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PEMBUATAN BIOADITIF TRIACETIN DENGAN KATALIS PADAT SILICA ALUMINA Aktawan, Agus; Mufrodi, Zahrul
Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan Vol 5, No 2 (2016): December 2016 [Nationally Accredited]
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jbat.v5i2.8306

Abstract

Triasetin is a bioaditif to increase the octane number of the gasoline. Triasetin was generated from the reaction between giserol and acetic acid. Glycerol is a byproduct of biodiesel production. Triasetin production can reduce glycerol which is actually a waste by converting it into bioaditif having higher value. The reaction can be accelerated by addition of catalysts either solid or liquid catalyst. The reaction in this study used a solid catalyst types Silica Alumina. The reaction takes place in the three-neck flask reactor which is equipped with heating unit, mixers, and tools to take samples at regular intervals. Variables used in this research is the variety of  reaction time and the reaction temperature (70, 80, 90, 100, and 1100C). The concentration of triasetin obtained will be known through the analysis of Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). The results of the analysis of GC or GC-MS treated or counted so getting glycerol conversion and selectivity of triasetin. The highest glycerol conversion 8,45% occurs at a temperature of 700C the reaction time of 90 minutes with triasetin selectivity 100%.
Proses Gasifikasi berbagai Jenis Biomassa pada Gasifier Downdraft Aktawan, Agus
CHEMICA: Jurnal Teknik Kimia Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Desember 2015
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26555/chemica.v2i2.4564

Abstract

Biomass gasification is an endothermic reaction process for converting biomass into syngas. Gasification occurs at high temperatures with limited oxygen. Knowing the temperature profile of biomass gasification wood charcoal, coconut shell charcoal and coconut shell, rice husk and woodchip and seek optimal results from gasification of biomass are the purpose of the research. Research start by ignite the biomass in the gasifier, the air flows by blower and the syngas came out after the filter. Research variabel are variation of biomass types mentioned above. Observations were made up until the biomass in the gasifier did not produce syngas, characterized by gas results could not burn. The results of the temperature profile from gasification of various biomass shows that the syngas appeared in the early minutes (2 minutes until the 5th) on the gasification, such as gasification coconut shell, woodchip and rice husk. Syngas of coconut shell charcoal is 2,825% w/w of biomass and can burn for 19 minutes and resulted in 1,92% ash and 29,57% charcoal.
Pemisahan Hasil Cair Pirolisis Sampah Plastik Pembungkus dengan Distilasi Batch Salamah, Siti; Aktawan, Agus
CHEMICA: Jurnal Teknik Kimia Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Juni 2016
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (433.442 KB) | DOI: 10.26555/chemica.v3i1.4990

Abstract

Plastics waste has become a major issue for environment. Since it invented in 1907 plastic has become most used component on our daily lives. Plastic has many adavantages compared to other materials. In general plastic has a low density, light, varying strength and low manufacturing cost. However, plastic cannot degraded naturally and when not used anymore it will pollute the enviroment. One of method to degrade plastic is pyrolysis. In this method plastic will degrade to hydrocarbon which can used as liquid fuel. Pyrolysis of plastic occurs at high temperature of about 400 oC under free oxygen environment and produces small moleculer weight molecules. This research was conducted to determine the composition products of pyrolysis selective plastic at 450 oC in previous research. The method which used to separate products of pyrolysis is distillation with temperature between 50 oC to 240 oC to obtain liquid fuel as products of pyrolysis plastic. The results of this research were the distillate at 170 oC, 190 oC, 200 oC, 210 oC, 220 oC and 240 oC with volume 2 mL, 4,7 mL, 2,3 mL, 2,5 mL, 5,0 mL and 4,9 mL. And the most products component of pyrolysis plastic in previous research was obtain at 190 oC, 220 oC and 240 oC.
Conversion of Biomass of Bagasse to Syngas Through Downdraft Gasification Maryudi, Maryudi; Aktawan, Agus; Salamah, Siti
Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan Vol 7, No 1 (2018): June 2018 [Nationally Accredited]
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jbat.v7i1.11621

Abstract

National energy demand has been fulfilled by non-renewable energy sources, such as natural gas, petroleum, coal and so on. However, non-renewable energy reserves deplete increasingly which can cause an energy crisis. Conversion of biomass into energy becomes one of the solutions to overcome it. Indonesia has an enormous biomass potential especially from sugarcane plantation. Sugarcane plantations produce waste of bagasse abundantly. Commonly bagasse is utilized as energy source by conventional combustion.  This research studies the utilization of bagasse as energy source by gasification technology to produce gas fuel. The gasification model used in this research is downdraft gasifier equipped with cyclone to separate gas with solid or liquid gasification products. The result has shown  that gasification of bagasse has produced flammable syngas. The increase of bagasse weight increases the amount of syngas of gasification process. Carbon monoxide is the greatest content of syngas, while a few amount of H2, CH4 are also detected. Bagasse through gasification process is very potential source of alternative energy, since it is derived from waste and a cheap material.
PELATIHAN TEKNOLOGI KIMIA TERAPAN PEMBUATAN SABUN CAIR CUCI PIRING, SABUN MANDI HERBAL DAN TEPUNG AMPAS KELAPA IBU-IBU ‘AISYIYAH RANTING PERUMNAS CONDONG CATUR, DEPOK, SLEMAN Salamah, Siti; Sulistiawati, Endah; Aktawan, Agus
Jurnal Pemberdayaan: Publikasi Hasil Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (302.042 KB) | DOI: 10.12928/jp.v1i2.326

