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Pengaruh Klimat terhadap Infeksi Nematoda Saluran Pencernaan pada Sapi Potong di Kabupaten Bojonegoro, Provinsi Jawa Timur Winarso, Aji; Satrija, Fadjar; Ridwan, Yusuf
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER Vol 4 No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kajian Veteriner
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN HEWAN UNIVERSITAS NUSA CENDANA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/jkv.v4i1.1009

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of season on the prevalence of gastrointestinal nematode infections in beef cattle in Bojonegoro Regency. The study was conducted in the coverage area of the Sekolah Peternakan Rakyat (SPR) Mega Jaya, Kasiman District, Bojonegoro Regency. Fecal samples were taken from 263 heads cattle in the dry season and 270 headsin the rainy season. The local climatic data obtained from the One Stop Service Office of the Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG). Results showed significant differences in the prevalence of nematodosis between the dry season to the rainy season. Prevalence of nematodosis in the dry season by 50.98%, significantly lower than the prevalence in the rainy season, which reached 67.78%.
PRAKTIK HIGIENE DAGING DALAM PENYEMBELIHAN HEWAN QURBAN DI KOTA KUPANG Winarso, Aji; Darmakusuma, Dodi; Sanam, Maxs Urias E
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER Vol 5 No 2 (2017): Jurnal Kajian Veteriner
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN HEWAN UNIVERSITAS NUSA CENDANA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/jkv.v5i2.958

Abstract

The procedure for handling sacrificed animals has been regulated in Regulation of the Minister of Agriculture - Republic of Indonesia No. 114/Permentan/PD.410/9/2014. This research aims to describe the procedure of slaughter of qurban animals in Kupang City in relation to the provision of safe, health, intact, and halal meat (ASUH). This study is a descriptive study conducted through observation and interviews with qurban committee 1438H (2017M) at two mosques in Kupang City. Assessment is done on how to produce ASUH meat. There are fifteen aspects that are qualitatively assessed, 1 point if fulfilled and 0 if not fulfilled. Total of fulfillment points was then made in a percentage. The hygiene and sanitation practice of qurban slaughter at Al Mujahidin Mosque-Penfui and Darul Hijrah Mosque-Kolhua of Kupang City is quite good with a value of 10/15 (66.67%). Some things that need to be improved are the limitation of personnel with trained people. Meat processing facilities that need to be added is table and basket for meat storage.
Pengendalian Helminthiasis pada Peternakan Ayam Petelur Tradisional di Kabupaten Magetan, Provinsi Jawa Timur Winarso, Aji
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER Vol 4 No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kajian Veteriner
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN HEWAN UNIVERSITAS NUSA CENDANA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/jkv.v4i1.1014

Abstract

Optimization of resources is very important in achieving high productivity laying birds in order to support the fulfillment of consumption and ensure the economic sustainability of the farm. Laying poultry farms can not be separated from the variable costs, and the highest cost is bird’s feed. Therefore, the main indicator is feed conversion ratio (FCR), which depicts the conversion of feed into eggs. Most of the poultry farm business in Indonesia is a small-medium scale traditionally managed farms, so some aspects of farm management inhibits optimal performance. One of the important parts that can lead to a waste of resources ranch is about a lack of attention to parasite control. Parasites disadvantage due to being the host competitors in getting nutrients. This researchattempts to study the problem of controlling cestodes at poultry farm folk in Magetan, East Java. The results showed high cestode infection rate, with prevalence reaching 100% at postmortem. The main problems found were a low frequency of cleaning dirt, the host control between (flies) is not maximized, and the treatment of intestinal worms (deworming) with drugs that are not appropriate.
Fibrosarcoma Esophagus Pada Anjing Lokal Di Kabupaten Kupang Yang Diakibatkan Oleh Spirocerca lupi (Spiruridae) Pandarangga, Putri; Winarso, Aji
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER Vol 4 No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kajian Veteriner
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN HEWAN UNIVERSITAS NUSA CENDANA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/jkv.v4i1.1012

Abstract

Two years old and one and half years local intact female dogs from Kupang were submitted to Veterinery Pathogy Laboratorium, Nusa Cendana University. These dogs showed symptomps: coughing, loss appetite, vomiting and diarrhea. Grossly, there was a smooth surface nodul on the distal of oesophagus with fistula in the middle of it where the worm came out. Microscopically, Spirocerca lupi was surrounded by proliferated spindle shape cells with round or ovoid nuclei as well as 12 mitotic figures over 10 non-overlapping high power fields (400X). These are characteristics of fibrosarcoma. This is the first official report of the existence of spirocercosis in Kabupaten Kupang.
PREVALENSI TRICHUROSIS PADA SAPI POTONG DI KECAMATAN KASIMAN, KABUPATEN BOJONEGORO, JAWA TIMUR Winarso, Aji; Satrija, Fadjar; Ridwan, Yusuf
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER Vol 3 No 2 (2015): Jurnal Kajian Veteriner
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN HEWAN UNIVERSITAS NUSA CENDANA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/jkv.v3i2.1045

