Amillia Siddiq, Amillia
Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, Universitas Padjajaran/ Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung

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Correlation between Body Mass Index and Body Fat Percentage Ilman, Muhammad; Zuhairini, Yenni; Siddiq, Amillia
Althea Medical Journal Vol 2, No 4 (2015)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Background: Body mass index (BMI) has been used to determine the nutritional status which is classified into low, normal, overweight or obese. The BMI only shows a comparison of height and weight instead of body composition which consists of fat mass and fat–free mass. Most of people assumed that BMI overage means fat mass overage as well, yet it does not occur in all cases. This study was conducted to measure the correlation between BMI and body fat percentage.Methods: An analytical study was conducted to 100 male and female students respectively from Universitas Padjadjaran Jatinangor batch 2009 to 2013. The body  weight was measured using scales , whereas the body height was measured using stature meter. The body fat percentage was measured using Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA). The BMI was calculated by dividing the body weight in kilogram divided by body height in meter square. Data was collected from September to October 2013 and analyzed by Pearson’s correlation test.Results: The mean of BMI in male students and female students were 22.56 and 21.35 respectively. The body fat percentage was 16.44 for men and 28.09 for women. Correlation score between BMI and fat mass in male students were 0.853 and female students are 0.834.Conclusions: There is a strong and positive correlation between BMI and body fat percentage both in male and female students in Universitas Padjadjaran Jatinangor. Among this population, BMI can still be used todetermine body fat percentage. [AMJ.2015;2(4):575–8] DOI: 10.15850/amj.v2n4.642
Knowledge, Attitude and Nutritional Status in Pregnant Women Widiastuti, Wiwit; Mutyara, Kuswandewi; Siddiq, Amillia
Althea Medical Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Background: Nutrition during pregnancy is essential for a healthy pregnancy and childbirth. Malnutritionduring pregnancy may cause a negative impact for both mother and fetus. Pregnant women have to replenishtheir nutritional intake so they have to know nutritional needs for pregnancy. This study aims to evaluatethe association between knowledge towards the attitude and nutritional status among pregnant women inJatinangor Primary Health Care.Methods: This was a cross-sectional study and the subjects were 75 pregnant women selected by consecutive sampling while they attending Puskesmas Jatinangor for antenatal follow up in October until November2012. Knowledge and attitude was assessed using a questionnaire. The level of knowledge and attitudes were categorized into insufficient, sufficient and good. Nutritional status was assessed by measuring themid upper arm circumference. The level of nutritional status was categorized into good nutritional statusand lower nutritional status.Result: Out of 75 respondents, 24 respondents had good knowledge, 39 respondents had sufficientknowledge and 12 respondents had insufficient knowledge. 15 respondents had good attitude, 51respondents had sufficient attitude, 9 had insufficient attitude. 62 respondents had good nutritional statusand 13 respondents had lower nutritional statusConclusion: Most of subjects have sufficient knowledge and attitude, and majority of the respondents havegood nutritional status. There was significant relationship between knowledge and attitude (p=0.02) andno significant relationship between knowledge and nutrition status (p=0.666). Based on this study, it isexpected to conduct further study about other factors which affect the knowledge, attitude, and practice ofpregnant women to improve the nutritional status. [AMJ.2015;2(1):231–4]
Prevalence of Urinary Incontinence in Women aged 20–59 years in Community Dwellings Wardani, Ratuafni Shafrina; Judistiani, Raden Tina Dewi; Siddiq, Amillia
