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The Role of Public Health Centers (Puskesmas) as the Gatekeeper of National Health Insurance Yandrizal, Yandrizal; Anita, Betri; Febriawati, Henni
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 12, No 1 (2016): JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT (KEMAS) JULY 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v12i1.3933

Abstract

The percentages of referrals for the first level health facilities visits are coming from the health center (Puskesmas) with 16.85% at the highest and from the practicing doctors with 12.45% at the lowest. The aim of the research is to examine the efficiency the promotion, preventive and curative care quality improvement. This study used qualitative exploratory design by case study approach. The collection of data was conducted through field observations, document observation and in-depth interviews. TThe informants consisted of 4 Head of Health Center/Puskesmas, 9 cadres of integrated guiding posts (Pos Pembinaan terpadu /Posbindu) for Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs), 9 cadres of Integrated Service Post (Pos Pelayanan Terpadu/Posyandu), 33 participants of the National Health Insurance and 23 people from community who have not joined the national health insurance scheme. The results show that mini workshops are held every month in preparing activities with a focus on the causes of most diseases in the previous month. Posyandu may reduce morbidity rate on infants and pregnant women, Posbindu for Non-communicable Diseases can prevent and control non-communicable diseases. Quality of service can improve the perception of the quality of the service and can reduce referrals to hospital.
The Role of Public Health Centers (Puskesmas) as the Gatekeeper of National Health Insurance Anita, Betri; Febriawati, Henni; Yandrizal, Yandrizal
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 12, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v12i1.3933

Abstract

The percentages of referrals for the first level health facilities visits are coming from the health center (Puskesmas) with 16.85% at the highest and from the practicing doctors with 12.45% at the lowest. The aim of the research is to examine the efficiency the promotion, preventive and curative care quality improvement. This study used qualitative exploratory design by case study approach. The collection of data was conducted through field observations, document observation and in-depth interviews. TThe informants consisted of 4 Head of Health Center/Puskesmas, 9 cadres of integrated guiding posts (Pos Pembinaan terpadu /Posbindu) for Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs), 9 cadres of Integrated Service Post (Pos Pelayanan Terpadu/Posyandu), 33 participants of the National Health Insurance and 23 people from community who have not joined the national health insurance scheme. The results show that mini workshops are held every month in preparing activities with a focus on the causes of most diseases in the previous month. Posyandu may reduce morbidity rate on infants and pregnant women, Posbindu for Non-communicable Diseases can prevent and control non-communicable diseases. Quality of service can improve the perception of the quality of the service and can reduce referrals to hospital.
PENDIDIKAN SEKSUAL REMAJA MELALUI POSKESJA Febriawati, Henni; Padila, Padila; Anita, Betri
Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Bumi Raflesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Bumi Raflesia
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1163.815 KB) | DOI: 10.36085/jpmbr.v1i1.193

