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Journal : Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences

The Effectivenes of Red Rice to Decrease Total Cholesterol in Type 2 DM Patients Wydi Ulfa Pradini; Ancah Caesarina Novi Marchianti; Rini Riyanti
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 3 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v3i1.4091

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a group of metabolic diseases with hyperglycemia characteristic that happens because anomaly of insulin secretion or insulin activity. Insulin deficiency in type 2 DM caused dislipidemia. Red rice are contain fiber, essential fatty acid and Gamma Amino Butiric Acid (GABA). This research intended to know the effectiveness of red rice to decrease total cholesterol levels of patient with type 2 DM. Clinical test with quasi experimental and research design non randomized control-group pretest-postest design was used for the research method. Total samples of this research are 36 samples. The treated group was given the red rice during 6 days on breakfast and dinner, while the control group did not have any intervention. The research showed that average cholesterol levels in the beginning and finale of treated group was 235,69 mg/dL and 198,56 mg/dL, while average cholesterol levels in the beginning and finale of control group was 235,72 mg/dL and 256,50 mg/dL. From this research, red rice has effective to decrease  total cholesterol levels of patients with type 2 DM.Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Red Rice, Cholesterol total levels
Risk Factor Analysis of Recurrent Diarrhea on Toddlers in Sumberjambe Health Center Jember Regency Anita Margaret Wibisono; Ancah Caesarina Novi Marchianti; Dion Krismashogi Dharmawan
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i1.9657

Abstract

Recurrent diarrhea is diarrhea that occurs repeatedly within one to three months. Toddler is the highest group suffering of diarrhea. Diarrhea is the second leading cause of death on toddler. This research aims to analyze the effect of risk factors of recurrent diarrhea on toddler in Sumberjambe Health Center Jember Regency. This type of research is observational analytic with case control design. The sample is 50 cases and 50 controls. The sampling technique used consecutive sampling method. The research was conducted in December 2018 to January 2019 using a questionnaire. Data analysis using Chi Square test and Logistic Regression test. Chi Square analysis results are child’s age (p= 0.003), gender (p= 1,000), exclusive breastfeeding (p= 0.044), measles immunization (p= 0.387), nutritional status (p= 0.840), hand nail hygiene (p= 0.395), mother’s age (p= 0.435), mother’s education level (p= 0.263), mother’s knowledge (p= 0.494), hand washing habit (p= 0.684), and family income (p= 0.773). Logistic Regression analysis results are child’s age (p= 0.002) and exclusive breastfeeding (p= 0.499). The conclusions of this study are child’s age and exclusive breastfeeding have influence of recurrent diarrhea on toddler and child's age is the most influential risk factor of recurrent diarrhea on toddler. The suggestion of this research is that it needs to research other risk factors and mothers are required to give exclusive breastfeeding. Keywords: risk factors, recurrent diarrhea, toddler
The Effectiveness of Nutrition Counseling on The First Thousand Days of Life Group in Improving Knowledge and Attitude on Nutrition Awareness Ancah Caesarina Novi Marchianti; Elly Nurus Sakinah; Nurud Diniyah
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 3 No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v3i3.5331

Abstract

Nutrition status in the first thousand days of life (FTDL) of 270 days during pregnancy and 730 days in the infant's first life is a critical period, since the resulting consequences are permanent and irreparable. There are still many problems in the group of FTDL around the campus of University of Jember which require intensive handling, such as stunting, low energy protein, anemia, underweight and etc. Methods of improving the quality of nutrition for the FTDL group can be done by increasing knowledge about nutrition through counseling by utilizing various media (posters, brochures, videos, demos and presentation slides). This study aims to determine how far is the effectiveness of nutrition counseling in improving knowledge and attitude awareness on nutrition problems. The method used was to give counselling on nutrition in the target groups (members of Posyandu Catleya A and B) and assessed changes by comparing the level of nutritional knowledge and attitude before and after receiving counseling. The results showed there were significant differences in the level of nutritional knowledge and attitude between before and after the counseling about nutrition and food processing technology. It can be concluded that this method is quite effective to raise awareness of FTDL group on nutrition problems. Keywords: food insecurity, nutrition counseling, nutrition awareness
Effects of Herbal Forte Rice as Replacement of Carbohydrate to Insulin Resistance in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in Sumbersari Health Center Jember Dina Faizatur Rahmah; Ancah Caesarina Novi Marchianti; Rini Riyanti
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 3 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v3i2.5064

Abstract

The population of type 2 diabetes mellitus sufferer continuously increases due to the increase of insulin resistance characterised by the rise of the secretion insulin. Insulin resistance is affected by several factors such as the lack of physical activity, obesity, and unhealthy diet. One of the characteristics of the unhealthy diet is the high consumption of carbohydrates.Whereas Indonesian prefers to have carbohydrate sources from food which has high glycemic index such as rice so thatit makes the glucose in the blood increased rapidly. This condition causes more and faster insulin secretion and can affect insulin resistance. The purpose of this study is to know the effectiveness of herbal forte rice as a substitute of the main carbohydrate in the state of hyperinsulinemia suffered by 15 patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Puskesmas (community health center) Sumbersari Jember. This study is a clinical trial with a quasi experimental method and crossover design. In this study, the sample is interviewed by characteristics (age, gender) and the early consumption patterns using 24-hour food recall three times at different times. Samples acted as a control group once the experimental group. The control group did not receive any treatment, while the experimental group received the herbal forte rice as much as 100 grams for 7 consecutive days in the morning (at 06.30 am). After washing out period for 9 days, experimental group switched into control group. At the end of the period (7 days), data of fasting blood glucose and fasting insulin were collected then counted by HOMA-IR formula. The result of the study based on the paired t test p=0.001 in comparison to the state of the control and experimental group. The conclusion of this study is there is a changing state of insulin resistance with the replacement of food based on glycemic index.