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SHORT COMMUNICATION: PREVIOUSLY UNREPORTED HUMAN−PRIMATE CONFLICT IN KALISALAK FOREST, CENTRAL JAVA-INDONESIA Erie Nasution; Rosyid Al Hakim; Nur Aoliya
Jurnal Riset Rumpun Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (JURRIMIPA) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2022): April : Jurnal Riset Rumpun Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam
Publisher : Pusat riset dan Inovasi Nasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1073.282 KB) | DOI: 10.55606/jurrimipa.v1i1.156

Abstract

We found the phenomenon of human−primate conflict (HPC) in the Kalisalak Forest, Central Java, Indonesia. This location is also known locally as the research site of the Kalisalak Study Site or Kalisalak Grand Forest Park (KGFP) and is used for religious activities by local ethnicities. The research site is used for pilgrimages every Suro Month in the Islamic calendar. Based on the history adopted from the local people, the macaques already existed in the colonial period of the Dutch East Indies. We interviewed "caretakers", mentioning that there are about 75 to 100 long-tailed macaques, but an unusual phenomenon occurs in HPC. According to local people, this conflict is in the form of crop-raiding, expressing agonistic behaviour such as grimacing and chasing visitors. However, when we repeated observations for one month, there was no conflict between long-tailed macaques and humans. The recorded population is still one large group. Besides, to conserve long-tailed macaques and minimize the incidence of HPC, further research is needed to be related to the management of primates by considering the location of the grand forest park type as well as secondary forest types, with the main commodity of the community being forest products.
Stereotype and abnormal behaviour in Macaca fascicularis captive: Towards good environmental enrichment for its sustainability Erie Nasution; Rosyid Al-Hakim; Siti Rukayah
JURNAL RISET RUMPUN ILMU HEWANI Vol. 1 No. 2 (2022): Oktober : Jurnal Riset Rumpun Ilmu Hewani
Publisher : Pusat riset dan Inovasi Nasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (771.683 KB) | DOI: 10.55606/jurrih.v1i2.551

Abstract

Stereotypes and abnormal behaviour (SAB) exhibited by long-tailed macaques (LTMs) have attracted the attention of behavioural study, although caused by many factors. Mostly found in captivity, it can also occur in the natural environment. This study aims to review several scientific articles on SAB in LTMs, as well as for environmental enrichment conditions. This study used a web-based survey to collect all scientific publications related to SAB in LTMs with a statistical correlation test to determine the cost of individuals' needs as an animal model for the research and the regression test to determine the effects of the number of individuals observed, as well as SAB types in LTMs. This study used two variables: the number of individuals and SAB types and sorted by rank. The statistical correlation result shows that the cost of individuals' needs as an animal model for the research and publication's year is positive correlate. The regression test result shows that the total number of individuals observed is significantly different (p-value<0.05, one-tailed) between SAB types. The primary goal of stimulating environmental enrichment is to give pleasant options for animals based on the treatment object in the study supplied while emphasising animal welfare and promoting research effectiveness.
A Review of Bioinformatics for Primatologists: A Note for Reducing Living Primate Model and Supporting the Conservation Rosyid Ridlo Al Hakim; Erie Nasution; Siti Rukayah; Esa Putri; Sri Riani
Journal of Advanced Health Informatics Research Vol. 1 No. 1 (2023)
Publisher : Peneliti Teknologi Teknik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.59247/jahir.v1i1.1

Abstract

The problem is that bioinformatics, as a part of health informatics, plays a role in studying molecular things and genetic studies. Primatologists who studied primates, as well as non-human primates (NHPs), found a dilemma relating to biomedical studies and conservation. Which one to achieve, the goal of being a model animal or their conservation efforts, of course, has very few boundaries. The solution in this study tries to review how to seek to reduce the quantity of NHPs model animals but not reduce their quality, on the other hand, considerations of conservation efforts. The research contribution in this paper proposed authors' perspectives according to the context of the NHPs model as well as conservation efforts, which are considered for dry or wet materials, which means that the genetic resources come. This study would give the 3Rs principle idea, reducing, which contributes to its conservation efforts. This review method used literature surf, scientific selection, and report writing. The result proposed the discussion about related scientific sources as well as the authors' perspective to solve the problem of animal model uses in NHPs. The conclusion is that NHPs are fortunate to receive special attention outside their studies as animal models, even though they are still used in research to benefit humans. Of course, the benefits and drawbacks of using genetic samples—whether wet or dry—are only relevant when used as research materials for medical and bioinformatics investigations. So that there are no more instances of increasing conservation status brought on by the volume of research on the use of model animals, efforts to conserve NHPs as a component of wildlife in nature must be considered.