Abstract

Usaha rumah makan skala menengah maupun sederhana berkembang sangat baik di area depok, sleman, yogyakarta dimana yogyakarta merupakan kota pelajar dan kota pariwisata. Banyaknya konsumen yang berasal dari mahasiswa dan wisatawan serta perlu terjaganya kebersihan terutama alat makan sehingga kebutuhan akan sabun cair semakin meningkat. Kebutuhan akan sabun mandi juga mengalami peningkatan terutama dari industri perhotelan dan losmen. Peningkatan kebutuhan akan sabun cair dan sabun mandi ini perlu dipahami oleh warga sekitar khususnya dan mengetahui cara membuatnya, dengan harapan dapat dikembangkan menjadi produksi skala rumah tangga (pemberdayaan ekonomi). Pengabdian masayarakat ini melatih kelompok ibu-ibu ‘Aisyiah perumnas condongcatur, depok. Ibu-ibu diberikan pemahaman tentang teknologi kimia terapan tentang pembuatan sabun cair cuci piring, sabun mandi herbal dan tepung ampas kelapa yang berkualitas. Sabun cair terbuat dari texapon, sodium sulfat, comperland, asam sitrat, EDTA, parfum, propilen glikol dan aquades yang dicampur, diaduk secara perlahan dan kontinyu. Sabun cair yang terbentuk dimasukkan dalam botol-botol. Sabun mandi herbal terdiri dari NaOH, aquades, castor oil, minyak kelapa dan minyak zaitun dimana bahan–bahan tersebut dicampur sesuai prosedurnya. Sabun dibentuk dalam cetakan dan ditunggu hingga 7 hari agar saponifikasi terjadi. Tepung ampas kelapa dibuat dari ampas parutan kelapa yang telah diambil santannya, ampas kelapa tersebut disangrai sampai betul-betul kering lalu diblender sampai halus seperti tepung. Ibu-ibu sangat antusias mengikuti pelatihan yang menghasilkan sabun cuci piring 6 botol (volume 150 ml) dari 1 resep. Sabun mandi herbal, 1 resep bahan menjadi 12 buah sabun dengan ukuran diameter 3 cm. 1 kg kelapa parut akan diperoleh 500 gram tepung ampas kelapa berkualitas. Keywords: Sabun Cair, Sabun Mandi Herbal, Tepung Ampas Kelapa. 
Visualisasi Informasi Website International Conference Berdasarkan Web-Quality Framework Pangistu, Lalu Arfi Maulana; Azhari, Ahmad; Aktawan, Agus
Mobile and Forensics Vol 1, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.12928/mf.v1i2.1282

Abstract

Konferensi merupakan pertemuan yang bertujuan untuk bertukar pendapat mengenai suatu masalah yang dihadapi bersama. Dengan adanya perkembangan teknologi membuat manusia berfikir untuk dapat bekerja lebih efektif dan efisien. Salah satunya yaitu membuat sistem konvensional menjadi sistem yang terkomputerisasi. Dengan memanfaatkan fasilitas website yang terhubung ke internet, pihak penyelenggara konferensi dapat lebih efektif untuk melakukan penyebaran informasi, registrasi, submisi, dan kegiatan lain yang berhubungan dengan konferensi.Pentingnya pengukuran kualitas pada website menjadi tolak ukur dalam meningkatkan kinerja sesuai dengan visi dan misi dari penerapan website. Pada penelitian ini, penulis merancang sistem informasi pada konferensi internasional berbasis website. Metodologi pengembangan website yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC). Metode pengujian kualitas website menggunakan 4 metode pengujian, diantaranya Alpha Test, SUS, UAT, dan UEQ. Sistem ini menghasilkan sistem informasi konferensi internasional berbasis website yang bekerja dengan baik dengan hasil pengujian alpha test sebesar 92%, menampilkan informasi yang sesuai dengan hasil pengujian SUS sebesar 73%, dapat diterima masyarakat dan layak ditunjukkan dari hasil pengujian UAT sebesar 75%, dan pengujian User Experience (UX) mendapatkan penilaian yang masuk ke dalam kategori “baik” dari hasil pengujian UEQ.
The Characterization of Synthetic Zeolite for Hydrocracking of Waste Cooking Oil into Fuel Salamah, Siti; Aktawan, Agus; Mufandi, Ilham
Reaktor Volume 20 No.2 June 2020
Publisher : Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (412.304 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/reaktor.20.2.89-95

