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KAJIAN KRIMINOLOGI PEREDARAN NARKOTIKA (SEBUAH STUDI DI KABUPATEN ACEH TIMUR) Muammar Muammar
JURNAL AL-IJTIMAIYYAH Vol 5, No 1 (2019): Jurnal AL-IJTIMAIYYAH
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/al-ijtimaiyyah.v5i1.5133

Abstract

The impact of globalization has penetrated throughout the civilization of the nations of the world, running so fast. Especially very influential on changes in various lines of life. Related to this is the issue of increasing narcotics abuse and narcotics illicit trafficking which has created conditions that have hindered the development process and weakened civilization. Eradication of narcotics distribution is a national problem, because it has a negative impact that can damage and threaten the lives of the people, nation and state and can hamper the national development process. The rise of narcotics abuse does not only occur in big cities, but has reached small cities in all ten regions of the Republic of Indonesia, including East Aceh Regency. The increasingly diverse lifestyle of the people due to the influence of globalization also contributes to the increasing circulation of narcotics in East Aceh District. This certainly must receive serious attention, because if we look at what is happening in East Aceh District and several other regions in Indonesia, the crime of narcotics distribution from time to time always increases which in the end is increasingly unsettling the community, so before these things increase In East Aceh District, an effective solution must be found to eradicate it. Factors that cause a person to commit a narcotics crime in East Aceh Regency are due to economic factors where a person needs money to live and the difficulty of getting work, family environmental factors, social environmental factors and availability / lack of supervision factors. Efforts in tackling narcotics circulation in East Aceh district involve many parties, including: firstly, pre-emptive efforts by providing counseling in the community and schools about narcotics carried out by the police in tackling narcotics crime in East Aceh District. Second, preventive measures (prevention) by conducting raids and patrols routinely, providing oversight of the association and positive activities carried out by the police, prosecutors, religious leaders, community leaders and youth organizations. The third repressive effort (action) which aims to provide a deterrent effect on the perpetrators of drug trafficking crimes involving all law enforcement officials ranging from the Police, Attorney and District Courts and Detention Houses.Keywords: Crimonology, Narcotics Circulation. 
IMPLEMENTATION OF MEDIATION AS A MEANS OF PREVENTING DIVORCE (STUDY AT THE OFFICE OF RELIGIOUS AFFAIRS, IDI RAYEUK DISTRICT) Muammar Muammar; Mukhlis Mukhlis; Faisal Faisal
JURNAL AL-IJTIMAIYYAH Vol 8, No 2 (2022): Jurnal AL-IJTIMAIYYAH
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/al-ijtimaiyyah.v8i2.15171

Abstract

Abstrak: Perkawinan sebagai misaqan galiẓan, yaitu suatu perjanjian besar antara laki-laki dan perempuan untuk hidup bersama dengan landasan taqwa. Sehingga, dengan pernikahan, terciptalah kasih sayang di antara suami dan istri, kehidupan yang penuh kedamaian dan ketentraman. Keluarga merupakan pondasi awal dari bangunan masyarakat dan bangsa. Oleh karenanya, keselamatan dan kemurnian rumah tangga adalah faktor penentu bagi keselamatan dan kemurnian masyarakat serta sebagai penentu kekuatan, kekokohan, dan keselamatan dari bangunan negara. Konsekuensi logisnya apabila bangunan sebuah rumah tangga hancur, maka masyarakat dan negara bisa dipastikan ikut hancur pula, oleh karena itu penyelesaian melalui mediasi oleh Lembaga Adat Gampong sebagai upaya pencegahan perceraian perlu dilakukan. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan penelitian lapangan yang menggunakan wawancara sebagai salah satu sumber data penelitian. Adapun hasil penelitian didapati bahwa faktor yang mempengaruhi jalannya mediasi oleh Lembaga Adat Gampong terhadap pencegahan perceraian di Kecamatan Idi Rayeuk adalah faktor sarana dan prasarana serta faktor tekat yang kuat dari pasangan suami istri dalam mempertahankan keutuhan rumah tangganya. Kemudian langkah yang dapat ditempuh oleh Lembaga Adat Gampong adalah menerima dan mempelajari pengaduan, memerintahkan perangkat desa atau kepala dusun untuk menyelidiki perkara dengan menghubungi para pihak yang bersangkutan, mengatur dan menetapkan waktu persidangan serta menyiapkan persidangan di balai desa, mengundang para sesepuh desa yang akan mendampingi kepala desa untuk memimpin persidangan, mengundang para pihak yang berselisih, para saksi untuk didengar keterangannya, membuka persidangan dan menawarkan perdamaian di antara kedua belah pihak, memeriksa perkara, mendengar keterangan saksi pendapat para sesepuh dan penghulu dan mempertimbangkan dan menetapkan keputusan berdasarkan kesepakatan kedua belah pihak.Kata Kunci: Mediasi; Pencegahan; Perceraian.           Abstract: Marriage as a galiẓan mass, that is, a great covenant between a man and a woman to live together on the basis of taqwa. Thus, with marriage, affection is created between husband and wife, a life full of peace and tranquility. The family is the initial foundation of the building of society and the nation. Therefore, the safety and purity of the household is the determining factor for the safety and purity of society and as a determinant of the strength, sturdiness, and safety of state buildings. The logical consequence is that if the building of a household is destroyed, then the community and the state can be ensured to be destroyed as well, therefore a settlement through mediation by the Gampong Customary Institution as an effort to prevent divorce needs to be carried out. This research uses a field research approach that uses interviews as one of the sources of research data. The results of the study found that the factors that affect the course of mediation by the Gampoeng Customary Institution towards the prevention of divorce in idi Rayeuk District are factors of facilities and infrastructure as well as strong puzzle factors of married couples in maintaining the integrity of their households. Then the steps that can be taken by the gampong traditional institution are to receive and Study Complaints, order the Village Apparatus or hamlet head to investigate the case by contacting the parties concerned, arranging and setting the time for the trial and preparing the trial at the village hall, inviting village elders who will accompany the village head to preside over the trial, inviting the parties to the dispute,  witnesses to be censured, open the trial and offer peace between the two sides, examine the case, hear the testimony of witnesses and elders and elders and consider and determine decisions based on the agreement of both parties.Keywords: Mediation; Prevention; Divorce.
SOSIALISASI PENTINGNYA LEGALITAS FORMAL DALAM KEPEMILIKAN TANAH DI GAMPONG PANTON RAYEUK A KECAMATAN BANDA ALAM KABUPATEN ACEH TIMUR Jumadiah Jumadiah; Jamaluddin J; Muammar M; Sutriani s; Sulaiman S
Nanggroe: Jurnal Pengabdian Cendikia Vol 2, No 2 (2023): Maret-April
Publisher : Yayasan Daarul Huda Kruengmane

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Land has an important role in people's lives as infrastructure and resources forgampong communities, especially those in rural areas. Property rights are hereditary,strongest and fullest rights that people can have over land. Whereas regarding theimportance of the formal legality of land ownership it is necessary to provide anunderstanding to the gampong community, and on average the land owned by thesecommunities relies on the Keusyik Decree, according to positive law the legal force is verylow, so it is time for this socialization to be carried out so that the community knows andregister their lands so that they have a strong legal basis, this avoids disputes, so theproblem is how formal legality is in land ownership in Gampong Panton Rayeuk A, BandaAlam District, East Aceh Regency, as well as efforts to increase the knowledge and legalawareness of residents.The purpose of this socialization is for the land to obtain certainty, order and legalprotection for interested parties.The method used is the lecture and discussion method. TheLecture Method is used to provide participants with an understanding of the topic offormal legality service (land registration) related to land ownership. The lecture describedformal legality material related to land ownership in a clear, systematic manner so that itwas easy to understand. While the discussion method is used to provide more opportunitiesfor participants to discuss, question, provide input, and/or deepen the material provided.The output to be achieved is understanding of legal rules/ease for the community inobtaining legality of land
SOSIALISASI PENTINGNYA LEGALITAS FORMAL DALAM KEPEMILIKAN TANAH DI GAMPONG PANTON RAYEUK A KECAMATAN BANDA ALAM KABUPATEN ACEH TIMUR Jumadiah Jumadiah; Jamaluddin J; Muammar M; Sutriani s; Sulaiman S
Nanggroe: Jurnal Pengabdian Cendikia Vol 2, No 2 (2023): Maret-April
Publisher : Yayasan Daarul Huda Kruengmane

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Land has an important role in people's lives as infrastructure and resources forgampong communities, especially those in rural areas. Property rights are hereditary,strongest and fullest rights that people can have over land. Whereas regarding theimportance of the formal legality of land ownership it is necessary to provide anunderstanding to the gampong community, and on average the land owned by thesecommunities relies on the Keusyik Decree, according to positive law the legal force is verylow, so it is time for this socialization to be carried out so that the community knows andregister their lands so that they have a strong legal basis, this avoids disputes, so theproblem is how formal legality is in land ownership in Gampong Panton Rayeuk A, BandaAlam District, East Aceh Regency, as well as efforts to increase the knowledge and legalawareness of residents.The purpose of this socialization is for the land to obtain certainty, order and legalprotection for interested parties.The method used is the lecture and discussion method. TheLecture Method is used to provide participants with an understanding of the topic offormal legality service (land registration) related to land ownership. The lecture describedformal legality material related to land ownership in a clear, systematic manner so that itwas easy to understand. While the discussion method is used to provide more opportunitiesfor participants to discuss, question, provide input, and/or deepen the material provided.The output to be achieved is understanding of legal rules/ease for the community inobtaining legality of land
IMPLEMENTASI KEBIJAKAN PEMERINTAH KOTA BANDA ACEH DALAM PENGEMBANGAN KOTA LAYAK ANAK (Analisis Klaster Hak Sipil Dan Kebebasan) Muammar Muammar; Ria Fitri; indah Putri sanura
Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Reusam Vol 11, No 1 (2023): REUSAM: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum - Mei 2023
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Malikussaleh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29103/reusam.v11i1.12599

Abstract

mewujudkan hak anak secara terpadu dan sistematis dari seluruh sektor secara berkelanjutan dilaksanakanbmelalui kebijakan pengembangan Kota Layak Anak, indikator  pemenuhan hak anak dibagi dalam beberapa klister, salah satunya klaster hak sipil dan kebebasan yang mencakup kepemilikan akta kelahiran dan kartu identitas anak. Tersedianya informasi layak anak, dan jumlah forum anak. Adapun rumusan masalah dalam penelitian ini adalah Bagaimana Implementasi kebijakan dan kendala-kendala Pemerintah Kota Banda Aceh dalam pengembangan kota layak anak pada klaster Hak Sipil dan Kebebasan? dan apakah Implementasi Kebijakan Kota Layak Anak sudah memenuhi indikator Klaster Hak Sipil dan Kebebasan yang di atur dalam Peraturan Walikota Banda Aceh Nomor 14 Tahun 2018? . Penelitian ini dikaji dengan metode pendekatan yuridis empiris, menggunakan jenis penelitian lapangan (Field Research) dan juga melibatkan kepustakaan (Library Research) yakni mengkaji hukum tertulis juga fakta di lapangan dengan menggunakan pola deskriptif-analitis. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa Pemenuhan hak anak pada klaster hak sipil dan kebebasan telah di jalankan sesuai dengan kebijakan yang berlaku, namun belum sepenuhnya maksimal klaster hak sipil dan kebebasan terdapat dua kepentingan anak yang harus dipenuhi, yaitu hak sipil dan hak kebebasan. Pada hak sipil, pemerintah Kota Banda Aceh memberikan pelayanan yang maksimal dengan Program Inovasi “Pelangi” dan “Jebol” untuk mengurus akta kelahiran dan Kartu Identitas anak. Namun masih ditemui beberapa kendala, yaitu: Kurangnya sosialisasi Kota Layak Anak di tingkat Kecamatan dan Gampong, dan sedikitnya Gampong yang telah dicanangkan menjadi Gampong layak anak. Sehingga Program Kota Layak anak tidak mendapatkan dukungan optimal dari masyarakat dan dunia usaha. Minim fasilitas informasi layak anak. Forum anak di tingkat kecamata dan Gampong belum dapat sepenuhnya aktif  dalam proses pembuatan kebijakan.