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ADVOKASI MASYARAKAT DALAM PENYELESAIAN SENGKETA LINGKUNGAN HIDUP DI JATEN, KABUPATEN KARANGANYAR Absori, Absori
WARTA WARTA Volume 10, Nomor 1, Maret 2007
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/warta.v10i1.3201

Abstract

The problem of this public service is how to realize the autonomicpeople power to do the advocate of environment in order to overcomethe environmental conflict. In the training of the advocate of environment,the victims of pollution—most of them are farmers and low educatedpeople— are very enthusiastic to join the training. They are curious toknow how to struggle for their polluted environment as the result of themisconduct of irresponsible companies. In the effort of this advocate ofenvironment, the NGO “Gita Pertiwi” also gives significant contribution.It tends to cooperate with the society in order to do the advocatingprocess. Yet, the previous activity is conducting dialogues with the societyabout the pollution problem. Besides, they attempt to facilitate the societyto figure and find out the solution of the problem.
MODEL PENYELESAIAN SENGKETA LINGKUNGAN MELALUI LEMBAGA ALTERNATIF Absori, Mr.; Dimyati, Khuzaefah; Wardiono, Kelik
Jurnal Mimbar Hukum Fakultas Hukum Universitas Gadjah Mada Vol 20, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1.795 KB)

Abstract

Resolving environmental dispute through court litigation often ends up with failure. As a consequence, society in ccoperation with Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) and environmental organization prefer to use Alternative Dispute resolution (ADR) to reslove environmental dispute. In this regard, mediation is often chosen by the parties as it promotes a “win-win solution”. Moreover, mediation offers efficient, cheap and fast dispute resolution process. However, Indonesian law has not adequately accomodated the use of ADR in environmental dispute. As a consequence, the problem of legal certainty often come up. In order to overcome this situation, it is important to develop a mediation process that ensures the legal certainty for both of the disputants. This can be done by developing a mediation forum which is legalized by court.
‘Irfâniy as Epistemology Method Sufism Based on Conscience Prasetyo, Yogi; Absori, Absori
TSAQAFAH Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Islam and Spirituality
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (567.271 KB) | DOI: 10.21111/tsaqafah.v14i2.1625

Abstract

This article aims to explain ‘irfâniy as a method for human beings to acquire knowledge through the intuition of conscience as did the Sufis through the path of Sufism in the teachings of Islam. Man as a battle creature given the highest degree by God, in addition to the sense and sense, also given the conscience to feel things that are not real in concrete and something that is outside the logic. ‘Irfâniy as a method of knowledge epistemology can lead man to a spiritual life close to God. The inner nature of the knowledge of ‘irfâniy has led man to an immaterial life which is sublime in the true life of the world. The path of Sufism’s life which is done by the ‘irfâniy method is able to place the life of ma‘rifat for man, that is, the highest level of life associated with a very close relationship with God. There are several steps that must be taken by humans to achieve ‘irfâniy knowledge, starting from the preparation stage, acceptance, formation and disclosure. Therefore, the subjective nature of ‘irfâniy knowledge, then the quality of knowledge depends on the human ability to perform by the mind. ‘Irfâniy as a form of human inner knowledge is influenced by the empirical and logical experience and spiritual life of the deity of man, so that knowledge ‘irfâniy is direct, whole, fixed and comprehensive. Humans with ‘irfâniy method can reach God truth that is absolute and essential.
Pembangunan Hukum Islam di Indonesia (Studi Politik Hukum Islam di Indonesia Dalam Kerangka Al-Masalih) Absori, Absori
AL-RISALAH Vol 15 No 2 (2015)
Publisher : AL-RISALAH

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (331.363 KB)

Abstract

This essay attempts to reveal the political Islamic law in Indonesia as the basic construction of the Islamic law in Indonesia, using a normative paradigm with doctrinal approach. Developments of Islamic law in Indonesia in childbirth periodization legal political configuration. The birth of Djakarta charter that reduces the values of Islam as the value of Indonesian life is the beginning of the desire of the Indonesian people to establish Islamic law in Indonesia. The existence of Islamic law in Indonesia cannot be separated from the political perspective of law, so that the development of Islamic law in Indonesia must be oriented to the values of "al-masalih", which is the integration of positive law and the values of Islamic law.
Incorporating Psychological Approach in Nurturing the Inmates: Solution for Better Correctional System Rohayu H, Rina; Absori, Absori; Surbakti, Natangsa
Jurnal Media Hukum Volume 27, Number 1, June 2020
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/jmh.20200139

