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Perkembangan Destinasi Pariwisata, Benarkah Memang Meningkatkan Kualitas Hidup Masyarakat Fitri Abdillah; Janianton Damanik; Chafid Fandeli; Sudarmadj Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta
Khasanah Ilmu ##issue.vol## 6, ##issue.no## 2 (2015): Jurnal Khasanah Ilmu 2015
Publisher : Khasanah Ilmu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (0.876 KB)

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Abstract - Pemerintah Seringkali Menyatakan Bahwa Pembangunan Pariwisata Telah Berhasil Meningkatkan Kesejahteraan Masyarakat.  Fakta Ini Selalu Ditunjukkan Dengan Data Mengenai Meningkatnya Jumlah Kunjungan, Lapangan Kerja Dan Keterlibatan Masyarakat.  Studi Ini Mencoba Menjelaskan Benarkah Masyarakat Memang Memperoleh Manfaat Dari Perkembangan Tersebut.  Hipotesis Disusun Dengan Menyatakan Bahwa Semakin Tinggi Perkembangan Destinasi Pariwisata Maka Kualitas Hidup Masyarakat Yang Terlibat Akan Semakin Tinggi Pula. Lokasi Penelitian Dipilih Adalah Pangandaran.  Metode Deskriptif Dan Korelasional Bivariat Digunakan Untuk Menganalisis Dua Variabel Utama Yaitu Perkembangan Destinasi Pariwisata Dan Kualitas Hidup Masyarakat Lokal.   Hasil Penelitian Menunjukkan Bahwa Perkembangan Destinasi Berhubungan Positif Signifikan Dengan Standard Hidup Dalam Hal Penurunan Garis Kemiskinan.  Perkembangan Jumlah Wisatawan Juga Berkorelasi Positif Dengan Peningkatan Daya Beli Khususnya Barang-Barang Non Makanan Dan Penurunan Pengangguran Meskipun Secara Umum Belum Dapat Menurunkan Jumlah Penduduk Miskin.   Perkembangan Wisatawan Juga Berkorelasi Positif Dengan Peningkatan Pendidikan.  Kesimpulan Yang Diperoleh  Menunjukkan Bahwa Perkembangan Kepariwisataan Secara Nyata Memberikan Kontribusi Peningkatan Kualitas Hidup Khususnya Material Dengan Ditopang Oleh Keterlibatan Masyarakat Khususnya Pada Tenaga Kerja Perhotelan, Usaha-Usaha Kecil Di Masyarakat Dan Rumah Makan.  Studi Lanjutan Mengenai Pola Keterlibatan Masyarakat Yang Lebih Sustainable Diperlukan Agar Perkembangan Destinasi Pariwisata Tetap Terjaga. Keywords: destinasi pariwisata, kualitas hidup masyarakat lokal
Dampak Pengembangan Kawasan Ranu Pani Sebagai Daya Tarik Wisata Minat Khusus Berbasis Konservasi Nanny Roedjinandari; M Baiquni; Chafid Fandeli; Nopirin - Universitas Merdeka Malang
Khasanah Ilmu ##issue.vol## 6, ##issue.no## 2 (2015): Jurnal Khasanah Ilmu 2015
Publisher : Khasanah Ilmu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (0.876 KB)

