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Elisabeth Sundari, Elisabeth
Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

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PERKEMBANGAN PEMBUKTIAN PADA PUTUSAN VERSTEK: STUDI KASUS DI PENGADILAN NEGERI SLEMAN DAN KOTA YOGYAKARTA Sundari, Elisabeth; Widiastiani, Nindry Sulistya
Justitia et Pax Vol 35, No 2 (2019): Justitia et Pax Volume 35 Nomor 2 Tahun 2019
Publisher : Penerbit Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (894.817 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/jep.v35i2.2936

Abstract

Article 25 of HIR provides that in case the defendant does not appear at court process (verstek), the claim will be accepted unless it is unreasonable and against the rights. In the beginning, that article was interpreted that in case the defendant doesn’t  appear at court process (verstek), the plaintiff shall not obeyed to proof his claim. How is the development of that previous interpretation? Normative legal research has been conducted to redress that issue. The data were collected from secondary data resources from Sleman and Yogyakarta District Court decisions concerning the burden of proof  in verstek recently,  and being  analized  qualitatively. The research result shows that there is a development in  interpretating Article 125 HIR, where the judges burdened the plaintiff to proof his claim. That interpretation development supports the strive to get the truth beyond reasonable doubt, to meet a fair decision,  as good as to avoid fraud claim, and haphazard decision.
PERLINDUNGAN BAGI KELOMPOK AGAMA MINORITAS MENGHADAPI KELOMPOK AGAMA MAYORITAS: STUDI KASUS AHOK DAN MELIANA Sundari, Elisabeth; Simangunsong, Anna Marieta; Valerie, Isabelle; Nurlatu, Matheus
Justitia et Pax Vol 36, No 2 (2020): Justitia et Pax Volume 36 Nomor 2 Tahun 2020
Publisher : Penerbit Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24002/jep.v36i2.3118

Abstract

Through the case studies, Ahok and Meliana, this research aims to explain how the religious minority try to obtain protection to fulfill human rights when faced with religious majority pressure from the majority group. Normative research will answer the problem by analyzing the process of prosecution, the adjudication, and the punishment for Ahok & Meliana and the demonstration both outside the court and in the trial process demanding severe punishment for the accused of religious blasphemy. The result shows that even though it is difficult to prove directly, the mobilization of the masses in the judicial process can affect judges' independence to provide protection and justice for religious minority. The case of Ahok and Meliana shows how difficult it is for minority religious groups to seek protection against pressure from the majority religious groups because the State and Judges cannot prevent and take firm action against mass pressure from the majority religious groups against minority religious groups. The case such as Ahok and Meliana will occur as long as blasphemy's criminalization is still in effect. If the principle of non-discrimination or commutative justice is applied, and not the principle of protection based on 'partiality for the vulnerable,' the protection for religious minority groups will not be realized fully.
KEBIJAKAN HUKUM PIDANA TERHADAP MALPRAKTIK MEDIS PADA RUMAH SAKIT Retnowati, Anny; Sundari, Elisabeth
Justitia et Pax Vol 37, No 1 (2021): Justitia et Pax Volume 37 Nomor 1 Tahun 2021
Publisher : Penerbit Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24002/jep.v37i1.3303

Abstract

Malpractice still occurs a lot, both by hospitals and doctors, although there are several legal instruments that regulate hospitals, as well as medical practice with sanctions for violators of health laws. The purpose of this study is to explore the deficiencies that exist in legal policies, and to propose new legal policies in order to optimally prevent and overcome hospital malpractice. The research method used is a normative research method by examining aspects of criminal law in health law concerning malpractice, as well as theories and expert opinions for better legal policy proposals. From the qualitative analysis of primary and secondary legal material data, the following results were obtained: first, there are weaknesses in the health law policy so that it cannot prevent and overcome malpractice optimally, namely incompleteness and lack of clarity regarding the formulation of malpractice and its strict sanctions, as well as a turn towards acts against the law and the limitations of the hospital's responsibility for malpractice committed by doctors or medical personnel. Second, a new legal policy that can be proposed, namely by clearly formulating and detailing the limits of hospital malpractice in health law, accompanied by strict sanctions or accountability both criminal, civil, and administrative, the hospital is also responsible for malpractice committed by doctors with conditions in certain conditions, procedural law must be lex specialis by, for example, imposing strict liability.