Syamsul Wathani, Syamsul
UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

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Journal : SUHUF: Jurnal Pengkajian Al-Qur'an dan Budaya

Konfigurasi Nalar Tafsīr al-Maqāṣidī: Pendekatan Sistem Interpretasi Wathani, Syamsul
SUHUF Vol 9 No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Lajnah Pentashihan Mushaf Al-Qur'an

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22548/shf.v9i2.156

Abstract

This article discusses the concept of maqāṣid al-sharīʻah (the goal of sharia) as a basis of the interpretation of the Qur'an. The points to be discussed are focused on two lines, namely the paradigm of tafsīr al-maqāṣidī (the goal interpretation) and the configuration of the reason of tafsīr al-maqāṣidī. The approach used is the hermeneutic approach within the framework of the structure of the interpretation system. It is by using the approach and the analysis, this article draws conclusions to the three lines of the understanding on the tafsīr al-maqāṣidī: (1) The paradigm of tafsīr al-maqāṣidī is the perspective toward the Qur'an and its interpretation along with the concept of maqāṣid al-sharīʻah as the starting point, working with the emphasis on the harmonization between the text and the spirit of justice as has been conceptualized in the theory of maqāṣid al-sharīʻah. Thus, tafsīr al-maqāṣidī emphasizes logical reasoning for the public benefit to be more powerful than the text reasoning. (2) Hermeneutical reasoning of tafsīr al-maqāṣidī is supported by three pillars of awareness: the historical, theoretical, and practical awareness. The three pillars are then actualized in the step of interpretation covering: contextualization, decontextualization, and ends with a re-contextualization. (3) As a system of interpretation, tafsīr al-maqāṣidī passes the way of interpretation through the rules of linguistic, the analysis of hermeneutics and the analysis of public benefit (maṣlaḥah). Keywords Maqāṣid al-sharīʻah, hermeneutics, interpretation system, tafsīr al-maqāṣidī.