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The Implication of Indonesia’s IUU Fishing Policy in Natuna Territorial Waters towards South China Sea Geopolitics Anggraini, Silvia Dian; Kusumawardhana, Indra; Ramadhan, Iqbal
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 7, No 2 (2018): October
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/hi.72130

Abstract

The agenda of Jokowi’s administration demands a strong measure to protect maritime security and sovereignty of Indonesia; especially its national sovereignty and maritime security in the vast boundary of Indonesian territorial waters. However, the implementation faces challenges related to violations of sovereignty in the territorial waters. One of them was due to the rampant illegal fishing activities that threaten the sufficiency of the fish stock. Exposed to such threat, Indonesia’s commitment to secure its maritime sovereignty was strongly projected by the emergence of a ‘Sink the Vessels’ policy by the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP), chaired by Susi Pudjiastuti since 2014. In the context of the South China Sea polemics which shows the relationship with the territorial waters of Indonesia in Natuna, the policy has significant implication to the South China Sea maritime geopolitics. The question is what the implications of the ‘Sink the Vessels’ policy toward maritime geopolitics in the South China Sea. Using structuration and geopolitics approaches, this article argues that Indonesia’s IUU Fishing policy enhances the complexity of maritime security in the South China Sea which ultimately leads to the strengthening of political realism behaviour among countries whom potential to conflict with Indonesia in the context of IUU Fishing in Natuna waters.
Cyber-Terrorism in The Context of Proselytizing, Coordination, Security, and Mobility Ramadhan, Iqbal
Journal of Islamic World and Politics Vol 4, No 2 (2020): DECEMBER
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/jiwp.4252

Abstract

The simplicity and flexibility of information and technology have made human life much easier. Terrorist groups nowadays have been using these things to disseminate terror, recruit new members, fundraise, and mobilize their activities. Technology provides terrorist group a leverage to conduct its hideous activity. Globalization eventually gives the double-edge sword that needs to be addressed by state actor regarding terrorist issues. The author used James D. Kiras’ four concepts of cyber-terrorism such as proselytizing, coordination, security, and mobility. Those four concepts are harnessed by terrorist group in modern world to achieve their interest. On the other side, the author harnessed comprehensive security from the Copenhagen School of Security Studies to analyze the threat which came from cyber-terrorism activity. The aim of this article is to analyze terrorist groups in conducting their activity based on Kiras’ four concepts of cyber-terrorism. By using Kiras’ concept in Comprehensice Security from Copenhagen School, the author aims to analyze the impact of cyber terrorism both on state and society. The author also used qualitative method as analytical tools to analyze the research problem. The author concluded that the state had to establish a rigid counter-terrorism system holistically at the domestic level without neglecting international strategic cooperation among international actors to counter this threat. Keywords: Cyber-terrorism, proselytizing, coordination, security, mobility.
The Impact of Covid-19 Towards Human Security Ramadhan, Iqbal
Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Malikussaleh (JSPM) Vol 2, No 1 (2021): Tantangan Pengembangan Masyarakat dan Pemberdayaan Perempuan
Publisher : FISIP Universitas Malikussaleh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29103/jspm.v2i1.3730

Abstract

The emergence of coronavirus at the end of 2019 caused the world to fall into a global pandemic. It cannot be denied that the phenomenon of the Covid-19 pandemic caused a downturn in the global economy. The threat of the Covid-19 pandemic has endangered social aspects and has also destabilized the political and economic life of all countries. Covid-19 has an impact on human security around the world. The concept of human security essentially emphasizes human freedom from fear. Through the concept of human security, this article seeks to explain how people are classified as vulnerable objects. Their lives could be threatened by Covid-19. The author uses a qualitative methodology with case study techniques to address this issue. The analysis in this article shows that poor, undernourished people who do not have access to sanitation and health services live in densely populated areas and people with comorbidities are particularly vulnerable to exposure to Covid-19. The conclusion of this research is that the government needs to give priority to these vulnerable communities. They are the entities that need to be protected from the threat posed by Covid-19.AbstrakMunculnya virus corona di penghujung tahun 2019 menyebabkan dunia terjerumus ke dalam pandemi global. Tak bisa dipungkiri, fenomena pandemi Covid-19 menyebabkan perlambatan ekonomi global. Ancaman pandemi Covid-19 telah membahayakan aspek sosial dan juga mengguncang kehidupan politik dan ekonomi semua negara. Covid-19 berdampak pada keamanan manusia di seluruh dunia. Konsep keamanan manusia pada dasarnya menekankan kebebasan manusia dari rasa takut. Melalui konsep human security, artikel ini berusaha menjelaskan bagaimana manusia diklasifikasikan sebagai objek yang rentan. Hidup mereka bisa terancam oleh Covid-19. Penulis menggunakan metodologi kualitatif dengan teknik studi kasus untuk mengatasi masalah ini. Analisis dalam artikel ini menunjukkan bahwa orang miskin dan kurang gizi yang tidak memiliki akses ke sanitasi dan layanan kesehatan tinggal di daerah padat penduduk dan orang dengan penyakit penyerta sangat rentan terhadap paparan Covid-19. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah bahwa pemerintah perlu memberikan prioritas kepada masyarakat rentan tersebut. Mereka adalah entitas yang perlu dilindungi oleh pemerintah dari ancaman Covid-19.
Mewujudkan Ketahanan Pangan Keluarga Era Pandemi Covid-19 Melalui Implementasi Aquaponik di Desa Kalinegoro, Kecamatan Mertoyudan, Kabupaten Magelang Fadhilla, Nida Muna; Prabowo, Sigit; Ainunnizah, Windy; Ramadhan, Iqbal; Kusuma, Novi; Utami, Mita; Wachiddin, Wachiddin; Silvia, Dinda; Chandra, Nedy; Syafadi, Kusumaatma; Hidayat, Rafli; Mujafar, Achmat; Rusdjijati, Retno
Community Empowerment Vol 5 No 3 (2020): Special Issue
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (551.684 KB) | DOI: 10.31603/ce.4258

Abstract

Upaya pemanfaatan pekarangan rumah melalui sistem aquaponik untuk membantu memenuhi kebutuhan pangan keluarga sudah diupayakan oleh sebagian kecil ibu rumah tangga di Desa Kalinegoro, Kecamatan Mertoyudan, Kabupaten Magelang. Upaya tersebut dilakukan dalam rangka implementasi HATINYA PKK untuk mewujudkan halaman, asri, teratur, indah dan nyaman. Guna mengoptimalkan upaya yang telah dirintis tersebut terutama masa pandemi Covid-19 ini, maka tim PHP2D Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang melakukan pendampingan kepada para ibu rumah tangga di desa tersebut untuk mengoptimalkan upaya yang telah dirintis. Metode pelaksanaan menggunakan pendekatan partisipatif di mana mitra terlibat aktif dalam seluruh kegiatan yang direncanakan. Kegiatan dilaksanakan secara bertahap yaitu tahap sosialisasi, tahap pelaksanaan yang berupa pelatihan-pelatihan dan pendampingan. Hasil pendampingan antara lain adalah di 3 RW dari 18 RW yang ada di Desa Kalinegoro, setiap ibu rumah tangga sudah membuat aquaponik di rumahnya masing-masing, pembuatan website Bank Sayur, pembuatan buku "Panduan Pembuatan Aquaponic dari Bahan Bekas", dan terbentuknya KWT "Sekar Wangi" di Kalinegoro