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KONSEP KEPALA KELUARGA ANTARA LAKI-LAKI DAN PEREMPUAN DALAM SURAT AN NISA (4) AYAT 34 Kholis, Muhammad Nur
ISTINBATH JURNAL HUKUM Vol 12, No 2 (2015): Edisi November 2015
Publisher : STAIN Jurai Siwo Metro

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Abstract

AbstractHusbands role in the family is affected by the role of the wife. Harmonious domestic life is the desire of every couple who fostered by the head of the family both men and women. But in practice conditions many families are affected by the threat of hurricanes and the current inequality of a leadership role. The relationship between husband and wife at a given time can suffer shocks worrying. Tali marriage in Islam is a strong bond that is formed couples in order to reach the fabric of household. In al-Quran Allah characterization of his marriage with the term mitsaqan ghalizhan (rope solid agreement). This article attempts to explain the relationship between the holy book the Koran and the community, both of which are factors that have a dependency memenculkan different interpretations, particularly of the concept of "head of household". In other words, changes in the condition and development is a means to understand the scope of the meaning of al-Quran. Keyword: Quran , Society , head of the family , Sura An- Nisa ( 3 ) : 34 . AbstrakPeran suami dalam keluarga dipengaruhi oleh peran isteri. Kehidupan rumah tangga yang harmonis merupakan dambaan setiap pasangan suami istri yang dibina oleh kepala keluarga baik laki-laki maupun perempuan. Namun  dalam prakteknya kondisi keluarga banyak dipengaruhi oleh ancaman badai dan arus ketimpangan peran kepemimpinan. Hubungan antara suami istri pada saat tertentu dapat mengalami guncangan yang mencemaskan. Tali pernikahan dalam Islam adalah sebuah ikatan yang kokoh yang menjalin pasangan suami istri dalam rangka menggapai jalinan rumah tangga. Dalam al-Qur`an Allah swt menyifati hubungan pernikahan itu dengan istilah mitsaqan ghalizhan (tali perjanjian yang kokoh). Artikel ini mencoba untuk menjelaskan hubungan antara kitab suci al-Qur‘an dan masyarakat, yang keduanya merupakan faktor yang mempunyai ketergantungan yang memenculkan interpretasi berbeda, terutama dari konsep "kepala rumah tangga". Dengan kata lain, perubahan kondisi dan perkembangan merupakan sarana untuk memahami luasnya makna al-Qur`an. Keyword : Al-Qur`an, Masyarakat, kepala keluarga, QS An- Nisa ( 3 ) : 34.
POTENSI BIOMASSA LIMBAH PERTANIAN DALAM PRODUKSI BIOETANOL Kholis, Muhammad Nur; Sari, Maya
Conference on Innovation and Application of Science and Technology (CIASTECH) CIASTECH 2018 "Inovasi IPTEKS untuk mendukung Pembangunan Berkelanjutan"
Publisher : Universitas Widyagama Malang

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Abstract

Kebutuhan energi saat ini masih sangat tergantung pada ketersediaan energi fosil yang bersifat non-renewable di samping menimbulkan permasalahan lingkungan, sehingga perlu dicari bahan bakar alternatif ramah lingkungan serta dapat diperbaharui salah satunya adalah bioetanol. Biomassa limbah industri minyak kayu putih, bonggol jagung, batang tembakau, Jerami padi, kedelai, ampas tebu, tandan kosong kelapa sawit merupakan biomassa lignoselulosa yang berpotensi sebagai bahan baku bioetanol generasi kedua sehingga tidak berkompetisi dengan bahan pangan. Potensi pemanfaatan biomassa limbah pertanian untuk produksi bioetanol karena mengandung selulosa yang tinggi. Proses produksi bioetanol terdiri atas tahap pretreatment, sakaraifikasi, fermentasi, dan pemurnian.
Google Form ka Wasīlah at-Taqyīm fīTa’līm al-Qirā`ah wa al-Qawā’id bi al-Jāmi’ah Kholis, Muhammad Nur; Sodik, Achmad Jakfar; Shiddiq, Jamaluddin; Hafidah, Hafidah
LISANIA: Journal of Arabic Education and Literature Vol 4, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : IAIN Salatiga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18326/lisania.v4i1.80-107

Abstract

This paper tries to explain the process of using google form as a assessment instruments for Arabic reading skills (qirâ`ah) and arabic grammar (qawâ’id). The purpose of this study is to find out the features that can be used as a assessment instruments for qirâ`ah and qawâ’id, and their proficiency assessment instruments. This study uses a qualitative approach to the type of descriptive research. The objects of this study were students at IAIN Surakarta who participated in the Arabic Practicum Program organized by the Language Development Center (P2B). The results showed that the features of google form that can be used as a medium for evaluating the competence of  reading Arabic texts and Arabic rules are short answer, multiple choice, checkboxes and dropdown features.
Xylooligosaccharide Production from Tobacco Stalk Xylan using Xylanase Streptomyces sp. BO 3.2 Kholis, Muhammad Nur; Yopi,; Meryandini, Anja
Makara Journal of Science Vol. 19, No. 2
Publisher : UI Scholars Hub

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Abstract

Tobacco stalk (TS), which is one type of lignocellulosic material, has a xylan content of up to 21.9%. Lignocellulose can be used to produce xylooligosaccharides (XOs). XOs are dietary fibers that have prebiotic activity. This study aimed to produce XOs from tobacco stalk xylan using xylanase from Streptomyces sp. BO 3.2. After the TS was delignified, the xylan was extracted using the alkali method. The delignification process, which used 1% natrium hypoclorite (NaOCl), decreased the lignins from 32.93% to 18.15%. Xylan extraction was conducted using 10% natrium hydoroxide (NaOH); this extraction produced xylan of 15.53% (w/w). The xylanase produced by Streptomyces sp. BO 3.2 on a 0.5% TS medium had 5.92 U/mL of activity, with the optimum condition occurring at pH 5.5 and a temperature of 60 °C. The xylanase was stable, at temperature 4 °C and 30 °C for 120 hours. The xylanase Streptomyces sp. BO 3.2 was capable of hydrolyzing 2% TS xylan and 2% beechwood xylan during the first, third, sixth, and twelfth hours of incubation time; it also produced XOs with degrees of polymerization (DP) of 2.18 and 2.15, respectively. A Thin layer chomatography (TLC) analysis indicated that the hydrolysis products were XOs with the absence of xylose, glucose, and arabinose.