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PEMBUATAN DAN KARAKTERISASI BIODIESEL DARI MINYAK BUNGA MATAHARI DAN METANOL DENGAN KATALIS NaOH -, Sukamta; Endriyani, Sunarti; Anita, Fitri
JURNAL TEKNOLOGI TECHNOSCIENTIA Academia Ista Vol 12 No 02 Februari 2008
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian & Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (LPPM), IST AKPRIND Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (402.065 KB) | DOI: 10.34151/technoscientia.v0i0.2017

Abstract

Biodiesel is fuel made of seed oil and has potential to be used as substitute of crude oil. In this experimental work, it was used sun flower seed oil as a raw material of biodiesel.The aims of the research were to study a transesterification reaction of trigli-seryde of a sun flower seed oil and methanol and to attain the optimum conditions of the process to produce good quality of biodiesel. This research were done by mixing sun flower seed oil, methanol and catalyst with oil and methanol volume ratios were 1: 6 and 1:9 respectively. The ester produced were then characterised. The experiments resultant showed that the best quality of biodiesel were attained when the volume ratio between oil and methanol was 1:6 at temperature of reaction of 50oC and time of reaction of 90 minute. The characteristic of the oil produced were specific gravity 60/60 °F = 0,8846 ; viscosity kinematic = 4,562 cSt; pour point = 25,7°F ; flash point = 115 °F, and conversion of 32,42%. This characteristic in the range of the standard of biodiesel based on the letter of Ketua Badan Standarisasi Nasional No.04 – 7182 – 2006 about biodiesel.
PEMBUATAN DAN KARAKTERISASI BIODIESEL DARI MINYAK BUNGA MATAHARI DAN METANOL DENGAN KATALIS NaOH -, Sukamta; Endriyani, Sunarti; Anita, Fitri
JURNAL TEKNOLOGI TECHNOSCIENTIA Academia Ista Vol 12 No 02 Februari 2008
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian & Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (LPPM), IST AKPRIND Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.34151/technoscientia.v0i0.2017

Abstract

Biodiesel is fuel made of seed oil and has potential to be used as substitute of crude oil. In this experimental work, it was used sun flower seed oil as a raw material of biodiesel.The aims of the research were to study a transesterification reaction of trigli-seryde of a sun flower seed oil and methanol and to attain the optimum conditions of the process to produce good quality of biodiesel. This research were done by mixing sun flower seed oil, methanol and catalyst with oil and methanol volume ratios were 1: 6 and 1:9 respectively. The ester produced were then characterised. The experiments resultant showed that the best quality of biodiesel were attained when the volume ratio between oil and methanol was 1:6 at temperature of reaction of 50oC and time of reaction of 90 minute. The characteristic of the oil produced were specific gravity 60/60 °F = 0,8846 ; viscosity kinematic = 4,562 cSt; pour point = 25,7°F ; flash point = 115 °F, and conversion of 32,42%. This characteristic in the range of the standard of biodiesel based on the letter of Ketua Badan Standarisasi Nasional No.04 – 7182 – 2006 about biodiesel.
SOSIALISASI PEMBAHARUAN HUKUM ACARA PIDANA MENYANGKUT PROSES PENYIDIKAN BERBASIS MULTIMEDIA Anita, Fitri; Rosmanila, Rosmanila
Majalah Keadilan Vol 21 No 2 (2021): MAJALAH KEADILAN
Publisher : Universitas Prof. Dr. Hazairin, SH

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (198.256 KB) | DOI: 10.32663/mkfh.v21i2.2383

Abstract

Undang-Undang Nomor 8 Tahun 1981 tentang KUHP telah berlaku selama lebih dari dua puluh tahun, namun ada banyak kekurangan atau penyimpangan dalam praktik judikature pidana di Indonesia. Kekurangan dan penyimpangan KUHP dapat ditemukan di tingkat penyidikan. Misalnya, ada tindakan kekerasan yang tidak benar-benar saksi atau yang dituduh selama pemeriksaan: ada tumpang tindih dalam otoritas investigasi di antara Petugas Investigasi Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesia, Petugas Investigasi FungsiOnaris Sipil Pemerintah dan juga petugas investigasi lainnya; menyelidiki batas waktu; dan lain-lain. Oleh karena itu, perlu ada upaya reformasi hukum dengan merevisi KUHP agar sistem peradilan pidana memenuhi harapan kita, dan mengantisipasi pembangunan masyarakat
First Responders While Administering Unrealized Integrated Pre-Hospital Anita, Fitri; Hariyanti, Tita; Suharsono, Tony
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 2 No 3 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (650.862 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v2i3.143

Abstract

The mortality rate concerning post-traffic accident trauma is estimated to gets higher for the next years. When a traffic accident occurs, the provision of first aid is carried out by laypeople/communities around the scene with limited knowledge and equipment available. Especially, if a traffic accident occurs in an area that has not applied an integrated pre-hospital service. This research aims to explore the first responders’ care administration in a region that has not applied pre-hospitalized emergency service formally. This is a qualitative study with a case study approach. This approach is chosen to identify emerging themes. The research was conducted in Konawe municipality, from February until March 2020. It was done by interviewing 8 participants consisting of the citizens, traffic police officers, hospital party, and health agency in the research site that had been selected based on the applied inclusion criteria. Five themes were found in this research. First responders struggle to save the traffic accident victims after the incident. They helped accident victims with limited tools. They helped the accident victims by sending them off to a health service immediately. They attempt to help the victims by sending them off to health services by using public transportation. Support Police action when finding accident victims. It could be concluded that in the area that has not applied integrated-emergency pre-hospital service would directly influence service availability in the society. The people would struggle to substitute the roles of medical workers in administering the first aid outside of a hospital with various limitations. Education and training programs concerning administering first aid, given quarterly, could be an appropriate health service program to offer for broader people as the first responders.