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Journal : INFO ARTHA

DAMPAK PERUBAHAN HARGA CRUDE PALM OIL (CPO) DUNIA TERHADAP VALUE EKSPOR KOMODITAS KELAPA SAWIT DAN PEREKONOM1AN INDONESIA (PENDEKATAN VECTOR AUTOREGRESSION ANALYSIS) Iskandar, Azwar
JURNAL INFO ARTHA Vol 2 (2015): EDISI SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Polytechnic of State Finance STAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3957.128 KB) | DOI: 10.31092/jia.v2i1.113

Abstract

This study aims to determine the impact of Crude Palm Oil (CPO) price shocks in the world market on the export value of CPO and economic growth, inflation rate, exchange rate, and money supply as proxy of economy of Indonesia during 2001-2013. Based on quarterly time series data and using Vector Autoregression (VAR) model with Impulse Response Function(IRF) dan Variance Decomposition (VD), the studytries to analyzethe effects of CPO priceshocks to export value ofCPO commodity andeconomy ofIndonesia.The results show several conclusions: (i) the CPO price shocks in the world market have a positive impact on export value of CPO for 15 months; (ii) it also have a positive impact on economic growth for 15 months; (iii) it pushes up the domestic inflation rate for a year; (iv) it increases the domestic money supply which lasts for 6 months; (iv) it negatively affects the real exchange rate of Rupiah for 10 months.Therefore, government and all stakeholders should make a great collaboration to eliminate the negative effect of CPO price shocks. In addition, government expected to continue to realize the optimal infrastructure for palm oil industry. Because of inadequate of infrastructure can causerisingoftransportation costs andlackingofcompetitiveness ofCPOof Indonesia.
ANALISIS KONDISI KESENJANGAN EKONOMI DAERAH : STUDI KASUS KABUPATEN/KOTA DI SULAWESI SELATAN Iskandar, Azwar; Saragih, Rahmaluddin
JURNAL INFO ARTHA Vol 2, No 1 (2018): JULY EDITION
Publisher : Polytechnic of State Finance STAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31092/jia.v2i1.232

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur dan menganalisis secara empiris kesenjangan ekonomi antarwilayah di kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan. Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder dari rilis publikasi Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) yang terdiri dari data time series tahunan periode 2011-2015 dan metode analisis kuantitatif pengukuran kesenjangan ekonomi, yaitu (1) Model Indeks Williamson, (2) Model Klassen Typology dan (3) Model Indeks Theil. Hasil penelitian ini secara empiris menemukan bahwa tingkat kesenjangan ekonomi di Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan yang ditunjukan dengan nilai Indeks Wiliamson pada kurun waktu 2011-2015 memiliki kecenderungan menurun dengan kategori sedang dengan nilai rata-rata selama 5 tahun sebesar 0,64. Ketimpangan wilayah yang diukur dengan Indeks Theil, menunjukan kesenjangan antar wilayah di Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan berfluktuasi. Jika didekomposisi, tingkat kesenjangan antarwilayah lebih besar diakibatkan oleh besarnya kontribusi ketimpangan yang terjadi internal kabupaten/kota dibandingkan ketimpangan dalam provinsi (antarkabupaten/kota). Berdasarkan Tipologi Klassen, masih banyak daerah di Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan yang berada pada kuadran III dan IV, yaitu kabupaten/kota yang tergolong maju tapi tertekan dan relatif tertinggal (37,50%). Hipotesis “U” terbalik dari Kuznets cenderung berlaku pada kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan, sehingga hasil pertumbuhan ekonomi yang tinggi ini dapat dirasakan oleh keseluruhan masyarakat yang ada di Propinsi Sulawesi Selatan dalam jangka panjang.
REGIONAL GOVERNMENT SPENDING EFFICIENCY ON HEALTH AND EDUCATION IN DECENTRALIZATION ERA : EVIDENCE FROM INDONESIA Iskandar, Azwar; Saragih, Rahmaluddin
JURNAL INFO ARTHA Vol 3, No 1 (2019): JULY EDITION
Publisher : Polytechnic of State Finance STAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (729.575 KB) | DOI: 10.31092/jia.v3i1.452

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to assess spending efficiency of regional governments in Indonesia on health and education during the fiscal decentralization period year of 2010-2017. Relying on a sample of 33 provinces as regional government, this paper compute efficiency scores adopting nonparametric frontier that estimated by Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to study spending inefficiency. Results of the paper show that in west regions, Bali, Bangka Belitung, DI Yogyakarta, Jawa Tengah, and Kep. Riau relatively most efficient in public spending both on health and education in period of study. DKI Jakarta and Jawa Barat have efficient score on health, and Bengkulu has efficient score on education. On the other hand, in east regions, Gorontalo, Kalimantan Tengah, Kalimantan Timur and Sulawesi Utara were also most efficient in public spending on health and education services. Maluku and Sulawesi Tenggara have efficient score on health, and Kalimantan Selatan, Maluku Utara, Nusa Tenggara Barat, and Sulawesi Barat have efficient score on education. The results show that provinces in east regions of Indonesia were relatively more efficient in public spending both on health and education for promoting equal distribution of income