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Abstract - One effort to increase community participation in the area of ​​Ranu Pani in the construction of special interest is through a community empowerment program which is expected to sensitize them to be independent in preserving natural resources. One of the effects of the increasing number of wisatan visiting, able to change their mind-set from that rely on agriculture until they could be a porter and guide and manager homestay. Based on this background, the formulation of the problem in this research is how the development impact of Ranu Pani area as a tourist attraction conservation-based special interest. Being the purpose of this study was to determine the impact of Ranu pani development of the area as a tourist attraction conservation-based special interest. From these results, it was found that the development of Ranu Pani region as a tourist attraction of special interest based conservation has several effects, among others: 1) Impact on the Environment; 2) Economic Impact; 3) Social Impact of Culture. Keywords: tourism development, special interest tours, Conservation Abstraction - One effort to meningatkan community participation in the area of ​​Ranu Pani in the construction of special interest is through a community empowerment program which is expected to sensitize them to be independent in preserving natural resources. One of the effects of the increasing number of wisatan visiting, able to change their mind-set from that rely on agriculture until they could be a porter and guide and manager homestay. Based on this background, the formulation of the problem in this research is how the development impact of Ranu Pani area as a tourist attraction conservation-based special interest. Being the purpose of this study was to determine the impact of Ranu pani development of the area as a tourist attraction conservation-based special interest. From these results, it was found that the development of Ranu Pani region as a tourist attraction of special interest based conservation has several effects, among others: 1) Impact on the Environment; 2) Economic Impact; 3) Social Impact of Culture. Keywords: tourism development, special interest tours, Conservation   Abstraksi - Salah satu upaya untuk meningatkan peran serta masyarakat di kawasan Ranu Pani dalam pembangunan wisata minat khusus adalah melalui program pemberdayaan masyarakat yang diharapkan mampu menyadarkan mereka untuk mandiri dalam menjaga kelestarian sumber daya alam. Salah satu dampak dari semakin banyaknya wisatan yang berkunjung, mampu merubah mind-set mereka dari yang hanya mengandalkan pertanian hingga mereka bisa menjadi porter dan guide serta pengelola homestay. Berdasar pada latar belakang tersebut, rumusan masalah pada penelitian ini adalah bagaimana dampak pengembangan Kawasan Ranu Pani sebagai daya tarik wisata minat khusus berbasis konservasi. Sedang tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui dampak pengembangan kawasan ranu pani sebagai daya tarik wisata minat khusus berbasis konservasi. Dari hasil penelitian ini, ditemukan bahwa pengembangan kawasan Ranu Pani sebagai daya tarik wisata minat khusus berbasis konservasi memiliki beberapa dampak antara lain: 1)Dampak terhadap Lingkungan; 2) Dampak Ekonomi; 3) Dampak Sosial Budaya. Kata Kunci : Pengembangan wisata, Wisata minat khusus, Konservasi
Persepsi Masyarakat Setempat dan Pegawai Pemerintah Daerah terhadap Dampak Pembangunan Pariwisata: Studi kasus di Kawasan Kota Tua Himawan Brahmantyo - STP Trisakti Jakarta; Muhammad Baiquni; Chafid Fandeli; Tri Widodo - UGM Yogyakarta
Khasanah Ilmu - Jurnal Pariwisata Dan Budaya Vol 8, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Khasanah Ilmu - Maret 2017
Publisher : Universitas Bina Sarana Informatika

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (488.217 KB) | DOI: 10.31294/khi.v8i1.892

Abstract

Abstract -Tourism development impact on the economic, environmental and social stakeholders to be around tourism destinations.  This study aims to examine how perceptions of stakeholders, namely the local community and local government employees on the impact of tourism development in the old city Jakarta area. The field survey was conducted by distributing questionnaires to local communities (kelurahan Pinangsia, Roa Malaka, Penjaringan) and local government employees in the old city Jakarta area. Descriptive statistics were used to measure the perceptions of the impact of differences in perception between the two stakeholders were analyzed using ANOVA and t-test.  The results showed that both stakeholders have a positive perception of the impact of tourism development. Significant differences were found that local communities contribute to tourism judge primarily on the social aspects, while local government officials assess that tourism contributes to the environmental aspects are also social. Keywords: the impact of tourism development, perception, local communities, government officials RegionalAbstrak - Pembangunan pariwisata berdampak terhadap aspek ekonomi, lingkungan dan sosial para pemangku kepentingan yang berada di sekitar destinasi pariwisata. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengkaji bagaimana persepsi para pemangku kepentingan yaitu masyarakat setempat dan pegawai pemerintah Daerah tentang dampak pembangunan pariwisata di Kawasan Kota Tua Jakarta. Survei lapangan dilakukan dengan menyebarkan kuesioner kepada masyarakat setempat  (kelurahan Pinangsia, Roa Malaka, Penjaringan) dan pegawai Pemda di Kawasan Kota Tua Jakarta. Statistik deskriptif digunakan untuk mengukur persepsi dampak, perbedaan persepsi antara kedua pemangku kepentingan dianalisis menggunakan ANOVA dan t-test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kedua pemangku kepentingan memiliki persepsi positif terhadap dampak pembangunan pariwisata. Perbedaan signifikan dijumpai bahwa  masyarakat setempat menilai pariwisata berkontribusi terutama pada aspek sosial, sedangkan pegawai Pemda menilai bahwa pariwisata berkontribusi pada aspek lingkungan juga sosial.Kata kunci: dampak pembangunan pariwisata, persepsi, masyarakat setempat, pegawai pemerintah Daerah
Analysis of Educational Tourism Management at Smart Park, Yogyakarta, Indonesia Ani Wijayanti; Janianton Damanik; Chafid Fandeli; Sudarmadji Sudarmadji
MIMBAR (Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan) Volume 34, No. 1, Year 2018 [Accredited Ranking Sinta 2]
Publisher : Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/mimbar.v34i1.2823

