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Analisis Persistensi Inflasi di Provinsi Papua Barat Subekan, Achmat; Iskandar, Azwar
Jurnal Kajian Ekonomi dan Keuangan Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Badan kebijakan Fiskal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31685/kek.v1i2.254

Abstract

This study was aimed to analyze the persistence of inflation in West Papua Province and commodities’s contibutions to its persistence. In other that, this study was aimed to know the role of TPID in controlling the inflation rate too. Using secondary time series data in 2009 until 2015 period from Bank Indonesia, this study estimated the persistence with Univariate Autoregressive (AR) Model approach. This study empirically showed that the inflation in West Papua has a high level persistence. This level indicated that inflation was relatively need long time to back to natural value after the shocks. It need 11.5 months to back to natural value. Furthermore, using Partial Adjustment Model (PAM), this study also showed that the persistence significantly caused by groups of prepared food, transportation, communication and monetary service as administered price and volatile foods groups. TPID as an inflation controller board have given good roles in coordinating both fiscal and monetary policies.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis tingkat persistensi inflasi di Provinsi Papua Barat dan kontribusi persistensi inflasi sejumlah komoditas atau kelompok barang/jasa terhadap pembentukan persistensi di Provinsi Papua Barat. Selain itu, penelitian ini juga akan melihat peranan TPID menjalankan fungsinya dalam pengendalian inflasi di Provinsi Papua Barat. Dengan menggunakan data time series triwulanan tahun 2009 s.d. 2015 yang bersumber dari publikasi Bank Indonesia, penelitian ini mencoba mengestimasi dengan pendekatan Univariate Autoregressive (AR) Model. Penelitian ini membuktikan bahwa inflasi di Provinsi Papua Barat memiliki derajat persistensi yang tinggi. Persistensi inflasi yang tinggi mengindikasikan bahwa inflasi membutuhkan waktu yang cukup lama untuk kembali ke nilai alamiahnya setelah adanya shock. Tingginya derajat persistensi inflasi Provinsi Papua Barat tercermin dari lamanya jangka waktu yang dibutuhkan oleh inflasi untuk menyerap 50% shock yang terjadi sebelum kembali ke nilai alamiahnya. Jangka waktu yang dibutuhkan oleh inflasi Provinsi Papua Barat untuk kembali ke nilai alamiahnya yaitu selama 11,5 bulan. Dengan model Partial Adjustment Model (PAM) diketahui bahwa persistensi inflasi Provinsi Papua Barat dipengaruhi oleh shock yang terjadi pada kelompok bahan makanan dan kelompok-kelompok transportasi, komunikasi, dan jasa keuangan sebagai kelompok administered price dan kelompok bahan makanan sebagai kelompok volatile foods. Selain itu, keberadaan TPID di Provinsi Papua Barat sebagai upaya untuk mengoordinasikan kebijakan moneter dan fiskal regional dalam rangka mengontrol laju inflasi, terbukti memiliki arah hubungan negatif terhadap inflasi regional di Provinsi Papua Barat.
Green Economy Indonesia Dalam Perspektif Maqashid Syari’ah Iskandar, Azwar; Aqbar, Khaerul
Al-Mashrafiyah (Jurnal Ekonomi, Keuangan dan Perbankan Syariah) Vol 3, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (385.807 KB) | DOI: 10.24252/al-mashrafiyah.v3i2.9576

