Sri Marmanto, Sri
Jurusan Sastra Inggris, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Journal : PRASASTI: Journal of Linguistics

STRATEGI KESANTUNAN DAN PELANGGARAN PRINSIP KERJASAMA DALAM TALKSHOW RUMPI (NO SECRET) DI TRANS TV (TINJAUAN PRAGMATIK) Widyaningrum, Maria Ana; Sumarlam, Sumarlam; Marmanto, Sri
PRASASTI: Journal of Linguistics Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/prasasti.v2i2.2290

Abstract

Penelitian ini membahas strategi kesantunan yang terjadi antara pembawa acara dan narasumber. Sebagai publik figure strategi kesantunan memang sangat penting untuk menjaga dan melindungi ‘muka’ yang bersangkutan dari keterancaman.Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Data penelitian ini berupa data lisan dari lima episode Rumpi (No Secret) di Trans TV. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan teknik purposive sampling. Teknik penyediaan data dilakukan dengan teknik simak bebas libat cakap, teknik rekam, dan teknik catat.Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan percakapan yang dilakukan oleh pembawa acara dan narasumber di acara Rumpi (No Secret), dalam strategi kesantunan tuturan pembawa acara lebih lugas, pembawa acara memberikan simpati kepada narasumber, pembawa acara sering melucu untuk mencairkan suasana, pembawa acara sering memberikan pertanyaan model tertutup. Pelanggaran prinsip kerjasama yang dilakukan narasumber melanggar satu maksim yaitu maksim kuantitas, maksim kualitas, maksim cara dan maksim relevan; pelanggaran dua maksim yaitu maksim kuantitas dan maksim cara, maksim kualitas dan maksim cara, maksim kuantitas dan maksim relevan, maksim kuantitas dan maksim kualitas, maksim relevan dan maksim cara; pelanggaran tiga maksim yaitu maksim kuantitas, maksim relevan dan maksim cara; maksim kuantitas, maksim kualitas dan maksim cara; maksim kualitas, maksim relevan dan maksim cara. Terdapat 18 implikatur akibat adanya pelanggaran prinsip kerjasama yaitu implikatur belum siap wawancara, menyalahkan, mengkritik, memberitahukan, mengungkapkan kesedihan, menyatakan, melarang, menolak, menyatakan lelucon, menyindir, membenarkan, menjelaskan, bingung, berhati-hati menjawab, mengevaluasi, merasa kesal, mencurigai, dan menegaskan.Kata kunci: strategi kesantunan, prinsip kerja sama, implikatur.
ALIH KODE DALAM DIALOG NOVEL SURGA YANG TAK DIRINDUKAN KARYA ASMA NADIA Wulandari, Rina; Marmanto, Sri; Sumarlam, Sumarlam
PRASASTI: Journal of Linguistics Vol 1, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/prasasti.v1i2.1400

Abstract

The objectives of this research are to explain: (1) the forms of code switching in a dialogue of novel Surga yang Tak Dirindukan, (2) the factors influencing of code switching in a dialogue of novel Surga yang Tak Dirindukan, (3) the functions of code switching in a dialogue of novel Surga yang Tak Dirindukan. The research employed a Poplack’s sociolinguistics approach. The research using qualitative descriptive method. The data obtained from the dialogue of novel, then were analyzed by using the communicative ethnographic approach by considering the existing speech context, namely: speech components. The data of the research included speech dialogue in a novel there were code switching. The data collection of the  research began by determining of novel, documentation technique, classification technique, and coding of data technique. Then, using ethnographic method with domain analysis technique, taxonomic analysis technique, componential analysis technique, and cultural of themes analysis technique. The data were validated using the triangulation technique and analyzed by means of the Spradley model of analysis.  The result of the research shows that the forms of code switching are tag switching, intra-sentential code switching, and inter-sentential code switching through the use of declarative, imperative, and interrogative sentences. Tag switching consists of 24 data, intra-sentential code switching consists of 12 data, and inter-sentential consists of 49 data. The factors influencing the code switching in a dialogue of novel include to quoting others’ speech and being  disposed for adjusting the language used with interlocutor. Finally, the functions of the code switching are to establish  a good communication and to confirm the addressors’ speech. The conclusion of the research is inter sentential code switching most often appears with a percentage 57,6%, then tag switching is 28,2%, and the last is intra sentential code switching  14,1%. The factors influencing the code switching most often appears is Ends factor in a inter sentential code switching with percentage 24,7% and rarely appears is a act sequence factors in a tag switching with percentage 2,3%. And the last the functions of code switching most often appears to convince the hearer functions in a inter sentential code switching with percentage 12,9%, then never appears to respect hearer functions and to change situation or humor functions  in a inter sentential code switching 0% Keywords: code switching, sociolinguistic study, Poplack’s sociolinguistics approach, Surga yang Tak Dirindukan
PILIHAN KODE BAGI SISWA DI PESANTREN ULIL ALBAB (KAJIAN SOSIOLINGUISTIK) Wahidah, Baiq Yulia Kurnia; Djatmika, D.; Marmanto, Sri
PRASASTI: Journal of Linguistics Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/prasasti.v2i2.12222

