When the first technology of photography came to the Netherlands-Indies inthe nineteenth century, it was only used for government purposes and wasnot yet meant for public consumption. On the other hand, the rise of colonialtourism in the Netherlands-Indies in the early twentieth century required amedium for promotion. Photographs were the right choice because, as the sayinggoes, pictures could tell more than words. Photographs for colonial tourismpromotions were produced in various forms such as postcards, illustrations inmagazines and guide books, and were published by the colonial governmentas well as by private publishers. This article discusses the role of photographyin colonial tourism in the Netherlands-Indies and its influence in the process to‘find Indonesia’. The sources used are taken from published postcard collections,magazines, guide books, and also published government archives.
As a process that relates to culture, acculturation becomes one important factor in tourism. Usually, the hosts borrow the result of acculturation in tourism activity more than the tourists (guests). Acculturation in tourism does not only occur in tourism practices today but also in the past, especially in colonial Indonesia. This article discusses acculturation in tourism activity in the Netherlands-Indies that became part of the tourism practices by using historical methods and Nunezâ€™s concept of acculturation in tourism. By using guidebooks, newspapers, magazines, postcards, photographs, travelogues as sources, this article traces the result of acculturation at that time.The result shows that there was acculturation in tourism activity in the Netherlands-Indies. There were material objects and customs as tourism facilities, that could be seen, practised and enjoyed by the tourists. It concluded that at that time the tourists (the guests) borrowed the result of acculturation more from the hosts.
Despite some vital and interwoven cultural elements of the colonial Dutch East-Indies, the existence of Islam has never been brought up as part of the local culture. Since Islam in the colony was perceived with prejudice, the colonial government considered that it was not important to mark the contribution of Islam in the culture of the Indies. The paper reveals that there has been little information published by the colonial travel bureau on the Islamic spiritual aspects, despite the fact that there were some records written by foreign tourists who were interested in the practice of Islam. The tourist bureau favored Islamic architecture and featured the Hindu influence on Islam
This paper discusses the views regarding tourism, especially the role of Vereeniging Toeristenverkeer (VTV)-Association of tourism- in the Netherlands Indies from the newspapers published in the Netherlands. The newspapers are Het Vaderland (HV), Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant (NRC), Algemeen Handelsblad (AH) during the period of 1909 to 1940. From the three newspapers, the articles about promotion of tourism in the Netherlands Indies, are found to be dominant. They provide also an overview of criticism and suggestion about tourism in the Netherlands Indies, which can be understood because the three newspapers were the liberal newspapers.Keywords: the views of the Netherlands newspapers, colonial tourism, the Dutch East Indies
At the end of the nineteenth century until the beginning of the twentieth century, International tourists have begun visiting the Dutch East Indies and Malaya. Therefore, guidebooks about the Dutch East Indies and Malaya were published for travellers and tourists. Using the historical method, this article discusses which information, how and why the information presented in the early tourist guidebooks. The result shows that the guidebooks provide various information not only about the objects that can be visited, but also about natural scenery, peoples, culinary, flora, fauna, and customs in the regions. They presented in a long narrative and practical text with illustrations. The illustrations in the Indiesâ€™ tourist guidebooks are more varied and accentuate nature and culture compared to Malayaâ€™s guidebooks. Both of them presented exotics objects with the aim to attract western tourists in particular.