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JOHN WANSBROUGH: STUDI ATAS TRADISI DAN INSTRUMEN TAFSIR ALQUR’AN KLASIK Wathani, Syamsul
Al-A'raf : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat Vol 15, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (761.668 KB) | DOI: 10.22515/ajpif.v15i2.1247

Abstract

This study discusses John Wansbrough's thoughts on Alquran interpretations, which emphasize the two important points as its focus of the study; interpretation paradigm and positioning of the scriptural interpretations. Based on the content analysis method as its analytical tool from the various works, both those directly and indirectly related to Wansbrough's thoughts, the results of this study showed that there are two lines of understanding of interpretations: first, the interpretation is seen as an act of interpreting the scriptures, in which in its process there are rules, work procedures, and thinking patterns that continue to grow. The existence of an exegete becomes a parameter of the interpretations produced. Interpretation and exegete are two things that are interrelated each other. Second, interpretation has an exegetical device inherent in the interpreter, which then produce the exegetical types of explicative elements or procedural devices used by an interpreter.
Tradisi Berpikir dalam Usul Fikih (Memetakan Porsi, Posisi dan Proporsi Akal Sebagai Nalar Berpikir dalam Hukum Islam) Wathani, Syamsul
Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam Vol 9 No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3666.905 KB) | DOI: 10.24090/mnh.v9i2.491

Abstract

Artikel ini membahas akal sebagai sebuah nalar berfikir dalam tradisi usul fikih. Pendekatan yang digunakan adalah pendekatan kategoris-kritis, untuk melihat dan memetakan porsi, posisi dan proporsi akal sebagai alat atau metode dalam melahirkan hukum Islam. Artikel ini diharapkan bisa memetakan dan menempatkan akal secara bijak dalam peran dan aktivitasnya sebagai perangkat dalam mengeluarkan hukum Islam. Meletakkan akal sebagai metode berfikir hukum Islam di tempatnya secara proporsional. Memberikan pandangan mengenai penggunakan akal sebagai sebuah concern dalam tradisi kajian usul fikih. Serta menghilangkan justifikasi negatif mengenai penggunaan akal dalam melahirkan hukum agama.
Epistemologi Ta’wil al-Qur’an: Sistem Interpretasi al-Qur’an Menurut Ibn Qutaybah Syamsul Wathani
JOURNAL OF QUR'AN AND HADITH STUDIES Vol 4, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Qur'an and Hadith Academic Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (207.049 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/quhas.v4i1.2281

Abstract

Artikel ini mendiskusikan ta’wil sebagai sistem interpretasi. Ia berusaha untuk memformulasikan ta’wil secara epistemologis sebagai sistem yang berbeda. Ta’wil di sini dideduksi dari pemikiran Ibn Qutaybah di dalam karyanya Ta’wil Mushkil al-Qur’an dan Ta’wil Mukhtalif al-Hadith. Pemikirannya tentang interpretasi akan dikaji dengan menggunakan teori hermeneutika dan epistemologi. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk memformulasikan pemikiran Ibn Qutaybah dalam skema sistematis sehingga metode ta’wil al-Qur’an yang akadamik dapat disimpulkan darinya.
DIALEKTIKA AL-QUR'AN DENGAN POLA PIKIR KEBERAGAMAAN MASYARAKAT ARAB: Analisis Psiko-Sosial Wathani, Syamsul
Indonesian Journal of Islamic Literature and Muslim Society Vol 1, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : IAIN Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (440.329 KB) | DOI: 10.22515/islimus.v1i2.429

Abstract

This article discusses the mindset of Arab society towards religion which is answered and it was changed after the Koran came. This relationship is dialectic, the Arab community as khitab al-Quran. The approach used by the social history of social psychoanalysis. With this approach, this article found some important conclusions. (1) Social history emphasizes that geographic factors, psychological, and social culture have shaped their social siko. Psycho-social impact on their perspectives on God and Religion. God was related to a god (dewa) who can help the biological necessities of life, although not psychologically soothing. As the unsound of the psico-social condition, the way they understand the religions is not correct. They profess religion, somehow does not feel the presence of God. The more they worship Gods, the more discrepancies, social injustices, and tyranny happen. Responding to that matter, the Quran apply persuasive method as the advice (al-din al-nasihah), and discussion (jidal) as their way of thought on religion. (2) The Qur'an came alter their patterns of psychological evolution, from an-nafs al-ammara as bi-su society into an-nafs al-lawwamah, until in the end, they had a quiet soul (an-nafs al-Mutmainnah)
HERMENEUTIKA JORGE J.E. GRACIA SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF TEORI PENAFSIRAN TEKSTUAL ALQUR’AN Wathani, Syamsul
Al-A'raf : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat Vol 14, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : IAIN Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (868.873 KB) | DOI: 10.22515/ajpif.v14i2.945