Abstract

This article to describe the Green Economy concept in Indonesia from Maqashid al-Syari’ah perspective. With the content analysis method, this paper describes how the Green Economy concept and the relevance of its implementation in Indonesia as Pancasila state and its implementation in the perspective of religion, soul, reason, descent, property, and environment. The results show that in designing an implementative, reliable and comprehensive Green Economy model, Indonesia should have a truly green economic model that is relevant to the characteristics of the Indonesia with philosophical Islamic Eco-ethics that is in harmony with the Indonesian sociocultural community. The principle of low carbon is basically in line with the maintenance of soul and mind. The principle of efficient resources is also in line with the maintenance of offspring and assets. Also, the principle of socially inclusiveness is found in the five aspects of maintenance in the concept of maqashid al-syari'ah.Keywords: Green, Economy, Maqashid, Syari’ah Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan konsep Green Economy di Indonesia dari perspektif Maqashid al-Syari’ah. Dengan metode content analysis dalam bentuk riset kepustakaan (library research), penelitian ini memaparkan bagaimana konsep Green Economy dan relevansi implementasinya dalam konteks Indonesia sesuai karakteristiknya sebagai negara berketuhanan (Pancasila) dan penerapannya dalam perspektif penjagaan agama, jiwa, akal, keturunan, harta benda, dan lingkungan hidup. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dalam merancang model penerapan Ekonomi Hijau yang implementatif, reliabel dan komprehensif, Indonesia seyogyanya memiliki model perekonomian yang benar-benar hijau dan relevan dengan karakteristik bangsa Indonesia dengan berbasis filosofis Islamic Eco-ethics yang selaras dengan sosiokultural masyarakat Indonesia. Prinsip low carbon pada dasarnya searah dengan pemeliharaan jiwa dan akal. Prinsip resource efficient juga searah dengan pemeliharaan keturunan dan harta. Begitu juga prinsip socially inclussive terdapat pada kelima aspek pemeliharaan dalam konsep maqashid al-syari’ahKata Kunci: Green, Economy, Maqashid, Syari’ah
DEMOCRACY AND GROWTH NEXUS IN INDONESIA Subekan, Achmat; Iskandar, Azwar
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 20, No 2 (2019): JEP 2019
Publisher : Muhammadiyah University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/jep.v20i2.7581

Abstract

The objective of this study is to analyze the causality between democracy and economic growth in Indonesia for the period of 1995 to 2017. More specifically, this paper  also attends to investigate the existence of a long-run relationship between them. This study perform a multivariate cointegration test with political stability as a control variable and cross-check this long-run relationship with an autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model approach to cointegration. This study also use the Granger causality test within a vector error correction model (VECM) framework and estimate three different models using a non-linear specification: Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) estimation, Fully Modified OLS (FM-OLS) and Dynamic Ordinary Least Squares (DOLS). The results show cointegration among the variables specified in the model when political stability is taken into account. Indeed, for economic growth and democracy to move together in the long run, they need to be associated with political stability. The tests for Granger causality conducted show a long-run causality running from GDP and political stability to democracy. In other word, the economic growth and political stability Granger cause democracy. It is the economic performance that influences democracy and not the reverse. In short-run, there is neutrality causation between democracy and growth, democracy and political stability, growth and political stability. These results suggest that economic growth through strong institutions is a precondition for democratization.
ANALISIS MINAT PENGGUNAAN SURAT ELEKTRONIK KEDINASAN PADA ORGANISASI SEKTOR PUBLIK (STUDI KASUS BALAI DIKLAT KEUANGAN MAKASSAR) Iskandar, Azwar; Saragih, Rahmaluddin
Sawala : Jurnal Administrasi Negara Vol 7, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Serang Raya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30656/sawala.v7i2.1638

Abstract

This research aims to evaluate the factors that influenced the behavioral intensity of apparatus for using official electronic mail in public organization based on perceived user with Theory Acceptance Model  approach. Data used in this research is primary data by using questionaire. Sample collection methods used in this research was random sampling technique. Data analysis in this research uses Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) with component or varian based with Partial Least Square. The result showed that perceived ease of use significantly positive influence to perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use significantly positive influence to attitude toward using, perceived usefulness significantly positive influence to attitude toward using, behavioral intention to use significantly positive influence to actual system usage. In the other correlation path, this research also show that perceived usefulness has no significant effect on behavioral intention to use, and  attitude toward using has no attitude toward using behavioral intention to use.
DAMPAK PERUBAHAN HARGA CRUDE PALM OIL (CPO) DUNIA TERHADAP VALUE EKSPOR KOMODITAS KELAPA SAWIT DAN PEREKONOM1AN INDONESIA (PENDEKATAN VECTOR AUTOREGRESSION ANALYSIS) Iskandar, Azwar
JURNAL INFO ARTHA Vol 2 (2015): EDISI SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Polytechnic of State Finance STAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3957.128 KB) | DOI: 10.31092/jia.v2i1.113