Abstract

Masa remaja adalah masa yang khusus dan penting, karena merupakan periode pematangan organ reproduksi manusia. Masa remaja disebut juga masa pubertas, merupakan masa transisi yang di tandai dengan perubahan fisik, emosi dan psikis. Remaja berada dalam situasi sangat peka terhadap pengaruh nilai baru, nilai yang datang dari luar maupun dari dalam dirinya. Masalah yang paling banyak dibicarakan remaja saat ini, seperti masalah seksualitas dan perilaku menyimpang dikalangan remaja, maraknya korban kekerasan seksual yang terselubung, seks bebas, kehamilan diluar nikah, pernikahan dini, tindakan perkosaan, abortus, dan sampai menghilangkan nyawa seseorang demi menunaikan hasyratnya. Kegiatan ini bertujuan untuk membentuk pos kesehatan remaja (POSKESJA) di SMA Muhammadiyah 4 Kota Bengkulu. Adapun tahap kegiatan yang dilaksanakan pembentukan POSKESJA tersebut adalah 1) Penyuluhan Tentang Bahaya Melakukan Seks Bebas, 2) Penyuluhan Tentang Macam-macam Penyakit Menular Seksual, 3) Penyuluhan tentang perilaku meyimpang pada remaja dan dampak-dampaknya, 4) Setiap awal dan akhir penyuluhan diberikan instrument untuk melihat pengetahuan siswa sebelum dan setelah penyuluhan, 5) Praktek P3K kepada Remaja, dan 6) Pelatihan kader, Pengukuhan struktural Poskesja dan perpustakaan mini dilengkapi referensi tentang konsep kesehatan reproduksi. Hasil dari kegiatan ini adalah terbentuknya POSKESJA di SMAM 4 Kota Bengkulu, 2) Tersusunyan pojok baca yaitu perpustakaan mini. Kehadiran POSKESJA ini di SMAM 4 ini dapat membantu remaja mengenal kesehatan reproduksi lebih dini sebagai upaya promotif dan preventif, sehingga dapat mencegah remaja terjerumus dalam pergaulan bebas dan penyimpangan perilaku kesehatan. Keberadaan POSKESJA ini telah memfasilitasi sedikitnya 30 remaja menjadi peserta. Kata Kunci : Kaderisasi, POSKESJA, Remaja
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERNIKAHAN USIA DINI DI KECAMATAN SEMIDANG ALAS MARAS KABUPATEN SELUMA Febriawati, Henni; Wati, Nopia; Arlina, Sintia
Avicenna: Jurnal Ilmiah Vol 15, No 1 (2020): Jurnal Ilmiah Avicenna
Publisher : Public Health Department, Faculty of Health Science University Muhammadiyah Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36085/avicenna.v15i1.758

Abstract

Informasi yang diperoleh dari BPS Provinsi Bengkulu (2018), Kabupaten Seluma dengan persentase tertinggi kasus pernikahan usia dini ditemukan 30,83 persen. Penyebab tingginya angka menikah usia dini adalah masalah ekonomi yang kurang, diikuti pengaruh teman sebaya, keluarga, dan hamil di luar nikah. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan pernikahan usia dini di Kecamatan Semidang Alas Maras Kabupaten Seluma. Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional analitik pada metode kuantitatif dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Mei 2019 di Kecamatan Semidang Alas Maras Kabupaten Seluma. Populasi penelitian berjumlah 2.648 orang. Jumlah sampel penelitian sebanyak 97 orang responden laki-laki. Yang diambil dengan teknik purposive sampling. Data kemudian dianalisis menggunakan analisis univariat dan bivariat melalui uji Chi-Square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan signifikan antara pendidikan (p=0,010), status sosial ekonomi (p=0,003), teman sebaya (p=0,036) dan peran orang tua (p=0,003), dengan pernikahan usia dini di Kecamatan Semidang Alas Maras Kabupaten Seluma. Tidak ada hubungan signifikan antara faktor pengetahuan, pekerjaan, dan keterpaparan media informasi dengan pernikahan usia dini di Kecamatan Semidang Alas Maras Kabupaten Seluma. Disarankan kepada dinas kesehatan untuk menjalin kerja sama dengan BKKBN untuk memberikan informasi beserta edukasi kepada remaja dan orang tua tentang dampak pernikahan usia dini.
Analisis Sistem Pelayanan Bank Darah Rumah Sakit Di Rumah Sakit Daerah Dr. M. Yunus Bengkulu Tahun 2018 Oktarianita, Oktarianita; Angraini, Wulan; Febriawati, Henni
Avicenna: Jurnal Ilmiah Vol 13, No 03 (2018): Jurnal Ilmiah Avicenna
Publisher : Public Health Department, Faculty of Health Science University Muhammadiyah Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36085/avicenna.v13i03.178