Abstract

This article discusses the Jorge J.E. Gracia’s hermeneutical concept used as an alternative theory of the Qur’anic textual interpretation. The discussion focuses on three main points, (i) the Qur’anic textual narration as the object of interpretation, (ii) Gracia’s hermeneutic to interpret the text, and (iii) arranging the Qur’anic textual interpretation paradigm. Based on the interpretive study, started with mapping Gracia's theory of understanding, and then systematizing it into the theory formulation, the results of the study showed: (1) the concept of qur'anic text (alnash) is the ultimate consciousness. The Qur'an is something readable/touchable (almaktub). As an alnash, Qur'an has a text mechanism in which its contextual approach becomes the main gate to open its meaning. (2) The Gracia's hermeneutic logical reasoning is directed to overcome misunderstanding (not understanding) of the text. While the development of textual interpretation method used to bridge between the historical text and the audience’s situation. (3) The paradigm of the textual interpretation used as a worldview to look at the Qur'an and its interpretation, with the concept of "alnash" as its starting point, and then working with emphasizing the existing understanding among text, audience, and context.
Konfigurasi Nalar Tafsīr al-Maqāṣidī: Pendekatan Sistem Interpretasi Wathani, Syamsul
SUHUF Vol 9 No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Lajnah Pentashihan Mushaf Al-Qur'an

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22548/shf.v9i2.156

Abstract

This article discusses the concept of maqāṣid al-sharīʻah (the goal of sharia) as a basis of the interpretation of the Qur'an. The points to be discussed are focused on two lines, namely the paradigm of tafsīr al-maqāṣidī (the goal interpretation) and the configuration of the reason of tafsīr al-maqāṣidī. The approach used is the hermeneutic approach within the framework of the structure of the interpretation system. It is by using the approach and the analysis, this article draws conclusions to the three lines of the understanding on the tafsīr al-maqāṣidī: (1) The paradigm of tafsīr al-maqāṣidī is the perspective toward the Qur'an and its interpretation along with the concept of maqāṣid al-sharīʻah as the starting point, working with the emphasis on the harmonization between the text and the spirit of justice as has been conceptualized in the theory of maqāṣid al-sharīʻah. Thus, tafsīr al-maqāṣidī emphasizes logical reasoning for the public benefit to be more powerful than the text reasoning. (2) Hermeneutical reasoning of tafsīr al-maqāṣidī is supported by three pillars of awareness: the historical, theoretical, and practical awareness. The three pillars are then actualized in the step of interpretation covering: contextualization, decontextualization, and ends with a re-contextualization. (3) As a system of interpretation, tafsīr al-maqāṣidī passes the way of interpretation through the rules of linguistic, the analysis of hermeneutics and the analysis of public benefit (maṣlaḥah). Keywords Maqāṣid al-sharīʻah, hermeneutics, interpretation system, tafsīr al-maqāṣidī.
ISTINBAT AT TAFSIR: Wacana Istinbat Ayat Hukum Dalam Teori Penelitian Tafsir Wathani, Syamsul
AL IRFANI: Ilmu Al Qur'an dan Tafsir [JQT] Vol 1 No 01 (2020): Ilmu Al Qur'an dan Tafsir
Publisher : STAI Darul Kamal NW Kembang Kerang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.51700/irfani.v1i1.8

Abstract

Sejarah tafsir memperlihatkan karya tafsir yang memiliki genre fiqhi dengan pola penafsiran yang memainkan analisis istinbat dalam mengeluarkan hukum dari sebuah teks/ayat. Pola pemaknaan seperti ini melahirkan sebuah produk hukum yang menjadi rujukan sebuah madzhab dalam fuqaha’. Al-Jami’ li Ahkam al-Qur’an karya al-Qurtubi adalah tafsir yang memainkan genre ini. Tafsir ini memiliki genre tahlili-fiqhi bermadzhab Maliki. Artikel ini menggabungkan pola analisis penelitian tafsir dan usul alfiqh untuk mengkaji pemikiran al-Qurtubi. Kajian terhadap tafsir al-Qurtubi menghasilkan beberapa kesimpulan, (a) Istinbat at-Tafsir berarti mengkonstruksi paradigma tafsir fiqhi sebagai metode Istinbat dalam memahami dan merumuskan hukum Islam dari sebuah teks/ayat. Istinbat at Tafsir juga bermakna merumuskan metodologi interpretasi yang digunakan mufassir dalam membentuk pemikiran akidah dan amal syariat. (b) Interpretasi sebagai alat istinbat diaplikasikan oleh al-Qurtubi secara baik dalam tafsirnya, ia menggariskan metodologi interpretasi secara sistematis (c) Istinbat at-Tafsir dalam tafsir al-Qurtubi terhadap QS. An-Nisa’: 3menghasilkan kebolehan hukum poligami, ia menggunakan istinbat lafzi pada lafadz fankihu sebagai sebuah kebolehan dan perintah
HISTORISITAS TRADISI TA’WIL AL-QUR’AN AHL AS-SUNNAH: Kajian Sejarah Ta’wil dengan Kerangka Analisis History of Ideas Wathani, Syamsul
AL IRFANI: Ilmu Al Qur'an dan Tafsir [JQT] Vol 1 No 02 (2020): Desember 2020
Publisher : STAI Darul Kamal NW Kembang Kerang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.51700/jqt.v1i02.123

