Ngusman Abdul Manaf, Ngusman Abdul
Pusat Penelitian Kebijakan Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Balitbang Kemendikbud

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KESALAHAN KALIMAT DALAM TEKS EKSPOSISI SISWA KELAS X SMA ADABIAH PADANG Kemala, Anisia; Manaf, Ngusman Abdul; Emidar, Emidar
Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2018): SERI A
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (495.772 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/9535-019883

Abstract

The purpose of this research are four, (1) describe the error text of the sentence in the exposition in terms of structure function syntax, (2) describe the error in the text of the sentence in terms of wastage the elements of a sentence, (3) describe the errors the sentence in the text of the exposition in terms of word choice, and (4) describe the error text of the sentence in the exposition in terms of spelling grade X SMA Adabiah Padang. This type of research is a qualitative descriptive method. Research data is the wrong phrase in the text of the exposition. Data collection was done through the study of documentation. Based on the findings of the research, the error text sentences in the exposition are in qualified students. Errors found there are four, (1) in terms of the structure of the function syntax in the form of a mandatory element of lack or absence of the item, (2) in terms of wastage elements of a sentence in the form of an overlap the use of predicate, konjungtor, the plural marker, and time, (3) in terms of the choice of words in the form of inaccuracy of the concept, the value of flavor, and the context of use, and (4) in terms of spelling in the form of inaccuracy of the wearing of capital letters, writing words, and punctuation.Kata kunci: kesalahan kalimat, teks eksposisi
KESALAHAN KALIMAT BAHASA INDONESIA DALAM TEKS ANEKDOT KARYA SISWA KELAS X SMAN 1 GUNUNG TALANG KABUPATEN SOLOK Septria, Fauzie; Agustina, Agustina; Manaf, Ngusman Abdul
Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Vol 5, No 2 (2016): SERI B
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (483.662 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/9847-019883

Abstract

ABSTRACT This research is motivated by the ability of students of class X SMAN 1 Gunung Talang in Solok regency writing anecdotes text low. One of the causes of the low quality of writing anecdotes it is the number of syntax errors. This study aimed to describe the syntax errors in the text anecdotal review of aspects, (1) the structure of syntactic function, (2) the adequacy element of the sentence, (3), the waste element of the sentence, (4) choice of words, (5) punctuation and spelling. The research is a qualitative descriptive method. This research data is wrong Indonesian words contained in the text of anecdotes works graders X SMAN 1 Gunung Talang in Solok regency. Data were analyzed based on the theory of error analysis and syntactic theory Indonesian. The research showed the following data: syntax errors in terms of structure function syntax, sentence errors in terms of the adequacy of the sentence elements, sentence errors in terms of wastefulness elements of sentences, syntax errors in terms of word choice and syntax errors in terms of punctuation and spelling. Kata kunci: kesalahan kalimat, teks anekdot
THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN STUDENTS' WRITING NARRATIVE WITH COOPERATIVE LEARNING MODEL OF CIRC AND JIGSAW BY CONSIDERING MOTIVATION OF CLASS VII SMP NEGERI 28 PADANG Yudha, Nicky Prima; Ramadhan, Syahrul; Manaf, Ngusman Abdul
Lingua Didaktika: Jurnal Bahasa dan Pembelajaran Bahasa Vol 8, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : English Department FBS UNP

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1192.126 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/ld.v8i1.10345

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This study was conducted to explain (a) the difference in narrative essay writing skills of students who are taught using cooperative learning model CIRC with Jigsaw (b) differences in the ability to write narrative essays highly motivated students who are learning with cooperative learning model CIRC with Jigsaw; (c) differences in the ability to write narrative essays low motivated students who are learning to cooperative learning model CIRC with Jigsaw; and (d) the interaction between the use of models in the study of learning and motivation affect the ability of students to write a narrative essay. This study was a quasi-experimental (quasi-experiment) using a 2x2 factorial design. Population of 250 people, the study sample is taken by means of random sampling and obtained class VII / 2 as an experimental class I and class VII / 1 as the experimental class II, each consisting of 30 and 32 students. Data were collected by two instruments, namely motivation questionnaire and performance test writing narrative essays. Analyzing and discussion of the data is done by descriptive-analytical. Based on the results of data analysis, we can conclude the following four things. First, there are no significant differences in narrative essay writing skills of students who are taught using cooperative learning model CIRC with Jigsaw. Secondly, there is no significant difference in the ability to write narrative kararangan highly motivated students who are learning with cooperative learning model CIRC and Jigsaw. Third, there is no significant difference in the ability to write narrative kararangan low motivated students who are learning to cooperative learning model CIRC and Jigsaw. Fourth, there is no interaction between the model of learning with learning motivation in influencing the ability to write narrative essays seventh grade students of SMP Negeri 28 Padang. The use of models and Jigsaw cooperative CIRC can enhance students' ability to write a narrative essay, motivated either high or low.
EDUCATIONAL VALUES IN TEXT STORIES RANDAI "MALANGGA SUMPAH" WORKSHOP BUSTAMI GROUP RANDAI BINTANG TAMPALO KENAGARIAN PADANG LAWEH DISTRICT SIJUNJUNG Syuriadi, Helki; Hasanuddin, Hasanuddin; Manaf, Ngusman Abdul
Lingua Didaktika: Jurnal Bahasa dan Pembelajaran Bahasa Vol 8, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : English Department FBS UNP

