Maulana Muhammad Jogo Samodro
Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Artificial Potential Field Path Planning Algorithm in Differential Drive Mobile Robot Platform for Dynamic Environment Maulana Muhammad Jogo Samodro; Riky Dwi Puriyanto; Wahyu Caesarendra
International Journal of Robotics and Control Systems Vol 3, No 2 (2023)
Publisher : Association for Scientific Computing Electronics and Engineering (ASCEE)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31763/ijrcs.v3i2.944

Abstract

Mobile robots need path-planning abilities to achieve a collision-free trajectory. Obstacles between the robot and the goal position must be passed without crashing into them. The Artificial Potential Field (APF) algorithm is a method for robot path planning that is usually used to control the robot for avoiding obstacles in front of the robot. The APF algorithm consists of an attractive potential field and a repulsive potential field. The attractive potential fields work based on the predetermined goals that are generated to attract the robot to achieve the goal position. Apart from it, the obstacle generates a repulsive potential field to push the robot away from the obstacle. The robot's localization in producing the robot's position is generated by the differential drive kinematic equations of the mobile robot based on encoder and gyroscope data. In addition, the mapping of the robot's work environment is embedded in the robot's memory. According to the experiment's results, the mobile robot's differential drive can pass through existing obstacles. In this research, four test environments represent different obstacles in each environment. The track length is 1.5 meters. The robot's tolerance to the goal is 0.1 m, so when the robot is in the 1.41 m position, the robot's speed is 0 rpm. The safe distance between the robot and the obstacle is 0.2 m, so the robot will find a route to get away from the obstacle when the robot reaches that safe distance. The speed of the resulting robot decreases as the distance between the robot and the destination gets closer according to the differential drive kinematics equation of the mobile robot.