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Journal : Universa Medicina

Psychosocial aspect determines quality of life in postmenopausal women Wratsangka, Raditya
Universa Medicina Vol 29, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Trisakti University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18051/UnivMed.2010.v29.34-45


The postmenopausal period plays an important role in women’s life and gives rise to many physical and mental problems. A cross-sectional was conducted to determine the quality of life and its determinants, namely pyschosocial and lifestyle factors in postmenopausal women. One hundred and seventy-six postmenopausal women meeting the inclusion criteria were recruited. The            menopause rating scale (MRS) questionnaire was used for the assessment of quality of life. One hundred and thirty-one (74.4%) subjects had complaints related to menopausal symptoms in 3 degrees of severity: mild (38.6%), moderate (30.7%) and severe (5.1%). Urogenital symptoms were the most frequent       complaints reported by the subjects (71.6%). The correlation between quality of life of   postmenopausal women and several psychosocial and lifestyle factors, namely marital status, education, occupation, knowledge and attitude towards menopause, exercise, smoking and consumption of caffeine and alcohol was statistically not significant (p>0.05). By multiple logistic regression analysis, some of the determinants, such as the subjects’ attitude towards menopause (PR = 2.863; 95% CI: 0.578 – 14.185) and support from the husband and/or family (PR = 2.124; 95% CI: 0.979 – 4.610) did not reach statistical significance, but were still the most influencing factors on their quality of life. Quality of life is worst in postmenopausal women and therefore counseling and support from husband and/or family are needed by the postmenopausal women in order to improve their quality of life.
Soy isoflavone supplementation tends to improve specific immune responses in postmenopausal women Wratsangka, Raditya
Universa Medicina Vol 30, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Trisakti University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18051/UnivMed.2011.v30.162-172


Immune dysfunction in postmenopausal women tends to decrease health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The present study’s objective was to evaluate the effect of daily supplementation of 100 mg soy isoflavones on specific immune responses among healthy postmenopausal women. The study design was a community-based double blind randomized controlled trial involving 60 healthy postmenopausal women, aged between 48–60 years, in the Mampang Prapatan district of South Jakarta. Participants were randomized to receive either 100 mg soy-isoflavone + 500 mg calcium (intervention group) or 500 mg calcium only (control group). Both supplements were taken daily for 12 weeks, from January to April 2010. Specific immune responses (measured by serum Ig G and CD4+) were assessed at baseline and after supplementation. Statistical analysis using independent t-test was performed to evaluate the effect of soy isoflavone supplementation on specific immune responses. Fifty-six (93.3%) participants completed the study without any significant side-effects or adverse events. Daily supplementation of 100 mg soy isoflavones for 12 weeks did not significantly increase the humoral specific immune response (p=0.242), but tended to improve the cellular specific immune response (p= 0.850). Other findings of this study were that soy isoflavone supplementation tends to improve specific immune responses in postmenopausal women with normal body mass index and adequate daily dietary isoflavone intakes. Short-term soy isoflavone supplementation is unable to improve the humoral and cellular specific immune responses in postmenopausal women aged 48 to 60 years.
The importance of anemia and health-related quality of life in the elderly Wratsangka, Raditya; Putri, Rully Ayu Nirmalasari Haryadi
Universa Medicina Vol 39, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Trisakti University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18051/UnivMed.2020.v39.135-149


Anemia is a global health problem with an extremely high prevalence and occurring in nearly 25% of the world population, particularly in the elderly group. Currently Indonesia is facing a rapid growth of the elderly population, with around 21 million elderly (8.2% of the total population), that is projected to increase to 33.7 million (11.8%) in the year 2025. Anemia in the elderly is frequently neglected, although the facts show that low hemoglobin concentration is an important marker of physiological decline and functional limitations. Although the factor of intrinsic aging may cause low hemoglobin concentration, anemia in the elderly is known to have a wide range w88ith regard to etiology, underlying disorders, and  possible mechanisms, such that it should be clinically followed up. Whatever its causes or underlying pathophysiological, anemia in the elderly has been proven to play a role in their morbidity and mortality, and may decrease their quality of life, that comprises all aspects of physical, mental, and social health, known as health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The impact of anemia on HRQoL has been studied in various populations, and most studies report the presence of an association between HRQoL and anemia in elderly individuals, which on the subscale level is particularly associated with physical health. Early diagnosis of anemia is important to prevent aggravation of the condition, to retard the progress of the disease, and to improve the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of the patient. Prior to determining the treatment plan, the primary diagnosis and the comorbidities, especially treatable disorders, had better be identified first. The available data show that the overall prognosis will improve for anemia in patients with well-managed and corrected chronic disorders.
Mandatory universal use of cloth mask for prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 transmission Yenny, Yenny; Herwana, Elly; Wratsangka, Raditya
Universa Medicina Vol. 40 No. 1 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18051/UnivMed.2021.v40.57-68


Since the outbreak in Wuhan City, China, in late December 2019, the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread to nearly the whole world, so that it was declared a pandemic by the Word Health Organization. The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causative organism of COVID-19, is extremely infectious and can adhere to droplet nuclei of < 5 mm diameter and become airborne (aerosol). Since COVID-19 was declared a pandemic, there has been controversy on the use of cloth masks by the public, because of the still inconclusive evidence of the efficacy of cloth masks in protecting against COVID-19 transmission. Universal masking as a healthcare intervention in the community is currently made mandatory by local governments of most countries, since they follow the recent recommendation by the World Health Organization. The issuing of the WHO recommendation on the public use of masks was based on a study demonstrating that COVID-19 transmission does not occur only through droplets but also through aerosols. In addition, there was a study showing that COVID-19 transmission does not only occur from patients with clinical symptoms but also through asymptomatic and pre-symptomatic subjects, so that universal masking is of benefit in providing protection when used by healthy people and as source control to prevent cross-transmission to other people. This review article aims to discuss the mechanism of COVID-19 transmission, the evidence related to the efficacy of cloth masks, and the guidelines related to the selection and use of masks by the general population.