 1.5.