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Pengaruh Suplementasi Konsentrat dalam Ransum terhadap Performa, Bobot Karkas dan Non Karkas Landak Jawa (Hystrix javanica F. Cuvier, 1823) Farida, Wartika Rosa; Tjakradidjaja, Anita S.; Sari, Andri Permata
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 8, No 2 (2012): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v8i2.3059

Abstract

The Effect of Concentrate Supplementation in The Ration on Performance, Carcass and Non-Carcass Weight of Javan Porcupine (Hystrix javanica F. Cuvier, 1823). This study was conducted at Small Mammal Captivity, Zoology Division, Research Center for Biology,Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Cibinong, Bogor Regency. Eight porcupines consisted of 6 females and 2 males were used to know the effect of concentrate supplementation in the ration on performance, carcass and non carcass weight of javan porcupine. Ration treatment consisted of control ration (PI) and control ration plus concentrate comersial such as koi fish pellet (PII).Four porcupines (3 female and 1 male) were given control ration (PI) and three porcupines (3 female and 1 male) were given ration PII. A completely randomized design was used in this research. Data collected were nutrient consumption, average daily gain, feed conversion, slaughter weight, weight of cascass and non-carcass. The data were analyzed by analysis of variance. The result showed supplementation of koi fish pellet in the ration didn’t significantlyinfluence (P>0.05) performance of javan porcupine, but significantly (P<0.05) increase consumption on calcium and phosphor. Weight and percentage of carcass and non-carcass of javan porcupine were not affected by ration treatment. Average of weight and percentage of porcupine’s carcass of PI were 4,505.08 g and 59.67% and those of PII were 3,957.55 g and 56.54%, while average of weight and percentage of porcupine’s non-carcass of PI were 2,979.05g and 39.46% and those of PII were 2,774.60 g and 39.64%.Keywords: Concentrate, ration, performace, carcass, non-carcass
The Addition of Potato Biscuit in the Feed of Sumatran Slow Loris (Nycticebus coucang Boddaert, 1785) and Javan Slow Loris (Nycticebus javanicus Geoffroy, 1812): The effects on Digestibility and Feed Efficiency Farida, Wartika Rosa; Sari, Andri Permata; Astuti, Wulansih Dwi
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 12, No 2 (2016): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (911.676 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v12i2.2884

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis experiment aims to determine the effect of the addition of potato biscuit on digestibility and feed efficiency in Sumatran slow loris (Nycticebus coucang). Research has been conducted on Small Mammals Captivity Breeding of Zoology Division, Research Center for Biology - LIPI for 66 days consisting of a 10 days adaptation period of feed and 56 days (8 weeks) data collection period. The material used is four Sumatran slow lorises (N. coucang) and two Javan slow lorises (N. javanicus). Feed given during the study are banana, papaya, dragon fruit, guava, passion fruit, boiled sweet potato, boiled egg potato biscuits, crickets, and meal worm. Feed treatment to Sumatran slow loris consisting of feed control (T0) and T0 plus potato biscuits (T1), while Javan slow loris was only fed T1 as a comparison. Parameters measured were consumption, digestibility, and feed efficiency. The most palatable feed types for Sumatran slow loris and Javan slow loris are banana, cricket, and meal worm. Mean of feed intake at T0 and T1 treatment was 38.63 and 37.42 g / head / day, and that of Javan slow loris is 42.51 g / head / day. Mean of dry matter digestibility of Javan slow loris> T1> T0, namely 92.02%, 91.21%, and 88.95% respectively; whereas the highest average feed efficiency (EPP) is at 12.06% for Sumatran Slow loris and 9.10% in Javan slow loris. The average of total digestible nutrients (TDN) of Javan slow loris> T1> T0, namely 87.04%, 85.34%, and 83.54% respectively.Keywords: consumption, digestibility, feed utilization, Nycticebus coucang, Nycticebus javanicus
Kemampuan Cerna Protein dan Energi Metabolisme Perkici Pelangi Trichoglossus haematodus Rachmatika, Rini; Sari, Andri Permata
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 11, No 2 (2015): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v11i2.2199