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (718.437 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/ld.v8i1.10342

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The pourpuse this study were to describe the values of education in Story script of Randai titled “Malangga Sumpah” written by Lukman Bustami. The research data was collected by qualitative data, The result of this study is four values of education values in randai script ”Malangga Sumpah” in  by Lukman Bustami there are believe and religious, integrity, caring, and honesty
STRATEGI BERTUTUR GURU BAHASA INDONESIA DAN DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP SISWA DALAM PROSES PEMBELAJARAN DI SMP PERGURUAN ISLAM AR-RISALAH PADANG Halid, Elan; Agustina, Agustina; Manaf, Ngusman Abdul
Lingua Didaktika: Jurnal Bahasa dan Pembelajaran Bahasa Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : English Department FBS UNP

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (425.344 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/ld.v5i1.9970

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Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh seringnya siswa mengeluh bahwa pembelajaran di kelas kurang menyenangkan. Salah satu penyebab masalah itu adalah guru belum menggunakan strategi bertutur secara baik dalam proses pembelajaran. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripksikan dan menjelaskan strategi bertutur, konteks situasi tutur penggunaan setiap strategi bertutur, dampak penggunaan strategi bertutur terhadap kejelasan maksud penutur, dan dampak penggunaan strategi bertutur itu terhadap kesantunan berbahasa guru dalam proses pembelajaran  di SMP Perguruan Islam Ar-Risalah  Padang.Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif dengan metode deskriptif. Data penelitian berupa rekaman tindak tutur dan hasil pengamatan tindak tutur yang dilakukan oleh siswa Ar-Risalah, dan hasil wawancara dengan guru dan siswa di SMP Perguruan Islam Ar-Risalah Padang. Analisis data dilakukan dengan mengikuti model Miles dan Huberman, yaitu pengumpulan data, reduksi, penyajian, dan kesimpulan tentang temuan penelitian.     Berdasarkan temuan penelitian dan pembahasan disimpulkan sebagai berikut ini. Strategi bertutur guru dalam proses pembelajaran di SMP Perguruan Islam Ar-Risalah Padang adalah strategi bertutur terus-terang tanpa basa-basi (BTTB), strategi bertutur terus-terang dengan basa-basi kesantunan positif (BTBKP), strategi bertutur terus-terang dengan basa-basi kesantunan negatif (BTBKN), dan strategi bertutur samar-samar (BS). Dari keempat strategi bertutur yang disukai oleh siswa adalah strategi bertutur terus terang dengan basa-basi kesantunan positif dan strategi bertutur terus terang dengan basa-basi kesantunan negatif. Penggunaan strategi BTTB dan BTBKP berdampak atau mengakibatkan makna tindak tutur menjadi jelas. Penggunaan strategi BTBKN dan BS berdampak atau mengakibatkan makna tindak tutur kurang jelas. Penggunaan strategi BTTB dan BTBKP berdampak atau mengakibatkan makna tindak tutur terasa santun dalam konteks masalah yang dibicarakan tidak sensitif dan dalam suasana akrab atau humor. Penggunaan strategi BTBKN dan BS berdampak santun dalam konteks suasana resmi dan kurang akrab.
STRATEGI BERTUTUR DALAM TINDAK TUTUR EKSPRESIF BAHASA INDONESIA PADA KEGIATAN DISKUSI Alfioda, Tia; Manaf, Ngusman Abdul; Arief, Ermawati
Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Vol 5, No 2 (2016): SERI F
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (483.847 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/10018-019883

Abstract

ABSTRACT The purpose of this research is describe the shape and strategy in activities of the discussion in class VIII SMP Negeri 3 Padang. This type of research is a qualitative method descriptive. Data in this study is the shape and strategy of said expresive of students is a discussion activity. Based on the findings of research, we can conclude things here. There are six of the said thisplays used students in the discussion, which is say thank you, to say i am sorry, praising, criticizing, angry and complaining. The six of the said expressive was told by using four strategies are recalled, namely speak frankly without a word, speak frankly with a word modesty of the positive, speak frankly with further good manners and speak vaguely in the discussion. The conclusion of this research is that there’s six of the said displays by using for strategies renaked Kata kunci: ekspresif, strategi, konteks, diskusi
Persepsi Kesatuan Tindak Tutur Memerintah dalam Bahasa Indonesia Manaf, Ngusman Abdul
Wacana Vol 4, No 2 (2002): Produksi Budaya dan Budaya Produksi
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities, University of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1654.216 KB) | DOI: 10.17510/wjhi.v4i2.328