Abstract

The concept of educational tourism developed as a consequence of the saturation of applying learning methods in a rigid and formal room. Yogyakarta as a student and cultural city has several educational tourism objects, one of which is the Smart Park. Smart Park Yogyakarta as the most comprehensive science center in Southeast Asia offers various educational tourism program packages. The objective of this study is to analyze the Smart Park management model by conducting a survey to 200 visitors with data analyzed by SEM-PLS method. Data analysis is done in two ways, namely model feasibility test and significance test through bootstrapping process. Based on the data result analysis, the most dominant influence is management performance to the variation of tourism activities with path analysis of 0,653. The indicator with the largest contribution is learning new technology by loading factor value of 0.872. In terms of product availability, almost all educational tourism activities are available, unless for the tourist attractions related to learning a new language. 
Upaya Mewujudkan Peran Edukasi Melalui Budaya Berfikir Di Museum Biologi Yogyakarta Ani Wijayanti - AKPAR BSI Yogyakarta; Janianton Damanik; Chafid Fandeli; Sudarmadji - UGM
Khasanah Ilmu - Jurnal Pariwisata Dan Budaya Vol 8, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Khasanah Ilmu - September 2017
Publisher : Universitas Bina Sarana Informatika

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (462.687 KB) | DOI: 10.31294/khi.v8i2.2446

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Abstract - Biology museum is a special museum of biological education that presents a collection of objects of various flora and fauna preserved. The museum is a study destination for school students and researcher. This research is a qualitative descriptive, which is the researcher as an instrument. Respondents were chosen by purposive method of snowball sampling, i.e the students as informants. Data were analyzed by reduction system. The result of data analysis is known that the collection objects of Biology museum more than 4000 can be understood well by the students through the culture of thinking during the visit at the Biology museum. The culture of thinking can be developed through eight aspects, namely; expectations, opportunities, time, modeling, routines, language, environment, and relationships.Keywords : Educational, Culture of thinking, museum.Abstrak - Museum Biologi UGM merupakan museum khusus pendidikan hayati yang menyajikan benda koleksi berupa awetan flora dan fauna yang beranekaragam. Museum ini menjadi tujuan wisata studi bagi para siswa sekolah dan penelitian bagi para mahasiswa. Penelitian ini merupakan deskriptif kualitatif, dengan peneliti sendiri sebagai instrumen. Responden dipilih dengan cara purposive yang bersifat snowball sampling, yakni para siswa sebagai informan. Data dianalisis dengan sistem reduksi. Hasil analisis data diketahui bahwa benda koleksi museum Biologi yang berjumlah lebih dari 4000 dapat dipahami dengan baik oleh para siswa melalui budaya berfikir selama kunjungan di museum Biologi. Budaya berfikir sendiri dapat dikembangkan melalui delapan aspek, yakni; harapan, peluang atau kesempatan, waktu, pemodelan, rutinitas, bahasa, lingkungan, hubungan atau relasi.Kata Kunci : Edukasi, Budaya berfikir, Museum 
Perkembangan Destinasi Pariwisata, Benarkah Memang Meningkatkan Kualitas Hidup Masyarakat Fitri Abdillah; Janianton Damanik; Chafid Fandeli; Sudarmadj Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta
Khasanah Ilmu - Jurnal Pariwisata Dan Budaya Vol 6, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Khasanah Ilmu - September 2015
Publisher : Universitas Bina Sarana Informatika

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (175.322 KB) | DOI: 10.31294/khi.v6i2.507