Abstract

Correctional facility has duty and strategic function in implementing the imprisonment and nurturing the inmates. The existing regulations are unble to solve the problems within the correctional system. The purpose of this study is to find out better solution with regard to the nurturing process of the inmates. This study employs doctrinal or normative approach. It is found that many inmates involve in criminal activities during the nurturing process. Furthermore, the inmates often become recidivists either by repeating the previous crime or conducting the new one. These facts show that the application of the existing regulations fail to change the inmates’ behavior. Self-conscience of the inmates is a determinant factor and therefore, psychological approach needs to be incorporated in the nurturing process. This can be done especially by providing psychotherapy for the inmates
Law Enforcement of Fisheries Crime in North Maluku Province through Transcendental Paradigm Hanafi, Muhammad Amin; Absori, Absori; Dimyati, Khudzaifah; Syawal, Ajid Abdul; Budiono, Arief
Journal of Transcendental Law Volume 2, No 1, 2020
Publisher : Law Doctoral Program Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/jtl.v2i1.11368

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Objective: This article aims to discuss the enforcement of customary law in North Maluku, the deliberation value in the BMA Sultanate of Ternate, and the implementation of customary criminal sanctions by the Badan Musyawarah Adat.Methodology: The methodology used in this study was legal research conducted in a non-doctrinal qualitative approach. In this study, the law is not only conceptualized as all the principles and rules that regulate human life in society but also includes institutions and processes that actualize the validity of these rules in society.Findings: Law enforcement of fisheries crimes is based on the provisions of Indonesian Law No. 45 of 2009 concerning Fisheries. Criminal provisions are regulated by Articles 84 to 104. One of them is about sinking the ship used to commit fishing crimes. Sanctions given to the fish theft (illegal fishing) perpetrators in territorial waters that have been determined by the local customary head are 1) warning; (2) monetary charges according to the agreement of the local customary community; and (3) boat (pajeko in Ternate) or motorboat seized by the sultanate to be used by the community through profit sharing.Utility: Customary Institute of Ternate Sultanate in 2018 has decided on three cases in the Kao bay area concerning fish catching. Besides the traditional law enforcement that is implemented by the Sultanate, North Maluku recognizes Sasi Customs (Adat Sasi), which is regulation of tradition that limits people for catching fish or taking other sources in a certain type and particular period. Thus, the ecological balance is still maintained.Novelty/Originality: The concept of transcendental law enforcement is substantially in line with the values in the Segulaha tradition that has been applied for a long time in North Maluku. In Segulaha customary law, there is a traditional element in a person who has the same soul with transcendental values by positioning revelation as the source of the law. Keywords: Law Enforcement, Fisheries Crimes, Transcendental Approach
The Transcendental Paradigm Of The Development Of Legal Law Absori, Absori; Nugroho, Sigit Sapto
Journal of Transcendental Law Volume 1, No 1, 2019
Publisher : Law Doctoral Program Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/jtl.v1i1.8786

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Purpose of the study: This article aims to formulate (1) epistemology jurisprudence has the positivistic level, (2) jurisprudence epistemology has transcendental paradigm, and (3) epistemology of the development of prophetic jurisprudence. Methodology: This research uses library research by conducting research and data analysis and then they use it using knowledge, especially jurisprudence with transcendental values. Main Findings: The base of epistemological positivistic jurisprudence that is objective, empirical and rational which are supported by systematic, procedural and formal models result in its development has lost essential elements, namely spiritual values, so that modern society has a crisis in defining the meaning of life in the world. Applications of this study: The base of transcendental legal science understands people and their life in an intact form (holistic), not merely material nature but also their souls. The development of the prophetic law is intended as a guidance for human life to achieve happiness in the world and in the hereafter, because the prophetic law can not be fragmented between the physical body (formal) and transcendental values. Novelty/Originality of this study: The paradigm of the transcendental epistemology of legal science emphasizes in the integration approaches between sciences and values in various views
Law Enforcement to Transcendental Based of Paramedic Doctoroid Practices in Health Service Soekiswati, Siti; Absori, Absori
Journal of Transcendental Law Volume 1, No 1, 2019
Publisher : Law Doctoral Program Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/jtl.v1i1.8696

