Erike Anggraini
Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan

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Effects of Zakat and Government Debt on the Indonesian Economy Annisa Munfaati; Heni Noviarita; Erike Anggraini
Al-Kharaj : Jurnal Ekonomi, Keuangan & Bisnis Syariah Vol 5 No 2 (2023): Al-Kharaj: Jurnal Ekonomi, Keuangan & Bisnis Syariah
Publisher : Research and Strategic Studies Center (Pusat Riset dan Kajian Strategis) Fakultas Syariah IAI Nasional Laa Roiba

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (383.394 KB) | DOI: 10.47467/alkharaj.v5i2.1327

Abstract

In order to increase the country's economic growth, a stimulus is needed that can be used to detect whether there is an effect or not on changes in economic growth. As in the concept of modern economic growth which involves the role of household consumption and government expenditure. This thesis also uses the variable of state debt as a form of economic stimulus so that it will increase further and the distribution of zakat is also used as a driving factor for public consumption. This study aims to analyze whether there is an influence of zakat, consumption, state debt and government spending on economic growth in Indonesia for the period 2018-2020. The type of data used is secondary data obtained from BPS, BI, and the Ministry of Finance through published agency reports that were analyzed using multiple linear regression with the help of the E-Views 10 Program. The results of this study are the variables of zakat, consumption, state debt and government spending simultaneously have an effect on economic growth in Indonesia for the 2018-2020 period. The basic formulation of the philosophy of Islamic economic development includes the first Tawhid rububiyah, which states the basics of Allah's law to further regulate the development model based on Islam. Second, justice, namely development that is not lame (gaps), but equitable economic development (growth with equity). The third is the Khilafah, which states that humans are Allah's representatives on earth to prosper the earth and are responsible to Allah regarding the management of the resources entrusted to them. and lastly, Tazkiyah, which is to purify humans in their relationship with Allah, each other and the natural environment, society and country. Keyword : National Debt, Economy, Zakat
Affect Sharia Compliance and Exchange on the Balance of Payment Insurance Deficit in Indonesia Dewi Tradena; Ruslan Abdul Ghofur; Erike Anggraini
Al-Kharaj : Jurnal Ekonomi, Keuangan & Bisnis Syariah Vol 5 No 2 (2023): Al-Kharaj: Jurnal Ekonomi, Keuangan & Bisnis Syariah
Publisher : Research and Strategic Studies Center (Pusat Riset dan Kajian Strategis) Fakultas Syariah IAI Nasional Laa Roiba

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (473.669 KB) | DOI: 10.47467/alkharaj.v5i2.1344

Abstract

Annual balance of payments insurance which has increased. An increase in the balance of payments deficit, if not immediately addressed, will have a negative impact on the country's economy and hinder the country's development and ultimately prosperity will be difficult to achieve. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of financial performance, total sharia reinsurance assets, sharia compliance and exchange rates on the insurance balance of payments deficit in Indonesia. The method used in this research is quantitative research with the data used is secondary data in the form of time series obtained from the Financial Services Authority. Data collection uses documentation, in the form of quarterly data starting from 2010Q1-2019Q4. The total sample in this study was 40 research samples. The collected data were analyzed using multiple linear regression. The test instrument used was the SPSS IBM 21. This study shows that simultaneously financial performance, total sharia reinsurance assets, sharia compliance and the exchange rate have a significant effect on the insurance balance of payments deficit in Indonesia with a significance of 0.000. while the results of the partial test show that financial performance, total assets of sharia reinsurance, sharia compliance negatively affect the insurance balance of payments deficit in Indonesia. Meanwhile, the exchange rate has a significant and positive effect on the insurance balance of payments deficit in Indonesia. The coefficient of determination of Adjusted R^2 is 0.610 or 61%. That is, the ability of the independent variables namely financial performance variables, total assets, sharia compliance and the exchange rate in explaining the dependent variable, namely the Indonesian insurance balance of payments deficit for the 2010-2019 period is 61% and the remaining 49% is influenced by other variables outside the model that are not the study of this research. . Keywords; Balance of Payments Deficit, Exchange Rate, Sharia Compliance