Abstract

Quality, safe blood services are available on time, can be achieved if the service runs in a closed system, where the hospital no longer submits efforts to obtain transfusion blood to the patient's family, but the entire service mechanism is carried out by the officer. Researchers found that when blood was distributed, the treatment of the blood banks involved families of patients to distribute the blood.This research is a descriptive study with a qualitative approach. Data collection techniques using interviews and observation with a checklist sheet. This research was conducted at Dr.M. Yunus Bengkulu Hospital Blood Bank. The informants in this study were seven people, namely the Head of Hospital Blood Bank, 3 Hospital Blood Bank Staff and three patients' families.The results of this study were the request and receipt of donor blood from UTD in Hospital Blood Bank, blood and blood component storage in Hospital Blood Bank, transfusion blood preparation in Hospital Blood Bank, pre transfusion examination in Hospital Blood Bank, distribution to the treatment room in Hospital Blood Bank, tracing transfusion reactions in Hospital Blood Bank and recording and reporting in Hospital Blood Bank in accordance with Minister of Health regulations No.91 of 2015.Advice given to Hospital Blood Bank’s Officers to meet blood service standards is by distributing closed cold chain systems and in accordance with Minister of Health regulations No.91 of 2015. Keywords: System, Service, Blood, Hospital, Bank
Analysis the Role of Management for Achieving of Public Health Coverage Programs at Public Health Care in Bengkulu Syaiful Anwar Ab1 , Henni Febriawati1,2, Lizar Alfansi1 , Efffed Darta Hadi1
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Vol. 14 No. 3 (2020): Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
Publisher : Institute of Medico-legal Publications Pvt Ltd

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10756

Abstract

Background: Public Health Care is a primary public health service center. It is also as a promotive and preventive service provider with a target group and community to maintain and improve health and prevent disease. In the implementation of the health program the management function in the public health center is called planning (P), Mobilizing implementation (MI), Supervision Control Assessment (SCA). The purpose of conducting a public health care management analysis is Planning (P), Mobilizing Implementation (M.I), and Supervision Control Assessment (SCA) on the achievement of public health care performance indicators in Bengkulu City. Study Design: The research design used is exploratory or non-experinmental research for qualitative methods and analytic research designs are cross sectional observational approaches for quantitative methods with hypothesis testing. Informants in this qualitative study were carried out by means of purposive sampling, namely by conducting interviews with all the Head of Public Health Center. The sample in this study amounted to 80 samples consisting of the head of the Public Health Center, the person in charge of the program and the implementer of the Public health care program/activity Results: There is a relationship between Management functions (planning, mobilizing implementation, controlling assessment control) to the achievement of the performance of the Environmental Health, Nutrition, Prevention and Disease Control program at Bengkulu City Health Center; Conclusion: The implementation of management functions (Planning, Mobilizing Implementation, Supervision Control Assessment) influences the Environmental Health, Nutrition, Disease Prevention and Control program in Bengkulu City Health center.
Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kejadian Plasenta Previa Wahyu, Haifa; Febriawati, Henni; Yosi, Martika; Lina, Liza Fitri
JURNAL KEPERAWATAN MUHAMMADIYAH BENGKULU Vol 7, No 2 (2019): JURNAL KEPERAWATAN MUHAMMADIYAH BENGKULU
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan, Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Muhammadiyah Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36085/jkmu.v7i2.511

Abstract

Placenta previa is one of the risks in pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors associated with the incidence of placenta previa in Dr. M. Yunus Bengkulu. The research design used was an observational analytic study with a case control approach (case and control). The population in this study were all patients of placenta previa during 2018 in Dr. M. Yunus Bengkulu, as many as 135 people and as many as 74 people were divided into 37 case groups and 37 control groups by purposive sampling technique. Chi Square statistical test results showed the value of ρ for age (p 0,000), parity (p 0,000), history of Caesarean Sectio (p 0.016), history of curettage (p 0.033), and pregnancy distance (p 0.005). In conclusion, based on statistical tests, there is a significant relationship between the factors of maternal age, parity, history of Caesarean Sectio, history of curettage, distance of pregnancy to the incidence of placenta previa. It is recommended to nurses RSUD Dr. M. Yunus Bengkulu to be able to provide education in preventing the occurrence of placenta previa by conducting interviews and discussions with risk patients at RSUD Dr. M. Yunus Bengkulu.Keywords       : Pregnancy distance, Curettage, Parity, Placenta previa, Sectio Caesarea, Age
PENGARUH TERAPI KOMPRES HANGAT DENGAN AROMA LAVENDER TERHADAP PENURUNAN INTENSITAS NYERI PADA PASIEN POST SECTIO CAESAREA DI RS. DETASEMEN KESEHATAN TENTARA (DKT) BENGKULU Wahyu, Haifa; Febriawati, Henni; Lina, Liza Fitri; Andari, Fatsiwi Nunik; Wulandari, Restu
JURNAL KEPERAWATAN MUHAMMADIYAH BENGKULU Vol 7, No 1 (2019): JURNAL KEPERAWATAN MUHAMMADIYAH BENGKULU
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan, Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Muhammadiyah Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36085/jkmu.v7i1.306