Abstract

ABSTRACTProtein  is  one  of  the  important  aspects  in  animal  feed  to fulfill basic needs and stimulate reproduction behaviors. The aims of this research were to determine food preferences and observe digestibility of protein in rainbow lorikeet. This research consisted of two experiments, which were 1 week of preliminary study and 4 weeks for data collection. Studies were carried out using two 4-month-aged rainbow lorikeets (Trichoglossus haematodus). The birds were kept individually in metabolism cage (86 x 42 x 53 cm) and  treated with 5 different protein sources consisting quail’s egg (A), soybean meal (B), koi fish pellet (C), milk 7% (D), and milk 13% (E). The diets were then offered to the birds ad libitum in the form of mashes, and sweet corn served separately. Variables observed include dry matter consumption, apparent metabolizable energy  value,  and  apparent  digestibility  of protein  value.  Feed  intake  of  soybean meal  mashes  was  higher  than  the  others.  From the calculation, AME of milk 7%  mashes was the highest (49.27 cal/g), and AME of soybean meal  mashes was the lowest (38.07 cal/g). ADP of soybean meal mashes was highest (87.88 %) compared to the others. Keywords: rainbow lorikeet, apparent metabolizable energy, apparent digestibility protein 
Energi Metabolis Semu dan Efisiensi Metabolik pada Serindit Sumatera (Loriculus galgulus L., 1758) Sari, Andri Permata; Rachmatika, Rini
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 10, No 1 (2014): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (95.542 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v10i1.324

Abstract

The animal obtains energy from foods. Apparent Metabolizable Energy (AME) is used to determine metabolizableenergy value of bird’s food. The objective of this research was to evaluate Apparent Metabolizable Energy (AME)value in Blue-crowned hanging parrot (Loriculus galgulus L., 1758), fed with corn mashes, oat mashes, dan pollardmashes. This research consisted of two experiments, which were 1 week of preliminary study and 8 weeks of datacollection. Studies were carried out with six Blue-crowned hanging parrots, two males and four females. The birdswere kept individually in metabolism cage (70 x 43 x 52 cm). The birds were treated with 3 different energy sources,corn-based diet (P1), oat-based diet (P2), and pollard-based diet (P3). The diets were then offered to the birds adlibitum in the form of mashes. Variables observed include dry matter consumption and Apparent MetabolizableEnergy (AME) value. From the calculation, AME of birds that fed with pollard mashes was higher compared to cornand oat mashes as well. In P1, AME value of birds was 43.64 cal/g with 93.90% of metabolic efficiency. While, inthe P2 and P3, AME value were 43.86 cal/g and 39.07 cal/g with number of metabolic efficiency 91.75% and94,58% respectively.Keywords: nutrition, pollard, oat, corn, AME, metabolic efficiency
Utilization of Garlic with and without Addition of Enzymes on Black-capped Lory (Lorius lory Linnaeus, 1758) in Captive Breeding Sari, Andri Permata; Nugroho, Herjuno Ari; Maharani, Sinta
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 13, No 1 (2017): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v13i1.3090

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ABSTRACTPhytogenic feed additives are plant-derived product such as herbs, spices, and essential oils used in animal feed to improve their performances and health. Garlic (Allium sativum) is well-known as a spice and herbal medicine. Garlic possesses antimicrobial activity and increase nutrient digestibility in animal. The objectives of this study were to compare the effect of supplementing garlic, exogenous enzyme and combination of both on Black-capped Lory (Lorius lory) in digestibility and bacterial count on excreta. Five Black-capped Lory were used in the study and fed with control diet (K1), control diet supplemented with garlic powder (K2), control diet supplemented with Allzyme SSF (K3), and control diet supplemented with both garlic powder and Allzyme SSF (K4). Variables observed include feed consumption, Apparent Metabolizable Energy (AME) value and bacterial count in excreta. Adding enzyme to the diet increased AME compared to control. AME value of K1 was 3,579 kcal/kg, meanwhile AME value of diet K3 and K4 were 3,690 kcal/kg and 3,619 kcal/kg respectively. Adding garlic to the diet did not give significant improvement to AME value. The highest inhibition of bacterial population was in K2 mash. Combination of allzyme and garlic addition showed decreased in bacterial number.Keywords: Allzyme SSF, AME value, bacterial population, black-capped Lory, garlic
Mating behavior of Slow Loris (Nycticebus coucang) at Captivity Farida, Wartika Rosa; Sari, Andri Permata
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 11, No 2 (2015): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2678.313 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v11i2.2205

