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Oral manifestations of anemia in HIV/AIDS patients without ARV treatment Wisaksana, Rudi; Dewi, Tenny Setiani; Hidayat, Wahyu
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 29, No 1 (2017): March
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (196.792 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol29no1.11752

Abstract

AbstractIntroduction: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is  a set of symptoms caused by decreases of the immune system that was infected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Blood disorders often found in patient with HIV and associated with HIV infection. Mostly found disorders is anemia of chronic disease. The prevalence of anemia in HIV/AIDS patients reaches 70%. Oral manifestations of anemia are atrophy of the papillae on tongue, glossodynia, pallor, angular cheilitis, glossitis, aphthous ulcers/erosive lesions, candidiasis, and geographic tongue. There are many publications that uses anemia as indicator to determine the prognosis of HIV infection, thus the description of oral manifestation of anemia in the non-ARV HIV/AIDS patients is a necessity. The purpose of this study was to describe the oral manifestation of anemia in the non-ARV HIV/AIDS patients. Methods: The methods used were purposive random sampling. Samples were new HIV/AIDS patients who have not got antiretroviral (ARV) treatment. The study included 40 patients in Teratai Clinic Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung. Results: Oral manifestations of anemia were found amongst non-ARV HIV/AIDS patients, which were candidiasis in  37 patients, glossodynia in 28 patients, glossitis in 10 patients, and angular cheilitis in 1 patient. Conclusion: From the study found that oral manifestations of anemia that found in non-ARV HIV/AIDS patients were candidiasis, glossodynia, glossitis and angular cheilitis. HIV/AIDS patients with anemia needed to treat more intensive for better prognosis and quality of life.Keywords: Anemia, HIV/AIDS, Candidiasis, Glossitis, Glossodynia
Clinical appearance of oral mucous in children with β-major thalassemia Lova, Areta Tera; Chemiawan, Eka; Dewi, Tenny Setiani
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 23, No 2 (2011): July
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (528.048 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol23no2.14019

Abstract

Beta major thalassemia is characterized by severe hereditary hemolytic anemia. The oral mucous of children with beta major thalassemia becomes yellow grayish due to the combination of pallor, icterus/yellowish and grayish pigmentation. The purpose of this research was to obtain a clinical data of oral mucous color of beta major thalassemia childrens patients at the Thalassemia Polyclinic of Pediatric Department in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung in December 2009 until January 2010. This research was the description method with survey technique. The sampling technique was consecutive sampling. The sample was collected in one month and resulting 129 sample. The data obtained by clinical evaluation of each part of oral mucous. Research result showed that the clinical color of oral mucous of beta major thalassemia children patients becomes pallor, yellowish, yellow, yellow grayish, yellow blackish differently of each part of oral mucous. Pallor mostly at tongue, yellowish at buccal mucous, yellow at soft palate, yellow grayish at sublingual, hard palate, gingival, and yellow blackish at hard palate. The conclusion of this research was that the color of the oral mucous beta major thalassemia children patients was changed and was different with the color of oral mucous in normal children.
Hubungan Oral Hygiene dengan Coated Tongue pada Ibu Hamil di Puskesmas Garuda Bandung Arintya, Nabilla Rifda; Hidayat, Wahyu; Dewi, Tenny Setiani
Padjadjaran Journal of Dental Researchers and Students Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Februari 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran

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Abstract

Pendahuluan: Kehamilan adalah suatu kondisi yang dapat mempengaruhi perubahan fisiologis, perubahan pola makan, dan perubahan psikologis. Hal ini secara tidak langsung dapat mempengaruhi status kebersihan mulut dan selaput lidah. Sebagian besar wanita hamil ditemukan menderita beberapa penyakit mulut yang diketahui terkait dengan kehamilan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara oral hygiene dengan coated tongue pada ibu hamil di Puskesmas Garuda Bandung. Metode: Penelitian ini mengunakan metode analitik korelatif dengan pendekatan cross-sectional. Sampel yang memenuhi kriteria adalah sebanyak 69 orang yang diperoleh dengan teknik purposive sampling. Data diperoleh dengan menghitung Oral Hygiene Index Simplified dan Coated Tongue Index, kemudian data dianalisis dengan menggunakan uji korelasi Spearman menggunakan aplikasi MegaStat. Hasil: Hubungan aantara oral hygiene dan coated tongue pada kelompok ibu hamil di Puskesmas Garuda Bandung, mempunyai nilai korelasinya (rs) sebesar 0,259 menu jukkan Nilai signifikan secara statistik dengan p-value sebesar 0,00158567 (p<0,005). Simpulan: Terdapat hubungan antara oral hygiene dan coated tongue pada kelompok ibu hamil di Puskesmas Garuda Bandung yang berarti ketika kebersihan rongga mulut buruk, area selaput putih (coated tongue) pada dorsal lidah semakin besar.Kata kunci : Kehamilan, oral hygiene, coted tongue
Oral Manifestation Related to Drug Abuse : A Systematic Review: Manifetasi oral terkait penggunaan obat-obatan terlarang : Sebuah tinjauan sistematis Djou, Rahmatia; Dewi, Tenny Setiani
Dentika: Dental Journal Vol. 22 No. 2 (2019): Dentika Dental Journal
Publisher : TALENTA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (577.981 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/dentika.v22i2.759

Abstract

Drug abuse influences the pathological of oral diseases. There are scarce evidence-based data on the oral manifestations related to drug abuse. This systematic review aim to assess the oral manifestations related to drug abuse. Electronic databases were searched using keywords include oral manifestations and drug abuse. Observational studies published until September 2018 with the outcome of oral manifestations related to drug abuse were included. Data were extracted as percentage include drug type, route of administration, and oral manifestations. Study quality was assessed using the quartile score of Scopus index. The systematic review of 17 studies revealed that methamphetamine (53%), heroin (41%), cannabis (35%), and cocaine (35%) were the most frequent abused drugs from 10139 samples. The routes of administration include smoking (58%),inhalation (35%), injection (35%), and oral route (17%), with duration of use ranged from one year to forty years. The most significant of oral manifestations reported were periodontal diseases (76%), dental caries (76%), and xerostomia (41%). Adverse drug reaction in oral cavity may cause, directly or indirectly, immunosuppression, susceptibility to infections, and oral pathologies due to chemical composition and mechanism of action specifically to drug type related with duration of use and route of administration.