Abstract

Zeolite A was used as hydrocracking catalyst to convert cooking oil into potential renewable fuels. The experiment was performed by characterize the diffraction, and pore properties the synthetic zeolite and it was confirmed the synthetic zeolite was zeolite A. The hydrocracking process of waste cooking oil was carried out in semi-fixed batch reactor system at 450° C for 2 hours, under the hydrogen flow of 20 ml/minute. The diffractogram and Si/Al ratio, 1.6, were matched to zeolite A properties, with the surface area, pore diameter, and pore volume were, 1.163 m2/g, 3.93 nm, and 0.001 cc/g, respectively. Liquid product from hydrocracking process of cooking oil consisted of 28.99% alkane and alkene 26.59% that are potential as renewable fuels.Keywords: waste cooking oil; zeolite A; hydrocracking
Pengolahan Limbah Pewarna Metilen Biru Menggunakan Arang Aktif dan Zeolit Aktif dengan Katalis Fe dan Oksidator Hidrogen Peroksida Maryudi, Maryudi; Aktawan, Agus; Amelia, Shinta
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 12, No 2 (2021): September
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v12i2.414

Abstract

The textile industry including batik has provided broad benefits to society from an economic standpoint. However, there is negative impact from wastewater generated in the production process, which is containing dyes. Various types of dyes are used in the coloring process, and methylene blue is one of most used dye. Various ways have been done to treat wastewater containing methylene blue. Methylene blue processing techniques by adsorption have been carried out with various types of adsorbents. Research on the comparison of the ability of commercial activated charcoal and commercial activated zeolite to adsorb methylene blue was carried out with the addition of an Fe catalyst and a hydrogen peroxide oxidizer. The results showed that the addition of Fe catalyst would increase the degradation of methylene blue in the waste either with activated charcoal or activated zeolite. The combination of using Fe catalyst and hydrogen peroxide oxidizer further increases the removal of methylene blue in both types of adsorbents, activated charcoal and activated zeolite. Activated zeolite has the better ability to adsorb methylene blue than activated charcoal under various conditions.
Visualisasi Informasi Website International Conference Berdasarkan Web-Quality Framework Pangistu, Lalu Arfi Maulana; Azhari, Ahmad; Aktawan, Agus
Mobile and Forensics Vol. 1 No. 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.12928/mf.v1i2.1282

Abstract

Konferensi merupakan pertemuan yang bertujuan untuk bertukar pendapat mengenai suatu masalah yang dihadapi bersama. Dengan adanya perkembangan teknologi membuat manusia berfikir untuk dapat bekerja lebih efektif dan efisien. Salah satunya yaitu membuat sistem konvensional menjadi sistem yang terkomputerisasi. Dengan memanfaatkan fasilitas website yang ke internet, pihak penyelenggara konferensi dapat lebih efektif untuk melakukan penyebaran informasi, registrasi, submisi, dan kegiatan lain yang berhubungan dengan konferensi.Pentingnya pengukuran kualitas pada website menjadi tolak ukur dalam meningkatkan kinerja sesuai dengan visi dan misi dari penerapan website. Pada penelitian ini, penulis merancang sistem informasi pada konferensi internasional berbasis website. Metodologi pengembangan website yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC). Metode pengujian kualitas website menggunakan 4 metode pengujian, diantaranya Alpha Test, SUS, UAT, dan UEQ. Sistem ini menghasilkan sistem informasi konferensi internasional berbasis website yang bekerja dengan baik dengan hasil pengujian alpha test sebesar 92%, menampilkan informasi yang sesuai dengan hasil pengujian SUS sebesar 73%, dapat diterima masyarakat dan layak ditunjukkan dari hasil pengujian UAT sebesar 75%, dan pengujian User Experience (UX) mendapatkan penilaian yang masuk ke dalam kategori "baik" dari hasil pengujian UEQ.
Pengolahan Limbah Pewarna Metilen Biru Menggunakan Arang Aktif dan Zeolit Aktif dengan Katalis Fe dan Oksidator Hidrogen Peroksida Maryudi Maryudi; Agus Aktawan; Shinta Amelia
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol. 12 No. 2 (2021): September
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v12i2.414

Abstract

The textile industry including batik has provided broad benefits to society from an economic standpoint. However, there is negative impact from wastewater generated in the production process, which is containing dyes. Various types of dyes are used in the coloring process, and methylene blue is one of most used dye. Various ways have been done to treat wastewater containing methylene blue. Methylene blue processing techniques by adsorption have been carried out with various types of adsorbents. Research on the comparison of the ability of commercial activated charcoal and commercial activated zeolite to adsorb methylene blue was carried out with the addition of an Fe catalyst and a hydrogen peroxide oxidizer. The results showed that the addition of Fe catalyst would increase the degradation of methylene blue in the waste either with activated charcoal or activated zeolite. The combination of using Fe catalyst and hydrogen peroxide oxidizer further increases the removal of methylene blue in both types of adsorbents, activated charcoal and activated zeolite. Activated zeolite has the better ability to adsorb methylene blue than activated charcoal under various conditions.