Muhammad Itqan Masdadi
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IMPLEMENTATION OF LOAD BALANCE EQUAL COST MULTI PATH (ECMP) BETWEEN ROUTING PROTOCOL BORDER GATEWAY PROTOCOL (BGP) AND OPEN SHORTEST PATH FIRST (OSPF) USING DUAL CONNECTION Aji Triwerdaya; Dodon Trianto Nugrahadi; Muhammad Itqan Masdadi; Irwan Budiman; Ahmad Rusadi Arrahimi
Journal of Data Science and Software Engineering Vol 1 No 02 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas MIPA Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

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Abstract

Currently, Internet is needed by everyone to lighten their work, then a method has been developed to be able to access the internet using 2 ISPs (Internet Service Providers), namely using load balance. This method can perform bandwidth management so that it can balance the bandwidth of 2 ISPs. To support this method, Load Balance Equal Cost Multi Path (ECMP) is used. Another innovation that continues to be developed routing, the process of exchange data packets between different IP networks and to identify the best route to each connected network, that can make routing better by using dynamic routing types, to unify the network if a change occurs of topology by exchanging new topology information with each other on a network using the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) routing or using the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP). OSPF is an open source routing protocol that is often used[4] and OSPF is a link-state in the routing algorithm. This routing use the Dijkstra or SPF (Short Path First) algorithm to calculate the shortest path from each route. Coinciding with the increase in routers in an area, the information that routers in the same area must have at the same time will increase, then the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) is the new routing protocol[7]. BGP is a vector-path protocol where each router decides locally the "best AS" line per destination. The local preference attribute is used to set the policy for outgoing traffic. Testing is done by comparing the performance of an ECMP network using OSPF routing and an ECMP network using BGP routing[3]. Testing is done by measuring based on the throughput and data delay parameters using 16, 32, 48 routers. the topology is divided into 3 areas, namely area 1 for user load balance, area 2 for ISP 1 and area 3 for ISP 2. Throughput is used to measure routing performance on the TCP transport protocol and UDP transport protocol. Then, data delay is for measuring the performance of routing on the TCP and UDP transport protocol with the addition of variations. The testing that have been carried out show that the network throughput with OSPF routing (764.13 bps) has a lower performance than the network with BGP routing (818.81 bps) when sending TCP and UDP data, and network delay with OSPF routing (85.61 ms) has a significant increase than the network with BGP routing (89.23 ms) when sending TCP and UDP data.