Althea Medical Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Background: Urinary incontinene (UI) is the symptomof involuntary leakage of urine. Three types of urinary incontinence are stress UI, urge UI, and mixed UI. This study was aimed to determine the prevalence of urinary UI in women and to identify the most common type of UI.Methods: A descriptive study was conducted to 191 women age 20–59 in two villages in West Java, Indonesia. Subjects were visited door-to-door and interviewed using a standardized questionnaire for data collection. The study was conducted in February 2014. The variables of this study were age, parity, and the prevalence of urinary incontinence. The collected data were presented using frequency tabulation and percentage.Results: From 191 respondents, thirty eight subjects had UI. The prevalence of urinary incontinence was 19.90% which consisted of prevalence of stress UI (7.33%), urgency UI (9.43%), and mixed UI (3.14%). The prevalence of UI in 20–29 year age group was 3.23%, 30–39 year age group was 9.72%, 40–49 year age group was 27.69%, and 50–59 year age group was 52.17%. Prevalence of UI in nulliparous women was 5%, primiparous was 10.25%, multiparous with 2 childbirths was 23.61%, and multiparous with 3 childbirths or more was 26.67%.Conclusions: Prevalence of UI in women in community dwelling is 19.90%, which is higher than previous study from Indonesia and other Asian countries. Urgency UI is the most common type of UI. Prevalence of UI increases with age and parity. DOI: 10.15850/amj.v4n2.1070
Majalah Kedokteran Bandung Vol 41, No 3
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran

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Prediksi dan deteksi dini preeklamsi sangat diperlukan untuk mengurangi angka morbiditas dan mortalitas maternal dan perinatal. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui perbedaan kadar sFlt1 serum kehamilan normal dengan preeklamsi berat (PEB) dan mengetahui hubungan antara kadar sFlt1 serum dan tekanan darah serta derajat proteinuria. Dilakukan studi observasional analitik secara potong silang. Kadar sFlt1 diperiksa dengan ELISA. Analisis statistik menggunakan uji chi kuadrat, uji t, uji Mann-Whitney, koefisien korelasi Rank Spearman, serta uji diagnostik untuk mencari nilai penentu kadar sFlt1. Karakteristik subjek penelitian pada kelompok PEB dan kelompok kontrol tidak berbeda bermakna (p>0,05). Terdapat perbedaan bermakna antara kadar sFlt1 serum kelompok PEB dan kelompok kontrol (3.827±471 pg/mL dan 2.708±441 pg/mL; p<0,05). Terdapat hubungan positif bermakna antara kadar sFlt1 dan tekanan darah sistolik (p=0,042; p<0,05) dan antara kadar sFlt1 dan tekanan darah diastolik (p=0,041; p<0,05). Terdapat hubungan bermakna antara kadar sFlt1 dan derajat proteinuria (p=0,012; p<0,05). Nilai penentu kadar sFlt1 untuk membedakan penderita PEB dengan hamil normal 2.815 pg/mL dengan sensitivitas 97,1%, spesifisitas 42%, dan akurasi 69,6%. Terdapat perbedaan bermakna antara kadar sFlt1 pada PEB dan kehamilan normal. Terdapat hubungan bermakna antara kadar sFlt1 dan tekanan darah sistolik, diastolik, serta dengan derajat proteinuria. Nilai penentu (cut-off point) kadar sFlt1 adalah 2.815 pg/mL.Kata kunci: sFlt1, preeklamsi berat, tekanan darah, proteinuria, hamil normalCOMPARISON OF SERUM SOLUBLE fms-LIKE TYROSINE KINASE 1 (sFlt1) LEVEL IN NORMAL PREGNANCY AND SEVERE PREECLAMPSIA AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH BLOOD PRESSURE AND DEGREE OF PROTEINURIAPrediction and early detection of preeclampsia is very important to reduce maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. This research was to find out the difference of serum sFlt1 level between normal pregnancy and severe preeclampsia (SPE) and to determine the correlation of serum sFlt1 level with blood pressure as well as the degree of proteinuria. This was an analytic observational cross sectional study. Measurement of serum sFlt1 level using ELISA. >Statistical analysis was performed by using chi square, t test, Mann-Whitney test, Spearman Rank correlation coefficient and diagnostic test for cut-off point determination.The characteristics of the subjects in both groups were not statistically different (p>0.05). There was a significant difference in sFlt1 level between SPE group and control group (3,827±471 pg/mL and 2,708±441 pg/mL subsequently; p<0.05). There were significant association between sFlt1 level and systolic blood pressure (p=0.042; p<0.05 ); between sFlt1 level and diastolic blood pressure (p=0.041; p<0.05); and between sFlt1 level and degree of proteinuria (p=0.012; p<0.05). The cut-off point of sFlt1 level to differentiate SPE from normal pregnancy was 2,815 pg/mL with sensitivity of 97.1%, specificity 42% and accuracy of 69.6%.There is statistically significant difference of sFlt1 level in SPE compared to normal pregnancy. Significant association is noted between sFlt1 level and systolic and diastolic blood pressure, as well as degree of proteinuria. The cut-off point of sFlt1 level is 2,815 pg/mL.Keywords: sFlt1, severe preeclampsia, blood pressure, proteinuria DOI: