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Journal : Jurnal AL-IJTIMAIYYAH: Media Kajian Pengembangan Masyarakat Islam

KAJIAN KRIMINOLOGI PEREDARAN NARKOTIKA (SEBUAH STUDI DI KABUPATEN ACEH TIMUR) Muammar Muammar
JURNAL AL-IJTIMAIYYAH Vol 5, No 1 (2019): Jurnal AL-IJTIMAIYYAH
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/al-ijtimaiyyah.v5i1.5133

Abstract

The impact of globalization has penetrated throughout the civilization of the nations of the world, running so fast. Especially very influential on changes in various lines of life. Related to this is the issue of increasing narcotics abuse and narcotics illicit trafficking which has created conditions that have hindered the development process and weakened civilization. Eradication of narcotics distribution is a national problem, because it has a negative impact that can damage and threaten the lives of the people, nation and state and can hamper the national development process. The rise of narcotics abuse does not only occur in big cities, but has reached small cities in all ten regions of the Republic of Indonesia, including East Aceh Regency. The increasingly diverse lifestyle of the people due to the influence of globalization also contributes to the increasing circulation of narcotics in East Aceh District. This certainly must receive serious attention, because if we look at what is happening in East Aceh District and several other regions in Indonesia, the crime of narcotics distribution from time to time always increases which in the end is increasingly unsettling the community, so before these things increase In East Aceh District, an effective solution must be found to eradicate it. Factors that cause a person to commit a narcotics crime in East Aceh Regency are due to economic factors where a person needs money to live and the difficulty of getting work, family environmental factors, social environmental factors and availability / lack of supervision factors. Efforts in tackling narcotics circulation in East Aceh district involve many parties, including: firstly, pre-emptive efforts by providing counseling in the community and schools about narcotics carried out by the police in tackling narcotics crime in East Aceh District. Second, preventive measures (prevention) by conducting raids and patrols routinely, providing oversight of the association and positive activities carried out by the police, prosecutors, religious leaders, community leaders and youth organizations. The third repressive effort (action) which aims to provide a deterrent effect on the perpetrators of drug trafficking crimes involving all law enforcement officials ranging from the Police, Attorney and District Courts and Detention Houses.Keywords: Crimonology, Narcotics Circulation. 
IMPLEMENTATION OF MEDIATION AS A MEANS OF PREVENTING DIVORCE (STUDY AT THE OFFICE OF RELIGIOUS AFFAIRS, IDI RAYEUK DISTRICT) Muammar Muammar; Mukhlis Mukhlis; Faisal Faisal
JURNAL AL-IJTIMAIYYAH Vol 8, No 2 (2022): Jurnal AL-IJTIMAIYYAH
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/al-ijtimaiyyah.v8i2.15171

Abstract

Abstrak: Perkawinan sebagai misaqan galiẓan, yaitu suatu perjanjian besar antara laki-laki dan perempuan untuk hidup bersama dengan landasan taqwa. Sehingga, dengan pernikahan, terciptalah kasih sayang di antara suami dan istri, kehidupan yang penuh kedamaian dan ketentraman. Keluarga merupakan pondasi awal dari bangunan masyarakat dan bangsa. Oleh karenanya, keselamatan dan kemurnian rumah tangga adalah faktor penentu bagi keselamatan dan kemurnian masyarakat serta sebagai penentu kekuatan, kekokohan, dan keselamatan dari bangunan negara. Konsekuensi logisnya apabila bangunan sebuah rumah tangga hancur, maka masyarakat dan negara bisa dipastikan ikut hancur pula, oleh karena itu penyelesaian melalui mediasi oleh Lembaga Adat Gampong sebagai upaya pencegahan perceraian perlu dilakukan. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan penelitian lapangan yang menggunakan wawancara sebagai salah satu sumber data penelitian. Adapun hasil penelitian didapati bahwa faktor yang mempengaruhi jalannya mediasi oleh Lembaga Adat Gampong terhadap pencegahan perceraian di Kecamatan Idi Rayeuk adalah faktor sarana dan prasarana serta faktor tekat yang kuat dari pasangan suami istri dalam mempertahankan keutuhan rumah tangganya. Kemudian langkah yang dapat ditempuh oleh Lembaga Adat Gampong adalah menerima dan mempelajari pengaduan, memerintahkan perangkat desa atau kepala dusun untuk menyelidiki perkara dengan menghubungi para pihak yang bersangkutan, mengatur dan menetapkan waktu persidangan serta menyiapkan persidangan di balai desa, mengundang para sesepuh desa yang akan mendampingi kepala desa untuk memimpin persidangan, mengundang para pihak yang berselisih, para saksi untuk didengar keterangannya, membuka persidangan dan menawarkan perdamaian di antara kedua belah pihak, memeriksa perkara, mendengar keterangan saksi pendapat para sesepuh dan penghulu dan mempertimbangkan dan menetapkan keputusan berdasarkan kesepakatan kedua belah pihak.Kata Kunci: Mediasi; Pencegahan; Perceraian.           Abstract: Marriage as a galiẓan mass, that is, a great covenant between a man and a woman to live together on the basis of taqwa. Thus, with marriage, affection is created between husband and wife, a life full of peace and tranquility. The family is the initial foundation of the building of society and the nation. Therefore, the safety and purity of the household is the determining factor for the safety and purity of society and as a determinant of the strength, sturdiness, and safety of state buildings. The logical consequence is that if the building of a household is destroyed, then the community and the state can be ensured to be destroyed as well, therefore a settlement through mediation by the Gampong Customary Institution as an effort to prevent divorce needs to be carried out. This research uses a field research approach that uses interviews as one of the sources of research data. The results of the study found that the factors that affect the course of mediation by the Gampoeng Customary Institution towards the prevention of divorce in idi Rayeuk District are factors of facilities and infrastructure as well as strong puzzle factors of married couples in maintaining the integrity of their households. Then the steps that can be taken by the gampong traditional institution are to receive and Study Complaints, order the Village Apparatus or hamlet head to investigate the case by contacting the parties concerned, arranging and setting the time for the trial and preparing the trial at the village hall, inviting village elders who will accompany the village head to preside over the trial, inviting the parties to the dispute,  witnesses to be censured, open the trial and offer peace between the two sides, examine the case, hear the testimony of witnesses and elders and elders and consider and determine decisions based on the agreement of both parties.Keywords: Mediation; Prevention; Divorce.