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Purpose of the study: This article aims to discuss the paramedic doctoroid practices in primary health care in Community Health Center conducted by paramedic doctors.Methodology: This research is socio-legal research; research on law application, viewing law acting as law in action, which involves the interrelation between law and social institutions.Main Findings: Delegation of duty policies under the roof of paramedic doctoroid practices in health services in Community Health Center. This research is a socio-legal aimed at uncovering the phenomenon of paramedic doctoroid practices.Applications of the study: The current study provides criticism for the government in creating inconsistent policies, poor supervision, and law enforcement behind doctoroid practice persistence.Novelty/Originality of the study: the concept of law enforcement is based on the philosophy of the first principle of Pancasila as the Indonesian ideology, transcendental-based law enforcement.
Makna Pengelolaan Lingkungan Pespektif Etik Profetik Absori, Absori; Dimyati, Khudzaifah; Ridwan, Ridwan
AL-TAHRIR Vol 17, No 2 (2017): Islam dan Ekologi
Publisher : IAIN Ponorogo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21154/altahrir.v17i2.1063

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Abstract: Nowdays the disaster and anomaly of ecology are quite difficult to avoid. Concequently, nature has become  a real threat to the survival of human. It occurs due to industrial activity, mining, transportation and  agriculture as the mechine of capitalist ideology. The research employed the nomative-descriptive, and philosopy approach. This paper aims to (1) explore the spirit of theological  and moral-ethical which are a bucker the capitalism or materialism ideology. (2) How is perspective and bid of moral-ethical of islam (prophetic) toward the meaning and management of the environment. The result shows that first, the desire for natural exploitation which is become a characteristic of capitalism or materialism ideology underpinned by a certain theological spirit that encourages domination and human exploitation on the nature. Moreover, the exploitation desire also underpinned by moral-ethical philosopy of hedonism or utilitarianism (pragmatism), which measures the highest kindness by accumulating the material as much as possible. Second, in the Islam perspective (prophetic), the nature interpreted as a something sacred, created by Allah, as one of the object  for seeking knowledge of the greatest of Allah. And in the end it makes human closed to faithfulness (trancendence). In the prophetic ethical, the universum (nature) utilized for human prosperity. And it directed to humanization, liberation and trancendence in order to create a fair society and egalitarian. الملخص: ستكون الأضرار البيئية والشذوذ في المستقبل إنتشرت في هذا العالم، ولذلك أصبحت الطبيعة تهديدا حقيقيا لبقاء الحياة البشرية, وأسباب هذه المصيبة هي كثرة  النشاط الصناعي، والتعدين، وعملية النقل، والزراعة التي تعتمد على روح وفلسفة رأسمالية. وبطريقة البحث الوصفي الديني وبالمدخل الفلسفي هدف هذا البحث إلى أولا: كشف الأرواح اللاهوتية والأخلاقية التي تقوم عليها الرأسمالية.  ثانيا: ما رأي الإسلام والأخلاقية (النبوية) عن الإدارة البيئية ومعانيها. ونتائج هذا البحث أولا: رغبات الاستغلال الطبيعي التي تكون عادة وحجة لإيديولوجي الرأسمالية المادية، وبالإضافة إلى ذلك، فإن رغبة الاستغلال الطبيعي قد تكون معتمدة أيضا بفلسفة مذهب التحليلية المتعة والنفعية المادية التي تقيس الخيرات من خلال المواد الكثيرة العظيمة. ثانيا: وفي نظر الإسلام (النبوي) أن العالم هو شيء مقدس، الذي أنشأه الله للناس جميعا ليأخذه عبرة وتدبرا في عظمة الله، وأخيرا ليكون العالم وسيلة لتقريب الناس إلي الإيمان بالله. وفي رأي الأخلاق النبوية، أن العالم (الطبيعة) يستخدم لأجل الرحمة أو الرفاهية للناس جميعا, ليكون العالم يدور على طبيعته الإنسانية والتحررية والتجاوزية لتحقيق مجتمع عادل ومتكافيء.Abstrak: Dewasa ini bencana dan anomali ekologis semakin sulit terelakkan, akibatnya alam telah menjadi ancaman nyata bagi kelangsungan kehidupan umat manusia. Hal ini disebabkan oleh aktifitas industri, pertambangan, transportasi, dan pertanian sebagai mesin idiologi kapitalis. Dengan menggunakan metode normatif-deksriptif, dan pedekatan filosofis, tulisan ini bertujuan; pertama, mengungkap spirit teologis dan moral-etik yang menjadi penyokong ideologi kapitalisme/materialisme; kedua, bagaimanakah perspektif dan tawaran moral-etik Islam (profetik) terhadap makna dan pengelolaan lingkungan hidup. Dalam pembahasan dan analisis, tulisan ini menyimpulkan bahwa pertama, hasrat eksploitasi Alam yang menjadi karakteristik ideologi kapitalisme-materialisme,  didukung oleh spirit teologis tertentu yang mendorng dominasi dan eksploitas manusia atas Alam. Selain itu, hasrat eksploitasi itu juga didukung oleh filsafat moral-etik hedonis-utilitarianisme (pragmatis), yang mengukur kebaikan tertinggi dengan mengakumulasi materi sebanyak mungkin. Kedua, dalam sudut pandang Islam (profetik), Alam dimaknai sebagai sesuatu yang sakral, diciptakan Allah, sebagai salah satu objek menggali ilmu-kebesaran Allah, dan pada akhirnya semakin mendekatkan diri manusia pada keimanan (transedensi). Dalam etik profetik, universum (Alam)  di manfaatkan untuk kesejahteraan manusia, serta diarahkan dalam rangka untuk melakukan humanisasi, liberasi, transendensi, agar tercipta masyarakat adil dan egaliter.
KEBIJAKAN PERIZINAN, SENGKETA LINGKUNGAN HIDUP DAN KEPENTINGAN INVESTASI Absori, Absori
Jurnal Jurisprudence Vol 7, No 2 (2017): Vol. 7, No. 2, Desember, 2017
Publisher : Muhammadiyah University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/jurisprudence.v7i2.5539

