Noersida Raid, Noersida
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Congenital Malformation Among Newborns at Dr. Pirngadi Hospital Medan During 1981 1984 Lubis, Bidasari; Tjipta, Guslihan Dasa; Panjaitan, Arman J. O.; Raid, Noersida; Siregar, Helena
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 29 No 1-2 (1989): January - February 1989
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/pi29.1-2.1989.1-7

Abstract

A study of the incidence of congenital malformation had been assessed among 15185 newborns delivered in the Neonatal Unit Dr. Pirngadi Hospital Medan during 1981-1984. Still-births were not included in this study.Out of these 15185 newborns there were 77 cases (0.51%) of congenital malformation. The four leading malformations were: pes-equinovarus 7 cases (9. 1 %), labiognathopalatoschizis, hidrocephalus and anencephalus 6 cases each (7.7%).The number of congenital malformation was higher in the age group of mothers older than 35 years (0. 78%) and in the group of babies born in the birth order as third and further (53.85%) and as first born babies (33.33%).From 77 cases with congenital malformation only 2 (2.56%) were operated soon after birth, while 49 cases (64.1%) went home without surgical intervention, and 28 cases (15.9%) died during hospitalization.
Neonatal meningitis at Dr. Pirngadi General Hospital Medan (1972 -1980) Saat, Rahayu; Tambunan, Sondang; Sutjipto, Adi; Raid, Noersida; Saing, Bistok
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 24 No 7-8 (1984): July - August 1984
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Abstract

A retrospective study was done on 25 cases of Neonatal Meningitis from 1972 up to 1980 at Dr. Pimgadi Hospital Medan. Their age variation was from one day to one month. The early prominent symptoms were refusal of feeding in 23 cases (92%), decrease of consciousness in 21 cases (84%), fever in 16 cases (64%}, convulsion in 15 cases (60%) and vomiting/diarhea in 8 cases (32%). Diagnosis was based on clinical symptoms and Cerebrospinal fluid examination.
Diarrhea in Neonates at the Subdivision of Perinatology Dr. Pirngadi Hospital, Medan Nurjannah, Nurjannah; Tjipta, Guslihan D.; Aldy, Dachrul; Raid, Noersida
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 31 No 7-8 (1991): July - August 1991
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Abstract

A retrospective study on diarrheal manifestation in newborn babies was conducted at the ward of Neonatology, Dr. Pirngadi Hospital Medan from January to December 1988. There were all 3367 babies hospitalized during the study period. One hundred and thirty five (4.0%) had diarrhea, including 106 (78.5%) babies with birth weights of ≥2500 gram. Of 2478 babies with spontaneous delivery, 14 (1.4%) babies had diarrhea, while of 889 babies with obstetrical intervention delivery 101 (11.4%) babies had diarrhea. The difference was statistically significant (pL. 0.001). Of 115 babies with diarrhea, there were 81 (60.7%) with moderate and 11 (23.0%) wirh severe dehydration. The mortality rate was 47.5% in patients with accompanying diseases and 0.0% in them without. The mortality rare in babies with birth weights < 1500 gr was 37.9% and 16.9% in babies with birthwejghts ≥2500 gram (p<. 0.001). The mortality rste increased with the increase of dehyrotion (p<0.03).
Perinatal Mortality and Morbidity at Dr. Pirngadi Hospital Medan 1985-1986 Tjipta, Guslihan D.; Aldy, Dachrul; Raid, Noersida; Sembiring, Baren Ratur
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 29 No 5-6 (1989): May - June 1989
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3528.064 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi29.5-6.1989.97-104

