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Journal : Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA (JPPIPA)

Development of Augmented Reality Media to Improve Student Understanding of Optical Eyes System Materials Widiasih Widiasih; Zakirman Zakirman; Ratna Ekawati
Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA Vol 9 No 2 (2023): February
Publisher : Postgraduate, University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jppipa.v9i2.2858

Abstract

Optical material is material that is quite difficult for students because it has abstract concepts. Media that is considered an alternative solution is augmented reality. AR provides an effective learning experience because it displays 3D images so that it is easily accepted by students and makes students interested in learning. This study aims to develop augmented reality media to increase students' understanding of the eye optical system material. The type of research to be carried out in Research and Development, with the chosen development model being ADDIE. Product evaluation is carried out based on test results and product implementation. The population of this research is students of the Physics Education Study Program, FKIP UT, who are enrolled in the 2021.2-semester lectures and tutors for the Physics Education Study Program, FKIP UT. The research sample was students of the UT FKIP Physics Education Study Program who attended several 18 people (from UPBJJ UT Bogor, Jakarta, and Serang and tuweb tutors for the optics course). The data collection method consisted of administering a questionnaire. To determine the level of understanding of student material on system material eye optics, test results given to students were analyzed descriptively. Questionnaire analysis from tutors and students regarding the need for AR media was analyzed descriptively and quantitatively. The sampling technique used was random sampling, in which the entire population has the same rights and opportunities to be involved in research Based on the results of the needs analysis, it shows that 81% of students agree and need AR media to study the optical system of the eye, 72% of students agree that the material for the optical system of the watch has the potential to cause misconceptions if studied without using media. Based on the results of the needs analysis, consists of 3 main topics, namely regarding the structure of the eye, the process of seeing in the eye, and eye defects. The results of the trial analysis using AR media used a paired sample t-test to see the effectiveness of AR media. The results of the analysis of the paired sample t-test showed a Sig.2 tailed value > 0.05 so it can be concluded that there was a significant difference between before and after using AR media. In other words, it is easier for students to understand the material after being treated in the form of AR media on the concept of eye optics.
Penggunaan Four-Tier Test Untuk Mengidentifikasi Miskonsepsi Mahasiswa Calon Guru Sekolah Dasar Pada Topik Kelistrikan Rahmawati Rahmawati; Widiasih Widiasih; Dewi Hikmah Marisda; Riskawati Riskawati
Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA Vol 9 No 10 (2023): October
Publisher : Postgraduate, University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jppipa.v9i10.3272

Abstract

The topic of electricity is one of the topics in the Advanced Physics course which has abstract dominant characteristics. The abstract nature of electrical material has the potential to be difficult to understand and has the potential for misunderstanding by students. The four-tier test is a type of test that can be used to identify student misconceptions. The research method used in this study is a quantitative descriptive research with a survey research type. The populations of this study were all first-year prospective elementary teacher students who took the advanced physics courses as many as 30 students. The sampling technique of this study used a saturated sample whose number is the same as that of the study population. The research instrument was in the form of a four-tier test related to electricity topics, totaling 20 questions and divided into the sub-topics of electric current, electromotive force and potential difference, resistance, energy and conductivity of electric current, dc electric circuits, and Kirchhoff's Laws. The characteristics of this four-tier test consist of four levels. The first level is a choice of answers by providing five choices. The second level is the level of the respondent's confidence in the answer choices. The third level is the choice of reasons for the answer chosen by the respondent. The fourth level is the level of confidence in the choice of reasons for the selected answer. Respondents' answer patterns were grouped into three categories, namely understanding the concept, not understanding, and misconceptions. The results showed that the percentage of students in the categories of not understanding concepts, understanding concepts, and misconceptions were respectively 49.65%, 29.38% and 20.97%. Overall, it can be concluded that the dominant first grade students do not understand the concept and some experience misconceptions. The findings of this study may have implications for efforts to improve debriefing in Advanced Physics lectures in the future so as to be able to reduce misconceptions and understand student concepts
Penggunaan Four-Tier Test Untuk Mengidentifikasi Miskonsepsi Mahasiswa Calon Guru Sekolah Dasar Pada Topik Kelistrikan Rahmawati Rahmawati; Widiasih Widiasih; Dewi Hikmah Marisda; Riskawati Riskawati
Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA Vol. 9 No. 10 (2023): October
Publisher : Postgraduate, University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jppipa.v9i10.3272

Abstract

The topic of electricity is one of the topics in the Advanced Physics course which has abstract dominant characteristics. The abstract nature of electrical material has the potential to be difficult to understand and has the potential for misunderstanding by students. The four-tier test is a type of test that can be used to identify student misconceptions. The research method used in this study is a quantitative descriptive research with a survey research type. The populations of this study were all first-year prospective elementary teacher students who took the advanced physics courses as many as 30 students. The sampling technique of this study used a saturated sample whose number is the same as that of the study population. The research instrument was in the form of a four-tier test related to electricity topics, totaling 20 questions and divided into the sub-topics of electric current, electromotive force and potential difference, resistance, energy and conductivity of electric current, dc electric circuits, and Kirchhoff's Laws. The characteristics of this four-tier test consist of four levels. The first level is a choice of answers by providing five choices. The second level is the level of the respondent's confidence in the answer choices. The third level is the choice of reasons for the answer chosen by the respondent. The fourth level is the level of confidence in the choice of reasons for the selected answer. Respondents' answer patterns were grouped into three categories, namely understanding the concept, not understanding, and misconceptions. The results showed that the percentage of students in the categories of not understanding concepts, understanding concepts, and misconceptions were respectively 49.65%, 29.38% and 20.97%. Overall, it can be concluded that the dominant first grade students do not understand the concept and some experience misconceptions. The findings of this study may have implications for efforts to improve debriefing in Advanced Physics lectures in the future so as to be able to reduce misconceptions and understand student concepts