Abstract

Kebijakan perizinana lingkungan dan kepentingan investasi disorot oleh banyak pihak, dianggap mempunyai andil besar yang menyebabkan krisis  lingkungan di negeri ini. Perusakan dan pencemaran bidang lingkungan yang dilakukan pelaku usaha/industri dapat ditelusuri dari berbagai kebijakan pemberian perizinan lingkungan, seperti pendirian pabrik semen, penebangan HPH, reklamasi pantai, tambang  batubara, emas dan lain lain. Perizinan lingkungan yang menimbulkan sengketa lingkungan apabila tidak bisa diselesaikan melalui hukum administrasi semata tetapi dapat juga dilakukan melalui hukum perdata bahkan pidana. Pembuktian hukum perdata biasa memerlukan pembuktian mengenai unsur hubungan sebab akibat,  yang didasarkan pada dalil liabality base on fault  dinilai akan memberatkan pihak yang melakukan gugatan. Karena itu dengan berkembangnya industrialisasi yang menghasilkan resiko yang bertambah besar serta makin rumitnya hubungan sebab-akibat, maka teori hukum telah meninggalkan konsep “kesalahan” dan berpaling ke konsep “resiko” yang menekankan pada tangung jawab mutlak dengan didasarkan pada asas liability base on risk. Model ke depan dalam penyelesaiaan sengketa perizinan lingkungan yang melibatkan masyarakat, pemerintah atau dunia usaha akan lebih baik apabila dilakukan melalui lembaga alternatif, dirancang melalui lembaga mediasi  berdasarkan win win solution. Model penyelesaiaan ini merupakan model penyelesaiaan yang efisien, murah, cepat dan mampu menghasilkan keputusan yang lebih baik. Kata Kunci : Perizinan lingkungan, Gugatan masyarakat dan Penyelesaian sengketa.