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This study discusses the relationship between indirect speech act and politeness in directive speech act. To get the data, questioners with personal information of respondents and nine directive speech acts which must be assessed by these Indonesian speakers in Jakarta are employed. The analysis shows that there is a positive correlation between the indirectness of a directive speech act and the degree of politeness. The more indirect a directive speech act, the more polite it is. Nevertheless, the correlation is not absolute. There are other parameters that determine the degree of politeness such as intonation, choice of words, and cultural values of the speakers.
KESALAHAN KALIMAT DALAM TEKS EKSPOSISI SISWA KELAS VII 7 SMP NEGERI 12 PADANG Nurtia, Syafni; Manaf, Ngusman Abdul; Emidar, Emidar
Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Vol 5, No 2 (2016): SERI F
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (507.157 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/10017-019883

Abstract

ABSTRACT The research was conducted to describe the sentence errors in the exposition text in some aspects (1) the structure of syntactical function (2) the lack of sentence element (3) the surplus of sentence element (4) the diction (word selection), and (5) spelling (capital letters, writting word, and punctuation). It employed a descriptive qualitative method. The instrument of this study was the researcher herself. The data of this study was the wrong sentences of exposition text of the students at grade VII 7 of SMP Negeri 12 Padang. The data were collected by borrowing the students exposition text from the teacher and copying. The data were analyzed by (1) stoctaking the data (2) identifyng the sentence errors (3) analysing the sentence errors, and (4) concluding the result of this study. The result shows. First, the sentence errors on syntactical function is an inappropriate use of predikat. Second, the sentence errors on lack of sentence element are not available the subject, predikat, and conjunction. Third, the sentence errors on the surplus of sentence element are the overlapping use of plural and repetition of words. Fourth, the sentence errors on diction (word selection) are an inappropriate concept used and collocation. Fifth, the sentence errors on spelling are writing the capital letters, writing the basic words, writing the derivative words, writing the repetition of words, writing prefix di-, writing the abbreviation words, writing the foreign words, and the error use of punctuation suchlike full stop and comma. Kata kunci: kesalahan kalimat, teks eksposisi
KESALAHAN KALIMAT DALAM TEKS LAPORAN HASIL OBSERVASI SISWA KELAS VII SMP NEGERI 12 PADANG Riduan, Riduan; R.,, Syahrul; Manaf, Ngusman Abdul
Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Vol. 7 No. 4 (2018): SERI B
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (433.189 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/102337-019883

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ABSTRACTThe background of this research is the students’ ability of writing the report of observation’s result text is low, which one of the factors that cause it,  is sentence error. The purpose of this research is to describe the sentence error in the report of observation’s result text which is reviewed by these aspects (1) the structure of syntax’s function, (2) the deficiency of sentence’s element (3) the excrescent of the sentence’s element, (4) the error of reasoning arrangement. This type of the research is qualitative with the descriptive method. The instrument of the research is the reseracher himself. The data of this reseach is the error sentences.  The source of the data’s research is achieved from the report of observation’s result text of the VII 1 grade in SMP Negeri 12 Padang. The data is analyzed through these steps (1) Identifying the general description and data’s coding, (2) Data Inventory, (3) Identifying the forms of the sentence error, (4) Analyzing the sentence error and, (5) Concluding the result of the research. The results of this research as follows. First,the sentence error on the aspect of syntax structure is the error of the use of the predicate. Second, the sentence error on the deficiency of sentence’s element is there is no subject, lack of independepnt clause, lack of conjunction,  and there is no affix in the root that should be added by affix. Third, the sentence error on the excrescent of the sentence’s element is the overlap of the use of plural indicator, redundancy, and the inappropriate affix on the root. Fourth, The sentence error on reasoning arrangement is the meaning  of the sentence is not logical, and the error of the choice of words to explain the meaning of the sentence Key words : Sentence error, the report of observation’s result text.Kata Kunci: Kesalahan Kalimat, Teks Laporan Hasil Observasi
REALISASI PRINSIP KESANTUNAN DALAM TINDAK TUTUR DEKLARASI DI SMA EKASAKTI PADANG Maulidiani, Nia; Manaf, Ngusman Abdul; Afnita, Afnita
Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Vol. 7 No. 4 (2018): SERI B
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (544.68 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/102333-019883

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study three. First, describe the type of speech act Indonesia language teacher declaration during the teaching and learning process at Ekasakti Padang high school. The second, describes the realization of the principle of politeness in speech acts of  the declaration  of indonesian teachers in the Ekasakti Padang high school. The third, describes the context of the specch acts used by the teacher during the teaching and learning process in Ekasakti Padang high school. Based on the result of the study there are three types of declarations speech act,  namely deciding, prohibiting, and permitting. of  the three types that are most often used by teachers in learning are speech acts decide. Then there are five courtesy principles that the teacher uses during learning, namely the maxim of wisdom, the maxim of generosity, the maxim of praise, the maxim of agreement, and the maxim of conclusions. Of the four maxims which are the most dominant used by the teacher there is a maximal agreement. Next, there are four contexts of speech situations.  Kata Kunci: Prinsip Kesantunan, Tindak Tutur Deklarasi