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Aplikasi Kajian DNA Molekuler dan Fenotipik Pada Program Pelepasliaran Burung Kakatua Zein, Moch Syamsul Arifin; Haryoko, Tri; Fitriana, Yuli Sulistya; Sulistyadi, Eko; Prawiradilaga, Dewi Malia
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 13, No 1 (2017): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (587.497 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v13i1.3105

Abstract

ABSTRACTThere are six species of cockatoos in Indonesia which are well known as exotic, smart, and they can be trained in a variety of attractions. Thus, many people want to keep those birds as pets. All of pets which have been kept by community should be evaluated from various aspects before being reintroduced to their natural habitat. The examination of sex and species of illegal cocktoos play as a key role for the reintroduction programme. Theobjective of this study was to evaluate the reliability and effectivity of evaluation technique of morphometric and molecular for reintroduction programme of cockatoos. We used the COI gene sequences from 68individuals of cockatoos from pet communities in and around Jakarta and four sequences from GenBank. The phylogenetic analysis used the neighbor-joining method, in which the genetic distance matrix calculations with Kimura 2-parameter models that are implemented on a pairwise distance calculation in the MEGA program version 6:05. The result of the genetic variation of the cockatoo species which shows intraspecific divergence was Cacatua alba (n=4)= 0%, C. galerita (Australia n=9)= 0.6%, C. galerita (Indonesia n=53)= 0.3%, C .goffiniana (n=3)= 0%, C. moluccensis (n=7)= 0.1%, and C. sulphurea (n=2)= 0.3%, with a range of 0-0.6%. The results indicate that the average of intraspecific of COI in the cockatoos community was 0.25±0.055%, and interspecific divergences ranged from 3.1 to 11.6%. The phylogenetic tree shows the monophyletic clade of cockatoo species in Indonesia. In addition, DNA barcode analysis and molecular sexing could correct the error and doubts the result of five individual species identification and two individual sexing identification of C.galerita by morphological identification. The results of morphological examanation base on body weight, body length and head-bill length of C. galerita triton were not significantly different (P?0,5). Finally, 19 individuals C. galerita triton and two individuals P. aterrimus were reintroduced to their natural habitat.Keywords: cockatoo, barcodes DNA, reintroduction
HABITAT DAN PERBEDAAN UKURAN TUBUH BURUNG KERAKBASI BESAR (Acrocephalus orientalis) PADA AWAL DAN AKHIR MASA MIGRASI DI INDONESIA Haryoko, Tri; Solihin, Dedy Duryadi; Prawiradilaga, Dewi Malia
ZOO INDONESIA Vol 24, No 1 (2015): Juli 2015
Publisher : Masyarakat Zoologi Indonesia

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Abstract

Acrocephalus  orientalis termasuk burung migran pengunjung  di Indonesia, yang berbiak di Asia Timur yaitu Siberia Selatan, Mongolia, Cina, Korea dan  Jepang. Penelitian dilakukan di Danau Tempe (Sulawesi Selatan) dan Tanjung Burung (Tangerang, Banten) pada bulan Oktober- Desember 2008 dan Mei-Juli 2009. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk : 1) menggambarkan tipe  habitat yang digunakan Acrocephalus orientalis 2) menjelaskan perbedaan  ukuran tubuh pada awal dan akhir masa migrasi di Indonesia.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Danau Tempe dan Tanjung Burung merupakan wilayah di Indonesia yang menjadi  tempat singgah dan tujuan migrasi. Selama waktu penelitian sebanyak 256 ekor  burung Acrocephalus orientalis yang berkunjung pada kedua daerah tersebut berhasil ditangkap dan dilepaskan kembali. Jumlah burung yang tertangkap pada awal musim migrasi adalah 152 ekor dan pada akhir migrasi 104 ekor. Hasil Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) dengan SPSS 16.0 terhadap ukuran tubuh menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan nyata (P<0.05)  antara burung pada awal dan akhir masa migrasi terhadap berat badan, panjang tarsus, panjang ekor, panjang total dan rentang sayap
KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS BURUNG DI BUNGURAN UTARA, PULAU BUNGURAN, KABUPATEN NATUNA Haryoko, Tri
ZOO INDONESIA Vol 20, No 2 (2011): Desember 2011
Publisher : Masyarakat Zoologi Indonesia