Abstract

This study aims to determine the impact of Crude Palm Oil (CPO) price shocks in the world market on the export value of CPO and economic growth, inflation rate, exchange rate, and money supply as proxy of economy of Indonesia during 2001-2013. Based on quarterly time series data and using Vector Autoregression (VAR) model with Impulse Response Function(IRF) dan Variance Decomposition (VD), the studytries to analyzethe effects of CPO priceshocks to export value ofCPO commodity andeconomy ofIndonesia.The results show several conclusions: (i) the CPO price shocks in the world market have a positive impact on export value of CPO for 15 months; (ii) it also have a positive impact on economic growth for 15 months; (iii) it pushes up the domestic inflation rate for a year; (iv) it increases the domestic money supply which lasts for 6 months; (iv) it negatively affects the real exchange rate of Rupiah for 10 months.Therefore, government and all stakeholders should make a great collaboration to eliminate the negative effect of CPO price shocks. In addition, government expected to continue to realize the optimal infrastructure for palm oil industry. Because of inadequate of infrastructure can causerisingoftransportation costs andlackingofcompetitiveness ofCPOof Indonesia.
PENGARUH SIKAP KE ARAH PERILAKU, NORMA SUBJEKTIF, DAN PERSEPSI KONTROL ATAS PERILAKU TERHADAP NIAT DAN PERILAKU WHISTLEBLOWING CPNS Iskandar, Azwar; Saragih, Ramaluddin
Jurnal Tata Kelola & Akuntabilitas Keuangan Negara 2018: JTAKEN Vol. 4 No. 1 Juni 2018
Publisher : Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1143.88 KB) | DOI: 10.28986/jtaken.v4i1.142

Abstract

Calon Pegawai Negeri Sipil (CPNS) diharapkan mempunyai keberanian untuk menjadi seorang whistleblower karena masih baru, segar dan relatif tidak memiliki berbagai kepentingan yang dapat menghalanginya menjadi seorang whistleblower. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh sikap ke arah perilaku, norma subjektif, dan persepsi kontrol atas perilaku terhadap niat dan perilaku whistle­blowing para CPNS menggu­nakan Theory of Planned Behavior, dengan mengambil studi kasus pada alumni Pelatihan Dasar (Latsar) CPNS Kementerian Keuangan di Balai Diklat Keuangan Makassar Tahun 2016 dan 2017. Data diperoleh langsung dari responden melalui kuesioner, dengan teknik simple random sampling dan pendekatan kuantitatif Pemodelan Persamaan Struktural dengan Partial Least Square (PLS). Peneli­tian ini menemukan bahwa sikap ke arah perilaku (attitude toward behavior) para CPNS tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap niat mereka untuk mela­kukan pengungkapan kecurangan (whistleblo­wing). Variabel norma subjektif dan persepsi kemampuan mengontrol perilaku para CPNS, berpengaruh signifikan terhadap niat mereka untuk melakukan whistleblowing. Niat para CPNS dalam melakukan whistleblowing berpe­ngaruh signifikan terhadap perilaku. Sedangkan persepsi kemampuan mengontrol perilaku para CPNS tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap perilaku. 
EVALUASI ATAS IMPLEMENTASI APLIKASI SISTEM AKUNTANSI INSTANSI BASIS AKRUAL (SAIBA) PADA MITRA KERJA KPPN GORONTALO DAN MARISA Iskandar, Azwar; Amriani, Tenry Nur; Subekan, Achmat
Jurnal Tata Kelola & Akuntabilitas Keuangan Negara 2016: JTAKEN Vol. 2 No. 2 Desember 2016
Publisher : Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1788.534 KB) | DOI: 10.28986/jtaken.v2i2.65

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The purpose of this research is to evaluate the success of accrual basic application system (SAIBA) implementation based on user perception with DeLone & McLean (DM) Information System (IS) Success Model Approach. The data used are primary and secondary data. Primary data gathered through questionnaires distributed to respondents while secondary data gathered from other institutions such as Directorate General of Budget, Directorate General of Treasury, and Treasury Office of Gorontalo and Marisa. This model uses six variables which are system quality, information quality, user satisfaction, use, individual impact and organizational impact. This research empirically showed that the accrual basic application system (SAIBA) currently implementated not successfully running yet based on all Delone and McLean’s success measurement criterias.AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi sejauh mana keberhasilan implementasi aplikasi SAIBA yang telah berjalan selama ini berdasarkan sudut pandang pengguna (user) dengan menggunakan pendekatan Delone & McLean Information System Success Model. Sumber data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini berasal dari data primer dan data sekunder. Data primer berupa data yang diperoleh langsung dari responden melalui kuesioner yang dibagikan. Sedangkan data sekunder adalah data yang diperoleh dan disajikan oleh pihak-pihak lainnya seperti Direktorat Jenderal Anggaran Kementerian Keuangan, Direktorat Jenderal Perbendaharan Negara Kementerian Keuangan, dan Kantor Pelayanan Perbendaharaan Negara (KPPN) Gorontalo dan Marisa. Model ini menggunakan enam variabel pengukuran yaitu  kualitas  sistem (system quality), kualitas informasi (information quality), kepuasan pengguna (user satisfaction), penggunaan sistem (use), dampak individu (individual impact) dan dampak organisasi  (organizational impact). Penelitian membuktikan secara empiris bahwa implementasi aplikasi SAIBA belum berjalan sukses berdasarkan kriteria pengukuran sesuai model kesuksesan DeLone dan McLean  (1992).
ANALISIS DETERMINAN KEMISKINAN DI SULAWESI SELATAN (DETERMINANT ANALYSIS OF POVERTY IN SOUTH SULAWESI) Iskandar, Azwar; Subekan, Achmat
Jurnal Tata Kelola & Akuntabilitas Keuangan Negara 2016: JTAKEN Vol. 2 No. 1 Juni 2016
Publisher : Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (843.569 KB) | DOI: 10.28986/jtaken.v2i1.36

