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PENINGKATAN KUALITAS MINYAK DARI PLASTIK POLIPROPILEN DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN BENTONIT/KARBON AKTIF Muis, Lince; Suparjo, Suparjo; Bemis, Restina; Afrianto, Mhd Ficky
CHEMPUBLISH JOURNAL Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Program Studi Kimia FST Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (422.821 KB)

Abstract

Bentonit dan karbon adalah bahan yang biasanya menyerap zat warna dan pengotor pada minyak. Kemampuan bentonit dan karbon dapat ditingkatkan dengan aktivasi untuk memperbesar luas permukaan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengadsorpsi minyak plastic untuk meningkatkan kualitasnya. Adsorpsi ini mengunakan variable warna, sulfur dan nilai kalor. Proses aktivasi karbon mengunakan akitivator KOH sedangkan bentonit menggunakan pemanasan 110 0C. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa pencampuran karbon aktif dan bentonit memberikan pengaruh terhadap nilai kalor dan kandungan sulfur setelah proses adsorbsi pada minyak plastic yang dihasilkan. Kata Kunci: Bentonit, karbon, minyak plastik, bensin, adsorpsi.
PENGOLAHAN LIMBAH POLIPROPILEN MENJADI BAHAN BAKAR CAIR MELALUI METODE PIROLISIS Bemis, Restina; Jamarun, Novesar; Arief, Syukri
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 5, No 2 (2012): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v5i2.217

Abstract

Plastics become the biggest environmental problem when it accumulate in landfills because its non-biodegradable properties. To handle the problems, the plastics were processed to produce liquid fuels by means pyrolysis method which was in this case with and without a catalyst. In this work, polypropylene was used as a precursor and SiO2, zeolites, CaO, Fe as catalysts. FTIR spectrum of pyrolized polypropylene with and without catalysts both have shown C = C functional group at 1648 cm-1. GCMS analysis confirmed the availability of chain length of hydrocarbon between C7 -C27 which is mixture of kerosene and diesel fractions. Catalysts can lower the temperature and time reaction of pyrolysis process as they increase rendement (%) of product. Liquid fuels that produced from polypropylene pyrolysis without catalyst was 72.06%, and with catalysts were 79.59% (SiO2), 74.76%, (zeolite), 76.80% (CaO), and 76.83% (Fe).
Decontamination of Mercury from Mined Soil using Magnetite Functionalized Quaternary Ammonium Silica (Fe3O4/SAK) Ngatijo, Ngatijo; Permatasari, Defia Indah; Farid, Faizar; Bemis, Restina; Heriyanti, Heriyanti; Basuki, Rahmat; Wibowo, Yudha Gusti
Jurnal Presipitasi : Media Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Teknik Lingkungan Vol 18, No 1 (2021): March 2021
Publisher : Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/presipitasi.v18i1.88-98

Abstract

Artisanal small-scale gold mining (ASCGM) has caused mercury contamination. However, efforts to decontaminate mercury from the ex-mining soils are still rare. This study aims to synthesize quaternary ammonium silica functionalized magnetite (Fe3O4/SAK) as a low price, highly available, and quickly separated adsorbent for mercury decontamination from ex-mining soils samples. The synthesis of Fe3O4/SAK and the mercury decontamination process was carried out by the co-precipitation and batch type reactor procedure, respectively. The Fourier Transform-Infra Red (FT-IR) characterization of synthesized Fe3O4/SAK informed the appearance of siloxane, silanol, methyl, methylene, and Fe-O functional groups. Crystal analysis by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) showed that the typical peaks of SiO2 and Fe3O4 were emerged at 2θ 22.8˚ and 35.52˚, respectively. Morphological studies and elemental analysis using Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Dispersive X-Ray (SEM-EDX) indicated the successful functionalization Fe3O4 by SAK in the transformation of surface morphology and composition of the main elements, namely C, O, Si, and Fe. The results of characterization using Surface Area Analyzer (SAA) showed that the surface area and pore diameters were 224.98 m2/g and 36.149-38.70 Å, respectively. The optimum results for adsorbing Hg22+ metal ions were obtained at pH 4.0, and the adsorbent mass was 0.1 g. The Fe3O4/SAK has been proven to be an easily separable adsorbent after the mercury decontamination process in ex-mining soil samples with an adsorption efficiency of 43.36% (0.722 mg/g).
Reinforcement of Quaternary Ammonium Modified Silica (QAMS) with Magnetite and its Application by Solid Phase Adsorption (SPA) to Adsorb Chromate Ions Ngatijo, Ngatijo; Bemis, Restina; Aziz, Abdul; Basuki, Rahmat
Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi Vol 23, No 10 (2020): Volume 23 Issue 10 Year 2020
Publisher : Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jksa.23.10.338-345

Abstract

Chromium (VI) in the form of chromate anions that have toxic properties needs to be overcome. This study aims to reinforce cationic sorbent quaternary amine-modified silica with magnetite (QAMS-Fe3O4) to adsorb chromate ions. QAMS prepared by reflux methylation ammine modified silica (AMS) obtained from destruction silicate from rice husk ash followed by the addition of 3-APTMS. Characterization QAMS-Fe3O4 by FT-IR showed successfully of methylation process indicated by disappearing absorbance at 1388 cm-1, and emerging absorbance at 2939 cm-1 in QAMS and QAMS-Fe3O4 indicated a transformation of N-H from -NH2 group to [-N+(CH3)3]. XRD analysis denotes 2θ = 30.15°, 35.53°, 43.12°, 57.22°, and 62.90° (JCPDS No. 00-033-0664) fathomed as a characteristic peak of magnetite. SEM-EDX reveals the homogenous topological spherical form with an average particle size 0.006 µm that is dominated by Si element (52.81%) with magnetic moment value = 34.1 emu/g. The stability test shows that this material stable in an acid condition. The adsorption of chromate ions was conducted by the SPA method. Optimal pH obtained by pH range 4-7 with more than 90% adsorbed chromate ions. Variation of increasing series flow rate from 0.05 to 1.5 mL min-1 resulted in decreased adsorbed chromate ions. The use of SPA methods offered simpler and easier handling than the batch method without overriding the adsorption process effectiveness.