Andi Kurniadi, Andi
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Bola Tangkup: A Media to Stimulate Gross Motor Skills’ Children with Visual Impairment Kurniadi, Andi; Ciptono, Ciptono
Indonesian Journal of Early Childhood Education Studies Vol 4 No 2 (2015): November 2015
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/ijeces.v4i2.9461

Abstract

This study aims to determine how the development of media “bola tangkup” and test the effectiveness of the media “bola tangkup” sphere to stimulate the gross motor ability of blind children. The method used the Research and Development (R & D) but is more focused on the development of procedural models by Borg & Gall simplified. The development phase of this research begins with an analysis of potential problems, requirements analysis, product design, design validation, and applied it, then conducted tests gross motor ability of children. Data was analyzed using descriptive qualitative descriptive analysis of the needs and the percentage of the results of expert validation and testing of the product. Design validation results showed that the media developed has met the eligibility test media expert and skilled children with special needs and can be used for media learning gross motor stimulation. Media expert validation results expressed strongly agree with 81.12% and the percentage of children with special needs experts strongly agreed with a percentage of 90.59%. The trial results demonstrate the ability of sound ball an average percentage of 39.58% and ability after treatment using “bolatangkup” an average percentage of 73.21%. It can be concluded that the use of media “bolatangkup” is more effective than using the ball sounds. Besides media “bolatangkup” can be used as a step to introduction characteristics braille is using the seeds of the more interesting and fun for blind children. Research needs to be conducted extensive testing in order to improve media development “bolatangkup” of higher quality.How to citeKurniadi, A. & Ciptono. (2015). Bola Tangkup: A Media to Stimulate Gross Motor Skills’ Children with Visual Impairment. Indonesian Journal of Early Childhood Education Studies, 4(2), 86-89. doi:10.15294/ijeces.v4i2.9461DOI 10.15294/ijeces.v4i2.9461
Peran Serum IL-6 dan CA-125 Prabedah sebagai Prediktor Resektabilitas Tumor pada Kanker Ovarium Tipe Epitel KURNIADI, ANDI; HIDAYAT, YUDI M; SUARDI, DODI; SUSANTO, HERMAN; N.A.W, GATOT; PRAYITNO, HERU
Indonesian Journal of Cancer Vol 11, No 4 (2017): October- December 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Cancer