Abstract

“The tradition of Ta’wil al-Qur’an has not developed as rapidly as the tradition of interpretation. It could be that this is because the study of the ta'wil of the Quran has received less attention, even though the history of the representation of the Quran is very developed. This article Discuss the history of the ta’wil al-Qur’an in the Ahl as-Sunnah Theology tradition. The study framework used is the history of thoughts/ideas. Within the framework of this study, this article finds several conclusions: As an exegetical method, classical Islamic discourse has developed many ta'wil as a means of interpretation and theory in understanding the text of the Qur'an. The Historical Discussion of thinking about the ta’wil of the Qur'an in the tradition of ahl as-Sunnah shows the development of the diversity of thoughts and knowledge used in interpreting the al-Qur'an. Ibn Qutaybah in Ta'wil Musykil Al-Qur'an uses linguistic analysis, gives birth to linguistic takwil (at-ta'wil al-lughawi), al-Ghazali wrote Qanun at Ta’wil which depicts the work of the Qur'anic representations with a ta'wil Theological, al-Razi wrote Mafatih al-Ghaib with a style of thought ta'wil falsafi, Ibn' Arabi wrote al-Futuhat al-Makkiyyah with a Sufistic interpretation / ta'wil, and asy-Syatibi wrote al-Muwafaqat offering a paradigm of Ta 'wil Ushuli.”
Paradigma Sintesis Tafsir Teks Al-Qur’an Menimbang Hermeneutika Pemaknaan Teks Jorge J.E Gracia Sebagai Teori Penafsiran Tekstual al-Qur’an Syamsul Wathani
JOURNAL OF QUR'AN AND HADITH STUDIES Vol 5, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Qur'an and Hadith Academic Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1001.259 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/quhas.v5i1.13418

Abstract

Artikel ini membahas konsep hermeneutika pemaknaan teks Jorge J.E Gracia sebagai teori penafsiran tekstual al-Qur’an, dengan tiga poin pokok bahasan: (i) narasi tekstualitas al-Qur’an sebagai obyek penafsiran (ii) hermeneutika teks Jorge J.E Gracia dan (iii) paradigma tafsir tekstual terhadap al-Qur’an.  Pola kajian artikel ini diarahkan pada analisis interpretatif-strukturasi,  dengan melakukan analisis isi (content analysis) pada karya utama tokoh. Artikel ini menemukan bahwa: (1) Konsep teks al-Qur’an atau al-Naṣṣ adalah kesadaran utama, sebab al-Qur’an adalah sesuatu terbaca/tersentuh (al-Maktūb), ia memiliki entitas hurf, al-Qur’an, al-kitab, ayat, kalimat dan al-risalah.  (2) Nalar hermeneutis pemaknaan teks ala Gracia mengurai kesalahpahaman (misunderstanding) teks, dengan metode the development of textual interpretation, untuk menjembatani kesejarahan teks dengan keadaan audiens. (3) Paradigma tafsir tekstual dengan konsep “al-nash” bekerja dengan menekankan pada adanya pemahaman yang baik atas teks, audiens, konteks, karena teks al-Qur’an itu tidak sebatas tertulis dalam sebuah bentuk (form), ia begitu kompleks, ia sebuah konstruksi (construction), kombinasi (combination) dan korelasi (correlation).
HUMANITAS YURISPRUDENSI AYAT WARIS: Membaca Konsep Alquran Mengenai Warisan ‘ala Ahmad an-Na’im Wathani, Syamsul
Rausyan Fikr: Jurnal Studi Ilmu Ushuluddin dan Filsafat Vol. 15 No. 1 (2019): Januari - Juni 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin, Adab dan Dakwah, Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Palu, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24239/rsy.v15i1.418

Abstract

This article focuses on reinterpreting inherited verses using Ahmad an-Na'im's reading pattern. Interpretative-explorative analysis. This analysis produces several conclusions: (a) Reading for reality is an alternative view to revive the Qur'an so that it has a paradigm in looking at reality. (b). In the analysis of the inheritance verse (Surah An-Nisa 'verse 11), reading of reality, the acceptance of the inheritance doubled from the portion received by women, shows the superiority of men over women, because of some illat. Whereas in the reading for reality analysis, the Al-Qur'an presents new regulations on inheritance. This regulation can be used in giving birth to the Qur'an fiqh concerning inheritance in the present context.