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Abstract

Penelitian keanekaragaman jenis burung di Bunguran Utara, Pulau Bunguran, Kabupaten Natuna Provinsi Kepulauan Riau dilaksanakan pada bulan Agustus 2011. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mendapatkan data keanekaragaman jenis burung, sehingga bermanfaat untuk mengevalua-si dan menilai potensi jenis-jenis burung yang ada di kawasan tersebut. Metode yang digunakan adalah dengan survei garis transek dan penangkapan dengan jaring kabut (mistnet). Jenis burung yang teridentifi-kasi sebanyak 487 ekor dari 50 jenis, terdiri dari 27 famili dan 10 ordo. Hasil analisis menunjukkan indeks keanekaragaman (H’)=2,621, indeks kesamarataan (J’)= 0,670 dan kekayaan jenis indeks Margalef (DMg) = 7,918. Berdasarkan kurva pertemuan jenis terlihat bahwa peningkatan waktu pengamatan menyebabkan peningkatan jumlah jenis burung yang teramati. 
KOMPOSISI JENIS DAN JUMLAH BURUNG LIAR YANG DIPERDAGANGKAN DIJAWA BARAT Haryoko, Tri
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 10, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (503.219 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v10i3.754

Abstract

Wildbird trade is a threat to the conservation of birds population in Indonesia. The main causes of wildbirds extinction are habitat loss or habitat destruction and poaching for trade.The aim of this study was to identify trade of wildbird species in West Java. The survey was carried out in October to November 2008.A total of 2080 birds (consisted of 67 species and 29 family) were traded in Bandung, Garut and Tasikmalaya areas.Bird markets in those three areas traded 1051, 496 and 533 birds respectively. The result of one way analysis of variance (anova) using SPSS 13.0 F , ll15)= 2,398 < Ftabel = 3,042, showed no significant different in the above mentioned three bird markets.
Notes on ecology of wild goffin’s cockatoo in the late dry season with emphasis on feeding ecology Mioduszewska, Berenika Monika; O’Hara, Mark Christopher; Haryoko, Tri; Auersperg, Alice Marie Isabel; Huber, Ludwig; Prawiradilaga, Dewi Malia
TREUBIA Vol 45 (2018): Vol. 45, December 2018
Publisher : Research Center for Biology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/treubia.v45i0.3706

Abstract

Experimental work on captive Goffin’s cockatoos (Cacatua goffiniana) has highlighted the remarkable cognitive abilities of this species. However, little is known about its behavior in the natural habitat on the Tanimbar Archipelago in Indonesia. In order to fully understand the evolutionary roots leading to cognitively advanced skills, such as multi-step problem solving or flexible tool use and manufacture, it is crucial to study the ecological challenges faced by the respective species in the wild. The three-month expedition presented here aimed at gaining first insights into the cockatoos’ feeding ecology and breeding behavior. We could confirm previous predictions that Goffin’s cockatoos are opportunistic foragers and consume a variety of resources (seeds, fruit, inflorescence, roots). Their breeding season may be estimated to start between June and early July and they face potential predation from ground and aerial predators. Additionally, the observational data provide indications that Goffin’s cockatoos are extractive foragers, which together with relying on multiple food sources might be considered a prerequisite of tool use.
Ornithological observations from Maratua and Bawean Islands, Indonesia Burner, Ryan C.; Shakya, Subir B.; Haryoko, Tri; Irham, Mohammad; Prawiradilaga, Dewi M.; Sheldon, Frederick H
TREUBIA Vol 45 (2018): Vol. 45, December 2018
Publisher : Research Center for Biology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/treubia.v45i0.3445

Abstract

Indonesia’s many islands, large and small, make it an important center of avian diversity and endemism. Current biogeographic understanding, however, is limited by the lack of modern genetic samples for comparative analyses from most of these islands, and conservation efforts are hampered by the paucity of recent information from small islands peripheral to major, more commonly visited  islands. In November and December 2016, we visited Maratua, an oceanic coral atoll 50 km east of Borneo, and Bawean, a volcanic island on the Sunda continental shelf 150 km north of Java, to survey birds and collect specimens for morphological and genetic analysis. We detected many of the birds on Maratua’s historical lists and added several new resident and migratory species. Notably, we did not detect the Maratua White-rumped Shama (Copsychus malabaricus barbouri). On Bawean, we found the forests to be nearly silent and detected remarkably few resident land-bird species overall. The           severe population reduction of C. m. barbouri on Maratua and the drastic reduction of forest birds on Bawean probably result from overexploitation by the cage-bird trade in the first case and a combination of the cage-bird trade and pellet-gun hunting in the second.
Variasi Ciri Morfometrik Burung Bondol di Indonesia Roslinawati, Evelin; Prihatini, Wahyu; Haryoko, Tri
ZOO INDONESIA Vol 26, No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : Masyarakat Zoologi Indonesia

