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The caries prevalence, def–t index and DMF–T index of deaf children at the primary school of special education Kota Kinabalu in Sabah Joe, Melissa May; Chemiawan, Eka; Runkat, Jakobus
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 19, No 2 (2007): July
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (162.979 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol19no2.14175

Abstract

Deaf is the loss of hearing partially or even totally and could happen congenitally or acquired. The purpose of this research was to find out the information on the caries prevalence, def-t and DMF-T index of Deaf children at the Primary School of Special Education in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah year 2008. This study was a descriptive research with survey technique. All samples, 43 primary students of Primary School of Special Education in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah from kindergarten to primary six. The def-t and DMF-T index standard used the WHO criteria, namely, very low (0.1-1), low (1.2-2.6), moderate (2.7-4.4), high (4.5-6.5), and very high (>6.5). The results of this research indicate that the caries prevalence of the Deaf children year 2008 was 95.3%. the def-t index was 2.81 and DMF-T index was 1.67. The conclusion of this research was that the average def-t index included in moderate criteria and the DMF-T index was low.
Description of upper intermoral dental arch size in thalassemia beta mayor aged 9-14 years old based on gender Anggraini, Nana; Riyanti, Eriska; Chemiawan, Eka
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 21, No 1 (2009): March
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (186.579 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol21no1.14088

Abstract

Beta major thalassemia was characterized by severe hereditary hemolytic anemia and suffered from retardation in growth, and facial skeletal alteration also narrower arches. The purpose of this research was to obtain data on intermolar width in the 9-14 years old beta major thalassemia patients by gender at the Thalassemia Clinic of Pediatric Department Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung. This research used the description method with survey technique. Sample collecting was by consecutive sampling resulting in a number of 57 samples and measurement in the model were allowed. Research result showed that the average of the intermolar width of beta major thalassemia patients age 9-10 (intermolar width 5,52 cm), 10-11 (5,10), 11-12 (5,28), 11-12 (5,46), 12-13 (5,52), and 13-14 (5,52). In 25 girls patient 9-10 (5,01), 10-11 (5,02), 11-12 (4,93), 12-13 (5,04), and 13-14 (5,13).The conclusion of this research was that intermolar width variated in every age range.
Clinical appearance of oral mucous in children with β-major thalassemia Lova, Areta Tera; Chemiawan, Eka; Dewi, Tenny Setiani
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 23, No 2 (2011): July
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (528.048 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol23no2.14019

Abstract

Beta major thalassemia is characterized by severe hereditary hemolytic anemia. The oral mucous of children with beta major thalassemia becomes yellow grayish due to the combination of pallor, icterus/yellowish and grayish pigmentation. The purpose of this research was to obtain a clinical data of oral mucous color of beta major thalassemia childrens patients at the Thalassemia Polyclinic of Pediatric Department in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung in December 2009 until January 2010. This research was the description method with survey technique. The sampling technique was consecutive sampling. The sample was collected in one month and resulting 129 sample. The data obtained by clinical evaluation of each part of oral mucous. Research result showed that the clinical color of oral mucous of beta major thalassemia children patients becomes pallor, yellowish, yellow, yellow grayish, yellow blackish differently of each part of oral mucous. Pallor mostly at tongue, yellowish at buccal mucous, yellow at soft palate, yellow grayish at sublingual, hard palate, gingival, and yellow blackish at hard palate. The conclusion of this research was that the color of the oral mucous beta major thalassemia children patients was changed and was different with the color of oral mucous in normal children.
Gambaran erupsi gigi pada anak kembarDescription of tooth eruptions in twins Hidayat, Syarief; Amelia, Cindy Putri; Chemiawan, Eka
Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran Vol 28, No 2 (2016): Agustus
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (296.687 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/jkg.v28i2.18703

Abstract

Pendahuluan: Erupsi gigi meliputi perubahan posisi gigi melalui beberapa tahap secara berturut-turut dari awal pembentukan benih gigi sampai gigi muncul ke arah oklusal dan mencapai titik kontak dengan gigi antagonisnya.Erupsi gigi pada anak kembar berada dibawah kontrol dan pengaruh yang kuat dari faktor genetik. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk melihat gambaran erupsi gigi pada anak kembar. Metode: Penelitian bersifat deskriptif dan pengambilan sampel dengan menggunakan accidental sampling sebanyak 35 pasang kembar yang terdiri dari 24 pasang kembar identik dan 11 pasang kembar tidak identik. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menghitung jumlah gigi erupsi dan dilihat kesamaannya antara kembar identik maupun kembar tidak identik. Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa erupsi gigi pada anak kembar, baik identik ataupun tidak identik memiliki tingkat kesesuaian lebih dari 50%, yaitu 68,57%. Simpulan: Penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa erupsi gigi pada anak kembar memiliki kecenderungan sesuai, baik kembar identik ataupun tidak identik dalam tahapan gigi sulung, gigi campuran, maupun gigi permanen. ABSTRACTIntroduction: Tooth eruption involves changing the position of the tooth through several successive stages from the beginning of the formation of the tooth until the tooth appears in the occlusal direction and reaches the point of contact with its antagonistic teeth. Tooth irritation in twins is under control and strong influence of genetic factors. The purpose of this study was to look at the description of tooth eruption in twins. Methods: Descriptive research and sampling using accidental sampling as many as 35 pairs of twins consisting of 24 pairs of identical twins and 11 pairs of twins are not identical. The study was conducted by calculating the number of erupted teeth and seen the similarity between identical twins and twins is not identical. Results: The results showed that tooth eruption in twins, either identical or not identical had a suitability level of more than 50%, which was 68.57%. Conclusion: This study shows that tooth eruption in twins has an appropriate tendency, both identical or not identical twins in the stages of primary teeth, mixed teeth, or permanent teeth.Keywords: Tooth eruption, twins, tooth stage.