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This research is aimed to analyze the determinant of poverty in South Sulawesi on 2010-2014 period. Using the annual data from Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) and Direktorat Jenderal Perimbangan Keuangan (DJPK), the estimation applies the Panel Regression with Random Effect Model (REM) as analytical tool in order to analyze the effect of regional economic growth, unemployment, healthy index, school participation rate and local government expenditure on poverty in South Sulawesi. The empirical results show that all determinant variables simultanously have a positive significant effect on poverty. Meanwhile, regional economic growth partially have a positive effect on poverty. The others such as unemployment, healthy index, school participation rate and local government expenditure partially have a negative effect on poverty. Because of that matters, local government shall to create an economic growth inclusively, improve the health and education public infrastructures, and increase the supervision of expenditures to keep going effective and efficient in the poverty reduction effort.AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui determinan atau faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kemiskinan di Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan periode tahun 2010 sampai 2014. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini berupa data sekunder dari publikasi data statistik Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan dan Direktorat Jenderal Perimbangan Keuangan (DJPK) Kementerian Keuangan Republik Indonesia. Data-data tersebut ditabulasikan ke dalam struktur data panel yaitu gabungan antara data yang berbentuk time series dan cross section dalam bentuk tahunan. Dengan teknik purposive sampling, penelitian ini menggunakan data 24 kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan untuk kemudian dianalisis dengan metode teknik Analisis Regresi Data Panel dengan pendekatan Random Effect. Hasil empiris membuktikan bahwa seluruh variabel determinan yang terdiri dari pertumbuhan ekonomi regional, jumlah pengangguran, indeks kesehatan, angka partisipasi sekolah dan belanja daerah secara simultan berpengaruh signifikan terhadap jumlah kemiskinan di Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan. Sementara secara parsial, variabel pertumbuhan ekonomi regional berpengaruh positif dan tidak signifikan terhadap kemiskinan, sedangkan variabel-variabel lainnya yaitu pengangguran, indeks kesehatan, angka partisipasi sekolah dan belanja daerah berpengaruh negatif terhadap kemiskinan. Oleh karena itu, pemerintah kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan diharapkan mampu menciptakan pertumbuhan ekonomi yang berkualitas dan bersifat inklusif, mampu meningkatkan fasilitas pendidikan dan fasilitas kesehatan secara merata tidak hanya terpusat pada satu daerah saja, serta meningkatkan pengawasan keuangan terkait pengeluaran atau belanja pemerintah kabupaten/kota agar tepat sasaran sehingga pengeluaran atau belanja pemerintah dapat terus berjalan efektif dan efisien dalam upaya pengurangan kemiskinan.
DOES LESS CORRUPTION REDUCE INCOME INEQUALITY IN INDONESIA? Iskandar, Azwar
Jurnal Tata Kelola & Akuntabilitas Keuangan Negara 2018: JTAKEN Vol. 4 No. 2 Desember 2018
Publisher : Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28986/jtaken.v4i2.193