Abstract

A cross-sectional studie was conducted to determine prevalence and risk factors of trichurosis in beef cattle in Kasiman Subdistrict, the regency of Bojonegoro. A total of 263 and 270 head of local beef cattle with various age were taken for fecal sample during dry season (August-October 2014) and wet season (February-March 2014), respectively. Feces were processed for McMaster’s method. The prevalences of trichurosis were 7.22% and 5.19% in the dry season and rainy season, respectively. Seasonal factors did not significantly affect the prevalence (p=0329). During the dry season and the rainy season, the prevalence between age groups and between the sexes did not show significant differences (p>0.05). However, young cattle had a tendency to be more susceptible than older age. Cattle of age >6-12 months were more likely four times get trichurosis than adult cows (> 2 years).
ANCAMAN AFRICAN SWINE FEVER MASUK KE WILAYAH INDONESIA MELALUI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR Winarso, Aji; Hartanto, Nur; Rofi’ah, Siti
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL KE-7
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN HEWAN UNIVERSITAS NUSA CENDANA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/jkv.v0i0.1585

Abstract

Wabah African Swine Fever yang sangat merugikan bagi peternakan babi telah menyebar ke hampir seluruh dunia. Indonesia semakin terancam masuknya penyakit eksotis tersebut setelah diketahui Timor Leste telah terjadi wabah. Provinsi NTT dengan populasi babi terbesar di Indonesia dan berbatasan darat langsung dengan Timor Leste harus waspada. Artikel ini berusaha mengulas potensi ancaman dan tantangan dan upaya pencegahan masuknya ASF ke Indonesia melalui Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur. Jalur ptensial masuknya ASF ke Indonesia dari Timor Leste dapat melalui beberapa aktivitas mobilitas darat, laut dan udara. Pengawasan lalu lintas perbatasan harus diperketat diikuti dengan penerapan biosekuriti dapat mengurangi risiko masuknya ASF dari Timor Leste ke Indonesia, meskipun ada rute penyebaran yang sulit dibatasi dan dikendalikan seperti kontak ternak babi liar di hutan perbatasan. Sosialisasi dan penyadaran warga sangat penting untuk menunjang kesiapsiagaan menghadapi wabah ASF.
RESISTENSI ANTHELMINTIKA: PERSPEKTIF PETERNAKAN LAHAN KERING NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR Winarso, Aji
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL KE-7
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN HEWAN UNIVERSITAS NUSA CENDANA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/jkv.v0i0.1594

Abstract

Kecacingan merupakan penyakit kronis yang sangat merugikan pada peternakan. Penggunaan anthelmintika adalah bagian yang tidak terpisahkan dalam pengendalian parasit. Penggunaan anthelmintika yang benar perlu diperhatikan untuk menghindari resistensi cacing target terhadap anthelmintika yang digunakan. Makalah ini bertujuan untuk mengulas berkembangnya resistensi anthelmintika, mengulas risiko cepatnya kemunculan resistnsi anthelmintika di lahan kering Nusa Tenggara Timur, terutama dalam peternakan ruminansia, dan mengutarakan strategi manajemen guna memperlambat kemunculan resistensi. Resistensi itu muncul ketika suatu jenis/golongan cacing yang biasanya dapat dibasmi dengan anthelmintika tertentu, didapati menyintas dari terapi obat tersebut. Pendapat umum ahli menyatakan bahwa resistensi adalah sifat yang diwariskan secara genetik. Karena diwariskan secara genetik, maka cacing penyintas akan menurunkan sifat resisten kepada generasi selanjutnya. Gen resisten tersebut dimiliki oleh sebagian kecil dari populasi cacing, yang kemudian secara bertahap jumlah kelompok resisten bertambah dalam populasi cacing. Resistensi anthelmintika merupakan ancaman serius yang bisa datang kapan saja, dan akan lebih cepat datang tanpa manajemen yang baik. Upaya untuk memperlambat atau menunda datangnya resistensi adalah mempertahankan proporsi cacing dengan gen resisten tetap rendah dalam populasi.
PREVALENSI DAN DERAJAT INFEKSI NEMATODOSIS PADA KAMBING KACANG DI KOTA KUPANG Laut, Meity Marviana; Novian, Dede Rival; Winarso, Aji
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL KE-7
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN HEWAN UNIVERSITAS NUSA CENDANA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/jkv.v0i0.1595