Abstract

A retrospective study was conducted on babies born during January 1985 to December 1986 at Dr. Pirngadi Hospital Medan. The aim of this study was to evaluate perinatal mortality and morbidity, and various possible factors related to the subject matter.The main results can be summarized as follows : There were 7102 deliveries during the study period consisting of 999 babies weighing less than 2500 gram and 6103 with body weight of 2500 gram or more. Perinatal mortality rate was 563.56 o/oo in the first group and 78.49 o/oo in the second while the avera/ mortality rate was 146.72 o/oo.Rate of perinatal demise was high in babies born from mothers in the age groups of below 20 and above 35 years, namely 681 .82 o/oo and 202.19 o/oo. It was also high among primiparae (165.67 o/oo) and more so among grandmultiparae (246.46 o/oo).There were 1966 (30.49%) ill newborn babies with asphyxia neonatorum accounting for 44.91%, infection 30.42% and respiratory problems 9.21% of the main causes of illness, while respiratory problems (40.05%) and injection (28.68%) constituted the main causes of death .We concluded that the rate of perinatal mortality and morbidity is still high at this hospital. Quality of prenatal and neonatal care with extensive public health education is necessary to be enhanced for the reduction of perinatal mortality and morbidity.
Association between Acid-Base Balance and Asphyxia in Newborn Infants Harahap, Sari Leyli; Harahap, Chairul Adillah; Sulastri, Sri; Yoel, Chairul; Raid, Noersida
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 34 No 1-2 (1994): January - February 1994
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (421.241 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi34.1-2.1994.38-43

Abstract

We performed a prospective study on the association between acid-base balance and asphyxta based on Apgar scores in 45 newborn babies admitted to the Division of Perinatology, Pirngadi Hospital, Medan, from January 1 to February 28, 1993. Blood gas analysis was done on blood obtained from umbilical artery. Based on 1st and 5th minutes Apgar scores, 40 (88.9%) and 21 babies (46.7%}, respectively, had asphyxia. Relation to acid-base balance was determined with the sensitivity of the 5th minute Apgar score in predicting acidotic states. It was found that Apgar score had sensitivity of 57.7% and specificity of 68.4% in predicting the acidotic states. Apgar score of > 7 was unable to. exclude the possible acidosis in 45% of cases (negative predictive value 54.1%). Gestational age had no influence on Apgar Scores. Apgar score was more sensitive to eliminate suspected acidosis in term neonates than in preterms. We recommend to perform umbilical arterial blood gas analysis to determine acidotic state in high risk newborn infants.
The peripheral blood standard values in newborns in Dr. Pirngadi Hospital Medan Purba, Djaman; Nazir, Nasril; Purba, M. Djalinson; Sembiring, Rehmamana; Raid, Noersida; Manoeroeng, S. M.; Siregar, Helena
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 22 No 5-6 (1982): May - June 1982
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (621.737 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi22.5-6.1982.77-82

Abstract

A study of peripheral blood standard values was carried out on 100 healthy full term newborns, with normal deliveries to healthy mothers in Dr. Pirngadi Hospital Medan, comprising of 60 males and 40 females.The newborns were divided into three groups according to their birth weight.There were no significant differences of the average value of peripheral blood counts between group I, II and III neither between males and females.The average value of hemoglobin concentration with Sahli is lower than that with Cyan method, which is significantly different (p<0.00I).The average values found in this study on newborn babies of 24 hours of age with term deliveries were as follows:Hemoglobin Sahli                             :               16.13 gm %Hemoglobin Cyan                            :               17.88 gm %Leucocyles                                      :               16,512/cu mmHematocrit                                      :               56.4 %Reticulocytes                                   :               40.06 %Erythrocyte sedimentation rate           :               3.09/1st hour
The Relationship Betvveen Birth Weight and a Number of Body Measurements of Neonates at Dr. Pirngadi Hospital Medan Hamid, Nurhayati; Lubis, Helmi; Saragih, Martinus; Ramayati, Rafita; Lubis, Chairuddin P.; Aldy, Dachrul; Raid, Noersida
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 23 No 5-6 (1983): May - June 1983
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Abstract

From January 1980 to November 1980 a survey on the relationship between birth weight (BW) with body length (BL), head circumference (HC) and chest circumference (CC) was carried out on 1689 newborn infants bom in the Dr. Pringadi General Hospital Medan. They were divided into six groups, based on their BW i.e.: Group I : 1501 - 2000 g Group II : 2001 - 2500 g Group Ill : 2501 - 3000 g Group IV : 3001 - 3500 g Group V : 3501 - 4000 g G1011p VI : 4001 - 4500 g The average of BL, HC and CC in cm is shown below: The mean values of total BL, total HC and total CC can represent the anthropometric values for the certain BW group. No significant differences were found between male and female newborn infants in each group.