Abstract

Abstract - Pemerintah Seringkali Menyatakan Bahwa Pembangunan Pariwisata Telah Berhasil Meningkatkan Kesejahteraan Masyarakat.  Fakta Ini Selalu Ditunjukkan Dengan Data Mengenai Meningkatnya Jumlah Kunjungan, Lapangan Kerja Dan Keterlibatan Masyarakat.  Studi Ini Mencoba Menjelaskan Benarkah Masyarakat Memang Memperoleh Manfaat Dari Perkembangan Tersebut.  Hipotesis Disusun Dengan Menyatakan Bahwa Semakin Tinggi Perkembangan Destinasi Pariwisata Maka Kualitas Hidup Masyarakat Yang Terlibat Akan Semakin Tinggi Pula. Lokasi Penelitian Dipilih Adalah Pangandaran.  Metode Deskriptif Dan Korelasional Bivariat Digunakan Untuk Menganalisis Dua Variabel Utama Yaitu Perkembangan Destinasi Pariwisata Dan Kualitas Hidup Masyarakat Lokal.   Hasil Penelitian Menunjukkan Bahwa Perkembangan Destinasi Berhubungan Positif Signifikan Dengan Standard Hidup Dalam Hal Penurunan Garis Kemiskinan.  Perkembangan Jumlah Wisatawan Juga Berkorelasi Positif Dengan Peningkatan Daya Beli Khususnya Barang-Barang Non Makanan Dan Penurunan Pengangguran Meskipun Secara Umum Belum Dapat Menurunkan Jumlah Penduduk Miskin.   Perkembangan Wisatawan Juga Berkorelasi Positif Dengan Peningkatan Pendidikan.  Kesimpulan Yang Diperoleh  Menunjukkan Bahwa Perkembangan Kepariwisataan Secara Nyata Memberikan Kontribusi Peningkatan Kualitas Hidup Khususnya Material Dengan Ditopang Oleh Keterlibatan Masyarakat Khususnya Pada Tenaga Kerja Perhotelan, Usaha-Usaha Kecil Di Masyarakat Dan Rumah Makan.  Studi Lanjutan Mengenai Pola Keterlibatan Masyarakat Yang Lebih Sustainable Diperlukan Agar Perkembangan Destinasi Pariwisata Tetap Terjaga. Keywords: destinasi pariwisata, kualitas hidup masyarakat lokal
THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF NATURE BASED TOURISM IN GUNUNG MERAPI NATIONAL PARK Chafid Fandeli
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 40, No 2 (2008): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.2256

Abstract

The goal of this research is to find out some impacts of tourism activities tothe environmental mainly to the biotic and non-biotic components. The researchalso focuses in finding out importance and performance of the products offered-byGunung Merapi National Park to the tourists. This research is done in fourlocations, consisted of the undisturbed location for controlling (Plawangan) andthe disturbed locations caused by the tourists, which are Kalikuning, Tlogonirmoloand Tlogomuncar. The result shows that the impClcts of tourist activities in somelocations show that the number of .microbial in the controlling location-is thehighest (54.56 cfu/gram) compared with others location. The impact to the numberof actin0mycetes in the controlling location is 32.84 cfu/gram, which is the highest.The infiltration rate with the model Horton in the controlling location is higher(0.983 cm/min) than the infiltration rates of the others. The voice frequencydescribes crowd level that at the controlling location has the lowest voicefrequency (10.15 dB). Some kinds of tree destruction as the impact of touristactivities show that the destructions happen mostly in Tlogomuncar, followed withKalikuning and Tlogonirmo 10. The most severe destruction of all locations isvandalism, and then scratch, spike prickling, branch breaking, and waste burning.Ihe importance and .performance of the products of the tourism objects offereddescribe that the attractions and tourism facilities like waterfall, musholla, shelter,dustbin, and observer tower have a considerable perception and goodperformance. However, some other facilities/attractions such as operational office,security center, gate, health clinique and bridge are not very important and not ina good condition.
Perkembangan Destinasi Pariwisata dan Kualitas Hidup Masyarakat Lokal Fitri Abdillah; Janianton Damanik; Chafid Fandeli; Sudarmadji Sudarmadji
MIMBAR (Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan) Volume 31, No. 2, Year 2015 [Accredited by Ristekdikti]
Publisher : Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/mimbar.v31i2.1441

Abstract

This article investigated how does local community respon destinationdevelopment through perceptions of their quality of life. It conducted by survey methodin two tourism destinations, Pananjung, Pangandaran and Citepus, Palabuhanratu,West Java. Primary data was taken as many as 279 samples are local communitiesby purposive sampling. All of data analized by descriptive statistics, tabulation andperception index number. The result shows that Pangandaran has better performance ofdestination attribute and better index of quality of life than Palabuhanratu. Pangandaranis in the phase of development, while Palabuhanratu is in consolidation phase. It meansconsolidation phase is lower condition than development. Among four aspects of qualityof life, the material aspect is at the highest position, followed by the spiritual, the socialand personal aspect. There are positive correlation between destination developmentand quality of life level of local community. It means tourism destination developmentmust be understood as the increasing number of tourist which contribute to performanceof destination and level of local quality of life.