Abstract

TULISAN PENDEK 
The Use of Internal Marker to Estimate Digestibility in Black-Capped Lory (Lorius Lory., 1758) Sari, Andri Permata; Rachmatika, Rini
ZOO INDONESIA Vol 25, No 1 (2016): Juli 2016
Publisher : Masyarakat Zoologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (510.221 KB)

Abstract

Studi ini bertujuan untuk menghitung nilai serapan nutrien menggunakan metode koleksi total dan rasio abu pada nuri kepala hitam (LoriusloryL.,1758) yang diberi pakan bubur jagung giling (K1), bubur pollard (K2), dan bubur bekatul (K3). Penelitian ini terdiri dari 7 hari uji pendahuluan, dan 2 periode koleksi data masing-masing 28 hari untuk tiap perlakuannya. Jadi total waktu penelitian untuk setiap perlakuan adalah 73 hari. Burung nuri kepala hitam yang digunakan sebanyak 5 ekor. Variabel yang diamati adalah konsumsi pakan, nilai energi metabolis semu (EMS) dan nilai kecernaan protein semu. Konsumsi tertinggi selama penelitian didapat dari perlakuan bubur pollard (K2). Bubur bekatul (K3) memiliki nilai EMS, efisiensi metabolik, dan nilai kecernaan protein semu (ADP) tertinggi dibandingkan yang lain. Penggunaan marker rasio abu menghasilkan nilai kecernaan nutrien yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan penggunaan metode koleksi total. Sebagai kesimpulan, metode rasio abu dapat digunakan sebagai metode alternatif untuk menentukan kecernaan nutrien. Selain itu, bubur bekatul direkomendasikan untuk diberikan kepada burung nuri kepala hitam
Komparasi Kecernaan Protein pada Kakatua Tanimbar (Cacatua goffiniana,Finsch 1863) dengan Pemberian Sumber Protein Nabati yang Berbeda Prijono, Siti Nuramaliati; Rachmatika, Rini; Sari, Andri Permata
ZOO INDONESIA Vol 26, No 1 (2017): Juli 2017
Publisher : Masyarakat Zoologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (570.065 KB)

Abstract

Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui kecernaan protein semu (KPS) dan metabolisme energi semu (MES) pada kakatua tanimbar yang diberi pakan dua sumber protein nabati yang berbeda, yaitu biji bunga matahari dan kacang tanah. Penelitian dilakukan di Penangkaran Burung, Puslit Biologi-LIPI. Analisis nutrisi bahan pakan dan ekskreta dilakukan di Laboratorium Pengujian Puslit Biologi-LIPI. Penelitian berlangsung selama 75 hari. Materi yang digunakan adalah 5 ekor kakatua tanimbar yang terdiri dari 2 jantan dan 3 betina. Burung tersebut mendapatkan 3 perlakuan pakan dengan sumber protein yang berbeda, yaitu kontrol (P0), P0 + kacang tanah (P1), dan P0 + biji bunga matahari (P2). Pakan kontrol ada-lah jagung manis, kelapa, jambu biji, pisang lampung, kedondong, tauge, kacang panjang, dan kangkung. Parameter yang diamati adalah konsumsi pakan, KPS, MES, dan efisiensi metabolisme. Data dianalisis dengan metode deskriptif. Hasil menunjukkan, rataan konsumsi bahan kering P0 ? P1 dan P2. Rataan KPS P1 (1,76%) ? P0 (0,66%) dan P2 (1,39%). Rataan efisiensi metabolik P1 (88,98%) ? P0 (86,72%) dan P2 (87,65%). Rataan MES pada P0 (1354,99 kal/g) ? P1 (1194,21 kal/g) dan P2 (1189,47 kal/g). Dari hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa kacang tanah dan biji bunga matahari dapat digunakan secara bergantian sebagai sumber protein alternatif bagi burung kakatua Tanimbar.
Analisis Kebutuhan Nutrien dan Efisiensi Penggunaan Pakan Bubur Formulasi pada Oposum Layang (Petaurus breviceps Waterhouse, 1839) Farida, Wartika Rosa; Sari, Andri Permata; Inayah, Nurul; Nugroho, Herjuno Ari
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 13, No 2 (2017): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1096.009 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v13i2.3405

