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Comparison of Students’ Characteristics, Self-Motivation, and Readiness of Self-Directed Learning Implementation among Medical Students at Maranatha Christian University Gunanegara, Rimonta F; Wahid, Mardiastuti H; Widyahening, Indah S
Journal of Medicine and Health Vol 1, No 5 (2017)
Publisher : Maranatha Christian University

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Abstract

Self-Directed Learning (SDL) is an important skill that must be achieved by medical students.The aim of this study is to identify the level of self-motivation and SDL readiness in the medicalstudents as well as to identify factors affecting SDL. This is is a mixed method research,involving first-year and clinical year medical students. A quantitative research is conducted bydistributing self-motivation (MSLQ) and SDL questionnaire (SDLRS). A total sampling isapplied to select the respondents. Furthermore, focus group discussion (FGD) on students andtutors/preceptors is carried out. Informants are chosen by purposive sampling method. Thisresearch reveals that most of medical students have a good level of self-motivation but a lowlevel of SDL readiness. Nevertheless, the mean scores of SDL readiness in both groups showsno significant differences. The research also identifies four major factors affecting the SDLreadiness, namely the students’ characteristics, learning process, the role of tutors/preceptorsand supporting facilities for learning. There is no significant difference between SDL readinessof the first-year and clinical year of medical students. Unprepared students’ characteristics,sub-optimal learning process, unsupported role of tutors/preceptors and inadequate learningresources are found to be the mayor factors influencing SDL readiness.Keywords: self-directed learning readiness; self-motivation; problem-based learning
Occupational Stress and its Relation to Grave’s Disease Mutiara, Ade; Soemarko, Dewi S; Widyahening, Indah S
The Indonesian Journal of Community and Occupational Medicine Vol. 1 No. 2 (2021): ijcom
Publisher : ILUNI MKK FKUI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (165.386 KB) | DOI: 10.53773/ijcom.v1i2.14.72-7

Abstract

Background: Graves’ disease is an autoimmune thyroid gland disease that causes increased activity of the thyroid hormones. But, the mechanism by which the autoantibodies are generated is still unclear. Some theory suggests that daily life stress may be a risk factor that triggers Graves’ disease. The aim of this report is to enrol a systematically searching in order to get an answer about the risk factor of the Grave’s disease and the prevention measure.Methods: In this case report, a 47-year-old career woman with prominent occupational stress was diagnosed with Graves’ disease. Literature searching was done on database such as Pubmed, Cochrane Library, and Science Direct with occupational stress, stressful life event, and Graves’ disease as the keywords. One article was selected and critically appraised. Results: One case-control study showed that patients with Graves’ disease had odds ratio (OR) of having stressful life events as big as 8.59; 95%CI = 2.35-20.80, and the number needed to harm (NNH) is 2.35.Conclusion: Occupational stress is a prominent risk factor for developing Graves’ disease. However, this is based on one article
Chronic Lower Back Pain and Its Relationship with Vibration Exposure and Sitting Duration; A Cross-Sectional Study Among Commercial Motorcycle Driver Siagian, Bernath; Roestam, Ambar W; Soemarko, Dewi S; Hirawan, Sudadi; Widyahening, Indah S; Wibowo, Suryo
The Indonesian Journal of Community and Occupational Medicine Vol. 1 No. 3 (2022): ijcom
Publisher : ILUNI MKK FKUI and PRODI MKK FKUI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.53773/ijcom.v1i3.30.154-61

Abstract

Background: Lower back pain (LBP) complaints are a health issue that may lead to restrictions on work activities. Motorcycles vibrations and long sitting duration on the motorcycles can cause chronic lower back pain complaints. Base motorcycles drivers receive motorcycles vibration exposure while riding a motorcycle. With the large number of base motorcycles drivers in Indonesia, the specific health problems (LBP complaints) in this group need to be examined.Methods: This research method uses a cross sectional study design to examine the relationship of motor vibration exposure and length of sitting to chronic low back pain with sampling technique used is Consecutive sampling. Consecutive sampling is a way of taking samples by selecting samples that meet the inclusion criteria until a certain time period so that the number of samples is met. The sampling period in this study is 2 days. The variables that measured were chronic lower back pain complaints, vibration, long sitting time, age, IMT, smoking, and working time. Data analysis using SPSS Statistics version 25.0. Results: A total of 95 subjects were included in this study. Based on Fisher’s test, the result of the correlation of chronic lower back pain complaints with motor vibrations > 0.5 m/s2 was obtained p = 0.102; OR = N / A). While for long sitting time of >4 hours result in p = 0.717; OR 0.85; CI 95% = 0.34-2.09. There is no difference in age-related chronic lower back pain complaints. At age> 35 years of age p = 0.722; OR 1.57; CI 95% = 0.31-7,9. No significant association between IMT and chronic lower back pain was found. In the IMT group> 25, p = 0.103 was obtained; OR 2.14; 95% CI = 0.85-5.36. There was no significant difference in chronic lower back pain complaints based on smoking status, where smoking group had p = 0.451; OR 1,45; CI 95% = 0.55-3.78. According to the Fisher test, there was no difference in chronic lower back pain complaints based on working age, where groups with> 4 years of work had a p = 0.908 value; OR 1.07; CI 95% = 0.31-3.91. Conclusion: In this study the hypothesis was rejected. There is no association between motorcycles vibration exposure and the occurrence of chronic lower back pain complaints in the base motorcycles driver in Bekasi city. There is no association long sitting time with the occurrence of chronic lower back pain complaints in the base motorcycles driver in Bekasi city.