Abstract

Sectio saecarea (SC) is a method of giving birth to the fetus through an incision in the abdominal wall and uterine wall. One of the complications of SC is pain in the incision area. The non-pharmacological pain management strategy is to warm compress with the scent of lavender. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of warm compress therapy with lavender aroma on decreasing pain intensity in post SC patients before and after warm compresses with aroma lavender. This type of research is quantitative research, with a pre-experimental research design method, using the design of one group pre test - post test design.        On the results of univariate analysis the pain intensity of post SC patients was obtained before a warm compress with lavender aroma in the hospital. The FKT Bengkulu in 2018 is 15 people (100%) Respondents experience moderate pain with a scale of 4-6. While the pain intensity of post SC patients after being warm compressed with lavender aroma is 12 people (80.0%) respondents experienced mild pain with a range of 1-3, and 3 people (20.0%) respondents with moderate pain intensity with a range of scales 4-6. The results of bivariate analysis showed that there was an effect of warm compress therapy with lavender aroma on the reduction in pain intensity in post SC patients in the hospital. Bengkulu DKT with a p-value of 0.01 0.05. It is recommended to RS.DKT Bengkulu to apply warm compress therapy with lavender aroma in the management of pain in post SC patients. Keywords: Sectio caesaria, pain, aroma of lavender
Pengalaman Penderita Diabetes Mellitus dalam Pencegahan Ulkus Diabetik Fitriyanti, Melisa Enni; Febriawati, Henni; Yanti, Lussyefrida
JURNAL KEPERAWATAN MUHAMMADIYAH BENGKULU Vol 7, No 2 (2019): JURNAL KEPERAWATAN MUHAMMADIYAH BENGKULU
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan, Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Muhammadiyah Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36085/jkmu.v7i2.481

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is still a health problem in the world with increasing prevalence. Complications often experienced by people with DM are wounds that do not heal leading to diabetic ulcers. The purpose of this study was to determine the experience of diabetics in preventing diabetes diabetic ulcers in RSUD dr. M. Yunus Bengkulu. This research is a qualitative research with a phenomenological study approach. There were 3 informants who were taken by purposive sampling based on inclusion criteria. Data is taken by in-depth interviews and processed by making a matrix. The results obtained 6 themes, namely aspects of knowledge, aspects of clinical manifestations, aspects of etiology, aspects of risk factors, aspects of prevention, and aspects of family care. Discussion on the aspects of knowledge of the three informants already understand about DM, aspects of clinical manifestations of the 3 informants experiencing the same symptoms, etiological aspects of the causes of DM from information obtained that is due to age, stress and hereditary history, aspects of a large risk factor likely to occur in those who have a hereditary history , The aspect of prevention carried out by the informant is to use medical and non-medical prevention. Aspects of family care 2 informants get family support 1 informant no. In conclusion, the experience of people with diabetes mellitus in preventing diabetic ulcers is herbal medicine, diet, always using footwear to prevent injury. It is hoped that further researchers can develop aspects of preventing diabetes ulcers using quantitative research, and can conduct further research based on aspects of the work. Keywords:  Diabetes mellitus, diabetic ulcers, phenomenological studies Reading
Edukasi Kesehatan Stunting di Kabupaten Bengkulu Utara: Health Education of Stunting in Bengkulu Utara Angraini, Wulan; Pratiwi, Bintang Agustina; M. Amin; Yanuarti, Riska; Febriawati, Henni; Shaleh, M. Ismail
Poltekita : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol. 14 No. 1 (2020): May
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Palu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33860/jik.v14i1.36

