Made Oka Cahyadi Wiguna, Made Oka Cahyadi
Universitas Pendidikan Nasional

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Pengaruh Eksistensi Masyarakat Hukum Adat Terhadap Penguasaan Tanah Prabumian Berdasarkan Konsepsi Komunalistik Religius di Bali Wiguna, Made Oka Cahyadi
Jurnal Hukum Novelty Vol 7, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (611.303 KB)

Abstract

Eksistensi masyarakat hukum adat di Bali sangat mempengaruhi eksistensi penguasaan tanah prabumian berdasarkan konsep komunalistik religius. Konsepsi komunalistik religius adalah konsepsi utama dalam pembangunan tanah nasional untuk mencapai unifikasi hukum tanah nasional. Konsepsi komunalistik religius juga tercermin dalam penguasaan tanah prabumian, desa pakraman di Bali oleh krama desa. Unsur komunalistik terwujud dalam penguasaan tanah tersebut sebagai tempat bermukim dan untuk digarap sehingga memberikan suatu hasil yang dapat dipergunakan untuk menunjang kehidupan sebagai sumber nafkah. Sebagai unsur kebersamaan maka bagian tertentu dari hasil penggarapan tanah yang harus diserahkan kepada desa pakraman untuk kepentingan bersama dalam upacara yadnya dan adanya larangan pengalihan tanah tersebut tanpa ada persetujuan bersama dalam paruman desa pakraman. Mengenai unsur religius tercermin dari adanya suatu kepercayaan bahwa pemerajan dan Pura Kahyangan Tiga di desa yang didirikan di atas tanah prabumian harus tetap dijaga dan dirawat karena dipercayai terdapat kekuatan Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa beserta segala manifestasi-Nya termasuk juga roh para leluhur.
SEKALI LAGI TENTANG PERMASALAHAN KESEJAHTERAAN MASYARAKAT HUKUM ADAT Wiguna, Made Oka Cahyadi
Jurnal Hukum Progresif Vol 8, No 2 (2020): Volume: 8/Nomor2/Oktober/2020
Publisher : Doctor of Law, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jhp.8.2.151-166

Abstract

Kasus kelaparan pada masyarakat hukum adat Suku Mausu Ane di pedalaman Pulau Seram dan kasus krisis kesehatan anak-anak suku asmat Papua, adalah wujud lemahnya perhatian negara terhadap masyarakat adat. Pengakuan terhadap eksistensi masyarakat hukum adat beserta hak-hak tradisionalnya perlu dilakukan agar koheren dengan tujuan Negara. Solusi yang harus dilakukan adalah negara melalui cita hukum negara Pancasila memberikan pengakuan dan perlindungan masyarakat hukum adat tanpa syarat. Juga perlu mengubah paradigma pelayanan publik dengan mengedepankan social accountability yang disandingkan dengan paradigma The New Public Service. Karenanya, diperlukan kreatifitas, inovasi, terobosan yang bersifat pro-aktif, dalam memberikan pelayanan publik untuk membuka seluas-luasnya akses kesehatan, akses pendidikan, akses ekonomi dan lain sebagainya mendekat atau bahkan masuk ke dalam kehidupan masyarakat hukum adat.
Researching Social Change in Bali Indigenous Marriage Private Budiana, I Nyoman; Wiguna, Made Oka Cahyadi
Sociological Jurisprudence Journal Vol. 4 No. 2 (2021)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Warmadewa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22225/scj.4.2.2021.75-85

Abstract

This article wants to understand and analyze the phenomenon of Balinese customary life arrangements related to changes in marital procedures. To be able to produce accurate findings, social phenomena are examined in detail and in-depth through qualitative research, with a phenomenological paradigm. With this paradigm the results are obtained in the form of empirical data and in-depth understanding relating to variations in categories, properties, and attributes related to the changing phenomena of cultural traditions and adat ngerorod marriage. In detail the findings generated that in social reality, the indigenous Balinese have constructed changes in the pattern of marriage from the way of ngerorod or selarian (running together) to switch to the memadik or propose, because the pattern of memadik or ask is seen to better reflect equality and justice in society. The rationale that drives is the existence of a reaction to discriminatory customary norms; innovative faith-based constructive thinking; increasing the level of education and parental-bilateral kinship thinking. Memadik marriage by means of marriage or marriage, implies a marriage as a result of the construction of modern society.
Pemikiran Hukum Progresif untuk Perlindungan Hukum dan Kesejahteraan Masyarakat Hukum Adat Wiguna, Made Oka Cahyadi
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 18, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (441.177 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk1816

Abstract

Today there are still many problems with the existence and traditional rights of indigenous and tribal peoples. These problems tend to place the indigenous and tribal peoples in a weak and marginalized position. Not without reason, it is due to the unequal perception of all related parties, in positioning customary land and indigenious peoples in the context of national and state life based on Pancasila and the Constitution. The issue that will be discussed in this paper is about how to realize progressive legal protection of the existence of indigenous and tribal peoples to realize their welfare. This paper will use the conceptual approach method, namely the Pancasila concept as a source of ideas in providing legal protection to indigenous and tribal peoples. Furthermore, it also uses a conceptual approach from thought of progressive law. The existence of the status quo in providing legal protection to indigenous and tribal peoples which tends to be static, conditional and legalistic which has been done so far. Legal protection is more concerned with how the criteria regarding indigenous and tribal peoples will be recognized. The state should have dared to make policy and legal breakthroughs to provide legal protection based on guidance and empowerment. These policy and legal breakthroughs can refer to thougt of progressive law, which positions the law for humans with the aim of providing justice, welfare and happiness for indigenous and tribal peoples based on Pancasila and the Constitution.