Fuad Muhammad Zein, Fuad Muhammad
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REUNDERSTANDING PEMAHAMAN DASAR TEOLOGIS SIKAP KEKERASAN DALAM RUMAH TANGGA (TELAAH ISU FEMINISME HADITS LAKNAT ALLAH TERHADAP ISTRI) Zein, Fuad Muhammad; Falach, Ghulam
Mahakim: Journal of Islamic Family Law Vol 3, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kediri

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (277.82 KB) | DOI: 10.30762/mh.v3i2.1409

Abstract

The problem of gender equality in Islam often uses theological grounds to include the hadith proposition as a tool of legitimacy. Especially in the case of the household, the argument of curse in the relationship of husband and wife is used as the basis for accusations of obtaining domestic violence by the husband to the wife. As if Islam would allow a husband to wife's violence if they were not willing to serve their sexual desires. This paper aims to answer these assumptions by analyzing the argument of the curse by using the method of critical criticism from the perspective of language or can also be called the bayani method, namely the method of analyzing the meaning of meaning in the argument of fiqh law. The result is that there is an error in understanding the meaning of the hadith caused by a weakness in understanding the meaning in Arabic which is the language of the hadith. Therefore, finally bring conclusions that are less proportional in understanding the propositions and facts. The hadith is a guide for all Muslims and there is no need for doubt in the study of hadith. The development of the modern era certainly has its own influence, especially in the scientific field of hadith. As Muslims of course we are all required to be able to fight in all fields, especially in the field of hadith science. The theoretical uptake and applied form of the Fatima Mernissi methodology of thought have created an important issue to study. His action in terms of knowledge has given rise to new problems for the hadith scientists in the field of feminism. This research aims to examine how the forms of hadiths are based on Fatima Mernissi's ideas and thoughts. The problem of misogynist traditions is a form of contemporary research that must be discussed, especially regarding the reconstruction of understanding of misogynistic traditions. Few things are important in the study of misogynistic traditions, where the existence of this hadith has created problems for making new facts in the world of feminism. The new fact is nothing but the formation of new weapons in terminating the acceptance or rejection of the hadith. Furthermore, the discussion of this research will be accompanied by the tarjih method in order to arrive at the correct conclusions. Whether the misogynistic hadiths are hadiths that show that Islam discriminates against women or not. The purpose of this study is none other than a study for proving that misogynistic hadiths are not an expression of the hadith denied by Fatima Mernissi to the Muslims' grip which is expressed in the Qur'an and al-Hadith.
AL-SIYASAH WA AL-AKHLAQ INDA MACHIAVELLI WA AL-MAWARDI Zein, Fuad Muhammad
Indonesian Journal of Islamic Literature and Muslim Society Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : IAIN Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (216.137 KB) | DOI: 10.22515/islimus.v1i1.256

Abstract

The issue of politics and ethics are two sides of a coin that invited attention of medieval scholars both in the West and the Islamic world. Although interrelated, but the implementation raises the difference between the two worlds. For the Western world, represented by Machiavelli, politics and ethics should be separated. A ruler should not be bound by ethics and tradition, and does not need to obey the law. In domestic relations affairs, a ruler must collect on his love and fear of people. While in foreign affairs, a ruler must reflect "a smart wolf and a strong lion. As for the world of Islam represented by al-Mawardi, politics and ethics cannot be separated. Even the basics of government, he said, are inspired by Islamic values based on the Qur'an and Hadith. Even a ruler must have and improve its ethical because it is a basic rule.
Konsep Syuro dalam Perspektif Islamic Worldview Zein, Fuad Muhammad
Politea Vol 2, No 2 (2019): POLITEA Jurnal Pemikiran Politik Islam
Publisher : IAIN Kudus

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21043/politea.v2i2.5910

Abstract

Syuro has an important role in Islam. As a decision-making mechanism, syuro plays an important role in every aspect of human life. Syuro is also understood as an appreciation of the freedom of expression of human beings in social relations. Therefore, the true syuro in Islam is not always identical to politics. It's just that, as a large part of human life, the role of politics in social life is also very important. As a means of upholding shari'a, politics is considered capable of providing good legal certainty for human social life and also in determining a political leader. Due to these interests, the role of syuro in politics cannot be avoided. Syuro in Islamic politics cannot be directly equated with the practice of deliberation in the current political phenomenon. In addition to the uniqueness of the concept that emphasizes respect for human dignity in terms of his freedom, syuro in Islam places great emphasis on scientific authority, syuro in Islam is also not always identical with the concept of majority rule, because the basis is sharia. So if the majority opinion is contrary to what is in sharia, then the majority opinion is not acceptable.