Abstract

This research aims to find and describe the selection of code in to three domains as well as the types of code choice in accordance with the context in the environment of Ulil Albab boarding schools. The data provision in this study is linguistic data from visual or audio visual recording by using taping and gathering method. The data is primary and secondary. Primary data is the result of visual or audio visual recording of the communicating interaction event and the secondary data is the result of previous research review.In analysis, the data are utterances that contain three kind of code switching i.e metaphorical, conversational, and situational. Thereby, the three data of speech in kind of code switching are the sign for the presence of code selection. The object of this study is interacting event that contains the form of code choice.As the results of this research are the most usage selection of code founded in the realm of friendship, the types selection of code most used in all domains was conversational. From these three domains, each of them was using language variation and contexs the dominance usage of language was Sasak. So, it can be concluded that in interaction process, the usage of code switching in each domain was appropriated with language variation by speaker, in order that the interaction gone well.
PENGGUNAAN ALIH KODE DALAM PERCAKAPAN PADA JARINGAN WHATSAPP OLEH MAHASISWA KNB YANG BERKULIAH DI UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET Thesa, Khodiyo; Nababan, Nababan; Marmanto, Sri
PRASASTI: Journal of Linguistics Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/prasasti.v2i1.1720

Abstract

The aims of this research are (1) to find the types of code switching that used in what’sapp conversation by KNB students of Sebelas Maret University (2) to describe the factors of code switching by KNB students of Sebelas Maret University (3) to describe the functions of code switching by KNB students of Sebelas Maret University.                This research is adescriptive qualitative research employing etnography method (analizing of domain, taxonomy, and componential) in order tofix the pattern of the culture theme. The source of data taken from the code switching conversations of KNB Students. The data are conversations of KNB students in Sebelas Maret University that joined in Sibling What’sApp Group from August until November 2016 and contain of code switching. The collecting data is conversation transcription in Sibling What’sApp group that relates with switching code.The research results were (1) the types of switching code that used by KNB students wereintersentencial switching, intrasentencial switching, and tag switching. The result of analizing research that refers to Spreadly theory or etnography theory showed that intrasentential  was the dominan switching code that appear on KNB students conversation about 43% (2) the factors that caused KNB students switching the code of on their conversation were speaker, addresse speaker, topic, situation, humor, ability, technology, familiarity, and relation whereas (3) the functions of switching codes on the KNB students conversations were to familiar between the speaker and address speaker, to respect the local culture they stayed, to make easy the communication, words of technology, to rich language ability, to remind something to address speaker, to respond the questions, to begin, middle and to end the conversations, to emphasize the speaker meaning, invitation, to change formal situation to informal, perception, to express the speaker feeling, to quote the other person conversation, humor, to address specification, to ask a help, to explain the speaker meaning, and to change a topic.The result of this research showed that switching code on KNB students conversation that join on Sibling What’s App group had three types and it had the factors that can influence switching code and for each KNB students conversation had the function. Intrasentencial code is the dominan switching code because KNB students often use the switching code in words or phrase form. Keywords: KNB students, code switching, intersentential switching, intrasentential switching, tag.