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menduga tingkat prevalensi dan derajat infeksi nematoda gastrointestinal pada kambing kacang di Kota Kupang selama musim kemarau. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan September 2019 di peternakan kambing tradisional di Kota Kupang. Sebanyak 30 ekor kambing dari delapan peternakan diambil sampel fecesnya. Pengamatan parasit di dalam feses dilakukan melalui metode kuantitatif McMaster dengan larutan pengapung gula jenuh. Analisis data dilakukan menggunakan statsitik deskriptif. Kambing kacang di Kota Kupang terinfeksi nematoda kelompok strongil, genus Strongyloides, dan genus Trichuris. Prevalensi infeksi strongil 33.33% dengan derajat infeksi ringan hingga sedang, prevalensi strongyloidosis sebesar 63.33% dengan derajat infeksi ringan hingga berat, dan prevalensi trichurosis sebesar 30.00%.dengan derajat infeksi ringan hingga sedang. Faktor musim berpengaruh pada tingkat prevalensi dan derajat infeksi masing-masing kelompok cacing.
LANDING SITE PREDILEKSI LALAT SUMBA (Hippobosca sp.) PADA SAPI BALI Almet, Julianty; Ngefak, Lidya Emmanuela; Winarso, Aji
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER Vol 5 No 1 (2017): Jurnal Kajian Veteriner
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN HEWAN UNIVERSITAS NUSA CENDANA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/jkv.v5i1.1662

Abstract

The development of cattle farming in East Nusa Tenggara is one of the potential contributors to support local demands. In order to achive this goal, cattle have to be free from the disease and parasites. One of the most common ecto- parasites that also serve as disease vector is bitting flies. Hippobosca sp. is bitting flies that commonly breed in the semi-arid tropics area with low rate of rainfall and high temperature such as East Nusa Tenggara Province. The aims of this research are to observe and determine the landing site of Hippobosca sp. in certain area of the cattle and to identify the predilection of Hippobosca sp. in Bali cattle. This research conducted in two different Bali cattle farms, Agricultural High School of Kupang in Kupang District and Neotnana Farmers Group in Kupang City. The observation was conducted to measure flies landing activity on five cows of each farm. The activity of the flies were observed in 5 major body regio, head area, neck area, thoraco-abdominal area, extremity area and perineal area. Landing flies was collected every 2 hours from 06:00 till 18:00 local time, and pooled based on body area they collected from. This procedure repeated 8 times in 4 weeks in each farm. The result showed that neck area is as the major landing site predilection of Hippobosca sp. in Bali Cattle. Neck area showed the highest density of landing flies, with total 3313 flies observed, followed by thoraco-abdominal, perineal, extremity and head area, with total amount of 2811, 1689, 1037, and 172 flies, respectively.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN MINUMAN BERALKOHOL (SOPI, BIR DAN VODKA) TERHADAP KADAR GLUTATION TEREDUKSI (GSH) TIKUS PUTIH (Rattus norvegicus) GALUR Sprague dawley Anjani, Ratih; Amat, Anita Lidesna Shinta; E D, Maria Agnes; Winarso, Aji
Cendana Medical Journal (CMJ) Vol 7 No 1 (2019): Maret (Terbitan 16 tahun 2019)
Publisher : Universitas Nusa Cendana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (155.241 KB) | DOI: 10.35508/cmj.v7i1.1464

Abstract

Angka konsumsi alkohol di Provinsi NTT menduduki peringkat pertama pada tahun 2016. Alkohol tradisional paling banyak dikonsumsi di Indonesia, alkohol tradisional dari NTT biasa disebut Sopi. Alkohol merupakan suatu radikal bebas yang dapat menyebabkan stres oksidatif. Stres oksidatif akan menyebabkan kerusakan biologis pada tubuh. Salah satu antioksidan yang berpengaruh untuk melawan atau menetralisir stres oksidatif adalah Glutation tereduksi (GSH). Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian minuman beralkohol jenis sopi, bir dan vodka terhadap kadar GSH tikus putih. Metode jenis rancangan penelitian adalah eksperimental laboratorik dengan pendekatan post test only control group design. Sebanyak 24 ekor tikus putih (Rattus norvegicus) betina galur Sprague dawley berumur 2-3 bulan dengan berat badan 150-250 gram yang dibagi dalam empat kelompok perlakuan terdiri atas enam ekor tikus. Kelompok Kn, P1, P2 dan P3 secara berturut-turut adalah kelompok kontrol normal, kelompok perlakuan sopi, kelompok perlakuan bir dan kelompok perlakuan vodka. Dosis yang diberikan adalah 0,008 ml/g BB/hari per oral. Setelah 10 hari perlakuan, darah tikus diambil untuk pengukuran kadar GSH melalui sampel serum darah tikus dan diuji menggunakan ELISA Reader. Hasil penelitian ini rerata kadar GSH pada kelompok Kn, P1, P2 dan P3 secara berturut-turut adalah 1,114, 6,366, 1,852 dan 2,303 nmol/ml. Terdapat peningkatan kadar GSH yang bermakna (p<0,05) pada kelompok P1, P2 dan P3 dibandingkan dengan kelompok Kn. Terdapat perbedaan bermakna yang signifikan (p<0,05) pada kelompok P1 dibandingkan dengan kelompok Kn. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah minuman beralkohol jenis sopi, bir dan vodka memiliki efek berupa peningkatan kadar GSH