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Abstract

The success of ovarian cancer therapy is determined by optimal cytoreduction performed prior to chemotherapy. Maximum residual tumor after cytoreduction and before chemotherapy is essential for prognosis. Factors affecting tumor mass resectability are the surgeon, location of the mass, ascites more than 1000 mL, carcinomatosis, mass in lymph nodes more than 1 cm, mass at the liver parenchym, large mass up to diaphragm and pre-operative CA-125 > 500 MIU / L will increase the likelihood of suboptimal cytoreduction. IL-6 and CA-125 play a role in the occurrence of those factors, so both examinations are expected to improve the prediction of cytoreduction resectability and determine the appropriate choice for the treatment of ovarian cancer, either cytoreduction or neoadjuvant chemotherapy.The design of this study is cross sectional that is by examining patients suspected of ovarian malignancy, checking for their preoperative IL-6 and CA-125 levels and their resectability. Data analysis done by univariat and bivariate. For categorical data tested by chi-square test or Exact Fisher test, significance test used unpaired T test or Mann Whitney test. Analysis of numerical variables by numerical using Pearson correlation analysis or Spearman correlation analysis as well as correlation between numerical variables with nominal variables using Eta Correlation test. The data obtained is recorded in a special form and then processed with SPSS version 24.0 for WindowsPatients collected during the study period were 54, where only 36 people met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. It was found that most subjects were aged 40-64 years (77.8%), mean value of CA-125 for suboptimal cytoreduction group was higher than optimal cytoreduction (1099,75 + 1242,555 vs 311,23 + 160,165), which is statistically significant, p = 0,000 (p value <0,05), CA 125 cut off point in this research was 432 with sensitivity value of 72,2% and specificity value of 77,88%. The mean value of IL-6 for the suboptimal cytoreduced group was greater than the optimized cytoreduction (137.72 + 107.658 VS 62.20 + 66.330), which is statistically significant, p = 0.009 (p value <0.05), IL-6 cut off point at this study was 64.9 with a sensitivity of 72.2% and a specificity of 72.2 %. There was a positive correlation with a strong correlation strength between CA-125 levels and the operating outcome, p = 0.012 (p <0.05), there was a positive correlation with a small correlation strength between IL-6 levels and the outcome of surgery, p = 0,016 (p <0,05) and there was correlation between IL-6 and CA-125 presurgery with operating outcome (suboptimal and optimal cytoreduction) with cut off point 418,5 with sensitivity value 88.9% and specificity value 72,2% .Conclusion: There is a correlation between the levels of IL-6 and CA-125 and ovarian cancer resectability. ABSTRAKKeberhasilan terapi kanker ovarium  ditentukan oleh optimalnya sitoreduksi yang dilakukan sebelum pemberian kemoterapi. Maksimal residual tumor setelah sitoreduksi dan sebelum kemoterapi sangat penting untuk prognosis. Faktor -faktor yang mempengaruhi resektabilitas massa tumor adalah operator, lokasi massa,  asites lebih dari 1000 mL, karsinomatosis, massa di limfa lebih dari 1 cm, massa diparenkim hati, massa yang besar sampai ke diafragma dan kadar CA-125 pre-operatif > 500 mIU/L akan meningkatkan kemungkinan sitoreduksi suboptimal. IL-6 dan CA-125 berperan peran dalam terjadinya faktor – faktor tersebut, sehingga pemeriksaan kedua-duanya diharapkan dapat meningkatkan prediksi resektabilitas sitoreduksi dan menentukan pilihan tatalaksana kanker ovarium yang tepat yaitu sitoreduksi atau kemoterapi neoajuvan.Rancangan penelitian ini adalah cross sectional yaitu dengan melakukan pemeriksaan kadar IL-6 dan CA-125 prabedah  penderita tersangka keganasan ovarium kemudian dilihat resektabilitasnya.. Analisis data dilakukan secara univariat dan bivariate. Untuk data kategorik diuji dengan uji chi-square atau uji Exact Fisher , Uji kemaknaan  digunakan uji T tidak berpasangan atau uji Mann Whitney. Analisis variabel numerik dengan numerik menggunakan analisis korelasi Pearson atau analisis korelasi Spearman serta korelasi antara variabel numerik dengan variabel nominal menggunakan uji Korelasi Eta. Data yang diperoleh dicatat dalam formulir khusus kemudian diolah dengan program SPSS versi 24.0 forWindowsPasien yang berhasil dikumpulkan selama periode penelitian sebanyak 54 orang, yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan ekslusi hanya 36 orang. diperoleh data bahwa subjek terbanyak adalah usia 40 – 64 tahun (77,8%), Nilai rerata CA-125 untuk kelompok sitoreduksi suboptimal lebih besar dibandingkan dengan sitoreduksi optimal (1099,75 + 1242,555  VS 311,23 + 160,165 ) bermakna secara statistik     p = 0,000 (nilai p < 0,05), cut off point  CA 125 pada penelitian ini adalah 432 dengan nilai sensitivitas 72,2% dan nilai spesifisitas 77,88%. Nilai rerata IL-6 untuk kelompok sitoreduksi suboptimal lebih besar dibandingkan dengan sitoreduksi optimal (137,72 + 107,658 VS 62,20 + 66,330) bermakna secara statistik p = 0,009 (nilai p < 0,05), cut off point  IL-6 pada penelitian ini adalah 64,9 dengan  sensitivitas 72,2% dan  spesifisitas 72,2%%. Terdapat korelasi positif dengan kekuatan korelasi yang cukup kuat antara kadar CA-125 dengan luaran operasi p = 0,012 (p < 0,05), terdapat korelasi positif dengan kekuatan korelasi yang kecil (tidak erat) antara kadar IL-6 dengan luaran operasi, p = 0,016 (p < 0,05) dan terdapat korelasi antara kadar IL-6 dan CA-125 prabedah dengan luaran operasi (sitoreduksi suboptimal dan optimal ) dengan cut off point 418,5 dengan nilai sensitivitas 88.9% dan nilai spesifisitas 72,2%.Simpulan : Terdapat korelasi antara kadar IL-6 dan CA-125 prabedah dengan resektabilitas  kanker ovarium
PENERAPAN PENDEKATAN MATEMATIKA AKHLAK BERBANTUAN MEDIA KARTU KALIGRAFI UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR MATEMATIKA SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR Firdaus, Fery Muhamad; Kurniadi, Andi
PEDAGOGIK (JURNAL PENDIDIKAN SEKOLAH DASAR) Vol 7 No 1 (2019): PEDAGOGIK : Jurnal Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar
Publisher : Universitas Islam 45 Bekasi