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ABSTRACTThe aims of the research was to analyze nutrient requirements, performance, and feed efficiency of porridge formulation on sugar gliders (Petaurus breviceps) based on daily feed intake and digestibility. The research was conducted at the Small Mammal Captivity of Zoology Division, Research Center for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) Cibinong, Bogor. Descriptive method was used in this experiment, with 14 days of preliminary period and 70 days (10 weeks) of data collection. The research materials were 16 sugar gliders aged about 3-5 months and randomly divided into 2 treatments ie. 8 heads were given porridge formulation I (P0 - control treatment) and 8 heads were given porridge formulation II (PI) plus superworm 2 times a week. Estimation of feed digestibility done in vivo with the method of the feces total collection. Variables of this experiment are daily feed intake, nutrient requirement, total digestible nutrients (TDN), daily weight gain, and feed efficiency. The feedstuff of the porridge formulation consist of siamese banana (Musa sp.), watermelon (Citrullus lanatus), sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas), grape (Vitis vinifera), pear (Pyrus pyrifolia), boiled egg yolk, baby porridge, calcium, honey, boiled chicken meat, and superworm (Zophobas atratus). The results showed dry matter intake was 5.82 g/head / day or 29.31 g/head / day BB0.75 (P0) and 7.31 g/head/day or 34.16 g/head/day BB0.75 (PI). The average of body weight gain was 0.55 g / head / week (P0) and 0.73 g/head/week (PI) with feed efficiency ratio was 1.36% (P0) and 1.43% (PI). The PI treatment of porridge formulation II has improved the performance of sugar gliders in captivity.Keywords: Daily feed intake, weight gain, porridge formulation, sugar gliders, performance
Performa Pertumbuhan Kukang Jawa (Nycticebus javanicus E. Geoffroy,1812) yang Diberi Tambahan Biskuit dan Monkey Chow dalam Pakan Farida, Wartika Rosa; Astuti, Wulansih Dwi; Sari, Andri Permata
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 10, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Biologi Indonesia
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v10i2.2109

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of the addition of biscuits and monkey chow in the feed to the growthperformance of java slow loris (Nycticebus javanicus E. Geoffroy, 1812). Research has been conducted in CaptivitySmall Mammals, Zoology Division, Research Center for Biology - LIPI for 52 days consisted of a 10 days period offeed adaptation and 42 days (6 weeks) period of data collection. The material used is six java slow loris aged 1 - 1,5years consisted of three males and three females. Alternative feed given during the study were banana (Musa sp.),papaya (Carica papaya), fuji apple (Malus domestica), pear (Pyrus amygdaliformis), guava (Psidium guajava),cucumber (Cucumis sativus), sweet potato (Ipomea batatas), boiled quail eggs, biscuits sprinkled with sugar, monkeychow, crickets, and mealworm. Parameters measured were feed intake, body weight gain, feed efficiency, and totaldigestible nutrients (TDN). The data were analyzed using analysis of variance, followed by Duncans multiplerange test. The results showed the average of dry matter intake in PII (45.89 g / head / day) was significantly higher(P <0.05) than that in PI (43.19 g / head / day) and P0 (42,17g / head / day. The average of body weight gain ofslow loris in PI> PII> P0, namely respectively 3.49 g / head / day, 3.41 g / head / day, and 3.15 g / head / day,while the feed efficiency in the treatment PI> P0> PII, respectively 8.20%, 7.47%, and 7.44%. The average oftotal digestible nutrients (TDN) of slow loris in PI (96.33%) was significantly higher (P <0.05) than that in PII(92.91%) and P0 (85.50%). The data of nutrient consumption can be used as a basis for the preparation of rationsand feed for slow loris in captivity.Key words: growth, feed efficiency, Nycticebus javanicus, captive breeding