Hadidah Sallimi
Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Examining the Participation of Female Peacekeepers in the United Nations Peacekeeping Operations: The Contributions of Islamic Countries Ridha Nahdhiyah Alma Amaliyah; Hadidah Sallimi; Surwandono Surwandono
Jurnal Pertahanan: Media Informasi ttg Kajian & Strategi Pertahanan yang Mengedepankan Identity, Nasionalism & Integrity Vol 9, No 2 (2023)
Publisher : The Republic of Indonesia Defense University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33172/jp.v9i2.2239

Abstract

The world of International Relations will never be separated from its history. Countries in the Middle East, especially Muslim-majority countries, still have a lot of conflicts going on. However, the contribution of Islam to the world of peace never stops. In the contemporary world, for example, this contribution is realized through the participation of Islamic countries in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations (UN PKO). This study aims to analyze the contributions of female peacekeepers of Islamic countries. This research uses the concept of peacekeeping and analyzes secondary data with the quality method and literature review approach as the data collection technique.  The result of this research shows that eight of 12 peace missions involved Muslim-majority countries such as Bangladesh, Pakistan, Egypt, and Indonesia, which sent the most female peacekeepers. This study found that the Muslim-majority countries have successfully implemented the UN PKO program, especially for the increasing number of female peacekeepers agenda. It also found that the female peacekeeper has a substantive and public function in the operations, such as their contribution to the operation in logistical, informational branches, and medical aid aspects. However, the UN PKO still emphasizes masculinity. This study shows that domestic issues including inadequate military personnel and social stigmatization of women's peacekeeping engagement greatly reduce women's representation in UN peacekeeping operations. This inherently impacts the Women, Peace, and Security agenda.
Efektivitas Diplomasi Haji oleh Kementerian Agama Indonesia pada Tahun 2020-2023 Pebria Prakarsa Renta; Endah Trisnani; Hadidah Sallimi; Surwandono Surwandono
JRP (Jurnal Review Politik) Vol. 13 No. 1 (2023): June
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15642/jrp.2023.13.1.1-25

Abstract

This research aims to explain the effectiveness of Hajj diplomacy carried out by the Indonesian Ministry of Religion (KEMENAG) in resolving various problems of Indonesian Hajj pilgrims based on Law Number 8 of 2019 concerning the Implementation of the Hajj and Umrah Pilgrimage. This research uses the concept of Hajj Diplomacy. Based on the results of this research, it can be seen that the actions taken by the Indonesian Ministry of Religion in overcoming Hajj problems are quite significant as evidenced by several things, namely cooperation with Saudi Arabia to obtain additional quotas from other countries, the Minister of Religion ensuring the preparation of Hajj services in Saudi Arabia, the Ministry of Religion optimizing functions Head of the group and team leader in the process of carrying out the Hajj, the Ministry of Religion is developing a reporting system for the implementation of Android-based worship guidance and the Ministry of Religion will also field a team of Hajj Consultants. Therefore, through these results it can be concluded that the Hajj diplomacy carried out by the Indonesian Ministry of Religion in 2020-2023 has been quite effective as proven by being able to implement Law Number 8 of 2019 concerning the Implementation of the Hajj and Umrah Pilgrimage Article 29 paragraph (1) and (2).