Abstract

Pemantauan status gizi Kabupaten Bengkulu Utara bulan Juni 2018 menunjukkan prevalensi stunting 9,03% dari total 1.289 balita yang diukur status gizi dalam status gizi stunting. Puskesmas Argamakmur merupakan salah satu yang tertinggi jumlah balita dengan status gizi stuntingberjumlah 143 orang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengedukasi kesehatan stunting terhadap pengetahuan dan sikap ibu di Puskesmas Arga Makmur Kabupaten Bengkulu Utara. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode quasy experimentdengan pre danpost test one group pada 29 Juli sampai dengan 19 Agustus 2019 di Puskesmas Arga Makmur Kabupaten Bengkulu Utara. Populasi dalam penelitian ini seluruh ibu yang memiliki balita sedangkan sampel merupakan sebagian ibu yang memiliki anak usia 24-36 bulan dengan teknik accedental samplingsebanyak 19 responden. Analisis data menggunakan uji Compare Means Paired T-Test. Analisis data didapatkan rerata sebelum diberikan edukasi kesehatan terhadap pengetahuan (4,95), sikap (24,21), rata- rata sesudah di berikan edukasi kesehatan terhadap pengetahuan (7,89), sikap (29,58). Rerata pengetahuan dan sikap meningkat tentang stuntingsetelah edukasi pendidikan kesehatan dalam bentuk flipchat (lembar balik) di Puskesmas Arga Makmur Kabupaten Bengkulu Utara.
Co-Authors Achmad Faisal Rizal Afriyanto A Afriyanto Afriyanto Afriyanto Afriyanto Agus Ramon Agus Ramon, Agus Ahmad Bagas Pradani Alen Elita Amrullah, Hilma Andry Sartika Angraini, Wulan Annisa Agata Arif Munandar Arina Amalia Maghfiroh Arlina, Sintia Asih Dewi Setyawati Azzaria Fidella Betri Anita Betri Anita Betri Anita, Betri Betrianita Bintang Agustina Pratiwi Bunga Tiara Kasih Deka Darmita Delvita Efrianti Deni Kurniawan Deni Kurniawan, Deni Desi Lastari Desri Suryani Dewi Yuliana Diko Anandika Utama diniarti, fiya Dwi Astuti Dwi Astuti Edi Purwoko Ekowati, Sri Eli Saripah Emi Kosvianti EVA OKTAVIDIATI, EVA Fahreza Kurnia Sari Fatsiwi Nunik Andari Feni Ranwo Ferasinta Ferasinta Fitriyanti, Melisa Enni Haifa Wahyu Haifa Wahyu Harsismanto J Heldi Saputra Hilma Amrullah Hilma Amrullah Husin, Hasan Iis Suryani Iis Suryani Ivan Ahmad Nurcholis Jafrizal Jafrizal Juli Andri Kuatno Kuatno Larra Fredrika Larra Fredrika Leni Delta Lina, Liza Fitri Linda Nur Sipatu Sipatu Liza Fitri Lina M. Amin M. Amin M. Ismail Shaleh Mario Ekoriano Maritce Rombe Martika Yosi Melisa Enni Fitriyanti Mohammad Amin Muhammad Amin Muhammad Arif Tobing Muhammad Randika Alifiyandi Mutiara Nafita Nopia Wati Nopia Wati Nopia Wati Nora Idiawati Nova Kartini Nova Nurwinda Sari Nurhayati Nurhayati, Hestika Oktarianita Oktarianita Oktarianita Oktarianita Oktarianita, Oktarianita Padila Padila Padila Padila, Padila Panzilion . Rahayu Susmita Restu Wulandari Rujung Ali Dori Sarkawi Sarkawi Sarkawi Selvi Riwayati Selvia Novita Sari Shaleh, M. Ismail Sintia Arlina Siti Nurazisah Sri Ekowati Sunaryadi Tresna Fatmawati Tuti Rohani Wahyu, Haifa Wati, Nopia Wibowo, Mursid Wulan Angraini Wulan Wijaya Wulan Wulandari, Restu Yandrizal Yandrizal Yandrizal Yandrizal Yanti, Lussyefrida Yanuarti, Riska Yesa Putri Pratama Yosi Losyanti Yosi, Martika Yulia Afriza Yuni Kartika Yusmaniarti Yusuf Randi