Abstract

It is widely believed that corruption is a cause of income inequality and a barrier to successful its eradication. It undermines the efforts of developing countries, including Indonesia to alleviate income inequality. It is also argued that the increased inequality caused by corruption worsens the position of the poorest people in a society as it reduces public resources available for social spen-ding of government. In addition, corruption might have a negative impact on the quality and quantity of public services, such as education and health services. This study designed to know the long run and short run impacts of corruption on inequality of income. The study uses secondary data from World Bank and Transparency International then Auto Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) and dynamic Error Correction Model (ECM) during the year of 1995-2017. The results of study indicate that corruption has significant effects on the level of income inequality both in the short and long run. The negative implication of corruption on citizens’ life is a major disaster in the economy and harmful to the growth and development of the people in Indonesian particularly, and the economy in general. The simple Pearson correlation findings also indicate that corruption has significant distributional consequences by affecting government expenditures. Therefore, the raise of corruption increases income inequality as it reduces the effectiveness of government spending on education, health and final consumption for society. Thus, it can be concluded that for the Indonesian context, an increased inequality due to corruption has worsened the position of the poorest as less resources available for social spending.
EVALUASI DIKLAT ASN MODEL KIRKPATRICK (STUDI KASUS PELATIHAN EFFECTIVE NEGOTIATION SKILL BALAI DIKLAT KEUANGAN MAKASSAR) Iskandar, Azwar
Jurnal Pendidikan Vol 20 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Terbuka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33830/jp.v20i1.p18-39.2019

Abstract

This research was conducted with the aim of: (i) evaluating the trainees’s satisfaction on trainers and training performance; (ii) evaluating  the implementation of training results in their work units; (iii) evaluating the impact of training on trainee’s and/or unit performance; and (iv) identifying the constraints that hinders the training results to support the improvement of alumni competency and performance. Kirkpatrick's Evaluation Model was employed, and data was collected using questionnaires and interviews as well as descriptive statistical analysis techniques. The findings reveals that; (i) the overall aspects of training implementation were considered ‘very good’ by the participants, even though did not yet meet their level of expectation. The teacher however, indicates that the overall aspects of training have been able to meet the expectations of participants; (ii) the Effective Negotiation Skills training improved alumni competency after returning to work. This can be seen from the average value of the total perceptions of alumni respondents related to changes in competence after participating in training as much as 8.34 (on a scale of 1-10). Paired sample t-test analysis also showed a significant influence indicating improvement of alumni competency, especially in negotiating with the stakeholders; (iii) the results of training significantly have positive impacts on trainee’s and/or unit performance. This can be seen from the average total of alumni perception on impacts of 4.12 (high) in scale of 1-5 where 1 is very low and 5 is very high) scale. Majority of alumni feel that its positive impacts indicated by increasing of negotiation capability to stakeholders; (iv) The biggest obstacle experienced by alumni in applying knowledge obtained from the training in the workplace is different language, culture, and character, which posed  difficulty for them to negotiate and communicate work unit tasks and target performance. Penelitian ini  dilaksanakan dengan tujuan: (i) mengevaluasi kepuasan peserta diklat terhadap pengajar dan penyelenggaraan diklat; (ii) mengevaluasi implementasi hasil diklat setelah kembali ke unit kerja; (iii) mengevaluasi dampak hasil diklat dalam meningkatkan kinerja alumni diklat dan/atau unit kerja; dan (iv) mengidentifikasi kendala yang menghambat penerapan hasil pelatihan. Model Evaluasi Kirkpatrick digunakan dalam penelitian ini, dan data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan kuesioner dan wawancara serta teknik analisis statistik deskriptif. Temuan mengungkapkan bahwa (i) keseluruhan aspek evaluasi penyelenggaraan dinilai oleh peserta dengan kategori Sangat Baik meskipun belum dapat memenuhi tingkat harapan dari peserta yang ditunjukkan dengan angka rata-rata di bawah 100%. Di sisi lain, keseluruhan aspek evaluasi pengajar telah dapat memenuhi harapan dari peserta; (ii) pelatihan mampu meningkatkan kompetensi alumni dalam mendukung pekerjaan alumni setelah kembali ke unit kerja. Hal ini terlihat dari nilai rata-rata total persepsi responden alumni terkait perubahan kompetensi setelah mengikuti diklat sebesar 8,34 (dari skala 1-10). Hasil uji-t berpasangan menunjukkan hal yang sama bahwa program pelatihanyang dilakukan berhasil dan memiliki pengaruh yang signifikan dalam peningkatan kompetensi alumni; (iii) hasil pelatihan memberikan dampak terhadap kinerja alumni dan/atau unit kerja alumni dengan nilai rata-rata tingkat dampak positif bagi kinerja individu dan/atau unit kerja dengan kategori tinggi; (iv) kendala terbesar yang dialami oleh alumni dalam menerapkan pengetahuan yang diperoleh dari pelatihan di tempat kerja adalah perbedaan bahasa, budaya, dan karakter, yang menimbulkan kesulitan ketika  melakukan negosiasi dan komunikasi tentang tugas dan target kinerja unit.