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Abstract

Burung bondol mempunyai persebaran luas antara Afrika dan Asia sampai bagian utara Melanesia dan Australia. Burung ini mendiami daerah rerumputan, persawahan, padang rumput,semak, pinggir hutan dan hutan.Penelitian ini bertujuan mengidentifikasi variasi morfometrik antar spesiesburung bondol (Lonchura) di Indonesia. Sembilan spesies dari Genus Lonchura digunakan pada penelitian ini, yaitu L. punctulata, L.leucogastroides, L. striata, L. fuscans, L.molucca, L. ma-lacca,L. ferruginosa, L.maja, dan L. teerinki. Metode penelitian dimulai dengan pengambilan sampel secara acak ber-dasarkan wilayah asal sampel, pengukuran karakter morfologi serta analisis data menggunakan prosedur Analisis Kom-ponen Utama (Minitab 14). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan dimorfisme ciri jenis kelamin pada karakter panjang kepala, panjang ekor, panjang jari tengah, panjang total tubuh, dan panjang sayap yang lebih besar pada burung jantan dibanding-kan betina. Burung L. leucogastroides dan L. maja memiliki variasi morfometrik intra spesies berdasarkan asal lokasi, sedangkan pada spesies endemik L. fuscans (Kalimantan), L. ferruginosa (Jawa), dan L. teerinki (Papua) terdapat variasi morfometrik antar spesies yang signifikan.
PERSEBARAN DAN HABITAT PERSINGGAHAN BURUNG MIGRAN DI KABUPATEN NATUNA PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU Haryoko, Tri
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 13, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v13i2.696

Abstract

Indonesia has become an important part in the flyway of migratory birds due to the existing of high variety of habitat types that support for their life.Until now, the migratory birds records from Natuna Regency, which is the border area of Indonesia located in the South China Sea, are limited. This study was aimed to determine distribution and stopover habitat of migratory birds in the Natuna Regency area. The study was conducted in 2011 and 2013.Result from observations showed 14 species of migratory birds that belongs to five district birds families were identified in this area.They were Ardeidae (two species), Charadriidae (four species), Scolopacidae (six species),Laridae(one species) and Hirundinidae (one species).Southern Bunguran area has the highest record of migratory birds than other regions in Natuna. The migratory bird used four types of stopover habitat in Natuna Regency. i.e mangrovs, coastal, lakes / wetlands and other open areas.
APLIKASI KAJIAN DNA MOLEKULER DAN FENOTIPIK PADA PROGRAM PELEPASLIARAN BURUNG KAKATUA Zein, Moch Syamsul Arifin; Haryoko, Tri; Fitriana, Yuli Sulistya; Sulistyadi, Eko; Prawiradilaga, Dewi Malia
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 13, No 1 (2017): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v13i1.3105

Abstract

ABSTRACTThere are six species of cockatoos in Indonesia which are well known as exotic, smart, and they can be trained in a variety of attractions. Thus, many people want to keep those birds as pets. All of pets which have been kept by community should be evaluated from various aspects before being reintroduced to their natural habitat. The examination of sex and species of illegal cocktoos play as a key role for the reintroduction programme. Theobjective of this study was to evaluate the reliability and effectivity of evaluation technique of morphometric and molecular for reintroduction programme of cockatoos. We used the COI gene sequences from 68individuals of cockatoos from pet communities in and around Jakarta and four sequences from GenBank. The phylogenetic analysis used the neighbor-joining method, in which the genetic distance matrix calculations with Kimura 2-parameter models that are implemented on a pairwise distance calculation in the MEGA program version 6:05. The result of the genetic variation of the cockatoo species which shows intraspecific divergence was Cacatua alba (n=4)= 0%, C. galerita (Australia n=9)= 0.6%, C. galerita (Indonesia n=53)= 0.3%, C .goffiniana (n=3)= 0%, C. moluccensis (n=7)= 0.1%, and C. sulphurea (n=2)= 0.3%, with a range of 0-0.6%. The results indicate that the average of intraspecific of COI in the cockatoos community was 0.25±0.055%, and interspecific divergences ranged from 3.1 to 11.6%. The phylogenetic tree shows the monophyletic clade of cockatoo species in Indonesia. In addition, DNA barcode analysis and molecular sexing could correct the error and doubts the result of five individual species identification and two individual sexing identification of C.galerita by morphological identification. The results of morphological examanation base on body weight, body length and head-bill length of C. galerita triton were not significantly different (P?0,5). Finally, 19 individuals C. galerita triton and two individuals P. aterrimus were reintroduced to their natural habitat.Keywords: cockatoo, barcodes DNA, reintroduction