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Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar matematika siswa daripenilaian ranah kognitif, ranah afektif dan ranah psikomotorik dengan menerapkanpendekatan matematika akhlak berbantuan media kartu kaligrafi. Metode yang digunakandalam penelitian ini adalah penelitian tindakan kelas yang terdiri dari dua siklus dengansubjek penelitian berjumlah 40 siswa di MI AL-Hikmah Bekasi. Data dikumpulkan melalui tes,observasi, wawancara, catatan lapangan dan angket. Hasil penelitian yang telah dilakukanmenunjukkan bahwa pembelajaran matematika menggunakan penerapan pendekatanmatematika akhlak berbantuan media kartu kaligrafi dapat meningkatkan hasil belajarsiswa. Dapat dilihat dari hasil belajar matematika yang diperoleh rata-rata hasil belajar padasiklus I sebesar 73,37 dengan ketuntasan belajar sebesar 42,5%. Siklus II diperoleh rata-ratahasil belajar siswa sebesar 83,19 dengan ketuntasan belajar sebesar 100%. Kesimpulanpenelitian ini adalah penerapan pendekatan matematika akhlak berbantuan media kartukaligrafi dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar matematika siswa kelas IV MI AL-Hikmah Bekasi.
Bola Tangkup: A Media to Stimulate Gross Motor Skills’ Children with Visual Impairment Kurniadi, Andi; Ciptono, Ciptono
Indonesian Journal of Early Childhood Education Studies Vol 4 No 2 (2015): November 2015
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/ijeces.v4i2.9461

Abstract

This study aims to determine how the development of media “bola tangkup” and test the effectiveness of the media “bola tangkup” sphere to stimulate the gross motor ability of blind children. The method used the Research and Development (R & D) but is more focused on the development of procedural models by Borg & Gall simplified. The development phase of this research begins with an analysis of potential problems, requirements analysis, product design, design validation, and applied it, then conducted tests gross motor ability of children. Data was analyzed using descriptive qualitative descriptive analysis of the needs and the percentage of the results of expert validation and testing of the product. Design validation results showed that the media developed has met the eligibility test media expert and skilled children with special needs and can be used for media learning gross motor stimulation. Media expert validation results expressed strongly agree with 81.12% and the percentage of children with special needs experts strongly agreed with a percentage of 90.59%. The trial results demonstrate the ability of sound ball an average percentage of 39.58% and ability after treatment using “bolatangkup” an average percentage of 73.21%. It can be concluded that the use of media “bolatangkup” is more effective than using the ball sounds. Besides media “bolatangkup” can be used as a step to introduction characteristics braille is using the seeds of the more interesting and fun for blind children. Research needs to be conducted extensive testing in order to improve media development “bolatangkup” of higher quality.How to citeKurniadi, A. & Ciptono. (2015). Bola Tangkup: A Media to Stimulate Gross Motor Skills’ Children with Visual Impairment. Indonesian Journal of Early Childhood Education Studies, 4(2), 86-89. doi:10.15294/ijeces.v4i2.9461DOI 10.15294/ijeces.v4i2.9461